Unternehmen Donnerkeil (Operation Thunderbolt) was the codename for a German military operation of the Second World War. Donnerkeil was designed as an air superiority operation to support the Kriegsmarine's (German Navy) Operation Cerberus, also known as the Channel Dash.

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dbo:abstract
  • Operazione Donnerkeil o Operazione Tuono (in tedesco Unternehmen Donnerkeil) era il nome in codice di un'operazione militare tedesca studiata per fornire supporto aereo alla Kriegsmarine (la Marina Militare del Terzo Reich) nell'ambito dell'Operazione Cerberus. (it)
  • Operatie Donnerkeil (Duits: Unternehmen Donnerkeil) was een codenaam voor een Duitse militaire operatie tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Het doel was om luchtoverwicht te behalen, zodat Operatie Cerberus van de Kriegsmarine ondersteuning vanuit de lucht kon krijgen. Het Oberkommando der Luftwaffe kreeg in december 1941 opdracht om een plan te bedenken om drie Duitse schepen te helpen Frankrijk te ontsnappen via Het Kanaal. Hiervoor was er luchtoverwicht nodig boven het water tussen het Europese vasteland en Engeland. Het definitieve plan kwam op naam van generaal Adolf Galland. Beide operaties vingen aan op 11 februari 1942. Operatie Donnerkeil werd een dag later beëindigd. De Luftwaffe was succesvol in het afslaan van aanvallen vanuit de lucht op de schepen. De RAF leed grote verliezen. (nl)
  • Unternehmen Donnerkeil (Operation Thunderbolt) was the codename for a German military operation of the Second World War. Donnerkeil was designed as an air superiority operation to support the Kriegsmarine's (German Navy) Operation Cerberus, also known as the Channel Dash. In 1941 Kriegsmarine surface vessels had carried out commerce raiding sorties in support of the German U-Boats in the Battle of the Atlantic. In January 1941 Operation Berlin was launched followed by Operation Rheinübung in May 1941. The dominance of the Royal Navy's surface fleet prevented the German units returning to ports in the Baltic sea or Germany. The surviving ships, the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the cruiser Prinz Eugen, docked in the port of Brest, France. Throughout 1941 RAF Bomber Command attacked the ships in dock. The close proximity of the ports to Royal Air Force (RAF) airfields allowed a large number of sorties to be flown against the targets in quick succession. The Oberkommando der Marine (Naval High Command), and Adolf Hitler himself desired to move the ships out of range from potential air raids. In December 1941 the Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (High Command of the Air Force) was ordered to formulate an air superiority plan for the protection of three German capital ships to escape from France to Germany through the English Channel. General der Jagdflieger (General of the Fighter Force) Adolf Galland prepared the aerial assets for the operation. Both Cerberus and its supporting operation, Donnerkeil, were launched on 11 February 1942. During the first phase of the operation the Germans achieved surprise. The German ships reached Germany on 13 February 1942, just two days after the start of Cerberus and Donnerkeil. During the Channel Dash the Luftwaffe succeeded in defeating air attacks on the German ships during the operation, thus allowing them to reach German waters. In the air battles that took place over the Channel the British suffered heavy losses for a non-existent return. German losses were modest, and the operation achieved its objective. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • 41 aircraft
dbo:combatant
  • Germany
  • United Kingdom
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1942-02-12 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • German victory
dbo:strength
  • 252Bf 109andFw 190fighters
  • 30Bf 110Heavy fighters
  • 32Dornier Do 217s
  • ~450 aircraft
dbo:thumbnail
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  • 28765145 (xsd:integer)
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  • 744475728 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Satellite view of the English Channel
dbp:casualties
  • 5 (xsd:integer)
  • 17 (xsd:integer)
  • 23 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • 50.0 -2.0
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Operazione Donnerkeil o Operazione Tuono (in tedesco Unternehmen Donnerkeil) era il nome in codice di un'operazione militare tedesca studiata per fornire supporto aereo alla Kriegsmarine (la Marina Militare del Terzo Reich) nell'ambito dell'Operazione Cerberus. (it)
  • Operatie Donnerkeil (Duits: Unternehmen Donnerkeil) was een codenaam voor een Duitse militaire operatie tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Het doel was om luchtoverwicht te behalen, zodat Operatie Cerberus van de Kriegsmarine ondersteuning vanuit de lucht kon krijgen. Het Oberkommando der Luftwaffe kreeg in december 1941 opdracht om een plan te bedenken om drie Duitse schepen te helpen Frankrijk te ontsnappen via Het Kanaal. Hiervoor was er luchtoverwicht nodig boven het water tussen het Europese vasteland en Engeland. Het definitieve plan kwam op naam van generaal Adolf Galland. Beide operaties vingen aan op 11 februari 1942. Operatie Donnerkeil werd een dag later beëindigd. De Luftwaffe was succesvol in het afslaan van aanvallen vanuit de lucht op de schepen. De RAF leed grote verliezen. (nl)
  • Unternehmen Donnerkeil (Operation Thunderbolt) was the codename for a German military operation of the Second World War. Donnerkeil was designed as an air superiority operation to support the Kriegsmarine's (German Navy) Operation Cerberus, also known as the Channel Dash. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Operazione Donnerkeil (it)
  • Operatie Donnerkeil (nl)
  • Operation Donnerkeil (en)
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  • POINT(-2 50)
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  • Channel Dash (en)
is dbo:battle of
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