Norris Edwin Bradbury (30 May 1909 – 20 August 1997), was an American physicist who served as Director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory for 25 years from 1945 to 1970. He succeeded Robert Oppenheimer, who personally chose Bradbury for the position of director after working closely with him on the Manhattan Project during World War II. Bradbury was in charge of the final assembly of "the Gadget", detonated in July 1945 for the Trinity test.

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  • Norris Edwin Bradbury (30 May 1909 – 20 August 1997), was an American physicist who served as Director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory for 25 years from 1945 to 1970. He succeeded Robert Oppenheimer, who personally chose Bradbury for the position of director after working closely with him on the Manhattan Project during World War II. Bradbury was in charge of the final assembly of "the Gadget", detonated in July 1945 for the Trinity test. Bradbury took charge at Los Alamos at a difficult time. Staff were leaving in droves, living conditions were poor and there was a possibility that the laboratory would close. He managed to persuade enough staff to stay, and got the University of California to renew the contract to manage the laboratory. He pushed continued development of nuclear weapons, transforming them from laboratory devices to production models. Numerous improvements made them safer, more reliable and easier to store and handle, and made more efficient use of scarce fissionable materiel. In the 1950s Bradbury oversaw the development of thermonuclear weapons, although a falling out with Edward Teller over the priority given to their development led to the creation of a rival nuclear weapons laboratory, the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. In later years, he branched out, constructing the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility to develop the laboratory's role in nuclear science, and during the Space Race of the 1960s, the laboratory developed the Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA). The Bradbury Science Museum is named in his honor. (en)
  • Norris Edwin Bradbury (* 30. Mai 1909 in Santa Barbara, Kalifornien; † 20. August 1997 in Los Alamos, New Mexico) war ein US-amerikanischer Physiker. Bradbury studierte am Pomona College (Bachelor 1929) und promovierte 1932 an der University of California, Berkeley über die Mobilität von Ionen in Gasen. Als Post-Doc war er am Massachusetts Institute of Technology und ab 1934 Assistant Professor und später Professor an der Stanford University, wo er bis 1951 Professor war. 1951 bis 1971 war er Professor in Berkeley. Seine Forschungen lagen auf den Gebieten der Elektrizitätsleitung in Gasen und Atmosphärenelektrität. In den 1940er Jahren arbeitete er am Manhattan Project mit. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg wurde Bradbury auf Empfehlung von J. Robert Oppenheimer Direktor des Los Alamos National Laboratory. Er diente in dieser Position von 1945 bis 1970. 1936 wurde er Fellow der American Physical Society. Seit 1951 war er Mitglied der National Academy of Sciences. 1970 erhielt er den Enrico-Fermi-Preis. (de)
  • Già direttore per 25 anni del Los Alamos Scientific (in seguito National) Laboratory, dall'ottobre 1945 al 1970, sostituisce il suo primo direttore J. Robert Oppenheimer. A Los Alamos gli è stato dedicato il Bradbury Science Museum. Nel 1970 gli è stato assegnato il Premio Enrico Fermi . (it)
  • Norris Edwin Bradbury (Santa Barbara (Californie), 30 mai 1909 – Los Alamos (Nouveau-Mexique), 20 août 1997) est un physicien américain. Il fut directeur du laboratoire national de Los Alamos durant 25 ans de 1945 à 1970. Il succéda à Robert Oppenheimer qui l'avait choisi pour ce poste après avoir travaillé en collaboration étroite lors du projet Manhattan. Pendant la guerre, il était chargé de l'assemblage final de la bombe Gadget testée en juillet 1945 lors de l'essai essai atomique Trinity. Il a supervisé le laboratoire durant la transition entre la Seconde Guerre mondiale à la guerre froide. Le Musée des sciences Bradbury a été nommé en son honneur. (fr)
  • Norris Edwin Bradbury (Santa Bárbara (Califórnia), 30 de maio de 1909 — Los Alamos (Novo México), 20 de agosto de 1997) foi um físico estadunidense. Foi diretor do Laboratório Nacional de Los Alamos durante 25 anos, sucedendo Robert Oppenheimer, que o escolheu pessoalmente para ser diretor depois de ter trabalhado com ele no Projeto Manhattan. Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial foi responsável pela montagem final da Experiência Trinity, detonada em julho de 1945. Supervisionou a transição do laboratório da Segunda Guerra Mundial para a Guerra Fria. O Museu de Ciências Bradbury foi batizado em sua memória. (pt)
  • Норрис Эдвин Брэдбери (30 мая 1909 — 20 августа 1997) — американский физик; директор Лос-Аламосской национальной лаборатории в течение 25 лет, с 1945 по 1970 год. Был на этой должности преемником Р. Оппенгеймера, который лично выбрал его на эту должность после тесной работы над Манхэттенским проектом во время Второй мировой войны. Брэдбери руководил окончательной сборкой «Штучки» (англ. Gadget), взорванной в июле 1945 в ходе испытания Тринити. Брэдбери принял руководство лабораторией в трудное время. По окончании войны осенью 1945 года, когда миссия Лаборатории считалась выполненной и началась демобилизация, персонал уходил в массовом порядке, были плохие жилищные условия и существовала возможность закрытия лаборатории. Он сумел уговорить достаточное число персонала остаться и убедил Калифорнийский университет продлить контракт на руководство лабораторией. Он подтолкнул дальнейшее развитие ядерного оружия, превратив его его из лабораторных устройств в серийные модели. Многочисленные улучшения сделали данный вид оружия более безопасным, более надежным и легким в обращении и при хранении. (ru)
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  • Norris Bradbury
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  • Leonard B. Loeb
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  • Biography
  • History of science
  • New Mexico
  • Nuclear technology
  • Physics
  • United States
  • World War II
  • Cold war
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  • Norris Bradbury signature.jpg
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  • Studies on the mobility of gaseous ions
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  • 1932 (xsd:integer)
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  • Director of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory
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  • 1945 (xsd:integer)
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  • director of Los Alamos National Laboratory (en)
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  • Già direttore per 25 anni del Los Alamos Scientific (in seguito National) Laboratory, dall'ottobre 1945 al 1970, sostituisce il suo primo direttore J. Robert Oppenheimer. A Los Alamos gli è stato dedicato il Bradbury Science Museum. Nel 1970 gli è stato assegnato il Premio Enrico Fermi . (it)
  • Norris Edwin Bradbury (Santa Barbara (Californie), 30 mai 1909 – Los Alamos (Nouveau-Mexique), 20 août 1997) est un physicien américain. Il fut directeur du laboratoire national de Los Alamos durant 25 ans de 1945 à 1970. Il succéda à Robert Oppenheimer qui l'avait choisi pour ce poste après avoir travaillé en collaboration étroite lors du projet Manhattan. Pendant la guerre, il était chargé de l'assemblage final de la bombe Gadget testée en juillet 1945 lors de l'essai essai atomique Trinity. Il a supervisé le laboratoire durant la transition entre la Seconde Guerre mondiale à la guerre froide. Le Musée des sciences Bradbury a été nommé en son honneur. (fr)
  • Norris Edwin Bradbury (Santa Bárbara (Califórnia), 30 de maio de 1909 — Los Alamos (Novo México), 20 de agosto de 1997) foi um físico estadunidense. Foi diretor do Laboratório Nacional de Los Alamos durante 25 anos, sucedendo Robert Oppenheimer, que o escolheu pessoalmente para ser diretor depois de ter trabalhado com ele no Projeto Manhattan. Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial foi responsável pela montagem final da Experiência Trinity, detonada em julho de 1945. Supervisionou a transição do laboratório da Segunda Guerra Mundial para a Guerra Fria. O Museu de Ciências Bradbury foi batizado em sua memória. (pt)
  • Norris Edwin Bradbury (30 May 1909 – 20 August 1997), was an American physicist who served as Director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory for 25 years from 1945 to 1970. He succeeded Robert Oppenheimer, who personally chose Bradbury for the position of director after working closely with him on the Manhattan Project during World War II. Bradbury was in charge of the final assembly of "the Gadget", detonated in July 1945 for the Trinity test. (en)
  • Norris Edwin Bradbury (* 30. Mai 1909 in Santa Barbara, Kalifornien; † 20. August 1997 in Los Alamos, New Mexico) war ein US-amerikanischer Physiker. Bradbury studierte am Pomona College (Bachelor 1929) und promovierte 1932 an der University of California, Berkeley über die Mobilität von Ionen in Gasen. Als Post-Doc war er am Massachusetts Institute of Technology und ab 1934 Assistant Professor und später Professor an der Stanford University, wo er bis 1951 Professor war. 1951 bis 1971 war er Professor in Berkeley. In den 1940er Jahren arbeitete er am Manhattan Project mit. (de)
  • Норрис Эдвин Брэдбери (30 мая 1909 — 20 августа 1997) — американский физик; директор Лос-Аламосской национальной лаборатории в течение 25 лет, с 1945 по 1970 год. Был на этой должности преемником Р. Оппенгеймера, который лично выбрал его на эту должность после тесной работы над Манхэттенским проектом во время Второй мировой войны. Брэдбери руководил окончательной сборкой «Штучки» (англ. Gadget), взорванной в июле 1945 в ходе испытания Тринити. (ru)
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  • Norris Bradbury (en)
  • Norris Bradbury (de)
  • Norris Bradbury (it)
  • Norris Bradbury (fr)
  • Norris Bradbury (pt)
  • Брэдбери, Норрис (ru)
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