Nikolaus, Count Luckner (12 January 1722, Cham in der Oberpfalz – 4 January 1794, Paris) was a German in French service who rose to become a Marshal of France. (His name is spelled Nicolas in French, Nikolaus in German. His noble title, in German, would be Nikolaus Graf von Luckner, where Graf signifies his title of Count)Luckner grew up in Cham, in eastern Bavaria and received his early education from the Jesuits in Passau.

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  • Nikolaus, Count Luckner (12 January 1722, Cham in der Oberpfalz – 4 January 1794, Paris) was a German in French service who rose to become a Marshal of France. (His name is spelled Nicolas in French, Nikolaus in German. His noble title, in German, would be Nikolaus Graf von Luckner, where Graf signifies his title of Count)Luckner grew up in Cham, in eastern Bavaria and received his early education from the Jesuits in Passau. Before entering the French service, Luckner had spent time in the Bavarian, Dutch and Hanoverian armies. He fought as a commander of hussars during the Seven Years' War against the French. Luckner joined the French army in 1763 with the rank of lieutenant general. In 1784 he was made a Danish count.He supported the French Revolution, and the year 1791 saw Luckner being made a Marshal of France. In 1792, Luckner first served as commander of the Army of the Rhine, during which time Rouget de Lisle dedicated to him the Chant de Guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin (War Song of the Army of the Rhine), which was to become better known as the Marseillaise.As commander of the Army of the North he captured the Flemish cities of Menen and Kortrijk, but then had to retreat towards Lille. After the flight of Lafayette he was made generalissimo with orders to build a Reserve Army near Châlons-sur-Marne. However, the National Convention was not satisfied with his progress and Choderlos de Laclos was ordered to support or replace him. Luckner, now over 70 years of age, then asked for dismissal and went to Paris.He was arrested by the Revolutionary Tribunal and sentenced to death. He died by the guillotine in Paris in 1794.The carillon of the town hall in the Bavarian town of Cham rings the Marseillaise every day at 12.05 p.m. to commemorate the city's most famous son, Nikolaus Graf von Luckner.He was the great grandfather of Count Felix von Luckner, a German World War I naval officer who commanded the famed merchant raider SMS Seeadler.He was owner of Krummbek Manor.
  • Johann Nikolaus Graf Luckner, frz. Nicolas Luckner (* 12. Januar 1722 in Cham in der Oberpfalz; † 4. Januar 1794 in Paris) war ein deutscher General in französischen Diensten, Marschall von Frankreich. Er ist der Urgroßvater des deutschen Seeoffiziers und Schriftstellers Felix Graf von Luckner.
  • Nicolas Luckner, né à Cham, en Bavière, le 12 janvier 1722 et mort guillotiné à Paris le 4 janvier 1794, est un militaire français d’origine allemande.Felix von Luckner était son arrière-petit-fils.
  • Nicolas Luckner (Cham, 12 gennaio 1722 – Parigi, 4 gennaio 1794) è stato un generale francese di origine tedesca, antenato di Felix Graf von Luckner.
  • ニコラ・リュクネール伯爵(Nicolas Comte Luckner, 1722年1月12日 - 1794年1月4日)は、フランスの元帥。出身はドイツのため、ドイツ語でニコラウス・フォン・ルックナー伯爵(Nikolaus Graf von Luckner)ともいう。ドイツ海軍軍人のフェリクス・フォン・ルックナーは曾孫。
  • Nicolas Luckner (Cham, 12 januari 1722 - Parijs, 4 januari 1794), vanaf 1784 graaf Luckner, was een Duitse generaal in Franse dienst en maarschalk van Frankrijk. Hij was de overgrootvader van Felix von Luckner, een militair die beroemd werd tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog.
  • Nicolas Luckner (ur. 12 stycznia 1722 w Cham, Bawaria; zm. 4 stycznia 1794 w Paryżu), francuski wojskowy, generał pochodzenia niemieckiego; marszałek Francji.Syn podskarbiego Samuela Lucknera z Cham. W 1784 dopuszczony do stanu książęcego w Danii. Uczestnik rewolucji francuskiej.W 1777 został kawalerem Orderu Orła Białego.
  • 尼古劳斯·卢克纳(德语:Nikolaus Luckner,1722年1月12日-1794年1月4日]),服役于法国军队的德国人、法国元帅。卢克纳出生于德国巴伐利亚州卡姆,在帕绍接受了早期教育。在进入法军之前,卢克纳曾效力于巴伐利亚、荷兰和汉诺威的军队。在七年战争中,卢克纳作为轻骑兵指挥参与了对法作战。1763年,卢克纳加入法军,中将军衔。1784年,卢克纳成为丹麦伯爵。卢克纳是法国大革命的支持者,1791年成为元帅。1792年,卢克纳担任莱茵军司令,其间克洛德·约瑟夫·鲁日·德·李尔谱写了献给卢克纳的《莱茵军战歌(Chant de Guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin)》,即法国国歌《马赛曲》的前身。作为北方军的司令,卢克纳率军占领了比利时梅嫩和科特赖克,但随后又撤退至里尔。在被授予大元帅称号后,卢克纳受命在沙隆昂香槟附近组建后备军。然而,国民公会并不满意卢克纳的计划,皮埃尔·肖代洛·德拉克洛受命取而代之。此时的卢克纳已年届70岁,随后被要求退役并前往巴黎。在巴黎,卢克纳被大革命法庭逮捕并判处死刑。1794年,卢克纳被送上断头台。如今德国卡姆市政厅的钟琴每天中午12时05分都会演奏《马赛曲》,以纪念其历史上最著名的人物卢克纳。同時,卢克纳也是在第一次世界大战中創下「8個月內擊沉14艘敵船、俘獲462名敵人、僅1名敵員戰死、己方無一傷亡」之傳奇戰蹟、綽號為「海上幽靈」(Der Seeteufel)的德国海军军官费利克斯·冯·卢克纳的曾祖父。
  • Николя́ (Никола́ус) Лю́кнер (фр. Nicolas Luckner, нем. Nikolaus von Luckner; 12 января 1722, Кам, Бавария — 4 января 1794, Париж, Франция) — французский военачальник периода абсолютизма, маршал Франции (1791), немец по национальности.
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  • Johann Nikolaus Graf Luckner, frz. Nicolas Luckner (* 12. Januar 1722 in Cham in der Oberpfalz; † 4. Januar 1794 in Paris) war ein deutscher General in französischen Diensten, Marschall von Frankreich. Er ist der Urgroßvater des deutschen Seeoffiziers und Schriftstellers Felix Graf von Luckner.
  • Nicolas Luckner, né à Cham, en Bavière, le 12 janvier 1722 et mort guillotiné à Paris le 4 janvier 1794, est un militaire français d’origine allemande.Felix von Luckner était son arrière-petit-fils.
  • Nicolas Luckner (Cham, 12 gennaio 1722 – Parigi, 4 gennaio 1794) è stato un generale francese di origine tedesca, antenato di Felix Graf von Luckner.
  • ニコラ・リュクネール伯爵(Nicolas Comte Luckner, 1722年1月12日 - 1794年1月4日)は、フランスの元帥。出身はドイツのため、ドイツ語でニコラウス・フォン・ルックナー伯爵(Nikolaus Graf von Luckner)ともいう。ドイツ海軍軍人のフェリクス・フォン・ルックナーは曾孫。
  • Nicolas Luckner (Cham, 12 januari 1722 - Parijs, 4 januari 1794), vanaf 1784 graaf Luckner, was een Duitse generaal in Franse dienst en maarschalk van Frankrijk. Hij was de overgrootvader van Felix von Luckner, een militair die beroemd werd tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog.
  • Nicolas Luckner (ur. 12 stycznia 1722 w Cham, Bawaria; zm. 4 stycznia 1794 w Paryżu), francuski wojskowy, generał pochodzenia niemieckiego; marszałek Francji.Syn podskarbiego Samuela Lucknera z Cham. W 1784 dopuszczony do stanu książęcego w Danii. Uczestnik rewolucji francuskiej.W 1777 został kawalerem Orderu Orła Białego.
  • 尼古劳斯·卢克纳(德语:Nikolaus Luckner,1722年1月12日-1794年1月4日]),服役于法国军队的德国人、法国元帅。卢克纳出生于德国巴伐利亚州卡姆,在帕绍接受了早期教育。在进入法军之前,卢克纳曾效力于巴伐利亚、荷兰和汉诺威的军队。在七年战争中,卢克纳作为轻骑兵指挥参与了对法作战。1763年,卢克纳加入法军,中将军衔。1784年,卢克纳成为丹麦伯爵。卢克纳是法国大革命的支持者,1791年成为元帅。1792年,卢克纳担任莱茵军司令,其间克洛德·约瑟夫·鲁日·德·李尔谱写了献给卢克纳的《莱茵军战歌(Chant de Guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin)》,即法国国歌《马赛曲》的前身。作为北方军的司令,卢克纳率军占领了比利时梅嫩和科特赖克,但随后又撤退至里尔。在被授予大元帅称号后,卢克纳受命在沙隆昂香槟附近组建后备军。然而,国民公会并不满意卢克纳的计划,皮埃尔·肖代洛·德拉克洛受命取而代之。此时的卢克纳已年届70岁,随后被要求退役并前往巴黎。在巴黎,卢克纳被大革命法庭逮捕并判处死刑。1794年,卢克纳被送上断头台。如今德国卡姆市政厅的钟琴每天中午12时05分都会演奏《马赛曲》,以纪念其历史上最著名的人物卢克纳。同時,卢克纳也是在第一次世界大战中創下「8個月內擊沉14艘敵船、俘獲462名敵人、僅1名敵員戰死、己方無一傷亡」之傳奇戰蹟、綽號為「海上幽靈」(Der Seeteufel)的德国海军军官费利克斯·冯·卢克纳的曾祖父。
  • Николя́ (Никола́ус) Лю́кнер (фр. Nicolas Luckner, нем. Nikolaus von Luckner; 12 января 1722, Кам, Бавария — 4 января 1794, Париж, Франция) — французский военачальник периода абсолютизма, маршал Франции (1791), немец по национальности.
  • Nikolaus, Count Luckner (12 January 1722, Cham in der Oberpfalz – 4 January 1794, Paris) was a German in French service who rose to become a Marshal of France. (His name is spelled Nicolas in French, Nikolaus in German. His noble title, in German, would be Nikolaus Graf von Luckner, where Graf signifies his title of Count)Luckner grew up in Cham, in eastern Bavaria and received his early education from the Jesuits in Passau.
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  • Nicolas Luckner
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  • Nicolas Luckner
  • Nicolas Luckner
  • Люкнер, Николя
  • 尼古劳斯·卢克纳
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