Nikephoros I or Nicephorus I, also logothetēs tou genikou (Greek: Νικηφόρος Α΄, Nikēphoros I, "Bringer of Victory"; died July 26, 811), was Byzantine Emperor from 802 to 811 AD, when he was killed in the Battle of Pliska. A patrician from Seleucia Sidera, Nikephoros was appointed finance minister (logothetēs tou genikou) by the Empress Irene. With the help of the patricians and eunuchs he contrived to dethrone and exile Irene, and to be chosen as Emperor in her stead on October 31, 802. He crowned his son Staurakios co-emperor in 803.

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  • Nikephoros I or Nicephorus I, also logothetēs tou genikou (Greek: Νικηφόρος Α΄, Nikēphoros I, "Bringer of Victory"; died July 26, 811), was Byzantine Emperor from 802 to 811 AD, when he was killed in the Battle of Pliska. A patrician from Seleucia Sidera, Nikephoros was appointed finance minister (logothetēs tou genikou) by the Empress Irene. With the help of the patricians and eunuchs he contrived to dethrone and exile Irene, and to be chosen as Emperor in her stead on October 31, 802. He crowned his son Staurakios co-emperor in 803. His rule was endangered by Bardanes Tourkos, one of his ablest generals, who revolted and received support from other commanders, notably the later emperors Leo V the Armenian and Michael II the Amorian in 803. But Nikephoros gained over the latter two, and by inducing the rebel army to disperse achieved the submission of Bardanes, who was blinded and relegated to a monastery. A conspiracy headed by the patrician Arsaber had a similar issue. Nikephoros embarked on a general reorganization of the Empire, creating new themes in the Balkans (where he initiated the re-Hellenization by resettling Greeks from Anatolia) and strengthening the frontiers. Needing large sums to increase his military forces, he set himself with great energy to increase the Empire's revenue. By his rigorous tax imposts he alienated the favour of his subjects, and especially of the clergy, whom he otherwise sought to control firmly. Although he appointed an iconodule, Nikephoros as patriarch, Emperor Nikephoros was portrayed as a villain by ecclesiastical historians like Theophanes the Confessor. In 803 Nikephoros concluded a treaty, called the "Pax Nicephori", with Charlemagne, but refused to recognize the latter's imperial dignity. Relations deteriorated and led to a war over Venice in 806–810. In the process Nikephoros had quelled a Venetian rebellion in 807, but suffered extensive losses to the Franks. The conflict was resolved only after Nikephoros' death, and Venice, Istria, the Dalmatian coast and South Italy were assigned to the East, while Rome, Ravenna and the Pentapolis were included in the Western realm. By withholding the tribute which Irene had agreed to pay to the caliph Hārūn al-Rashīd, Nikephoros committed himself to a war against the Arabs. Compelled by Bardanes' disloyalty to take the field himself, he sustained a severe defeat at the Battle of Krasos in Phrygia (805). In 806 a Muslim army of 135,000 men invaded the Empire. Unable to counter the Muslim numbers, Nikephoros agreed to make peace on condition of paying 50,000 nomismata immediately and a yearly tribute of 30,000 nomismata. With a succession struggle enveloping the caliphate on the death of Hārūn al-Rashīd in 809, Nikephoros was free to deal with Krum, Khan of Bulgaria, who was harassing his northern frontiers and had just conquered Serdica (Sofia). In 811 Nikephoros invaded Bulgaria, defeated Krum twice, and sacked the Bulgarian capital Pliska; however, during Nikephoros' retreat, the Byzantine army was ambushed and destroyed in the mountain passes on July 26 by Krum. Nikephoros was killed in the battle, the second Eastern Emperor to suffer this fate since Valens in the Battle of Adrianople (August 9, 378). Krum is said to have made a drinking-cup of Nikephoros' skull. (en)
  • Nicéforo I Logothetes Megas (en griego Νικηφόρος Α΄ [Nikēphoros I], «el que trae la victoria»; Seleucia de Pisidia, 765-Plisca, 811), emperador de Bizancio (802-811). Nicéforo era un veterano funcionario, con alguna experiencia militar, cuando fue ascendido a la dignidad de genikos logothetes por la emperatriz Irene, un cargo entendido como el Alto Tesorero Real, encargado de las finanzas y recaudaciones del imperio. (es)
  • Nikephoros I. (griechisch Νικηφόρος; * um 760; † 26. Juli 811 im Warbizapass bei Preslaw) war von 802 bis 811 byzantinischer Kaiser. (de)
  • Nicéphore Ier le Logothète (en grec Νικηφόρος ; né vers 760, mort le 26 juillet 811) est empereur byzantin de 802 à 811. (fr)
  • Quando Irene d'Atene prese il potere a Bisanzio, nominò un patrizio della città di Seleucia Sidera, Niceforo, suo ministro delle finanze (logothetēs tou genikou, greco: λογοθέτης τοῦ γενικοῦ); seguì la linea dell'imperatrice che, per non perdere popolarità, fece mitigare l'imposizione fiscale, abolendo la tassa cittadina a Costantinopoli (che era molto alta), riducendo i dazi che i mercanti erano tenuti a pagare nei porti di Costantinopoli. Questa politica fiscale, pur garantendo grandissimo consenso ad Irene, danneggiò il sistema erariale bizantino, e Niceforo se ne accorse. Inoltre a Costantinopoli non piaceva la nuova politica estera avviata dall'imperatrice agli inizi dell'802. Irene era in trattative con il re dei franchi Carlo Magno per organizzare un matrimonio fra i due sovrani; ciò avrebbe permesso di riunire l'Impero romano d'Oriente con il neo-proclamato Impero Carolingio. Con l'aiuto di alcuni eunuchi di corte e di alcuni patrizi progettò la detronizzazione di Irene, che invece si fidava di lui. Salì al potere con una congiura con cui depose l'Imperatrice Irene (802) e fu scelto come imperatore al suo posto il 31 ottobre dell'802. Mentre Irene si trovava per una villeggiatura nel palazzo di Eleuterio, da lei fatto edificare, i congiurati approfittarono della sua assenza per presentarsi al Sacro Palazzo con ordini contraffatti dell'Imperatrice, che affermavano di nominare imperatore Niceforo affinché le fosse di aiuto nel combattere Ezio. I soldati a guardia del palazzo non dubitarono dell'autenticità dell'ordine e consegnarono il palazzo ai congiurati, che sparsero la voce della proclamazione a imperatore di Niceforo I, mentre Irene veniva arrestata e segregata nel Sacro Palazzo. Il colpo di Stato tuttavia rischiò di fallire: il popolo e il clero erano favorevoli ad Irene e, alla notizia della sua deposizione, insorsero, presentandosi alle porte del Palazzo e pretendendo che Irene fosse restaurata al trono. Ella preferì tuttavia ritirarsi dal governo per evitare ulteriore spargimento di sangue, fidandosi forse pure delle promesse di Niceforo, che prima le avrebbe concesso di stabilirsi nel Palazzo dell'Eleuterio a Costantinopoli, ma poi, anche per paura che l'imperatrice potesse riprendersi il trono come già successo in precedenza, la esiliò prima sulle Isole dei Principi e poi a Lesbo, dove morì in povertà nell'803. (it)
  • ニケフォロス1世(古代ギリシア語: Νικηφόρος Α (Nikēphoros)、ラテン語: Nicephorus I、760年? - 811年7月26日)は、東ローマ帝国の皇帝(在位:802年10月31日 - 811年)。 名目上はイサウリア朝(シリア朝)東ローマ帝国第6代皇帝ともされるが、その実、820年に始まるアモリア朝の始祖である。 (ja)
  • Nikephoros I (Grieks: Νικηφόρος Α΄; Latijn: Nicephorus; Nederlands, verouderd: Nicefoor) (Seleucia Sidera, ± 765 – bij Pliska, 26 juli 811) was Byzantijns keizer van 802 tot aan zijn dood in 811. (nl)
  • Nicefor I, Nikefor I, niekiedy z przydomkiem Arab (ur. 765, zm. 26 lipca 811) – cesarz bizantyjski od 802. Założyciel dynastii Niceforów. Był patrycjuszem z Seleucji, jego rodzina miała arabskie korzenie. Cesarzowa Irena mianowała go ministrem finansów (logothetēs tou genikou). Z pomocą innych patrycjuszy i eunuchów udało mu się zdetronizować i wygnać Irenę. Dokładnie 31 października 802 został wybrany kolejnym cesarzem. W grudniu 803 koronował swojego syna Staurakiosa na współcesarza. W czasie swego panowania dążył do umocnienia państwa poprzez porządkowanie finansów, walkę z Arabami i umacnianiu wpływów w Europie południowo-wschodniej (stłumienie buntu Słowian na Peloponezie w 805). W 811 roku był bliski podbicia Bulgarów po zdobyciu ich stolicy Pliski. Zginął jednak niedługo po tym zabity w przegranej bitwie na przełęczy Wyrbica u stóp chana Kruma. Z nieznaną z imienia żoną Nicefor miał co najmniej dwoje dzieci: * Staurakiosa, kolejnego cesarza, * Prokopię, żonę Michała I Rangabe, cesarza od 811. (pl)
  • Nicéforo I, dito Logoteta ou Genikos (em grego: Νικηφόρος Α΄, Nikēphoros I, "o Vitorioso"), (falecido a 26 de julho de 811), foi imperador bizantino entre 802 e 811. Era originário de Selêucia Sidera e tinha, aparentemente, ascendência árabe. (pt)
  • Ники́фор I Гени́к (греч. Νικηφόρος Α' Γενικός 760—26 июля 811) — византийский император (802—811). (ru)
  • 尼基弗鲁斯一世(Nikephoros I,-811年7月26日),东罗马帝国皇帝(802年10月31日——811年7月26日在位),原为伊琳娜女皇任命的财政大臣,战死于与保加利亚首领克鲁姆作战的普利斯卡战役中。战死之后,他的头骨被克鲁姆当做酒器并以银来加工,用来饮酒。死後由斯陶拉基奧斯繼位。由於曾擔任財政大臣,因此他也因為力行一些財政政策而出名。根據《拜占庭的智慧》一書記載,傳說在他在位期間有個燭商成了暴發戶。於是尼基弗魯斯一世把他召來,叫他摸著自己的額頭,問他究竟有多少金幣,他回答說有九百鎊(相當於有四萬八千六百個金幣)。皇帝命令他在一個小時內全部帶來。接著皇帝就說:「請和我共餐,然後你可以拿回一百個金幣。夠了嗎?」 本條目出自已经处于公有领域的:Chisholm, Hugh (编). 大英百科全書 第十一版. 剑桥大学出版社. 1911年. 尼基弗鲁斯一世是一個與歐洲皇室相關的小作品。你可以通过編輯或修訂擴充其內容。 (zh)
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  • Nikephoros I, from the Manasses Chronicle.
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  • Emperor of the Byzantine Empire
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Nicéforo I Logothetes Megas (en griego Νικηφόρος Α΄ [Nikēphoros I], «el que trae la victoria»; Seleucia de Pisidia, 765-Plisca, 811), emperador de Bizancio (802-811). Nicéforo era un veterano funcionario, con alguna experiencia militar, cuando fue ascendido a la dignidad de genikos logothetes por la emperatriz Irene, un cargo entendido como el Alto Tesorero Real, encargado de las finanzas y recaudaciones del imperio. (es)
  • Nikephoros I. (griechisch Νικηφόρος; * um 760; † 26. Juli 811 im Warbizapass bei Preslaw) war von 802 bis 811 byzantinischer Kaiser. (de)
  • Nicéphore Ier le Logothète (en grec Νικηφόρος ; né vers 760, mort le 26 juillet 811) est empereur byzantin de 802 à 811. (fr)
  • ニケフォロス1世(古代ギリシア語: Νικηφόρος Α (Nikēphoros)、ラテン語: Nicephorus I、760年? - 811年7月26日)は、東ローマ帝国の皇帝(在位:802年10月31日 - 811年)。 名目上はイサウリア朝(シリア朝)東ローマ帝国第6代皇帝ともされるが、その実、820年に始まるアモリア朝の始祖である。 (ja)
  • Nikephoros I (Grieks: Νικηφόρος Α΄; Latijn: Nicephorus; Nederlands, verouderd: Nicefoor) (Seleucia Sidera, ± 765 – bij Pliska, 26 juli 811) was Byzantijns keizer van 802 tot aan zijn dood in 811. (nl)
  • Nicéforo I, dito Logoteta ou Genikos (em grego: Νικηφόρος Α΄, Nikēphoros I, "o Vitorioso"), (falecido a 26 de julho de 811), foi imperador bizantino entre 802 e 811. Era originário de Selêucia Sidera e tinha, aparentemente, ascendência árabe. (pt)
  • Ники́фор I Гени́к (греч. Νικηφόρος Α' Γενικός 760—26 июля 811) — византийский император (802—811). (ru)
  • 尼基弗鲁斯一世(Nikephoros I,-811年7月26日),东罗马帝国皇帝(802年10月31日——811年7月26日在位),原为伊琳娜女皇任命的财政大臣,战死于与保加利亚首领克鲁姆作战的普利斯卡战役中。战死之后,他的头骨被克鲁姆当做酒器并以银来加工,用来饮酒。死後由斯陶拉基奧斯繼位。由於曾擔任財政大臣,因此他也因為力行一些財政政策而出名。根據《拜占庭的智慧》一書記載,傳說在他在位期間有個燭商成了暴發戶。於是尼基弗魯斯一世把他召來,叫他摸著自己的額頭,問他究竟有多少金幣,他回答說有九百鎊(相當於有四萬八千六百個金幣)。皇帝命令他在一個小時內全部帶來。接著皇帝就說:「請和我共餐,然後你可以拿回一百個金幣。夠了嗎?」 本條目出自已经处于公有领域的:Chisholm, Hugh (编). 大英百科全書 第十一版. 剑桥大学出版社. 1911年. 尼基弗鲁斯一世是一個與歐洲皇室相關的小作品。你可以通过編輯或修訂擴充其內容。 (zh)
  • Nikephoros I or Nicephorus I, also logothetēs tou genikou (Greek: Νικηφόρος Α΄, Nikēphoros I, "Bringer of Victory"; died July 26, 811), was Byzantine Emperor from 802 to 811 AD, when he was killed in the Battle of Pliska. A patrician from Seleucia Sidera, Nikephoros was appointed finance minister (logothetēs tou genikou) by the Empress Irene. With the help of the patricians and eunuchs he contrived to dethrone and exile Irene, and to be chosen as Emperor in her stead on October 31, 802. He crowned his son Staurakios co-emperor in 803. (en)
  • Quando Irene d'Atene prese il potere a Bisanzio, nominò un patrizio della città di Seleucia Sidera, Niceforo, suo ministro delle finanze (logothetēs tou genikou, greco: λογοθέτης τοῦ γενικοῦ); seguì la linea dell'imperatrice che, per non perdere popolarità, fece mitigare l'imposizione fiscale, abolendo la tassa cittadina a Costantinopoli (che era molto alta), riducendo i dazi che i mercanti erano tenuti a pagare nei porti di Costantinopoli. Questa politica fiscale, pur garantendo grandissimo consenso ad Irene, danneggiò il sistema erariale bizantino, e Niceforo se ne accorse. (it)
  • Nicefor I, Nikefor I, niekiedy z przydomkiem Arab (ur. 765, zm. 26 lipca 811) – cesarz bizantyjski od 802. Założyciel dynastii Niceforów. Był patrycjuszem z Seleucji, jego rodzina miała arabskie korzenie. Cesarzowa Irena mianowała go ministrem finansów (logothetēs tou genikou). Z pomocą innych patrycjuszy i eunuchów udało mu się zdetronizować i wygnać Irenę. Dokładnie 31 października 802 został wybrany kolejnym cesarzem. W grudniu 803 koronował swojego syna Staurakiosa na współcesarza. Z nieznaną z imienia żoną Nicefor miał co najmniej dwoje dzieci: (pl)
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  • Nikephoros I (en)
  • Nikephoros I. (de)
  • Nicéforo I (es)
  • Nicéphore Ier (fr)
  • Niceforo I il Logoteta (it)
  • ニケフォロス1世 (ja)
  • Nikephoros I (nl)
  • Nicefor I (cesarz bizantyński) (pl)
  • Nicéforo I, o Logóteta (pt)
  • Никифор I (ru)
  • 尼基弗鲁斯一世 (zh)
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