Muscardine is a disease of insects. It is caused by many species of entomopathogenic fungus. Many muscardines are known for affecting silkworms. Muscardine may also be called calcino. While studying muscardine in silkworms in the 19th century, Agostino Bassi found that the causal agent was a fungus. This was the first demonstration of the germ theory of disease, the first time a microorganism was recognized as an animal pathogen. There are many types of muscardine. They are often named for the color of the conidial layer each fungus leaves on its host.

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  • Une muscardine est une attaque d'un insecte par un champignon parasite. Cette maladie doit son nom au fait que les cocons atteints se couvrent d’un duvet cotonneux et d’un beau blanc qui ressemble à des sucreries connues, appelées dragées (muscardin = dragée en languedocien et en provençal). * Aspergillus flavus peut infecter des colonies de termites (Reticulitermes virginicus). * Beauveria bassiana provoque une muscardine blanche du ver à soie (mal del segno) tandis que Beauveria effusa en provoque une rouge. Le ver atteint de cette maladie est appelé un muscardin. * Entomophthora muscae sur la mouche domestique (Musca domestica) * Metarhizium anisopliae est utilisé dans le cadre de la lutte biologique pour lutter contre le criquet migrateur ou la mouche tsé-tsé. * Penicillium provoque une muscardine de couleur verte sur le hanneton du blé (Anisoplia austriaca). (fr)
  • Muscardina é uma doença mortal resultante do ataque de um inseto por um fungo parasítico. O inseto, a lagarta ou o casulo, quando atingido pelo fungo, é coberto por uma penugem com aspecto de algodão. * Aspergillus flavus pode infectar colônias de termitas (Reticulitermes virginicus) * Beauveria bassiana produz uma muscardina branca no bicho-da-seda (mal de segno) enquanto que a Beauveria effusa provoca uma vermelha. * Empusa muscae ataca a mosca-doméstica (Musca domestica) * Metarhizium anisopliae é utilizado como controle biológico contra o gafanhotos migratórios ou a mosca tsé-tsé. * Penicillium produz uma uma muscardina de cor verde sobre o besouro-do-trigo (Anisoplia austriaca) (pt)
  • Muscardine is a disease of insects. It is caused by many species of entomopathogenic fungus. Many muscardines are known for affecting silkworms. Muscardine may also be called calcino. While studying muscardine in silkworms in the 19th century, Agostino Bassi found that the causal agent was a fungus. This was the first demonstration of the germ theory of disease, the first time a microorganism was recognized as an animal pathogen. There are many types of muscardine. They are often named for the color of the conidial layer each fungus leaves on its host. (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Muscardina é uma doença mortal resultante do ataque de um inseto por um fungo parasítico. O inseto, a lagarta ou o casulo, quando atingido pelo fungo, é coberto por uma penugem com aspecto de algodão. * Aspergillus flavus pode infectar colônias de termitas (Reticulitermes virginicus) * Beauveria bassiana produz uma muscardina branca no bicho-da-seda (mal de segno) enquanto que a Beauveria effusa provoca uma vermelha. * Empusa muscae ataca a mosca-doméstica (Musca domestica) * Metarhizium anisopliae é utilizado como controle biológico contra o gafanhotos migratórios ou a mosca tsé-tsé. * Penicillium produz uma uma muscardina de cor verde sobre o besouro-do-trigo (Anisoplia austriaca) (pt)
  • Muscardine is a disease of insects. It is caused by many species of entomopathogenic fungus. Many muscardines are known for affecting silkworms. Muscardine may also be called calcino. While studying muscardine in silkworms in the 19th century, Agostino Bassi found that the causal agent was a fungus. This was the first demonstration of the germ theory of disease, the first time a microorganism was recognized as an animal pathogen. There are many types of muscardine. They are often named for the color of the conidial layer each fungus leaves on its host. (en)
  • Une muscardine est une attaque d'un insecte par un champignon parasite. Cette maladie doit son nom au fait que les cocons atteints se couvrent d’un duvet cotonneux et d’un beau blanc qui ressemble à des sucreries connues, appelées dragées (muscardin = dragée en languedocien et en provençal). (fr)
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  • Muscardine (fr)
  • Muscardina (pt)
  • Muscardine (en)
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