No Treason is a composition of three essays: No.1 (1867), No.2: The Constitution (1867), and No. 6: The Constitution of no Authority (1867) (no more versions were made between No. 2 and No.6) under the authorship of Lysander Spooner. Lawyer by training, strong abolitionist, radical thinker, and anarchist, Spooner wrote these specific pamphlets in order to express his discontent with the state and its driving power, the U.S. Constitution. He strongly believed in the idea of natural law, which he also described as “the science of justice,” which he defined as “the science of all human rights; of all man’s rights of person and property; of all his rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”. Natural law, as Spooner saw it, was to be part of everyone’s life, which includes the right

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  • Sin traición (del inglés No Treason: The Constitution of No Authority) es un ensayo de 1867 del anarquista, filósofo político y teórico legal estadounidense Lysander Spooner. Se subtitula La constitución sin autoridad. En este largo ensayo, Spooner argumenta que la constitución de los Estados Unidos era un contrato de gobierno (véase: teoría del contrato social) el cuál había sido irremediablemente transgredido durante la guerra civil norteamericana, y por lo tanto fue anulado. Además, desde que existía el gobierno bajo la constitución, éste aplicó políticas coactivas contrarias al derecho natural y al consentimiento del gobernado, se había demostrado así que el documento no podía ser adecuado para detener muchos abusos contra la soberanía individual o evitar que la tiranía se arraigue. Spooner alentó su discusión observando que el gobierno federal, establecido por un contrato legal, no podría atar legalmente a todas las personas que vivían en la nación, puesto que ninguno de ellos había firmado sus nombres o había dado su consentimiento a ello en ninguna ocasión. Que el consentimiento siempre se haya asumido demuestra una falta a las más básicas cargas de prueba para que un contrato sea considerado válido ante un tribunal. Spooner hizo circular ampliamente los folletos Sin traición, que también contienen una defensa legal contra el delito de traición imputado a los antiguos soldados de la Confederación (de ahí el nombre del folleto, alegando que "no hay traición a la patria" que haya sido cometida en la guerra por el Sur). Estos extractos fueron publicados en De Bow's Review y algunos otros conocidos periódicos del Sur de la época, y los escritos de Spooner pasaron a contribuir al desarrollo de la teoría política libertaria en los Estados Unidos, y fueron reimpresos a menudo en las primeras revistas libertarias como el Rampart Journal. El teórico libertario Murray Rothbard, líder del moderno movimiento anarcocapitalista, llamó a No Treason "el más importante argumento para una filosofía política anarquista jamás escrito." (es)
  • No Treason is a composition of three essays: No.1 (1867), No.2: The Constitution (1867), and No. 6: The Constitution of no Authority (1867) (no more versions were made between No. 2 and No.6) under the authorship of Lysander Spooner. Lawyer by training, strong abolitionist, radical thinker, and anarchist, Spooner wrote these specific pamphlets in order to express his discontent with the state and its driving power, the U.S. Constitution. He strongly believed in the idea of natural law, which he also described as “the science of justice,” which he defined as “the science of all human rights; of all man’s rights of person and property; of all his rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”. Natural law, as Spooner saw it, was to be part of everyone’s life, which includes the rights given at birth: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The United States government also saw natural law to be a good basis for the creation of the Constitution. The preamble itself states the liberties that all American citizens have under the protection of the United States government. Spooner believed that“if there be such a principle as justice, or natural law, it is the principle, or law, that tells us what rights were given to every human being at his birth”. This meant that the rights listed under the Constitution were granted to “the people” who Spooner thought to be everyone that was born in the United States regardless of color or gender. Being against the Civil War as a conflict for union, when it should have been about slavery, and witnessing the hardships brought along by the Reconstruction Era, Spooner felt the Constitution completely violated natural law; thus, it was voided. By allowing for the institution of slavery to take place, the United States was taking away the basic rights of the many slaves who were born in American soil. According to Spooner, the slave’s rights were to be the same as everyone else’s due to their birth qualifications. As an outspoken abolitionist, Spooner did not believe that any American should be treated differently under the natural law. In the years prior to writing No Treason, Lysander Spooner had already expressed his disapproval of slavery in his essay The Unconstitutionality of Slavery (1845, 1860), considered a “comprehensive, liberitarian theory of constitutional interpretation” by many abolitionists of his time. His main argument fell under the idea that slavery was not mentioned in the Constitution: “The constitution itself contains no designation, description, or necessary admission of the existence of such a thing as slavery, servitude, or the right of property in man. We are obliged to go out of the instrument and grope among the records of oppression, lawlessness and crime--records unmentioned, and of course unsanctioned by the constitution—to find the thing, to which it is said that the words of the constitution apply. And when we have found this thing, which the constitution dare not name, we find that the constitution has sanctioned it (if at all) only by enigmatical words, by unnecessary implication and inference, by innuendo and double entendre, and under a name that entirely fails of describing the thing” "Although Spooner’s argument on the unconstitutionality of slavery had no legal basis, his concept of natural law contained the germs of anarchistic theory of government", which would eventually lead to the creation of No Treason, probably his most anarchistic work as well as influential to anarchists of his time and of present day, and while each essay claims voidance of the Constitution, each emphasizes on specific aspects. (en)
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  • Title page of No. 1.
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  • United States
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  • English
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  • 1867 (xsd:integer)
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  • No Treason
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  • Self-published
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  • Sin traición (del inglés No Treason: The Constitution of No Authority) es un ensayo de 1867 del anarquista, filósofo político y teórico legal estadounidense Lysander Spooner. Se subtitula La constitución sin autoridad. El teórico libertario Murray Rothbard, líder del moderno movimiento anarcocapitalista, llamó a No Treason "el más importante argumento para una filosofía política anarquista jamás escrito." (es)
  • No Treason is a composition of three essays: No.1 (1867), No.2: The Constitution (1867), and No. 6: The Constitution of no Authority (1867) (no more versions were made between No. 2 and No.6) under the authorship of Lysander Spooner. Lawyer by training, strong abolitionist, radical thinker, and anarchist, Spooner wrote these specific pamphlets in order to express his discontent with the state and its driving power, the U.S. Constitution. He strongly believed in the idea of natural law, which he also described as “the science of justice,” which he defined as “the science of all human rights; of all man’s rights of person and property; of all his rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”. Natural law, as Spooner saw it, was to be part of everyone’s life, which includes the right (en)
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  • Sin traición (es)
  • No Treason (en)
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