Malik Sir Ghulam Muhammad CIE (Urdu: ملک غلام محمد‎; 20 April 1895 – 12 September 1956) was a Pakistani civil servant who served as the third Governor-General of Pakistan from October 1951 until his dismissal in August 1955. He previously served as the country's first Finance Minister in the cabinet of Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan. Ghulam Muhammad is viewed negatively by Pakistani historians, criticized for giving rise to political intrigue, undermining civilian control of the military by declaring martial law, and devaluing nascent democratic norms by sacking parliament.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Malik Sir Ghulam Muhammad CIE (Urdu: ملک غلام محمد‎; 20 April 1895 – 12 September 1956) was a Pakistani civil servant who served as the third Governor-General of Pakistan from October 1951 until his dismissal in August 1955. He previously served as the country's first Finance Minister in the cabinet of Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan. Educated at Aligarh Muslim University,, Ghulam Muhammad worked as a chartered accountant before joining the Indian Railway Services as an auditor for India's Finance Ministry. He opted for Pakistan following independence, and was appointed the new country's first Finance Minister. He drafted Five-Year Plans for the economy in 1948, based on the Soviet model, but was unable to implement them due to lack of staff and sufficient materials. He also organized the International Islamic Economic Conference held at Karachi from November 26 to December 6,1949, and called for forming a pan-Islamic economic bloc of the Muslim countries. Appointed Governor-General by Prime Minister Khwaja Nazimuddin in 1951, he grappled unsuccessfully with the Kashmir dispute with India and unrest in East Pakistan. Following anti-Ahmadi riots in Lahore in 1953, he declared martial law in the city under Lieutenant General Azam Khan. After the army quelled the riots, Ghulam Muhammad sacked Nazimuddin's government, helping Muhammad Ali Bogra replace him as Prime Minister. When Bogra attempted to lessen the powers of the Governor-General's office via parliament, Ghulam Muhammad dismissed the Constituent Assembly as well in 1954. Affected by paralysis, he took a leave of illness in 1955, and was himself dismissed by acting Governor-General Iskander Mirza. He died in Lahore the following year. Ghulam Muhammad is viewed negatively by Pakistani historians, criticized for giving rise to political intrigue, undermining civilian control of the military by declaring martial law, and devaluing nascent democratic norms by sacking parliament. (en)
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (20 de abril de 1895 - 12 de septiembre de 1956) (Urdu: ملک غلام محمد) fue Gobernador General de Pakistán desde 1951 hasta 1955, poco antes de que muriera. (es)
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (* 20. April 1895 in Lahore (Punjab) in Britisch-Indien; † 12. September 1956 ebenfalls in Lahore (jetzt Pakistan)) war ein pakistanischer Politiker und Generalgouverneur seines Landes von 1951 bis 1955. (de)
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad, plus souvent appelé simplement Ghulam Muhammad, né le 20 avril 1895 à Lahore, alors situé en Inde Britannique, et mort le 12 septembre 1956 à Lahore au Pakistan, est un homme politique et homme d'État pakistanais. Il a notamment été le premier ministre des finances de son pays, puis gouverneur général de 1951 à 1955. (fr)
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (Lahore (Brits-Indië), 20 april 1895 – Lahore (Pakistan), 12 september 1956) was een Pakistaans politicus. Hij was Gouverneur-generaal van Pakistan en de eerste minister van Financiën van het land. (nl)
  • Гулам Мухаммад (урду ملک غلام محمد) — пакистанский государственный деятель. Занимал должность генерал-губернатора Пакистана с 1951 по 1955 год. (ru)
dbo:almaMater
dbo:birthDate
  • 1895-04-20 (xsd:date)
  • 1895-4-20
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1956-09-12 (xsd:date)
  • 1956-9-12
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:monarch
dbo:office
  • Minister of Finance
  • 3rdGovernor-General of Pakistan
dbo:party
dbo:predecessor
dbo:primeMinister
dbo:successor
dbo:termPeriod
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 596691 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 744594968 (xsd:integer)
dbp:predecessor
  • Position established
dbp:title
dbp:years
  • 1947 (xsd:integer)
  • 1951 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • Pakistani politician (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (20 de abril de 1895 - 12 de septiembre de 1956) (Urdu: ملک غلام محمد) fue Gobernador General de Pakistán desde 1951 hasta 1955, poco antes de que muriera. (es)
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (* 20. April 1895 in Lahore (Punjab) in Britisch-Indien; † 12. September 1956 ebenfalls in Lahore (jetzt Pakistan)) war ein pakistanischer Politiker und Generalgouverneur seines Landes von 1951 bis 1955. (de)
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad, plus souvent appelé simplement Ghulam Muhammad, né le 20 avril 1895 à Lahore, alors situé en Inde Britannique, et mort le 12 septembre 1956 à Lahore au Pakistan, est un homme politique et homme d'État pakistanais. Il a notamment été le premier ministre des finances de son pays, puis gouverneur général de 1951 à 1955. (fr)
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (Lahore (Brits-Indië), 20 april 1895 – Lahore (Pakistan), 12 september 1956) was een Pakistaans politicus. Hij was Gouverneur-generaal van Pakistan en de eerste minister van Financiën van het land. (nl)
  • Гулам Мухаммад (урду ملک غلام محمد) — пакистанский государственный деятель. Занимал должность генерал-губернатора Пакистана с 1951 по 1955 год. (ru)
  • Malik Sir Ghulam Muhammad CIE (Urdu: ملک غلام محمد‎; 20 April 1895 – 12 September 1956) was a Pakistani civil servant who served as the third Governor-General of Pakistan from October 1951 until his dismissal in August 1955. He previously served as the country's first Finance Minister in the cabinet of Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan. Ghulam Muhammad is viewed negatively by Pakistani historians, criticized for giving rise to political intrigue, undermining civilian control of the military by declaring martial law, and devaluing nascent democratic norms by sacking parliament. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (en)
  • Ghulam Muhammad (de)
  • Ghulam Muhammad (es)
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (fr)
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (nl)
  • Мухаммад, Гулам (ru)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:givenName
  • Malik (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Malik Ghulam Muhammad (en)
  • Malik Sir Ghulam Muhammad (en)
is dbo:appointer of
is dbo:foundedBy of
is dbo:governorGeneral of
is dbo:predecessor of
is dbo:successor of
is dbp:governorGeneral of
is dbp:representative of
is foaf:primaryTopic of