A memorial to the throne (Chinese: 章表, zhāngbiǎo) was an official communication to the Emperor of China. They were generally careful essays in Classical Chinese and their presentation was a formal affair directed by government officials. Submission of a memorial was a right theoretically available to everyone from the Crown Prince to a common farmer, but the court secretaries would read them aloud to the emperor and exercised considerable control over what was considered worthy of his time. They were used in imperial China as a means of regulating corrupt local officials who might otherwise have escaped oversight.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • 奏疏、章表,是東亞古代官吏書寫給君主的文书,皇帝用硃砂紅筆親手批諭後發還原奏人。章表分用以謝恩為「章」,用以陳述事實為「表」。奏疏的内容有多個種類,包括言事、对策、请安等。明朝分題、奏、表、講章、書狀、文冊、揭帖、制對、露布與譯。 揭帖經「緘封」則稱為密揭,因不經內閣《實錄》並不記載這些密揭內容。密疏早在漢代就有,密揭則在明初與內閣制度一起形成 。密揭格式上類揭帖,形式上又像密疏,在明萬曆朝得到很大的應用。明朝初年,形成密摺制度。清朝康熙帝新增奏摺,也称「摺子」,即密奏文書,可以由原奏人直達皇帝,無需經過層層官僚關卡。 (zh)
  • A memorial to the throne (Chinese: 章表, zhāngbiǎo) was an official communication to the Emperor of China. They were generally careful essays in Classical Chinese and their presentation was a formal affair directed by government officials. Submission of a memorial was a right theoretically available to everyone from the Crown Prince to a common farmer, but the court secretaries would read them aloud to the emperor and exercised considerable control over what was considered worthy of his time. They were used in imperial China as a means of regulating corrupt local officials who might otherwise have escaped oversight. (en)
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dbo:wikiPageID
  • 41222981 (xsd:integer)
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  • 745081081 (xsd:integer)
dbp:l
  • Memorial Fold
dbp:p
  • zòuzhé
dbp:s
  • 奏折
dbp:t
  • 奏摺
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • 奏疏、章表,是東亞古代官吏書寫給君主的文书,皇帝用硃砂紅筆親手批諭後發還原奏人。章表分用以謝恩為「章」,用以陳述事實為「表」。奏疏的内容有多個種類,包括言事、对策、请安等。明朝分題、奏、表、講章、書狀、文冊、揭帖、制對、露布與譯。 揭帖經「緘封」則稱為密揭,因不經內閣《實錄》並不記載這些密揭內容。密疏早在漢代就有,密揭則在明初與內閣制度一起形成 。密揭格式上類揭帖,形式上又像密疏,在明萬曆朝得到很大的應用。明朝初年,形成密摺制度。清朝康熙帝新增奏摺,也称「摺子」,即密奏文書,可以由原奏人直達皇帝,無需經過層層官僚關卡。 (zh)
  • A memorial to the throne (Chinese: 章表, zhāngbiǎo) was an official communication to the Emperor of China. They were generally careful essays in Classical Chinese and their presentation was a formal affair directed by government officials. Submission of a memorial was a right theoretically available to everyone from the Crown Prince to a common farmer, but the court secretaries would read them aloud to the emperor and exercised considerable control over what was considered worthy of his time. They were used in imperial China as a means of regulating corrupt local officials who might otherwise have escaped oversight. (en)
rdfs:label
  • 奏疏 (zh)
  • Memorial to the throne (en)
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