The Mutual Broadcasting System (Mutual) was an American radio network in operation from 1934 to 1999. In the golden age of U.S. radio drama, Mutual was best known as the original network home of The Lone Ranger and The Adventures of Superman and as the long-time radio residence of The Shadow. For many years, it was a national broadcaster for Major League Baseball, including the All-Star Game and World Series, and for Notre Dame football.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • The Mutual Broadcasting System (Mutual) was an American radio network in operation from 1934 to 1999. In the golden age of U.S. radio drama, Mutual was best known as the original network home of The Lone Ranger and The Adventures of Superman and as the long-time radio residence of The Shadow. For many years, it was a national broadcaster for Major League Baseball, including the All-Star Game and World Series, and for Notre Dame football. From the mid-1930s and for decades after, Mutual ran a highly respected news service accompanied by a variety of popular commentary shows. Toward the end of its run as a major programmer, it introduced the country to Larry King. Of the four national networks of American radio's classic era, Mutual had for decades the largest number of affiliates but the least certain financial position. For the first eighteen years of its existence, Mutual was owned and operated as a cooperative, setting the network apart from its competitors: Mutual's members shared their own original programming, transmission and promotion expenses, and advertising revenues. From December 30, 1936, when it debuted in the West, the Mutual Broadcasting System had affiliates from coast to coast. Its business structure would change after General Tire assumed majority ownership in 1952 through a series of regional and individual station acquisitions. Once General Tire sold the network in 1957, Mutual's ownership was largely disconnected from the stations it served, leading to a more conventional, top-down model of program production and distribution. Not long after the sale, one of the network's new executive teams was charged with accepting money to use Mutual as a vehicle for foreign propaganda. The network was severely damaged, but soon rebounded. Mutual changed hands frequently in succeeding years—even leaving aside larger-scale acquisitions and mergers, its final direct corporate parent, Westwood One, which purchased it in 1985, was the seventh in a string of new owners that followed General Tire.
  • La Mutual Broadcasting System (MBS) est une radio américaine aujourd'hui disparue, qui émit de 1934 à 1999. Parmi les quatre réseaux nationaux de radio américains de l'époque, la Mutual est celle qui pendant des décennies détenait le plus grand nombre de filiales mais dont la situation financière était la plus incertaine. Durant l'âge d'or de la radio américaine, caractérisée par la diffusion de nombreuses fictions radiophoniques, la Mutual est restée célèbre pour avoir diffusé en exclusivité les séries The Lone Ranger et Les Aventures de Superman, et avoir également diffusé durant plusieurs décennies The Shadow. Elle a retransmit plusieurs années durant les matchs de la Major League Baseball américaine, et notamment le Match des étoiles et les séries mondiales. Du milieu des années 1930 et pendant des décennies, la MBS possédait un service d'information de qualité, avec des émissions d'actualité populaires. Elle a popularisé le journaliste américain Larry King.
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  • 1934-09-29 (xsd:date)
  • 1934-10-29 (xsd:date)
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  • The Mutual Broadcasting System (Mutual) was an American radio network in operation from 1934 to 1999. In the golden age of U.S. radio drama, Mutual was best known as the original network home of The Lone Ranger and The Adventures of Superman and as the long-time radio residence of The Shadow. For many years, it was a national broadcaster for Major League Baseball, including the All-Star Game and World Series, and for Notre Dame football.
  • La Mutual Broadcasting System (MBS) est une radio américaine aujourd'hui disparue, qui émit de 1934 à 1999. Parmi les quatre réseaux nationaux de radio américains de l'époque, la Mutual est celle qui pendant des décennies détenait le plus grand nombre de filiales mais dont la situation financière était la plus incertaine.
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  • Mutual Broadcasting System
  • Mutual Broadcasting System
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