Aphrodite and Anvil were the World War II code names of United States Army Air Forces and United States Navy operations to use B-17 and PB4Y bombers as precision-guided munitions against bunkers and other hardened/reinforced enemy facilities, such as those targeted during Operation Crossbow. The program effectively ceased on January 27, 1945 when General Spaatz sent an urgent message to Doolittle: "Aphrodite babies must not be launched against the enemy until further orders".

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  • Aphrodite and Anvil were the World War II code names of United States Army Air Forces and United States Navy operations to use B-17 and PB4Y bombers as precision-guided munitions against bunkers and other hardened/reinforced enemy facilities, such as those targeted during Operation Crossbow. The plan called for B-17 aircraft that had been taken out of operational service: various nicknames existed such as "robot", "baby", "drone" or "weary Willy" – to be loaded to capacity with explosives, and flown by radio control into bomb-resistant fortifications such as German U-boat pens and V-weapon sites. It was hoped that it would match the British success with Tallboy and Grand Slam ground penetration bombs but the project was dangerous, expensive and unsuccessful. Of 14 missions flown, none resulted in the successful destruction of a target. Many aircraft lost control and crashed or were shot down by flak, and many pilots were killed. However, a handful of aircraft scored near misses. One notable pilot death was that of Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., the elder brother of future US President John F. Kennedy. The program effectively ceased on January 27, 1945 when General Spaatz sent an urgent message to Doolittle: "Aphrodite babies must not be launched against the enemy until further orders". (en)
  • L'Opération Aphrodite était le nom de code d'une mission de l'USAAF pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. L'USAAF avait préparé cette opération comme méthode expérimentale pour détruire les équipements de production et de lancement des V-1 en se débarrassant des bombardiers B-17 qui étaient très endommagés. Le plan réclamait des B-17 en fin de vie qui devaient être entièrement chargés d'explosifs puis conduits sur leurs cibles comme les bases des U-boots ou les sites des V-1 par télécommande depuis un avion volant proche de lui. (fr)
  • La Operación Afrodita fue el nombre dado por el estado de defensa de Estados Unidos a una misión aérea secreta durante la segunda guerra mundial. (es)
  • Il progetto Aphrodite e Anvil (Incudine) erano i nomi in codice che, durante la seconda guerra mondiale, l'USAAF (Aviazione statunitense) e l'USN (marina statunitense) utilizzavano per le operazioni di bombardameno mediante B-17 e PB4Y-2 trasformati in bombe intelligenti su bunker o comunque strutture nemiche rinforzate come quelle prese di mira durante l'operazione Crossbow. (it)
  • Projekt Afrodyta – amerykański program przebudowy wyeksploatowanych bombowców B-17F na latające bomby, samoloty wypełnione materiałem wybuchowym, zdalnie sterowanych drogą radiową, przeznaczonych do niszczenia silnie umocnionych celów. (pl)
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  • 1417902 (xsd:integer)
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  • 737680956 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Aphrodite drone at takeoff
dbp:filling
  • Payload: 30,000 LB Torpex
dbp:guidance
dbp:isMissile
  • yes
dbp:service
  • 1944 (xsd:integer)
dbp:usedBy
dbp:wordnet_type
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • L'Opération Aphrodite était le nom de code d'une mission de l'USAAF pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. L'USAAF avait préparé cette opération comme méthode expérimentale pour détruire les équipements de production et de lancement des V-1 en se débarrassant des bombardiers B-17 qui étaient très endommagés. Le plan réclamait des B-17 en fin de vie qui devaient être entièrement chargés d'explosifs puis conduits sur leurs cibles comme les bases des U-boots ou les sites des V-1 par télécommande depuis un avion volant proche de lui. (fr)
  • La Operación Afrodita fue el nombre dado por el estado de defensa de Estados Unidos a una misión aérea secreta durante la segunda guerra mundial. (es)
  • Il progetto Aphrodite e Anvil (Incudine) erano i nomi in codice che, durante la seconda guerra mondiale, l'USAAF (Aviazione statunitense) e l'USN (marina statunitense) utilizzavano per le operazioni di bombardameno mediante B-17 e PB4Y-2 trasformati in bombe intelligenti su bunker o comunque strutture nemiche rinforzate come quelle prese di mira durante l'operazione Crossbow. (it)
  • Projekt Afrodyta – amerykański program przebudowy wyeksploatowanych bombowców B-17F na latające bomby, samoloty wypełnione materiałem wybuchowym, zdalnie sterowanych drogą radiową, przeznaczonych do niszczenia silnie umocnionych celów. (pl)
  • Aphrodite and Anvil were the World War II code names of United States Army Air Forces and United States Navy operations to use B-17 and PB4Y bombers as precision-guided munitions against bunkers and other hardened/reinforced enemy facilities, such as those targeted during Operation Crossbow. The program effectively ceased on January 27, 1945 when General Spaatz sent an urgent message to Doolittle: "Aphrodite babies must not be launched against the enemy until further orders". (en)
rdfs:label
  • Operation Aphrodite (en)
  • Operación Afrodita (es)
  • Opération Aphrodite (fr)
  • Progetto Aphrodite (it)
  • Projekt Afrodyta (pl)
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foaf:name
  • Aphrodite, BQ-7, BQ-8 (en)
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