Murshid (Arabic: مرشد‎‎) is Arabic for "guide" or "teacher", derived from the root r-sh-d, with the basic meaning of having integrity, being sensible, mature. Particularly in Sufism it refers to a spiritual guide. The term is frequently used in Sufi orders such as the Qadiriyya, Chishtiya, Shadhiliya and Suhrawardiyya. The murshid's role is to spiritually guide and verbally instruct the disciple on the Sufi path, but "only one who has himself reached the End of the path is a spiritual guide in the full sense of the Arabic term murshid".

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  • Murshid (Arabic: مرشد‎‎) is Arabic for "guide" or "teacher", derived from the root r-sh-d, with the basic meaning of having integrity, being sensible, mature. Particularly in Sufism it refers to a spiritual guide. The term is frequently used in Sufi orders such as the Qadiriyya, Chishtiya, Shadhiliya and Suhrawardiyya. The path of Sufism starts when a student (Murid) takes an oath of allegiance or Bay'ah (bai'ath) with a spiritual guide (murshid). In speaking of this initiatory pact of allegiance, the Qur’ ̄an (48:10) says: Verily they who pledge unto thee their allegiance pledge it unto none but God. The Hand of God is above their hands. The murshid's role is to spiritually guide and verbally instruct the disciple on the Sufi path, but "only one who has himself reached the End of the path is a spiritual guide in the full sense of the Arabic term murshid". A murshid usually has authorisation to be a teacher for one tariqa (spiritual paths). Any tariqa or silsila has one murshid at a time who is the head of the spiritual order. He is known as the shaykh, by way of khilafah: process in which the shaykh identifies one of his disciples as his successor, for the khalifa. (en)
  • Му́ршид (перс. مرشد, араб. مرشد‎) — наставник, учитель. (ru)
  • 穆里希德,是阿拉伯语老师的意思,特別是伊斯兰苏菲派導師。苏菲派强调导师是信徒道路,与他相对的是穆里德(徒弟)。 穆里希德也是苏菲派(塔里卡)的中心人物,一个道堂可有二三个穆里希德,最高级的是哈里发。 (zh)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Му́ршид (перс. مرشد, араб. مرشد‎) — наставник, учитель. (ru)
  • 穆里希德,是阿拉伯语老师的意思,特別是伊斯兰苏菲派導師。苏菲派强调导师是信徒道路,与他相对的是穆里德(徒弟)。 穆里希德也是苏菲派(塔里卡)的中心人物,一个道堂可有二三个穆里希德,最高级的是哈里发。 (zh)
  • Murshid (Arabic: مرشد‎‎) is Arabic for "guide" or "teacher", derived from the root r-sh-d, with the basic meaning of having integrity, being sensible, mature. Particularly in Sufism it refers to a spiritual guide. The term is frequently used in Sufi orders such as the Qadiriyya, Chishtiya, Shadhiliya and Suhrawardiyya. The murshid's role is to spiritually guide and verbally instruct the disciple on the Sufi path, but "only one who has himself reached the End of the path is a spiritual guide in the full sense of the Arabic term murshid". (en)
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  • Murshid (en)
  • Муршид (ru)
  • 穆里希德 (zh)
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