Mongol conquests of Kingdom of Georgia, which at that time consisted of Georgia proper, Armenia, and much of the Caucasus, involved multiple invasions and large-scale raids throughout the 13th century. The Mongol Empire first appeared in the Caucasus in 1220 as generals Subutai and Jebe pursued Muhammad II of Khwarezm during the destruction of the Khwarezmian Empire. After a series of raids in which they defeated the Georgian and Armenian armies, Subutai and Jebe continued north to invade Kievan Rus'. After his empire was destroyed, Khwarazm ruler Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, son of Muhammed II, battled both the Mongols and the Georgians before moving on to challenge the Seljuks in Anatolia. A full-scale Mongol conquest of the Caucasus and eastern Anatolia began in 1236, in which the Kingdom of

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dbo:abstract
  • Le royaume de Géorgie a vu son premier affrontement contre les troupes mongoles en 1220. Pendant ce temps Georges IV (Lasha Georges), fils de Tamar de Géorgie se préparait pour défendre la terre sainte et partir en croisade ce qui retenait fortement son attention. Visiblement le royaume de Géorgie n'avait pas prêté attention au grand risque que représentait l'invasion mongole. Djebé et Subötai, deux des meilleurs généraux de Gengis Khan étaient déjà dans les environs de l'Azerbaïdjan et de l'Iran en 1220 au début de l'hiver. L'atabeg Eldiguzide Modhaffer ed-din Uzbek d'Azerbaïdjan a tenté de trouver un accord avec les Mongols. Il a offert une très grosse somme d'argent et des marchandises pour se libérer. Les Mongols ont poursuivi leur conquête vers le nord puis atteignent bientôt l'Araxe. (fr)
  • Mongol conquests of Kingdom of Georgia, which at that time consisted of Georgia proper, Armenia, and much of the Caucasus, involved multiple invasions and large-scale raids throughout the 13th century. The Mongol Empire first appeared in the Caucasus in 1220 as generals Subutai and Jebe pursued Muhammad II of Khwarezm during the destruction of the Khwarezmian Empire. After a series of raids in which they defeated the Georgian and Armenian armies, Subutai and Jebe continued north to invade Kievan Rus'. After his empire was destroyed, Khwarazm ruler Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, son of Muhammed II, battled both the Mongols and the Georgians before moving on to challenge the Seljuks in Anatolia. A full-scale Mongol conquest of the Caucasus and eastern Anatolia began in 1236, in which the Kingdom of Georgia, the Sultanate of Rum, and the Empire of Trebizond were subjugated, the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia and other Crusader states voluntarily accepted Mongol vassalage, and the Assassins were eliminated. The Mongols also invaded Dzurdzuketia, modern-day Chechnya, but faced continual resistance in that area. After the death of Möngke Khan in 1259, the Mongol Empire descended into civil war and Berke of the Golden Horde and Hulagu of the Ilkhanate repeatedly invaded each other in the Caucasus until the ascension of Kublai Khan in 1264. The second Mongol invasion of the Caucasus started with the expedition of Chormaqan against Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, ordered by khan Ögedei in 1231. The Southern Persian dynasties in Fars and Kerman voluntarily submitted to the Mongols and agreed to pay tributes. To the west, Hamadan and the rest of Persia was secured by Chormaqan. The Mongols turned their attention to Armenia and Georgia in 1236. They completed the conquest of the Kingdom of Georgia in 1238 and the Mongol Empire began to attack the kingdom's southern possessions in Armenia, which was under the Seljuks the next year. In 1236 Ogedei despoiled Khorassan and populated Herat. The Mongol military governors mostly made their camp in Mughan plain. Realizing the danger of the Mongols, rulers of Mosul and Cilician Armenia submitted to the Great Khan. Chormaqan divided the Transcaucasia region into three districts based on military hierarchy. In Georgia, the population were temporarily divided into eight tumens. By 1237 the Mongol Empire had subjugated most of Persia, excluding Abbasid Iraq and Ismaili strongholds, and all of Afghanistan and Kashmir. The Mongols began conquering the North Caucasus in 1237, but encountered bloody resistance from the local populations there. After the battle of Köse Dağ in 1243, the Mongols under Baiju occupied Anatolia, and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm and the Empire of Trebizond became vassals of the Mongols. Assassin strongholds lay scattered throughout Persia and the Caucasus, and Mongol commander Kitbuqa, under orders from Möngke Khan, began laying siege to them in 1253. Hulagu launched a full-scale assault in 1256 and eradicated Assassin presence from the region. Following the destruction of Baghdad in 1258, civil war broke out between Berke Khan of the Golden Horde and Hulagu Khan of the Ilkhanate. Part of the larger Toluid Civil War succession conflict between Kubilai and Ariq Böke, the war consisted mainly of raids and invasions carried out by both sides throughout the Caucasus region, with Berke enlisting the aid of the Mamluk Sultanate and Hulagu the aid of the Byzantine Empire. Neither side gained a real advantage, and the conflict ceased after the victory of Kublai and his enthronement as Great Khan. Mongol rule in the Caucasus lasted until the late 1330s. Greater Armenia stayed under Mongol lordship from 1220 to 1344. During that period, the King George V the Brilliant restored the kingdom of Georgia for a brief period before it finally disintegrated due to Timur's invasions of Georgia. (en)
  • モンゴルのグルジア侵攻、すなわちモンゴルによるグルジア王国の征服(英語: Mongol conquests of Kingdom of Georgia、グルジア語: მონღოლთა ბატონობა საქართველოში)は、当時グルジア人自身によって統治されていたグルジア王国、アルメニア(Zakarid Armenia)、そしてコーカサスの諸地域が13世紀を通じてモンゴル人の勢力によって数度にわたって侵略され、大規模な襲撃をうけた歴史事象を意味する。 (ja)
  • 蒙古征服喬治亞與亞美尼亞戰爭 格魯吉亞在中世紀黑暗時代末是君主制政體,於1220年遭遇到蒙古大軍攻擊;雖然僅僅只是幾場遭遇戰就離開喬治亞,蒙古大軍直到1236年又返回喬治亞,並在幾場大戰後於1243年併吞滅喬治亞;喬治亞與亞美尼亞在當時每年向蒙古朝貢沉重大禮與提供男丁兵力給無止無盡般蒙古西征作戰;導致喬治亞與亞美尼亞開始反抗蒙古需索:雖然初開始處於被動,但是之後就出現變化一連串民心激昂鼓舞、在支持與反對蒙古的兩派人民拉執角力,參伴著許多市民抗爭與武力鬥爭中,導致蒙古支持最先相當強勢管制人民的「傀儡政權」被弱化甚至分裂;終於在1320年代末晚,在國王燦爛輝煌喬治五世領導,善用嫺熟的外交手腕與戰爭擊敗蒙古,收復失土重現繁榮及強大國力。 (zh)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Mongols conquer most of the Caucasus and subjugate the controlling kingdoms.Assassinstrongholds destroyed.
dbo:territory
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  • 5152115 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 741053755 (xsd:integer)
dbp:date
  • Throughout the 13th century
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Le royaume de Géorgie a vu son premier affrontement contre les troupes mongoles en 1220. Pendant ce temps Georges IV (Lasha Georges), fils de Tamar de Géorgie se préparait pour défendre la terre sainte et partir en croisade ce qui retenait fortement son attention. Visiblement le royaume de Géorgie n'avait pas prêté attention au grand risque que représentait l'invasion mongole. Djebé et Subötai, deux des meilleurs généraux de Gengis Khan étaient déjà dans les environs de l'Azerbaïdjan et de l'Iran en 1220 au début de l'hiver. L'atabeg Eldiguzide Modhaffer ed-din Uzbek d'Azerbaïdjan a tenté de trouver un accord avec les Mongols. Il a offert une très grosse somme d'argent et des marchandises pour se libérer. Les Mongols ont poursuivi leur conquête vers le nord puis atteignent bientôt l'Araxe. (fr)
  • モンゴルのグルジア侵攻、すなわちモンゴルによるグルジア王国の征服(英語: Mongol conquests of Kingdom of Georgia、グルジア語: მონღოლთა ბატონობა საქართველოში)は、当時グルジア人自身によって統治されていたグルジア王国、アルメニア(Zakarid Armenia)、そしてコーカサスの諸地域が13世紀を通じてモンゴル人の勢力によって数度にわたって侵略され、大規模な襲撃をうけた歴史事象を意味する。 (ja)
  • 蒙古征服喬治亞與亞美尼亞戰爭 格魯吉亞在中世紀黑暗時代末是君主制政體,於1220年遭遇到蒙古大軍攻擊;雖然僅僅只是幾場遭遇戰就離開喬治亞,蒙古大軍直到1236年又返回喬治亞,並在幾場大戰後於1243年併吞滅喬治亞;喬治亞與亞美尼亞在當時每年向蒙古朝貢沉重大禮與提供男丁兵力給無止無盡般蒙古西征作戰;導致喬治亞與亞美尼亞開始反抗蒙古需索:雖然初開始處於被動,但是之後就出現變化一連串民心激昂鼓舞、在支持與反對蒙古的兩派人民拉執角力,參伴著許多市民抗爭與武力鬥爭中,導致蒙古支持最先相當強勢管制人民的「傀儡政權」被弱化甚至分裂;終於在1320年代末晚,在國王燦爛輝煌喬治五世領導,善用嫺熟的外交手腕與戰爭擊敗蒙古,收復失土重現繁榮及強大國力。 (zh)
  • Mongol conquests of Kingdom of Georgia, which at that time consisted of Georgia proper, Armenia, and much of the Caucasus, involved multiple invasions and large-scale raids throughout the 13th century. The Mongol Empire first appeared in the Caucasus in 1220 as generals Subutai and Jebe pursued Muhammad II of Khwarezm during the destruction of the Khwarezmian Empire. After a series of raids in which they defeated the Georgian and Armenian armies, Subutai and Jebe continued north to invade Kievan Rus'. After his empire was destroyed, Khwarazm ruler Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, son of Muhammed II, battled both the Mongols and the Georgians before moving on to challenge the Seljuks in Anatolia. A full-scale Mongol conquest of the Caucasus and eastern Anatolia began in 1236, in which the Kingdom of (en)
rdfs:label
  • Mongol invasions of Georgia (en)
  • Invasion mongole en Géorgie (fr)
  • モンゴルのグルジア侵攻 (ja)
  • 蒙古征服喬治亞與亞美尼亞戰爭 (zh)
rdfs:seeAlso
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foaf:name
  • Mongol invasions of Georgia (en)
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