The Mutual Broadcasting System (also known as Mutual Broadcasting Company and Mutual Radio Network, commonly referred to as Mutual; corporate name Mutual Broadcasting System, Inc.) was an American radio network in operation from 1934 to 1999. In the golden age of U.S. radio drama, Mutual was best known as the original network home of The Lone Ranger and The Adventures of Superman and as the long-time radio residence of The Shadow.

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  • Le Mutual Broadcasting System (MBS) est un ancien réseau de radiodiffusion américain qui a existé de 1934 à 1999. Parmi les quatre réseaux nationaux de radiodiffusion américains de l'époque, la Mutual est pendant des décennies le réseau qui détient le plus grand nombre de stations affiliées, mais également celui dont la situation financière est la plus incertaine. Durant l'âge d'or de la radio américaine, caractérisé par la diffusion de nombreuses fictions radiophoniques, le réseau Mutual est resté célèbre pour ses diffusions exclusives parmi lesquelles les séries The Lone Ranger et Les Aventures de Superman, et The Shadow durant plusieurs décennies. Le réseau a retransmis durant plusieurs années les matchs de la ligue majeure de baseball nord-américaine, et notamment le match des étoiles et les séries mondiales. Du milieu des années 1930 et pendant des décennies, MBS possédait un service d'information de qualité[réf. nécessaire], avec des émissions d'actualité populaires. Elle a popularisé le journaliste américain Larry King.[1]Portail de la radio Portail de la radio Portail des États-Unis Portail des États-Unis
  • The Mutual Broadcasting System (also known as Mutual Broadcasting Company and Mutual Radio Network, commonly referred to as Mutual; corporate name Mutual Broadcasting System, Inc.) was an American radio network in operation from 1934 to 1999. In the golden age of U.S. radio drama, Mutual was best known as the original network home of The Lone Ranger and The Adventures of Superman and as the long-time radio residence of The Shadow. For many years, it was a national broadcaster for Major League Baseball, including the All-Star Game and World Series, and for Notre Dame football. From the mid-1930s and for decades after, Mutual ran a highly respected news service accompanied by a variety of popular commentary shows. Toward the end of its run as a major programmer, it introduced the country to Larry King.Of the four national networks of American radio's classic era, Mutual had for decades the largest number of affiliates but the least certain financial position (which prevented Mutual from expanding into television broadcasting after World War II, as the other three networks did). For the first eighteen years of its existence, Mutual was owned and operated as a cooperative (A system similar to that of today's National Public Radio), setting the network apart from its competitors. Mutual's member stations shared their own original programming, transmission and promotion expenses, and advertising revenues. From December 30, 1936, when it debuted in the West, the Mutual Broadcasting System had affiliates from coast to coast. Its business structure would change after General Tire assumed majority ownership in 1952 through a series of regional and individual station acquisitions.Once General Tire sold the network in 1957, Mutual's ownership was largely disconnected from the stations it served, leading to a more conventional, top-down model of program production and distribution. Not long after the sale, one of the network's new executive teams was charged with accepting money to use Mutual as a vehicle for foreign propaganda. The network was severely damaged, but soon rebounded. Mutual changed hands frequently in succeeding years—even leaving aside larger-scale acquisitions and mergers, its final direct corporate parent, Westwood One, which purchased it in 1985, was the seventh in a string of new owners that followed General Tire.
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  • 1999-04-17 (xsd:date)
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  • United States
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  • --09-29
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  • Mutual Broadcasting System
  • (Mutual Broadcasting Company)
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  • Cooperative radio network ; corporate-controlled radio network
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  • Quality Network
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  • Le Mutual Broadcasting System (MBS) est un ancien réseau de radiodiffusion américain qui a existé de 1934 à 1999. Parmi les quatre réseaux nationaux de radiodiffusion américains de l'époque, la Mutual est pendant des décennies le réseau qui détient le plus grand nombre de stations affiliées, mais également celui dont la situation financière est la plus incertaine.
  • The Mutual Broadcasting System (also known as Mutual Broadcasting Company and Mutual Radio Network, commonly referred to as Mutual; corporate name Mutual Broadcasting System, Inc.) was an American radio network in operation from 1934 to 1999. In the golden age of U.S. radio drama, Mutual was best known as the original network home of The Lone Ranger and The Adventures of Superman and as the long-time radio residence of The Shadow.
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  • Mutual Broadcasting System
  • Mutual Broadcasting System
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