The Nojeh coup plot (Persian: کودتای نوژه‎‎ Kūdetā-ye Nōžeh) was a plan to overthrow the newly established Islamic Republic of Iran and its government of Abolhassan Banisadr and Ayatollah Khomeini.

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  • يُشير لفظ انقلاب نوجة (تُنطق أيضًا نوزيه؛ باللغة الفارسية: کودتای نوژه) إلى محاولة الإطاحة بالجمهورية الإسلامية في إيران حديثة المنشأ وحكومة أبو الحسن بني صدر وآية الله الخميني التي وقعت في الحادي عشر من يوليو عام 1980. وقد قام بهذا الانقلاب ضباط وجنود من قوات المشاة والقوات الجوية والجيش والمخابرات. (ar)
  • Der Nojeh-Coup (Noscheh) war ein für den 9. Juli 1980 (18. Tir 1359) geplanter Putschversuch mit dem Codenamen „NEGHAB“ (Maske), mit dem Premierminister Abū l-Hasan Banīsadr und die gesamte Führung der Islamischen Republik Iran einschließlich ihres geistigen Führers Chomeini gestürzt werden sollte. Der Coup sollte von der Luftwaffenbasis Shahrokhi in Hamadan seinen Ausgang nehmen. Die Luftwaffenbasis war nach der islamischen Revolution in Nojeh-Basis umbenannt worden. Einer der Anführer der Putschisten war General Ayat Mohagheghi. (de)
  • The Nojeh coup plot (Persian: کودتای نوژه‎‎ Kūdetā-ye Nōžeh) was a plan to overthrow the newly established Islamic Republic of Iran and its government of Abolhassan Banisadr and Ayatollah Khomeini. The plan involved officers and servicemen from the infantry, air force, army and secret service, and was largely halted by the arrest of hundreds of officers on 9–10 July 1980 at Nojeh Air Base, near Hamedan, although substantial sabotage damage had already been carried out, with only 28 tanks (of 159) operational in the frontline Khuzestan Province. The plan was organised by Colonel Muhammad Baqir Bani-Amiri, a retired Gendermerie officer, with the Shah's last Prime Minister, Shahpour Bakhtiar, contributing financial support and providing his contacts and authority. Bakhtiar's liaison with the conspirators in Iran was the businessman Manucher Ghorbanifar, who headed the logistics branch of the Niqab network which organised the civilian part of the plot.According to then-President Abolhassan Banisadr, the government discovered eight major cells, and exposed the plotters' plan, leading to the arrests: "their plan was to give the appearance of a coup d'etat to restore the Shah, while the real aim was to provide a pretext to cover the Iraqi invasion. According to the information we received, the conspirators had set up a military camp in [the Iraqi city of] Sulimanieh and planned to ignite a Kurdish revolt and organize demonstrations throughout Iran. Their strategy was simple: internal disorders would first disperse Iranian military forces, so that on the very first day of the Iraqi attack Saddam could occupy the whole Western part of the country."After the failure of the coup, Khomeini delivered a speech in Jamaran Huseinieh and said, “they want to plot, and this type of plot. Even if we were not to neutralize it, people would suffocate it… Suppose their phantoms were able to take off, what then they could do. The nation is not asleep that a phantom or two could do anything."Khomeini ordered those arrested for involvement in the coup to be executed, but Banisadr used legal ruses to delay the executions, and when Iraq invaded, most were freed on the promise of a return to active duty. 144 participants were however executed, and in the following months 2,000–4,000 military personnel dismissed. An assassination attempt was made on Shapour Bakhtiar in Paris on 18 July, and on 22 July Ali Akbar Tabatabaei, the former Iranian press attache in the US, was assassinated in Bethesda, Maryland. (en)
  • Golpe Nojeh (em persa: کودتای نوژه Kūdetā-ye Nōžeh) foi um plano para derrubar a recém-criada República Islâmica do Irã e o governo de Abolhassan Banisadr e Ayatollah Khomeini. O plano envolveu oficiais e soldados da infantaria, força aérea, exército e o serviço secreto, e foi amplamente interrompido pela prisão de centenas de oficiais , nos dias 9-10 de julho de 1980 na Base Aérea Nojeh, nas proximidades de Hamedan, embora danos substanciais da sabotagem já haviam sido realizados, com apenas 28 tanques (de 159) operando na linha de frente na província do Khuzistão. O plano foi organizado pelo coronel Muhammad Baqir Bani-Amiri, um oficial reformado da Gendarmaria, com o último primeiro-ministro do Xá, Shahpour Bakhtiar, contribuindo com apoio financeiro e disponibilizando seus contatos e autoridade. A articulação de Bakhtiar com os conspiradores no Irã era o empresário Manucher Ghorbanifar, que chefiou o ramo logístico da rede Niqab, que organizava a parte civil da conspiração. De acordo com o então presidente Abolhassan Banisadr, o governo descobriu oito grandes células e expôs o plano dos conspiradores, levando às prisões: "o plano deveria dar a aparência de um golpe de Estado para restaurar o xá, enquanto o verdadeiro objetivo era fornecer um pretexto para cobrir a invasão iraquiana. Segundo as informações que recebemos, os conspiradores haviam montado um acampamento militar na [cidade iraquiana de] Sulimanieh e planejavam inflamar uma revolta curda e organizar manifestações em todo o Irã. Sua estratégia era simples: desordens internas seriam primeiro dispersas pelas forças militares iranianas, de modo que no primeiro dia do ataque iraquiano Saddam poderia ocupar toda a parte ocidental do país". Khomeini ordenou que os presos por envolvimento no golpe fossem executados, mas Banisadr usou artifícios legais para adiar as execuções, e quando o Iraque invadiu, a maior parte seria libertada com a promessa de um retorno ao serviço ativo. 144 participantes seriam, entretanto executados, e nos meses seguintes 2.000-4.000 militares demitidos. Houve uma tentativa de assassinato contra Shapour Bakhtiar em Paris em 18 de julho, e em 22 de julho Ali Tabatabaei, o antigo adido da imprensa iraniana nos Estados Unidos, foi assassinado em Bethesda, Maryland. == Referências == Este artigo foi inicialmente traduzido do artigo da Wikipédia em inglês, cujo título é «Nojeh coup plot». (pt)
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  • يُشير لفظ انقلاب نوجة (تُنطق أيضًا نوزيه؛ باللغة الفارسية: کودتای نوژه) إلى محاولة الإطاحة بالجمهورية الإسلامية في إيران حديثة المنشأ وحكومة أبو الحسن بني صدر وآية الله الخميني التي وقعت في الحادي عشر من يوليو عام 1980. وقد قام بهذا الانقلاب ضباط وجنود من قوات المشاة والقوات الجوية والجيش والمخابرات. (ar)
  • Der Nojeh-Coup (Noscheh) war ein für den 9. Juli 1980 (18. Tir 1359) geplanter Putschversuch mit dem Codenamen „NEGHAB“ (Maske), mit dem Premierminister Abū l-Hasan Banīsadr und die gesamte Führung der Islamischen Republik Iran einschließlich ihres geistigen Führers Chomeini gestürzt werden sollte. Der Coup sollte von der Luftwaffenbasis Shahrokhi in Hamadan seinen Ausgang nehmen. Die Luftwaffenbasis war nach der islamischen Revolution in Nojeh-Basis umbenannt worden. (de)
  • The Nojeh coup plot (Persian: کودتای نوژه‎‎ Kūdetā-ye Nōžeh) was a plan to overthrow the newly established Islamic Republic of Iran and its government of Abolhassan Banisadr and Ayatollah Khomeini. (en)
  • Golpe Nojeh (em persa: کودتای نوژه Kūdetā-ye Nōžeh) foi um plano para derrubar a recém-criada República Islâmica do Irã e o governo de Abolhassan Banisadr e Ayatollah Khomeini. (pt)
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  • انقلاب نوجة (ar)
  • Nojeh coup plot (en)
  • Nojeh-Coup (de)
  • Golpe Nojeh (pt)
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