In addition to its classical and literary form, Malay has various regional dialects established before the rise of the Malaccan Sultanate. Also, Malay spread through interethnic contact and trade across the Malay archipelago as far as the Philippines. That contact resulted in a lingua franca that was called Bazaar Malay or low Malay. It is generally believed that Bazaar Malay was a pidgin, influenced by contact among Malay, Chinese, Portuguese, and Dutch traders. Other features: For example,

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dbo:abstract
  • In addition to its classical and literary form, Malay has various regional dialects established before the rise of the Malaccan Sultanate. Also, Malay spread through interethnic contact and trade across the Malay archipelago as far as the Philippines. That contact resulted in a lingua franca that was called Bazaar Malay or low Malay. It is generally believed that Bazaar Malay was a pidgin, influenced by contact among Malay, Chinese, Portuguese, and Dutch traders. Besides the general simplification that occurs with pidgins, the Malay lingua franca had several distinctive characteristics. One was that possessives were formed with punya 'its owner'; another was that plural pronouns were formed with orang 'person'. The only Malayic affixes that remained productive were tər- and bər-. Other features: * Ada became a progressive particle. * Reduced forms of ini 'this' and itu 'that' before a noun became determiners. * The verb pərgi 'go' was reduced, and became a preposition 'towards'. * Causative constructions were formed with kasi or bəri 'to give' or bikin or buat 'to make'. * A single preposition, often sama, was used for multiple functions, including direct and indirect object. For example, * Rumah-ku 'my house' becomes Saya punya rumah * Saya pukul dia 'I hit him' becomes Saya kasi pukul dia * Megat dipukul Robert 'Megat is hit by Robert' becomes Megat dipukul dek Robert Bazaar Malay is still used to a limited extent in Singapore and Malaysia. The most important consequence, however, has been that pidgin Malay creolised and created several new languages. (en)
  • Comme beaucoup d'autres langues, le malais et l'indonésien ont donné naissance à des créoles. On identifie ainsi : * le malais baba de Singapour ; * le malais de Malacca ; * le malais de Sri Lanka. * le peranakan en Indonésie (Java et Bali). * Portail de l’Indonésie Portail de l’Indonésie * Portail de la Malaisie Portail de la Malaisie * Portail de Singapour Portail de Singapour * Portail du Sri Lanka Portail du Sri Lanka * Portail des langues créoles et de la créolophonie Portail des langues créoles et de la créolophonie (fr)
  • Além de sua forma clássica e literária, malaio tem vários dialetos regionais estabelecidos antes da ascensão do Sultanato de Malaca. Mas, além destas, a propagação do malaio através do contato interétnico e do comércio em todo o arquipélago malaio, tanto quanto nas Filipinas. Este contato resultou em uma língua franca que foi chamada de malaio bazaar ou baixo malaio. Acredita-se geralmente que malaio bazaar era um pidgin, influenciados pelo contato entre os malaios e comerciantes chineses, portugueses e neerlandeses. Além da simplificação geral que ocorre com pidgins, a língua franca malaia tinha várias características distintas. O malaio bazaar ainda é usado de forma limitado, em Cingapura e na Malásia. A consequência mais importante, no entanto, foi a crioulização do pidgin malaio, criando várias novas línguas, como: * o malaio baba de Cingapura; * o malaio de Malaca; * o malaio do Sri Lanka; * o Peranakan na Indonésia (Java e Bali); * o Malaio Manado; * o malaio de Jacarta; * o malaio ambonês. (pt)
dbo:iso6393Code
  • bpq
  • btj
  • ccm
  • goq
  • mbf
  • mfp
  • mhp
  • mkn
  • msi
  • pea
  • pmy
dbo:languageFamily
dbo:spokenIn
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 624323 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 743956100 (xsd:integer)
dbp:altname
  • Baba Indonesian
  • Banda Malay
  • Chitties Creole Malay
  • Irian Malay
dbp:date
  • 1981 (xsd:integer)
  • 1986 (xsd:integer)
  • 1992 (xsd:integer)
  • 1997 (xsd:integer)
  • 2000 (xsd:integer)
  • 2007 (xsd:integer)
  • 2012 (xsd:integer)
  • n.d.
dbp:ethnicity
  • 300 (xsd:integer)
  • 250000 (xsd:integer)
dbp:fam
  • East Indonesian
  • Malay-based creole
dbp:family
  • Brunei Malay-based creole?
  • Malay-based creole
  • Malay–based pidgin
  • Mixed Malay–Macassarese
dbp:familycolor
  • Mixed
  • Pidgin
  • Creole
dbp:glotto
  • baba1267
  • baca1243
  • bali1279
  • band1353
  • gora1261
  • kupa1239
  • maka1305
  • mala1482
  • papu1250
  • pera1256
  • saba1263
dbp:glottorefname
  • Baba Malay
  • Bacanese Malay
  • Balinese Malay
  • Bandanese Malay
  • Gorap
  • Kupang Malay
  • Makassar Malay
  • Malaccan Creole Malay
  • Papuan Malay
  • Peranakan
  • Sabah Malay
dbp:speakers
  • 6 (xsd:integer)
  • 1000 (xsd:integer)
  • 3700 (xsd:integer)
  • 12000 (xsd:integer)
  • 20000 (xsd:integer)
  • 25000 (xsd:integer)
  • 100000 (xsd:integer)
  • 200000 (xsd:integer)
  • 3000000 (xsd:integer)
  • none
  • "growing"
  • Second language: million
  • moribund
  • unknown; 500,000 L1 and L2 speakers
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Comme beaucoup d'autres langues, le malais et l'indonésien ont donné naissance à des créoles. On identifie ainsi : * le malais baba de Singapour ; * le malais de Malacca ; * le malais de Sri Lanka. * le peranakan en Indonésie (Java et Bali). * Portail de l’Indonésie Portail de l’Indonésie * Portail de la Malaisie Portail de la Malaisie * Portail de Singapour Portail de Singapour * Portail du Sri Lanka Portail du Sri Lanka * Portail des langues créoles et de la créolophonie Portail des langues créoles et de la créolophonie (fr)
  • In addition to its classical and literary form, Malay has various regional dialects established before the rise of the Malaccan Sultanate. Also, Malay spread through interethnic contact and trade across the Malay archipelago as far as the Philippines. That contact resulted in a lingua franca that was called Bazaar Malay or low Malay. It is generally believed that Bazaar Malay was a pidgin, influenced by contact among Malay, Chinese, Portuguese, and Dutch traders. Other features: For example, (en)
  • Além de sua forma clássica e literária, malaio tem vários dialetos regionais estabelecidos antes da ascensão do Sultanato de Malaca. Mas, além destas, a propagação do malaio através do contato interétnico e do comércio em todo o arquipélago malaio, tanto quanto nas Filipinas. Este contato resultou em uma língua franca que foi chamada de malaio bazaar ou baixo malaio. Acredita-se geralmente que malaio bazaar era um pidgin, influenciados pelo contato entre os malaios e comerciantes chineses, portugueses e neerlandeses. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Malay trade and creole languages (en)
  • Créole malais (fr)
  • Crioulos de base malaia (pt)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Peranakan (en)
  • Baba Malay (en)
  • Papuan Malay (en)
  • Bacanese Malay (en)
  • Bandanese Malay (en)
  • Kupang Malay (en)
  • Malaccan Creole Malay (en)
  • Balinese Malay (en)
  • Sabah Malay (en)
  • Gorap (en)
  • Macassar Malay (en)
is dbo:language of
is dbo:languageFamily of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of