Missouri's 4th Congressional District consists of west central Missouri. The district is predominantly rural and relatively conservative; George W. Bush defeated John Kerry 64% to 35% in Election 2004 and John McCain defeated Barack Obama 61% to 38% in Election 2008. The district is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler, a Republican.

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dbo:abstract
  • El 4.º distrito congresional es un distrito congresional que elige a un Representante para la Cámara de Representantes de los Estados Unidos por el estado de Misuri. Según la Oficina del Censo, en 2011 el distrito tenía una población de 676 057 habitantes. Actualmente el distrito está representado por la Republicano Vicky Hartzler. (es)
  • Missouri's 4th Congressional District consists of west central Missouri. The district is predominantly rural and relatively conservative; George W. Bush defeated John Kerry 64% to 35% in Election 2004 and John McCain defeated Barack Obama 61% to 38% in Election 2008. The district is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler, a Republican. This district had historically been a Democratic Party stronghold, made up of white conservatives, among whom were slaveholders. Antipathy to the Republican Party had its origins in the American Civil War and the infamous General Order 11. The Union Army ordered evacuation of the county in an attempt to reduce support for and the power of Confederate guerrilla insurgents. After the Civil War, there was disfranchisement of white males (mostly Democrats) who had been active for the Confederacy until they took loyalty oaths, or until 1870. The area was filled with conflict between Missouri's Radicals, who joined the Republicans, and Conservatives, who were Democrats. By 1880 former secessionists dominated Missouri's congressional delegation and state legislature, establishing racial segregation in schools. Gradually this area gradually developed a character similar to Yellow Dog Democrat districts in the South. Until 2010, only one Republican had been elected here since the Great Depression, and only for one term. Bill Clinton, former governor of Arkansas, carried this district by a lopsided margin in 1992 and carried it again by a smaller margin in 1996. However, several demographic trends have converged to erode the Democratic base in this district. First, as the New York Times election maps show, the predominantly rural counties lining the Missouri River have sharply trended Republican between the 2000 Senate election and the 2006 election, following trends across the South. Secondly, population losses in the Kansas City-based 5th district resulted in the 4th losing most of its share of heavily Democratic Jackson County. Until the 1970s, the district stretched as far as Independence. To compensate for this, large portions of heavily Republican Southwest Missouri were reassigned from the neighboring 7th district. The result of these trends resulted in a dramatic collapse of Democratic support in the district. Al Gore, John Kerry, and Barack Obama won less than 40% of the vote here. In the 2010 general election, Hartzler defeated 34-year Democratic incumbent Ike Skelton. (en)
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  • El 4.º distrito congresional es un distrito congresional que elige a un Representante para la Cámara de Representantes de los Estados Unidos por el estado de Misuri. Según la Oficina del Censo, en 2011 el distrito tenía una población de 676 057 habitantes. Actualmente el distrito está representado por la Republicano Vicky Hartzler. (es)
  • Missouri's 4th Congressional District consists of west central Missouri. The district is predominantly rural and relatively conservative; George W. Bush defeated John Kerry 64% to 35% in Election 2004 and John McCain defeated Barack Obama 61% to 38% in Election 2008. The district is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler, a Republican. (en)
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  • 4.º distrito congresional de Misuri (es)
  • Missouri's 4th congressional district (en)
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