A normal school is a school created to train high school graduates to be teachers. Most such schools are now called teachers' colleges. In 1685, Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, founded what is generally considered the first normal school, the École Normale, in Reims. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, normal schools in the United States and Canada trained primary school teachers, while in Europe normal schools educated primary, secondary and tertiary-level teachers.

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  • A normal school is a school created to train high school graduates to be teachers. Most such schools are now called teachers' colleges. In 1685, Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, founded what is generally considered the first normal school, the École Normale, in Reims. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, normal schools in the United States and Canada trained primary school teachers, while in Europe normal schools educated primary, secondary and tertiary-level teachers. In 1834, the first teacher training college was established in Jamaica by Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton under terms set out by Lady Mico's Charity "to afford the benefit of education and training to the black and coloured population." The first public normal school in the United States was founded in Concord, Vermont, by Samuel Read Hall in 1823, which was dedicated to training teachers. In 1839, another Normal School was established in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. It operates today as Framingham State University. In the United States teacher colleges or normal schools began to evolve past their initial mission of training teachers. These institutions formed programs in the sciences, engineering, technology, health and business. They began to become formal universities beginning in the 1940s. For instance, Southern Illinois University was formerly known as Southern Illinois Normal College. The university, now a system with two campuses that enroll more than 34,000 students, has its own university press but still issues most of its bachelor's degrees in education. Similarly, the town of Normal, Illinois, takes its name from the former name of Illinois State University. Many famous state universities—such as the University of California, Los Angeles—were founded as normal schools. Such a list should also include Emporia State University in Emporia, Kansas which was established as Kansas State Normal School in 1863, and which by 1889 had become the largest normal school in the country. In Canada, such institutions were typically assimilated by a university as their Faculty of Education, offering a one- or two-year Bachelor of Education program. It requires at least three (usually four) years of prior undergraduate studies. (en)
  • En France, une école normale primaire était, jusqu'en 1990-1991, un établissement chargé de former les instituteurs (école normale de garçons) ou les institutrices (école normale de filles) de l'enseignement public. À l'étranger, la première fut créée en Autriche en 1770 et en France à Strasbourg en 1794 puis 1810 pour les hommes suivie en 1838 de la première école normale d'institutrices. Le Japon a suivi un temps le modèle français avec des écoles normales dès 1886. (fr)
  • La escuela normal (del francés école normale) es una institución educativa encargada de la formación de los maestros de escuela. Para Enrique C. Rébsamen uno de los propósitos de las Escuelas Normales era el de contribuir a establecer las normas de enseñanza, de ahí vendría su nombre; y el concepto francés era proporcionar un modelo de escuela con aulas modelo para enseñar prácticas modelo de enseñanza a sus estudiantes de pedagogía. (es)
  • Als Normalschule wurde im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert eine Volksschule bezeichnet, die als Mustereinrichtung zugleich der Lehrerbildung diente. (de)
  • De normaalschool is een verouderde benaming voor het schooltype waar onderwijzers opgeleid werden. De term is afkomstig van de Franse instelling "École normale primaire", die tijdens het Franse bewind ook in de Nederlanden werd opgericht. Naar inhoud van de opleiding en het type onderwijs waarvoor opgeleid, ontstonden vanaf 1830 wel verschillen tussen Nederland en België. (nl)
  • 教員養成機関(きょういんようせいきかん, Education schoools)とは、教員を養成する機関のことである。 (ja)
  • Escolas Normais são instituições de formação de professores. As Escolas Normais surgiram no Brasil, previstas pela Lei Provincial de 1835, sendo a primeira delas instalada no mesmo ano, em Niteroi no Rio de Janeiro. A Escola Normal de Ouro Preto em Minas Gerais foi criada em 1835 e instalada em 1839. A justificativa para a criação das Escolas Normais era a de que os antigos mestres-escola, professores da época, não estavam preparados para a prática docente. Desta forma, os estabelecimentos serviriam como referencia de normalização das práticas educativas, formação e instrução profissional de novos mestres além de propor, através de concursos públicos, a melhoria do preparo de pessoas consideradas aptas ao magistério.Um movimento de descontinuidade, no entanto, perpassou pelas Escolas Normais brasileiras neste período e somente no final do século XIX, as instituições se firmaram em várias localidades. Muitas instituições foram instaladas, poucas iniciaram suas atividades.Algumas funcionaram por pouco tempo, fecharamm e reabriram anos depois.Em Minas Gerais, podia se contar 8 destes estabelecimentos, antes do início da República. Além de Ouro Preto, Campanha 1872, Diamantina 1879, Paracatu 1879, Montes Claros 1879, Sabará 1881, Uberaba 1884, Juiz de Fora 1884 e São João del-Rei 1884. Durante meados do século XX, as Escolas Normais no Brasil foram caracterizadas por uma tendência experimental, positivista e/ou da aplicação de testes. Vale destacar também que neste período, a Escola Normal brasileira se constituiu como um centro de divulgação e de incremento da metodologia e da técnica de Alfred Binet. A ação da Escola Normal no Brasil foi potencializada com a criação e prática dos anexos laboratoriais ou escolares, merecendo ser destacado naquela época o Laboratório de Psicologia da Escola Normal de São Paulo, que surgiu como extensão em 1914, quando Oscar Thompson era seu diretor. As práticas laboratoriais, como o exame antropométrico para classificação de crianças, norteavam as ações e intervenções educacionais da Escola Normal. (pt)
  • 師範學校(英语:Normal School)以培育師資為目的,多屬於高等教育層級。 (zh)
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  • 師範大學
  • 師範學院
dbp:p
  • shīfàn dàxué
  • shīfàn xuéyuàn
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • En France, une école normale primaire était, jusqu'en 1990-1991, un établissement chargé de former les instituteurs (école normale de garçons) ou les institutrices (école normale de filles) de l'enseignement public. À l'étranger, la première fut créée en Autriche en 1770 et en France à Strasbourg en 1794 puis 1810 pour les hommes suivie en 1838 de la première école normale d'institutrices. Le Japon a suivi un temps le modèle français avec des écoles normales dès 1886. (fr)
  • La escuela normal (del francés école normale) es una institución educativa encargada de la formación de los maestros de escuela. Para Enrique C. Rébsamen uno de los propósitos de las Escuelas Normales era el de contribuir a establecer las normas de enseñanza, de ahí vendría su nombre; y el concepto francés era proporcionar un modelo de escuela con aulas modelo para enseñar prácticas modelo de enseñanza a sus estudiantes de pedagogía. (es)
  • Als Normalschule wurde im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert eine Volksschule bezeichnet, die als Mustereinrichtung zugleich der Lehrerbildung diente. (de)
  • De normaalschool is een verouderde benaming voor het schooltype waar onderwijzers opgeleid werden. De term is afkomstig van de Franse instelling "École normale primaire", die tijdens het Franse bewind ook in de Nederlanden werd opgericht. Naar inhoud van de opleiding en het type onderwijs waarvoor opgeleid, ontstonden vanaf 1830 wel verschillen tussen Nederland en België. (nl)
  • 教員養成機関(きょういんようせいきかん, Education schoools)とは、教員を養成する機関のことである。 (ja)
  • 師範學校(英语:Normal School)以培育師資為目的,多屬於高等教育層級。 (zh)
  • A normal school is a school created to train high school graduates to be teachers. Most such schools are now called teachers' colleges. In 1685, Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, founded what is generally considered the first normal school, the École Normale, in Reims. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, normal schools in the United States and Canada trained primary school teachers, while in Europe normal schools educated primary, secondary and tertiary-level teachers. (en)
  • Escolas Normais são instituições de formação de professores. As Escolas Normais surgiram no Brasil, previstas pela Lei Provincial de 1835, sendo a primeira delas instalada no mesmo ano, em Niteroi no Rio de Janeiro. A Escola Normal de Ouro Preto em Minas Gerais foi criada em 1835 e instalada em 1839. A justificativa para a criação das Escolas Normais era a de que os antigos mestres-escola, professores da época, não estavam preparados para a prática docente. Desta forma, os estabelecimentos serviriam como referencia de normalização das práticas educativas, formação e instrução profissional de novos mestres além de propor, através de concursos públicos, a melhoria do preparo de pessoas consideradas aptas ao magistério.Um movimento de descontinuidade, no entanto, perpassou pelas Escolas No (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Normal school (en)
  • Normalschule (de)
  • Escuela normal (es)
  • École normale primaire (fr)
  • 教員養成機関 (ja)
  • Normaalschool (nl)
  • Escolas Normais (pt)
  • 師範學校 (zh)
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