Martha Layne Collins (née Hall, born December 7, 1936) is an American former businesswoman and politician from the U.S. state of Kentucky who was the state's 56th governor from 1983 to 1987. Prior to her election as governor, she was the 48th Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky, under John Y. Brown, Jr. As of 2014, she is the only woman to have been a governor of Kentucky. Her election made her the highest-ranking Democratic woman in the U.S.

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  • Martha Layne Collins (née Hall, born December 7, 1936) is an American former businesswoman and politician from the U.S. state of Kentucky who was the state's 56th governor from 1983 to 1987. Prior to her election as governor, she was the 48th Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky, under John Y. Brown, Jr. As of 2014, she is the only woman to have been a governor of Kentucky. Her election made her the highest-ranking Democratic woman in the U.S. She was considered as a possible running mate for Democratic presidential nominee Walter Mondale in the 1984 presidential election, but Mondale chose Geraldine Ferraro instead.After graduating from the University of Kentucky, Collins worked as a school teacher while her husband finished a degree in dentistry. She became interested in politics, and worked on both Wendell Ford's gubernatorial campaign in 1971 and Walter "Dee" Huddleston's U.S. Senate campaign in 1972. In 1975, she was chosen secretary of the state's Democratic Party and was elected clerk of the Kentucky Court of Appeals. During her tenure as clerk, a constitutional amendment restructured the state's judicial system, and the Court of Appeals became the Kentucky Supreme Court; Collins continued as clerk of the renamed court and worked to educate citizens about the court's new role.Collins was elected lieutenant governor in 1979, under Governor John Y. Brown, Jr. Brown was frequently out of the state, leaving Collins as acting governor for more than 500 days of her four-year term. In 1983, she defeated Republican Jim Bunning to become Kentucky's first woman governor. Her administration had two primary focuses: education and economic development. After failing to secure increased funding for education in the 1984 legislative session, she conducted a statewide public awareness campaign in advance of a special legislative session the following year; the modified program was passed in that session. She successfully used economic incentives to bring a Toyota manufacturing plant to Georgetown, Kentucky in 1986. Legal challenges to the incentives – which would have cost the state the plant and its related economic benefits – were eventually dismissed by the Kentucky Supreme Court. The state experienced record economic growth under Collins' leadership.At the time, Kentucky governors were not eligible for reelection. Collins taught at several universities after her four-year term as governor. From 1990 to 1996, she was the president of Saint Catharine College near Springfield, Kentucky. The 1993 conviction of Collins' husband, Dr. Bill Collins, in an influence-peddling scandal damaged her hopes for a return to political life. Prior to her husband's conviction it had been rumored that she would be a candidate for the U.S. Senate, or would take a position in the administration of President Bill Clinton. As of 2012 Collins is an executive scholar in residence at Georgetown College.
  • Martha Layne Collins (* 7. Dezember 1936 in Bagdad, Shelby County, Kentucky) ist eine US-amerikanische Politikerin und ehemalige Gouverneurin des Bundesstaates Kentucky.
  • Martha Layne Collins, née le 7 décembre 1936 est une femme politique démocrate américaine. Elle est la première femme et la 56e gouverneur du Kentucky entre 1983 et 1987.
  • 玛莎·莱恩·柯林斯(英语:Martha Layne Collins,1936年12月7日-)是一位来自美国肯塔基州的女商人和政治家,曾于1983至1987年间担任该州第56任州长,还曾在小约翰·Y·布朗就任州长期间担任该州的第48任副州长。截至2013年,她仍是肯塔基州历史上仅有的一位女性州长,并且起初当选时也成为全美级别最高的女性民主党官员。她在1984年美国总统选举前曾有望成为民主党总统候选人沃尔特·蒙代尔的竞选搭档,但蒙代尔最终选择了杰罗丁·费拉罗。从肯塔基大学毕业后,柯林斯从事学校教师的工作,同时她的丈夫获得了牙科学位。她开始对政治产生兴趣,参与了1971年温德尔·福特州长选举和1972年沃尔特·“迪伊”·赫德尔斯顿(Walter "Dee" Huddleston)联邦参议员选举的竞选工作。1975年,她获选成为该州的民主党秘书,并当选肯塔基州上诉法院书记员。这一期间,一条州宪法修正案对全州司法系统加以改组,上诉法院成为肯塔基州最高法院,柯林斯继续在更名后的新法院担任书记员,她的工作是努力告知公民这个法院的新作用。1979年,柯林斯当选为州长小约翰·Y·布朗手下的副州长。布朗经常离开该州,结果柯林斯在四年任期内有超过500天都在代理着州长的职务。1983年,她击败共和党候选人吉姆·邦宁(Jim Bunning),成为肯塔基州首位女州长。她的任期主要有两大关注焦点:教育和经济发展。起初她在1984年立法会议期间提议增加教育投入,但未获批准。1985年,她在全州120个县与议员展开一系列会面,为自己提议的改革代言,并试图了解州内人民希翼什么样的改革,根据获得的信息对自己提出的方案进行调整,这一新的方案也于同年7月在特别立法会议上通过。1986年,她成功地通过奖励方案吸引丰田汽车公司前来办厂,相应产生的法律问题也在肯塔基州最高法院化解。全州在柯林斯任期内出现了创纪录的就业增长。根据当时的州宪法,肯塔基州州长不能寻求连任。柯林斯的州长任期结束后先后在多所大学任教,从1990到1996年,她担任斯普林菲尔德附近的圣凯瑟琳学院校长。1993年,她的丈夫因政治腐败罪名受到起诉并被法庭定罪,此前曾有传闻认为她将参选联邦参议员,或是在克林顿总统政府中任职,但这一丑闻损害了她的形象,重返政坛的希望变得渺茫。2005年1月,她成为肯塔基世界贸易中心的董事长兼CEO,还是包括伊士曼柯达公司在内多家企业的董事会成员。截止2012年,她仍在乔治敦大学从事兼职教学。
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  • Martha Layne Collins (* 7. Dezember 1936 in Bagdad, Shelby County, Kentucky) ist eine US-amerikanische Politikerin und ehemalige Gouverneurin des Bundesstaates Kentucky.
  • Martha Layne Collins, née le 7 décembre 1936 est une femme politique démocrate américaine. Elle est la première femme et la 56e gouverneur du Kentucky entre 1983 et 1987.
  • 玛莎·莱恩·柯林斯(英语:Martha Layne Collins,1936年12月7日-)是一位来自美国肯塔基州的女商人和政治家,曾于1983至1987年间担任该州第56任州长,还曾在小约翰·Y·布朗就任州长期间担任该州的第48任副州长。截至2013年,她仍是肯塔基州历史上仅有的一位女性州长,并且起初当选时也成为全美级别最高的女性民主党官员。她在1984年美国总统选举前曾有望成为民主党总统候选人沃尔特·蒙代尔的竞选搭档,但蒙代尔最终选择了杰罗丁·费拉罗。从肯塔基大学毕业后,柯林斯从事学校教师的工作,同时她的丈夫获得了牙科学位。她开始对政治产生兴趣,参与了1971年温德尔·福特州长选举和1972年沃尔特·“迪伊”·赫德尔斯顿(Walter "Dee" Huddleston)联邦参议员选举的竞选工作。1975年,她获选成为该州的民主党秘书,并当选肯塔基州上诉法院书记员。这一期间,一条州宪法修正案对全州司法系统加以改组,上诉法院成为肯塔基州最高法院,柯林斯继续在更名后的新法院担任书记员,她的工作是努力告知公民这个法院的新作用。1979年,柯林斯当选为州长小约翰·Y·布朗手下的副州长。布朗经常离开该州,结果柯林斯在四年任期内有超过500天都在代理着州长的职务。1983年,她击败共和党候选人吉姆·邦宁(Jim Bunning),成为肯塔基州首位女州长。她的任期主要有两大关注焦点:教育和经济发展。起初她在1984年立法会议期间提议增加教育投入,但未获批准。1985年,她在全州120个县与议员展开一系列会面,为自己提议的改革代言,并试图了解州内人民希翼什么样的改革,根据获得的信息对自己提出的方案进行调整,这一新的方案也于同年7月在特别立法会议上通过。1986年,她成功地通过奖励方案吸引丰田汽车公司前来办厂,相应产生的法律问题也在肯塔基州最高法院化解。全州在柯林斯任期内出现了创纪录的就业增长。根据当时的州宪法,肯塔基州州长不能寻求连任。柯林斯的州长任期结束后先后在多所大学任教,从1990到1996年,她担任斯普林菲尔德附近的圣凯瑟琳学院校长。1993年,她的丈夫因政治腐败罪名受到起诉并被法庭定罪,此前曾有传闻认为她将参选联邦参议员,或是在克林顿总统政府中任职,但这一丑闻损害了她的形象,重返政坛的希望变得渺茫。2005年1月,她成为肯塔基世界贸易中心的董事长兼CEO,还是包括伊士曼柯达公司在内多家企业的董事会成员。截止2012年,她仍在乔治敦大学从事兼职教学。
  • Martha Layne Collins (née Hall, born December 7, 1936) is an American former businesswoman and politician from the U.S. state of Kentucky who was the state's 56th governor from 1983 to 1987. Prior to her election as governor, she was the 48th Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky, under John Y. Brown, Jr. As of 2014, she is the only woman to have been a governor of Kentucky. Her election made her the highest-ranking Democratic woman in the U.S.
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