The NOTS-EV-1 Pilot, also known as NOTSNIK was an expendable launch system and anti-satellite weapon developed by the United States Navy's United States Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS). Ten were launched during July and August 1958, all of which failed. It was the first air-launched rocket to be used for an orbital launch attempt, however none was recorded as having reached orbit. Following the first and third orbital launch attempts, a tracking station in New Zealand reported receiving weak signals from the spacecraft, however this was never confirmed, and the launches were not catalogued as having reached orbit. The Pilot rocket was part of Project Pilot.

Property Value
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  • 0.76
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dbo:abstract
  • Project Pilot (oder inoffiziell NOTSNIK, für NOTS und Sputnik) ist die Bezeichnung einer gegen Ende der 1950er Jahre unter strengster Geheimhaltung von der Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) der United States Navy entwickelten Satellitenstartrakete, die von einem Flugzeug aus gestartet wurde und die Bezeichnung NOTS-EV-1 Pilot trug. Die Existenz dieses Programms kam erst in den 1990er Jahren an die Öffentlichkeit. (de)
  • パイロット(NOTS-EV-1 Pilot、別名: NOTSNIK)はアメリカ海軍のNOTS(Naval Ordinance Test Station)が開発していた使い捨て型ロケット、衛星攻撃兵器。 (ja)
  • Projekt Pilot – projekt badawczy Marynarki Wojennej USA mający na celu opracowanie rakiety nośnej dla sztucznych satelitów. Projekt konkurował z rakietą Jupiter C Wojsk Lądowych USA, rakietą Atlas Sił Powietrznych USA oraz cywilnym Vanguardem. Żaden z 10 lotów (w tym 4 testowych) nie zakończył się sukcesem. Niepotwierdzone pozostaje umieszczenie na orbicie okołoziemskiej dwóch rakiet, ze względu na utratę kontaktu radiowego. Projekt został zaproponowany przez inżynierów Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) w China Lake. Zakładał on budowę małej wielostopniowej rakiety nośnej, której wystrzelenie odbywałoby się spod skrzydła samolotu. Rakieta miała być napędzana paliwem stałym. W celu większego zainteresowania programem, postanowiono, że wyniesie on małego satelitę, który wykona pomiary podczas przeprowadzania wysokościowych testów jądrowych (Projekt Argus). NOTS otrzymał pozwolenie i fundusze na realizację programu. Nazwą oficjalną był Projekt Pilot, ale jest on znany również jako NOTSNIK. Połączenie skrótu NOTS i Sputnik. Loty w ramach Projektu Pilot odbywały się w lipcu i sierpniu 1958. (pl)
  • O NOTS-EV-1 Pilot, também conhecido como NOTSNIK foi um sistema de lançamento descartável e Arma antissatélite desenvolvido pela United States Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) para a Marinha dos Estados Unidos. foram lançados dez entre os meses de julho e agosto de 1958, todos os quais falharam. Foi o primeiro foguete lançado do ar para ser usado para um tentativa de lançamento orbital, porém nenhum foi registrado como tendo atingido a órbita. Após as primeira e terceira tentativas de lançamento orbital, uma estação de rastreamento na Nova Zelândia relatou receber sinais fracos da nave espacial, no entanto, isso nunca foi confirmado, e os lançamentos não foram catalogados como tendo atingido a órbita. O foguete pilot fazia parte do Projeto Pilot. Foram construídas duas variantes do foguete Pilot; Pilot-1, foi usado para testes atmosféricos lançados de terra a partir de China Lake, e o pilot-2, uma versão lançada a partir do ar, foi usado para tentativas de lançamento orbital. Lançamentos orbitais foram realizadas a partir de um F-6A Skyray, voando de Point Mugu Naval Air Station, e soltava o foguete sobre Santa Barbara Channel Drop Zone. Dos dez lançamentos, quatro eram de pilot-1s, e o resto pilot-2s. O Projeto Pilot foi cancelado em agosto de 1958, e substituído pelo NOTS-EV-2 Caleb. O projeto permaneceu confidencial até 1994. (pt)
  • NOTS-EV-1 Pilot (неофициальное название NOTSNIK)— американская ракета-носитель и противоспутниковое оружие. Первая в мире ракета-носитель воздушного базирования. В июле-августе 1958 года было совершено десять попыток запуска, 4 тестовых с земли и 6 с самолётов Douglas F4D Skyray. Ни одна из попыток не увенчалась успехом. Проект закрыт в августе 1958 года, будучи заменён на NOTS-EV-2 Калеб. Гриф секретности снят в 1994 году. (ru)
  • The NOTS-EV-1 Pilot, also known as NOTSNIK was an expendable launch system and anti-satellite weapon developed by the United States Navy's United States Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS). Ten were launched during July and August 1958, all of which failed. It was the first air-launched rocket to be used for an orbital launch attempt, however none was recorded as having reached orbit. Following the first and third orbital launch attempts, a tracking station in New Zealand reported receiving weak signals from the spacecraft, however this was never confirmed, and the launches were not catalogued as having reached orbit. The Pilot rocket was part of Project Pilot. Two variants of the Pilot rocket were built; the Pilot-1, with battleship second to fifth stages, was used for ground-launched atmospheric tests from China Lake, and the Pilot-2, an air-launched version, was used for orbital launch attempts. Orbital launches were conducted from a stripped–down jet carrier aircraft, an F4D–1 Skyray, flying from Point Mugu Naval Air Station, and releasing the rocket over the Santa Barbara Channel Drop Zone. Of the ten launches, four were of Pilot-1s, and the rest Pilot-2s. Project Pilot was cancelled in August 1958, and replaced by the NOTS-EV-2 Caleb. The project remained classified until 1994. The first air–launch was performed on 25 July 1958 by NOTS research pilot William West, a career US Navy officer. The flight originated from China Lake's airstrip at Inyokern. The jet fighter was placed into a steep climb. The rocket released automatically at 41,000 feet, and three seconds later the first two HOTROCs ignited. The pilot was distracted during this time–the sudden release of weight had flipped his aircraft into a tumble. In mid–crisis, West looked up and saw what he thought was the vehicle exploding. He reported it that way, but John Nicolaides (director of the Navy's space program in Washington D.C.) later determined that the "explosion" was the plume from the rocket's motors as the exhaust expanded in the thin atmosphere. However, when ground control heard the report of the "explosion", it ordered the ground tracking stations (approximately six in number) around the world to stand down. Thus only one station (at Christchurch NZ) remained on the air; it heard a beeping in the right place at the right time. However, the signal was not repeated, so the shot was declared a failure. The second air–launch, in August, ended in a HOTROC explosion. The third air–launch, on 22 August, was again ambiguous: radio contact with the ground was lost during the second–stage burn, but the rocket appeared on film, departing over the horizon. The tracking station at Christchurch reported signals at the predicted times during the first and third orbital windows, but no further signal was received, so the mission was also declared a failure. (The Navy initially reported a successful launch to the White House, but following the loss of signal no public acknowledgement of the mission was issued). (en)
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  • 0.760000 (xsd:double)
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  • 1958-08-17 (xsd:date)
  • 1958-08-28 (xsd:date)
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  • 4.400000 (xsd:double)
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dbo:maidenFlight
  • 1958-07-04 (xsd:date)
  • 1958-07-25 (xsd:date)
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  • Pilot rocket after launch
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  • Five
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Project Pilot (oder inoffiziell NOTSNIK, für NOTS und Sputnik) ist die Bezeichnung einer gegen Ende der 1950er Jahre unter strengster Geheimhaltung von der Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) der United States Navy entwickelten Satellitenstartrakete, die von einem Flugzeug aus gestartet wurde und die Bezeichnung NOTS-EV-1 Pilot trug. Die Existenz dieses Programms kam erst in den 1990er Jahren an die Öffentlichkeit. (de)
  • パイロット(NOTS-EV-1 Pilot、別名: NOTSNIK)はアメリカ海軍のNOTS(Naval Ordinance Test Station)が開発していた使い捨て型ロケット、衛星攻撃兵器。 (ja)
  • NOTS-EV-1 Pilot (неофициальное название NOTSNIK)— американская ракета-носитель и противоспутниковое оружие. Первая в мире ракета-носитель воздушного базирования. В июле-августе 1958 года было совершено десять попыток запуска, 4 тестовых с земли и 6 с самолётов Douglas F4D Skyray. Ни одна из попыток не увенчалась успехом. Проект закрыт в августе 1958 года, будучи заменён на NOTS-EV-2 Калеб. Гриф секретности снят в 1994 году. (ru)
  • Projekt Pilot – projekt badawczy Marynarki Wojennej USA mający na celu opracowanie rakiety nośnej dla sztucznych satelitów. Projekt konkurował z rakietą Jupiter C Wojsk Lądowych USA, rakietą Atlas Sił Powietrznych USA oraz cywilnym Vanguardem. Żaden z 10 lotów (w tym 4 testowych) nie zakończył się sukcesem. Niepotwierdzone pozostaje umieszczenie na orbicie okołoziemskiej dwóch rakiet, ze względu na utratę kontaktu radiowego. (pl)
  • The NOTS-EV-1 Pilot, also known as NOTSNIK was an expendable launch system and anti-satellite weapon developed by the United States Navy's United States Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS). Ten were launched during July and August 1958, all of which failed. It was the first air-launched rocket to be used for an orbital launch attempt, however none was recorded as having reached orbit. Following the first and third orbital launch attempts, a tracking station in New Zealand reported receiving weak signals from the spacecraft, however this was never confirmed, and the launches were not catalogued as having reached orbit. The Pilot rocket was part of Project Pilot. (en)
  • O NOTS-EV-1 Pilot, também conhecido como NOTSNIK foi um sistema de lançamento descartável e Arma antissatélite desenvolvido pela United States Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) para a Marinha dos Estados Unidos. foram lançados dez entre os meses de julho e agosto de 1958, todos os quais falharam. Foi o primeiro foguete lançado do ar para ser usado para um tentativa de lançamento orbital, porém nenhum foi registrado como tendo atingido a órbita. Após as primeira e terceira tentativas de lançamento orbital, uma estação de rastreamento na Nova Zelândia relatou receber sinais fracos da nave espacial, no entanto, isso nunca foi confirmado, e os lançamentos não foram catalogados como tendo atingido a órbita. O foguete pilot fazia parte do Projeto Pilot. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Pilot (Rakete) (de)
  • パイロット (ロケット) (ja)
  • Projekt Pilot (pl)
  • NOTS-EV-1 Pilot (pt)
  • NOTS-EV-1 Пилот (ru)
  • NOTS-EV-1 Pilot (en)
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