Operation Achse (German: Fall Achse, "Case Axis"), originally called Operation Alaric (German: Unternehmen Alarich), was the codename of the German plans to forcibly disarm the Italian armed forces after their expected armistice with the Allied forces in 1943. Several German divisions had already entered Italy after the fall of Benito Mussolini in July 1943 (the Grand Council of Fascism had deposed Mussolini on 25 July), while Italy was officially still an ally of Germany, despite the protests of the new Italian government under Pietro Badoglio.

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dbo:abstract
  • Fall Achse war der Deckname einer Operation des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht während des Zweiten Weltkrieges. Er sah die Besetzung Italiens für den Fall vor, dass der Verbündete kapitulierte bzw. aus dem Krieg ausschied. Die Operation trug zunächst den Namen Unternehmen Alarich (nach Alarich I.), wurde dann aber nach der Verhaftung Mussolinis in Fall Achse umbenannt. (de)
  • Operazione Achse ("Asse", nella storiografia tedesca Fall Achse) fu il nome in codice del piano elaborato dall'Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) durante la seconda guerra mondiale per controbattere un'eventuale uscita dell'Italia dalla guerra, neutralizzare le sue forze armate schierate nei vari teatri bellici del Mediterraneo ed occupare militarmente la penisola. L'operazione, pianificata da Hitler e dal comando tedesco fin dal maggio 1943 in previsione di un possibile crollo del Fascismo e di una defezione italiana, si concluse con il pieno successo della Wehrmacht che, approfittando anche del disorientamento dei reparti di truppa e della disgregazione delle strutture dirigenti italiane dopo l'armistizio dell'8 settembre, in pochi giorni sopraffece gran parte delle forze armate dell'ex-alleato, catturando centinaia di migliaia di soldati che furono in gran parte internati in Germania come lavoratori coatti, e si impadroní di un cospicuo bottino di armi ed equipaggiamenti. Dal punto di vista strategico la Wehrmacht riuscì ad occupare l'Italia centro-settentrionale ed i vasti territori occupati dalle forze italiane nei Balcani, nel Mare Egeo e nella Francia meridionale e poté contare sul potenziale industriale italiano e sulla sua manodopera. L'Italia centro-settentrionale, da quel momento, si trasformò per circa venti mesi in un campo di battaglia tra le forze tedesche solidamente schierate a difesa su linee fortificate successive e le truppe alleate sbarcate inizialmente a Salerno lo stesso giorno nel quale fu reso pubblico il disastroso armistizio italiano. (it)
  • L’opération Achse à l'origine appelée opération Alaric (allemand : Unternehmen Alarich), était le nom de code des plans allemands afin de désarmer les forces armées italiennes en prévision de l'armistice de Cassibile entre l'Italie et les Alliés durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. (fr)
  • Fall Achse was de codenaam voor de Duitse bezetting van Italië. (nl)
  • Operation Achse (German: Fall Achse, "Case Axis"), originally called Operation Alaric (German: Unternehmen Alarich), was the codename of the German plans to forcibly disarm the Italian armed forces after their expected armistice with the Allied forces in 1943. Several German divisions had already entered Italy after the fall of Benito Mussolini in July 1943 (the Grand Council of Fascism had deposed Mussolini on 25 July), while Italy was officially still an ally of Germany, despite the protests of the new Italian government under Pietro Badoglio. The Armistice of Cassibile (signed on 3 September 1943) was made public on 8 September. Then, the German forces moved rapidly to take over the Italian zones of occupation in the Balkans and southern France, and to disarm Italian forces in Italy. In some cases, the Italian troops resisted the Germans, most notably in the Greek island of Cephalonia, where over 5,100 men of the 33rd Acqui Division were executed after running out of ammunition and surrendering; in Rome, after the royal family and the government had fled, a disorganized defense by the Italian troops stationed around the capital was unable to defeat the German attack. In other cases, individual soldiers or whole units, like the 24th Pinerolo Division in Thessaly, went over to the local resistance movements. Only in Sardinia, Corsica, Calabria and in the southern part of Apulia were Italian troops able to offer considerable resistance and hold off the Germans until relieved by the arrival of Allied forces. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • 20,000–30,000 killed
  • 800,000 prisoners
  • 5 midget submarines captured by Romanians, many more warships captured by the Germans
dbo:combatant
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Yugoslavia
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1943-09-19 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Axis victory
dbo:strength
  • 40 divisions (17 in Italy, 19 in the Balkans, 4 in France)
  • 60 divisions (26 in Italy, 31 in the Balkans, 3 in France)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 19224918 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 744070801 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Disarmed Italian soldiers marching to captivity in Bolzano.
dbp:casualties
  • Unknown
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Fall Achse war der Deckname einer Operation des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht während des Zweiten Weltkrieges. Er sah die Besetzung Italiens für den Fall vor, dass der Verbündete kapitulierte bzw. aus dem Krieg ausschied. Die Operation trug zunächst den Namen Unternehmen Alarich (nach Alarich I.), wurde dann aber nach der Verhaftung Mussolinis in Fall Achse umbenannt. (de)
  • L’opération Achse à l'origine appelée opération Alaric (allemand : Unternehmen Alarich), était le nom de code des plans allemands afin de désarmer les forces armées italiennes en prévision de l'armistice de Cassibile entre l'Italie et les Alliés durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. (fr)
  • Fall Achse was de codenaam voor de Duitse bezetting van Italië. (nl)
  • Operazione Achse ("Asse", nella storiografia tedesca Fall Achse) fu il nome in codice del piano elaborato dall'Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) durante la seconda guerra mondiale per controbattere un'eventuale uscita dell'Italia dalla guerra, neutralizzare le sue forze armate schierate nei vari teatri bellici del Mediterraneo ed occupare militarmente la penisola. L'operazione, pianificata da Hitler e dal comando tedesco fin dal maggio 1943 in previsione di un possibile crollo del Fascismo e di una defezione italiana, si concluse con il pieno successo della Wehrmacht che, approfittando anche del disorientamento dei reparti di truppa e della disgregazione delle strutture dirigenti italiane dopo l'armistizio dell'8 settembre, in pochi giorni sopraffece gran parte delle forze armate dell'ex-al (it)
  • Operation Achse (German: Fall Achse, "Case Axis"), originally called Operation Alaric (German: Unternehmen Alarich), was the codename of the German plans to forcibly disarm the Italian armed forces after their expected armistice with the Allied forces in 1943. Several German divisions had already entered Italy after the fall of Benito Mussolini in July 1943 (the Grand Council of Fascism had deposed Mussolini on 25 July), while Italy was officially still an ally of Germany, despite the protests of the new Italian government under Pietro Badoglio. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Fall Achse (de)
  • Operazione Achse (it)
  • Opération Achse (fr)
  • Fall Achse (nl)
  • Operation Achse (en)
  • 軸心行動 (zh)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Operation Achse (en)
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