Nicaea (Greek: Νίκαια Nikaia), was an ancient fortress of the Locri Epicnemidii, situated upon the sea, and close to the pass of Thermopylae. It is described by Aeschines as one of the places which commanded the pass. It was the first Locrian town after Alpenos, the latter being at the very entrance of the pass. The surrender of Nicaea by Phalaecus to Philip II, in 346 BCE, made the Macedonian king master of Thermopylae, and brought the Third Sacred War to an end. Philip kept possession of it for some time, but subsequently gave it to the Thessalians along with Magnesia. But in 340 BCE we again find Nicaea in the possession of Philip. According to Memnon Nicaea was destroyed by the Phocians, and its inhabitants founded the Bithynian Nicaea. But even if this is true, the town must have been

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  • Nicea (en griego, Νίκαια) es el nombre de una antigua fortaleza griega de Lócride. Estrabón la ubica junto al mar, cerca de Escarfia y de las Termópilas, dentro del mismo desfiladero que estas. En el año 346 a. C., Falecos de Fócide rindió la plaza de Nicea a Filipo II y se firmó un armisticio que constituyó el final de la Tercera Guerra Sagrada. (es)
  • Nicea (in greco antico: Νίκαια, Nìkaia), era un'antica fortezza della Locride Epicnemidia, situata sul mare e vicina al passo delle Termopili. Viene descritta da Eschine come uno dei posti che controlla il passo. Si tratta della prima città della Locride dopo Alpeno, quest'ultima proprio all'ingresso del passo. La resa di Nicea da Faleco a Filippo II, nel 346 a.C., rese il re macedone padrone delle Termopili, e portò alla fine della terza guerra sacra. Filippo ne mantenne il possesso per qualche tempo, ma in seguito lo cedette alla Tessaglia con Magnesia.; tuttavia, ne riprese il controllo nel 340 a.C.. Secondo Memnone Nicea venne distrutta dai Focesi, ed i suoi abitanti fondarono Nicea di Bitinia. Ma anche se questo fosse vero, la città dovrebbe essere stata ricostruita poco dopo, dal momento che la troviamo nelle mani dell'Etolia durante le guerre romane in Grecia. Successivamente la città viene menzionata soltanto da Strabone (IX. p. 426). William Martin Leake identifica Nicea con il castello di Pundonítza, dove sono presenti resti ellenici. (it)
  • Nicaea (Greek: Νίκαια Nikaia), was an ancient fortress of the Locri Epicnemidii, situated upon the sea, and close to the pass of Thermopylae. It is described by Aeschines as one of the places which commanded the pass. It was the first Locrian town after Alpenos, the latter being at the very entrance of the pass. The surrender of Nicaea by Phalaecus to Philip II, in 346 BCE, made the Macedonian king master of Thermopylae, and brought the Third Sacred War to an end. Philip kept possession of it for some time, but subsequently gave it to the Thessalians along with Magnesia. But in 340 BCE we again find Nicaea in the possession of Philip. According to Memnon Nicaea was destroyed by the Phocians, and its inhabitants founded the Bithynian Nicaea. But even if this is true, the town must have been rebuilt soon afterwards, since we find it in the hands of the Aetolians during the Roman wars in Greece. Subsequently the town is only mentioned by Strabo (ix. p. 426). William Martin Leake identifies Nicaea with the castle of Pundonítza, where there are Hellenic remains. (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Nicea (en griego, Νίκαια) es el nombre de una antigua fortaleza griega de Lócride. Estrabón la ubica junto al mar, cerca de Escarfia y de las Termópilas, dentro del mismo desfiladero que estas. En el año 346 a. C., Falecos de Fócide rindió la plaza de Nicea a Filipo II y se firmó un armisticio que constituyó el final de la Tercera Guerra Sagrada. (es)
  • Nicaea (Greek: Νίκαια Nikaia), was an ancient fortress of the Locri Epicnemidii, situated upon the sea, and close to the pass of Thermopylae. It is described by Aeschines as one of the places which commanded the pass. It was the first Locrian town after Alpenos, the latter being at the very entrance of the pass. The surrender of Nicaea by Phalaecus to Philip II, in 346 BCE, made the Macedonian king master of Thermopylae, and brought the Third Sacred War to an end. Philip kept possession of it for some time, but subsequently gave it to the Thessalians along with Magnesia. But in 340 BCE we again find Nicaea in the possession of Philip. According to Memnon Nicaea was destroyed by the Phocians, and its inhabitants founded the Bithynian Nicaea. But even if this is true, the town must have been (en)
  • Nicea (in greco antico: Νίκαια, Nìkaia), era un'antica fortezza della Locride Epicnemidia, situata sul mare e vicina al passo delle Termopili. Viene descritta da Eschine come uno dei posti che controlla il passo. Si tratta della prima città della Locride dopo Alpeno, quest'ultima proprio all'ingresso del passo. La resa di Nicea da Faleco a Filippo II, nel 346 a.C., rese il re macedone padrone delle Termopili, e portò alla fine della terza guerra sacra. Filippo ne mantenne il possesso per qualche tempo, ma in seguito lo cedette alla Tessaglia con Magnesia.; tuttavia, ne riprese il controllo nel 340 a.C.. Secondo Memnone Nicea venne distrutta dai Focesi, ed i suoi abitanti fondarono Nicea di Bitinia. Ma anche se questo fosse vero, la città dovrebbe essere stata ricostruita poco dopo, dal mom (it)
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  • Nicea (Lócride) (es)
  • Nicaea, Locris (en)
  • Nicea (Locride) (it)
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