Movable type (British English 'Moveable Type') is the system and technology of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation) usually on the medium of paper which was first invented in ancient China. The 19th-century invention of hot metal typesetting and its successors caused movable type to decline in the 20th century.

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  • Movable type (British English 'Moveable Type') is the system and technology of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation) usually on the medium of paper which was first invented in ancient China. The world's first movable type printing press technology for printing paper books was made of ceramic porcelain china materials and invented in ancient China around A.D 1040 by the Han Chinese innovator Bi Sheng (990–1051) during the Northern Song Dynasty (960–1127). In 1377, currently the oldest extant movable metal print book, Jikji, was printed in Korea. The diffusion of both movable-type systems was, however, limited. They were expensive, and required a high amount of labor involved in manipulating the thousands of ceramic tablets or metal tablets, required for scripts based on the ancient Chinese writing script, which has hundreds of thousands of characters. Around 1450 Johannes Gutenberg made another version of a metal movable-type printing press in Europe, along with innovations in casting the type based on a matrix and hand mould. The more limited number of characters needed for European languages was an important factor. Gutenberg was the first to create his type pieces from an alloy of lead, tin, and antimony—and these materials remained standard for 550 years. For alphabetic scripts, movable-type page setting was quicker than woodblock printing. The metal type pieces were more durable and the lettering was more uniform, leading to typography and fonts. The high quality and relatively low price of the Gutenberg Bible (1455) established the superiority of movable type in Europe and the use of printing presses spread rapidly. The printing press may be regarded as one of the key factors fostering the Renaissance and due to its effectiveness, its use spread around the globe. The 19th-century invention of hot metal typesetting and its successors caused movable type to decline in the 20th century. (en)
  • La stampa a caratteri mobili è una tecnica di stampa inventata dal tedesco Johannes Gutenberg nel 1455. Questo per quanto riguarda l'Europa: in Asia, infatti, esisteva fin dal 1041, grazie alla tecnica dell'inventore cinese Bi Sheng (毕昇 Huizhou, 990–1051). (it)
  • 活字(かつじ)は、狭義においては活版印刷の際に文字の図形を対象(特に紙)に印字するもので、木や金属に字形を刻み、それにインクをつけて何度も印刷できるようにしたものである。また広義では、写真植字の文字盤やデジタルフォントをはじめ、広く文字を同一の字形で繰り返し表現するものを含む。 印刷技術については活版印刷を、印刷された本については刊本を、印刷された文章についてはテクストを、それぞれ参照のこと。 (ja)
  • 活字印刷術是一種印刷方法,使用可以移動的木刻字、金屬或膠泥字塊,用來取代傳統的抄写,或是無法重複使用的雕版印刷。 (zh)
  • Ручной набор (также набор посредством подвижных литер) — способ набора текста, при котором строки подбираются вручную из металлических литер и пробельного материала . (ru)
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  • 47300 (xsd:integer)
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  • 745149123 (xsd:integer)
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  • February 2012
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  • which others? names of cultures please. It beats saying "among others..."
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • La stampa a caratteri mobili è una tecnica di stampa inventata dal tedesco Johannes Gutenberg nel 1455. Questo per quanto riguarda l'Europa: in Asia, infatti, esisteva fin dal 1041, grazie alla tecnica dell'inventore cinese Bi Sheng (毕昇 Huizhou, 990–1051). (it)
  • 活字(かつじ)は、狭義においては活版印刷の際に文字の図形を対象(特に紙)に印字するもので、木や金属に字形を刻み、それにインクをつけて何度も印刷できるようにしたものである。また広義では、写真植字の文字盤やデジタルフォントをはじめ、広く文字を同一の字形で繰り返し表現するものを含む。 印刷技術については活版印刷を、印刷された本については刊本を、印刷された文章についてはテクストを、それぞれ参照のこと。 (ja)
  • 活字印刷術是一種印刷方法,使用可以移動的木刻字、金屬或膠泥字塊,用來取代傳統的抄写,或是無法重複使用的雕版印刷。 (zh)
  • Ручной набор (также набор посредством подвижных литер) — способ набора текста, при котором строки подбираются вручную из металлических литер и пробельного материала . (ru)
  • Movable type (British English 'Moveable Type') is the system and technology of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation) usually on the medium of paper which was first invented in ancient China. The 19th-century invention of hot metal typesetting and its successors caused movable type to decline in the 20th century. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Movable type (en)
  • Stampa a caratteri mobili (it)
  • 活字 (ja)
  • Ручной набор (ru)
  • 活字印刷术 (zh)
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