The Mark 15 torpedo, the standard American destroyer-launched torpedo of World War II, was very similar in design to the Mark 14 torpedo except that it was longer, heavier, and had greater range and a larger warhead. It was developed by the Naval Torpedo Station Newport concurrently with the Mark 14 and was first deployed in 1938. It replaced the Mark 8 torpedo on surface ships with tubes that could accommodate the longer Mark 15; this primarily included destroyers built after 1930. Older destroyers, primarily the Wickes and Clemson classes, continued to use the Mark 8, as did PT boats early in World War II. During the war 9,700 were produced at Newport and at the Naval Ordnance Station Forest Park, Illinois.

Property Value
dbo:Weapon/diameter
  • 2.1E7
dbo:abstract
  • Il Mark 15 fu un siluro prodotto dagli Stati Uniti d'America durante la seconda guerra mondiale. Fu prodotto contemporaneamente al modello Mark 14 come siluro standard per i cacciatorpediniere, mentre il Mark 14 era lo standard per i sottomarini. Rispetto al Mark 14 era più lungo, più stretto e con una gittata maggiore. Esso soffrì di seri problemi di affidabilità durante i primi 20 mesi di guerra, che furono risolti più lentamente rispetto alla versione subacquea, anche per la difficoltà di ottenere riscontri durante le battaglie navali nelle quali si verificavano scoppi, colonne d'acqua e schermi fumogeni che andavano ad inficiare la raccolta di risultati relativamente all'utilizzo dei siluri; inoltre i combattimenti di superficie, solitamente ad alta velocità, davano poche possibilità di utilizzare proficuamente questo tipo di arma, per cui i problemi vennero risolti man mano che si ottenevano riscontri dalle unità subacquee. Il primo loro uso efficace fu nella battaglia del Golfo di Vella tra il 6 e 7 agosto 1943. (it)
  • Mk15はアメリカ海軍が運用していた魚雷。水上艦搭載対艦攻撃魚雷であり、第二次世界大戦中に用いられた。戦争中に9,700発が生産されている。 潜水艦搭載型のMk14より大型化し、長射程で大型弾頭を搭載している。Mk14と同様に初期型は調定深度および磁気信管に問題があったが、太平洋戦争においては水上戦が少なく、砲撃との戦果の区別が難しかったこともあり、なかなかこの問題は発覚しなかった。1943年8月のベラ湾夜戦において、この問題が明確となり装置が改良されることとなった。 (ja)
  • The Mark 15 torpedo, the standard American destroyer-launched torpedo of World War II, was very similar in design to the Mark 14 torpedo except that it was longer, heavier, and had greater range and a larger warhead. It was developed by the Naval Torpedo Station Newport concurrently with the Mark 14 and was first deployed in 1938. It replaced the Mark 8 torpedo on surface ships with tubes that could accommodate the longer Mark 15; this primarily included destroyers built after 1930. Older destroyers, primarily the Wickes and Clemson classes, continued to use the Mark 8, as did PT boats early in World War II. During the war 9,700 were produced at Newport and at the Naval Ordnance Station Forest Park, Illinois. The Mark 15 had the same basic design problems that plagued the Mark 14 for the first 20 months following U.S. entry into the war, though this was not realized nearly as quickly by the destroyer crews as it was by the submariners. One major shared deficiency was the Mark 6 exploder, which usually caused duds. Surface-combatant torpedo attacks very often included confusing splashes from gunnery and aerial bombs, obscuring smoke screens, and quick maneuvering to evade counterattack. Rarely was a destroyer given a chance for a slow, careful surprise attack. Torpedo results were difficult to estimate under these circumstances. The correction of the Mark 15's problems would depend on the submariners solving theirs. The Battle of Vella Gulf on the night of August 6–7, 1943, was the first in which a surprise torpedo attack by U.S. gave the Americans an overwhelming advantage in the following gun battle, though one Japanese warship was hit by a dud torpedo and escaped. By September 1943, effective methods of torpedo deployment were beginning to be distributed to all U.S. destroyers. (en)
  • O Mark 15 foi um torpedo de superfície padrão dos EUA na Segunda Guerra Mundial. Era muito semelhante em design ao torpedo Mark 14, exceto que ele era maior, mais leve, tinha maior alcance e uma ogiva maior. Durante a guerra 9700 unidades foram produzidas. Foi produzido também no Brasil, no ano de 1954, tendo uma série de cinco modelos. O Mark 15 sofreu os mesmos problemas básicos de design que assolaram o Mark 14 nos vinte primeiros meses após a entrada dos EUA na Guerra, embora os problemas não tenham sido notados tão rapidamente pelas equipes dos contratorpedeiros. Os torpedos de superfície são muito utilizados em períodos de guerra, pois quando detonados podem confundir o oponente no campo de batalha, o que proporciona chances de manobras que evitariam contra-ataques. Torpedos bem sucedidos são difíceis de estimar sob estas circunstâncias. (pt)
  • Mark 15 型魚雷是二次大戰時美國海軍水面艦艇主要使用的魚雷,基本設計和Mark 14型類似,但因為是水面艦艇用所以比較大和重,並且可以有較長的射程和更重的彈頭。它代替了前一代Mk.8 魚雷,在1930年代法拉格特級驅逐艦之後的都使用此魚雷。初期也碰上和Mk.14一樣的問題,但更難被發現。儘管如此,1943年的維拉灣海戰中本魚雷也立下大功。 (zh)
  • Mark 15 — основная парогазовая торпеда эскадренных миноносцев калибра 533 мм флота США во Второй мировой войне. Сконструирована в начале 1930-х гг., состояла на вооружении надводных кораблей в межвоенный период (с середины 1930-х гг.) и в период Второй мировой войны. Предназначена для замены торпед Mark 8, Mark 11 и Mark 12 для надводных кораблей. В начале войны обладала рядом недостатков, в частности имела самую маломощную боевую часть, из-за чего её применение было малоэффективным. К 1943 году в результате ряда доработок эффективность применения была повышена. Всего было выпущено около 9700 торпед различных модификаций. (ru)
dbo:diameter
  • 21000.000000 (xsd:double)
dbo:origin
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:type
dbo:usedInWar
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 10889443 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 722551509 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Mk 15 torpedoes aboard USS O'Brien
dbp:designDate
  • 1938 (xsd:integer)
dbp:designer
dbp:detonation
  • Mk 6 Mod 13 contact exploder
dbp:engine
  • Wet-heater combustion / steam turbine with compressed air tank
dbp:filling
dbp:fillingWeight
  • 825.0
dbp:guidance
dbp:isExplosive
  • yes
dbp:isMissile
  • yes
dbp:isRanged
  • yes
dbp:launchPlatform
  • Destroyers
dbp:length
  • 288 (xsd:integer)
dbp:manufacturer
dbp:maxRange
  • 15000 (xsd:integer)
dbp:number
  • 9700 (xsd:integer)
dbp:productionDate
  • 1940 (xsd:integer)
dbp:propellant
dbp:range
  • 6000 (xsd:integer)
dbp:service
  • 1938 (xsd:integer)
dbp:speed
  • 26.500000 (xsd:double)
dbp:usedBy
dbp:weight
  • 3841 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Mk15はアメリカ海軍が運用していた魚雷。水上艦搭載対艦攻撃魚雷であり、第二次世界大戦中に用いられた。戦争中に9,700発が生産されている。 潜水艦搭載型のMk14より大型化し、長射程で大型弾頭を搭載している。Mk14と同様に初期型は調定深度および磁気信管に問題があったが、太平洋戦争においては水上戦が少なく、砲撃との戦果の区別が難しかったこともあり、なかなかこの問題は発覚しなかった。1943年8月のベラ湾夜戦において、この問題が明確となり装置が改良されることとなった。 (ja)
  • Mark 15 型魚雷是二次大戰時美國海軍水面艦艇主要使用的魚雷,基本設計和Mark 14型類似,但因為是水面艦艇用所以比較大和重,並且可以有較長的射程和更重的彈頭。它代替了前一代Mk.8 魚雷,在1930年代法拉格特級驅逐艦之後的都使用此魚雷。初期也碰上和Mk.14一樣的問題,但更難被發現。儘管如此,1943年的維拉灣海戰中本魚雷也立下大功。 (zh)
  • Mark 15 — основная парогазовая торпеда эскадренных миноносцев калибра 533 мм флота США во Второй мировой войне. Сконструирована в начале 1930-х гг., состояла на вооружении надводных кораблей в межвоенный период (с середины 1930-х гг.) и в период Второй мировой войны. Предназначена для замены торпед Mark 8, Mark 11 и Mark 12 для надводных кораблей. В начале войны обладала рядом недостатков, в частности имела самую маломощную боевую часть, из-за чего её применение было малоэффективным. К 1943 году в результате ряда доработок эффективность применения была повышена. Всего было выпущено около 9700 торпед различных модификаций. (ru)
  • The Mark 15 torpedo, the standard American destroyer-launched torpedo of World War II, was very similar in design to the Mark 14 torpedo except that it was longer, heavier, and had greater range and a larger warhead. It was developed by the Naval Torpedo Station Newport concurrently with the Mark 14 and was first deployed in 1938. It replaced the Mark 8 torpedo on surface ships with tubes that could accommodate the longer Mark 15; this primarily included destroyers built after 1930. Older destroyers, primarily the Wickes and Clemson classes, continued to use the Mark 8, as did PT boats early in World War II. During the war 9,700 were produced at Newport and at the Naval Ordnance Station Forest Park, Illinois. (en)
  • Il Mark 15 fu un siluro prodotto dagli Stati Uniti d'America durante la seconda guerra mondiale. Fu prodotto contemporaneamente al modello Mark 14 come siluro standard per i cacciatorpediniere, mentre il Mark 14 era lo standard per i sottomarini. Rispetto al Mark 14 era più lungo, più stretto e con una gittata maggiore. Esso soffrì di seri problemi di affidabilità durante i primi 20 mesi di guerra, che furono risolti più lentamente rispetto alla versione subacquea, anche per la difficoltà di ottenere riscontri durante le battaglie navali nelle quali si verificavano scoppi, colonne d'acqua e schermi fumogeni che andavano ad inficiare la raccolta di risultati relativamente all'utilizzo dei siluri; inoltre i combattimenti di superficie, solitamente ad alta velocità, davano poche possibilità d (it)
  • O Mark 15 foi um torpedo de superfície padrão dos EUA na Segunda Guerra Mundial. Era muito semelhante em design ao torpedo Mark 14, exceto que ele era maior, mais leve, tinha maior alcance e uma ogiva maior. Durante a guerra 9700 unidades foram produzidas. Foi produzido também no Brasil, no ano de 1954, tendo uma série de cinco modelos. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Mark 15 (siluro) (it)
  • Mark 15 torpedo (en)
  • Mk15 (魚雷) (ja)
  • Mark 15 (torpedo) (pt)
  • Mark 15 (торпеда) (ru)
  • Mark15型魚雷 (zh)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Mark 15 torpedo (en)
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of