Nicolae Iorga (Romanian pronunciation: [nikoˈla.e ˈjorɡa]; sometimes Neculai Iorga, Nicolas Jorga, Nicolai Jorga or Nicola Jorga, born Nicu N. Iorga; January 17, 1871 – November 27, 1940) was a Romanian historian, politician, literary critic, memoirist, poet and playwright. Co-founder (in 1910) of the Democratic Nationalist Party (PND), he served as a member of Parliament, President of the Deputies' Assembly and Senate, cabinet minister and briefly (1931–32) as Prime Minister. A child prodigy, polymath and polyglot, Iorga produced an unusually large body of scholarly works, consecrating his international reputation as a medievalist, Byzantinist, Latinist, Slavist, art historian and philosopher of history. Holding teaching positions at the University of Bucharest, the University of Paris an

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dbo:abstract
  • Nicolae Iorga (Romanian pronunciation: [nikoˈla.e ˈjorɡa]; sometimes Neculai Iorga, Nicolas Jorga, Nicolai Jorga or Nicola Jorga, born Nicu N. Iorga; January 17, 1871 – November 27, 1940) was a Romanian historian, politician, literary critic, memoirist, poet and playwright. Co-founder (in 1910) of the Democratic Nationalist Party (PND), he served as a member of Parliament, President of the Deputies' Assembly and Senate, cabinet minister and briefly (1931–32) as Prime Minister. A child prodigy, polymath and polyglot, Iorga produced an unusually large body of scholarly works, consecrating his international reputation as a medievalist, Byzantinist, Latinist, Slavist, art historian and philosopher of history. Holding teaching positions at the University of Bucharest, the University of Paris and several other academic institutions, Iorga was founder of the International Congress of Byzantine Studies and the Institute of South-East European Studies (ISSEE). His activity also included the transformation of Vălenii de Munte town into a cultural and academic center. In parallel with his scientific contributions, Nicolae Iorga was a prominent right-of-center activist, whose political theory bridged conservatism, nationalism and agrarianism. From Marxist beginnings, he switched sides and became a maverick disciple of the Junimea movement. Iorga later became a leadership figure at Sămănătorul, the influential literary magazine with populist leanings, and militated within the Cultural League for the Unity of All Romanians, founding vocally conservative publications such as Neamul Românesc, Drum Drept, Cuget Clar and Floarea Darurilor. His support for the cause of ethnic Romanians in Austria-Hungary made him a prominent figure in the pro-Entente camp by the time of World War I, and ensured him a special political role during the interwar existence of Greater Romania. Initiator of large-scale campaigns to defend Romanian culture in front of perceived threats, Iorga sparked most controversy with his antisemitic rhetoric, and was for long an associate of the far right ideologue A. C. Cuza. He was an adversary of the dominant National Liberals, later involved with the opposition Romanian National Party. Late in his life, Iorga opposed the radically fascist Iron Guard, and, after much oscillation, came to endorse its rival King Carol II. Involved in a personal dispute with the Guard's leader Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, and indirectly contributing to his killing, Iorga was also a prominent figure in Carol's corporatist and authoritarian party, the National Renaissance Front. He remained an independent voice of opposition after the Guard inaugurated its own National Legionary dictatorship, but was ultimately assassinated by a Guardist commando. (en)
  • Nicolae Iorga (conocido también como Nicolas Jorga en obras de autores no rumanos) (Botoşani, 17 de enero de 1871-Strejnic, Prahova 27 de noviembre de 1940) fue un historiador, profesor universitario, crítico literario, dramaturgo, poeta y político rumano. Fue miembro del parlamento, presidente de la Asamblea Nacional en la posguerra de la Primera Guerra Mundial, ministro, y, entre 1931 y 1932, primer ministro de Rumanía. Fundó el Partido Nacionalista Demócrata (Partidului Naţionalist-Democrat), antisemita. Fue asesinado por un comando de la Guardia de Hierro. (es)
  • Nicolae Iorga (ou Nicolas Jorga) est un historien et homme politique roumain né le 18 juin 1871 à Botoșani et mort le 27 novembre 1940 à Strejnicu (Județ de Prahova). (fr)
  • Nicolae Iorga (verdeutscht N. Jorga; * 17. Januar 1871 in Botoșani; † 27. November 1940 in Ploiești) war ein rumänischer Historiker, Schriftsteller und Politiker. (de)
  • Come affermato dal critico letterario George Călinescu, Iorga, nei primi decenni del secolo XX, ha giocato nella cultura romena "il ruolo di Voltaire". (it)
  • Nicolae Iorga (Botoșani, 17 januari 1871 - Strejnic, 27 november 1940) was een Roemeens politicus, geleerde, toneel- en prozaschrijver, en dichter. (nl)
  • Nicolae Iorga, właśc. Nicolas Jorga (ur. 17 stycznia 1871 w Botoszanach, zm. 27 listopada 1940 w Strejnicu, okręg Prahova) – rumuński historyk, krytyk literacki, pamiętnikarz, dramaturg, poeta i polityk. (pl)
  • Никола́е Йо́рга (рум. Nicolae Iorga; 17 января 1871, Ботошани — 27 ноября 1940, Стрежник, жудец Прахова) — румынский историк, византинист, литературный критик, писатель, академик Румынской академии (1911) и политик. Один из создателей Национально-Демократической партии. В 1931—32 гг. премьер-министр и министр народного образования. Председатель Сената Румынии (1939). Автор большого числа работ по истории Румынии, Турции, Балкан, по истории румынской литературы. Положил начало литературному течению «сэмэнэторизма» (от названия журнала «Сэмэнэторул» («Sămănătorul») — сеятель). Был видным деятелем партии «Фронт национального возрождения», поддерживавшей политику короля Кароля II. Вынужденный покинуть Бухарест после землетрясения, в дороге был похищен и убит легионерами «Железной гвардии». Похоронен в Бухаресте на кладбище Беллу. (ru)
  • Nicolae Iorga, ou Nicolae Jorga na tradução para outras línguas, (Botoşani, 17 de janeiro de 1871 — Ploieşti, 27 de novembro de 1940), foi um historiador, catedrático, crítico literário, memorialista, dramaturgo, poeta e político romeno. Foi parlamentar, presidente da Assembleia Nacional pós-Primeira Guerra Mundial, ministro e primeiro-ministro entre 1931 e 1932. Foi co-fundador do Partido Nacionalista Democrático, em 1910, sendo enfim assassinado pelo comando fascista Guarda de Ferro. Frequentou a Universidade de Iaşi, onde se formou com distinção. Após, estudou nas universidades de Paris, Berlim e Leipzig, obtendo seu doutorado em 1893. Foi um fértil escritor, tendo uma obra estimada em 1.250 volumes publicados e 25.000 artigos. Viajou exaustivamente por toda a Europa, e seus escritos em muitas línguas confirmam o fato de que ele poderia ler, escrever e falar praticamente em todas as grandes línguas europeias modernas. Junto com professores, médicos, soldados, entre outros, ajudou a trazer o escotismo para a Roménia. (pt)
dbo:activeYearsEndDate
  • 1932-06-06 (xsd:date)
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  • 1931-04-19 (xsd:date)
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  • 1871-01-17 (xsd:date)
  • 1871-1-17
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  • 1940-11-27 (xsd:date)
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  • Prime Minister of Romania
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  • Cover of Neamul Românesc, November 1907
  • Istoria bisericii românești, original edition
  • Nicolae Iorga in 1914
dbp:image
  • Nicolae Iorga - Istoria Bisericii Romanesti vol I - Coperta.jpg
  • Neamul Romanesc - logo - 8 noiembrie 1907.png
dbp:predecessor
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  • N. Iorga, semnătura .jpg
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  • Ecaterina Bogdan
  • Maria Tasu
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  • 200 (xsd:integer)
  • 220 (xsd:integer)
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  • Prime Minister of Romania (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • Nicolae Iorga (conocido también como Nicolas Jorga en obras de autores no rumanos) (Botoşani, 17 de enero de 1871-Strejnic, Prahova 27 de noviembre de 1940) fue un historiador, profesor universitario, crítico literario, dramaturgo, poeta y político rumano. Fue miembro del parlamento, presidente de la Asamblea Nacional en la posguerra de la Primera Guerra Mundial, ministro, y, entre 1931 y 1932, primer ministro de Rumanía. Fundó el Partido Nacionalista Demócrata (Partidului Naţionalist-Democrat), antisemita. Fue asesinado por un comando de la Guardia de Hierro. (es)
  • Nicolae Iorga (ou Nicolas Jorga) est un historien et homme politique roumain né le 18 juin 1871 à Botoșani et mort le 27 novembre 1940 à Strejnicu (Județ de Prahova). (fr)
  • Nicolae Iorga (verdeutscht N. Jorga; * 17. Januar 1871 in Botoșani; † 27. November 1940 in Ploiești) war ein rumänischer Historiker, Schriftsteller und Politiker. (de)
  • Come affermato dal critico letterario George Călinescu, Iorga, nei primi decenni del secolo XX, ha giocato nella cultura romena "il ruolo di Voltaire". (it)
  • Nicolae Iorga (Botoșani, 17 januari 1871 - Strejnic, 27 november 1940) was een Roemeens politicus, geleerde, toneel- en prozaschrijver, en dichter. (nl)
  • Nicolae Iorga, właśc. Nicolas Jorga (ur. 17 stycznia 1871 w Botoszanach, zm. 27 listopada 1940 w Strejnicu, okręg Prahova) – rumuński historyk, krytyk literacki, pamiętnikarz, dramaturg, poeta i polityk. (pl)
  • Nicolae Iorga (Romanian pronunciation: [nikoˈla.e ˈjorɡa]; sometimes Neculai Iorga, Nicolas Jorga, Nicolai Jorga or Nicola Jorga, born Nicu N. Iorga; January 17, 1871 – November 27, 1940) was a Romanian historian, politician, literary critic, memoirist, poet and playwright. Co-founder (in 1910) of the Democratic Nationalist Party (PND), he served as a member of Parliament, President of the Deputies' Assembly and Senate, cabinet minister and briefly (1931–32) as Prime Minister. A child prodigy, polymath and polyglot, Iorga produced an unusually large body of scholarly works, consecrating his international reputation as a medievalist, Byzantinist, Latinist, Slavist, art historian and philosopher of history. Holding teaching positions at the University of Bucharest, the University of Paris an (en)
  • Nicolae Iorga, ou Nicolae Jorga na tradução para outras línguas, (Botoşani, 17 de janeiro de 1871 — Ploieşti, 27 de novembro de 1940), foi um historiador, catedrático, crítico literário, memorialista, dramaturgo, poeta e político romeno. Foi parlamentar, presidente da Assembleia Nacional pós-Primeira Guerra Mundial, ministro e primeiro-ministro entre 1931 e 1932. Foi co-fundador do Partido Nacionalista Democrático, em 1910, sendo enfim assassinado pelo comando fascista Guarda de Ferro. Junto com professores, médicos, soldados, entre outros, ajudou a trazer o escotismo para a Roménia. (pt)
  • Никола́е Йо́рга (рум. Nicolae Iorga; 17 января 1871, Ботошани — 27 ноября 1940, Стрежник, жудец Прахова) — румынский историк, византинист, литературный критик, писатель, академик Румынской академии (1911) и политик. Один из создателей Национально-Демократической партии. В 1931—32 гг. премьер-министр и министр народного образования. Председатель Сената Румынии (1939). Автор большого числа работ по истории Румынии, Турции, Балкан, по истории румынской литературы. Положил начало литературному течению «сэмэнэторизма» (от названия журнала «Сэмэнэторул» («Sămănătorul») — сеятель). (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Nicolae Iorga (en)
  • Nicolae Iorga (de)
  • Nicolae Iorga (es)
  • Nicolae Iorga (fr)
  • Nicolae Iorga (it)
  • Nicolae Iorga (nl)
  • Nicolae Iorga (pl)
  • Йорга, Николае (ru)
  • Nicolae Iorga (pt)
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