The Madras Presidency (Tamil:மெட்ராஸ் மாகாணம்) (Telugu:మద్రాస్ రాష్ట్రభాగము), officially) (Malayalam:മദ്രാസ് പ്രവിശ്യ) (Kannada: ಮದ್ರಾಸ್ ಪ್ರಾಂತ್ಯ), or the Presidency of Fort St. George and also known as Madras Province, was an administrative subdivision (presidency) of British India. At its greatest extent, the presidency included most of southern India, including the whole of the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and parts of Odisha, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana, and the union territory of Lakshadweep. The city of Madras was the winter capital of the Presidency and Ootacamund or Ooty, the summer capital. The island of Ceylon was a part of Madras Presidency from 1793 to 1798 when it was created a Crown colony.

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  • The Madras Presidency (Tamil:மெட்ராஸ் மாகாணம்) (Telugu:మద్రాస్ రాష్ట్రభాగము), officially) (Malayalam:മദ്രാസ് പ്രവിശ്യ) (Kannada: ಮದ್ರಾಸ್ ಪ್ರಾಂತ್ಯ), or the Presidency of Fort St. George and also known as Madras Province, was an administrative subdivision (presidency) of British India. At its greatest extent, the presidency included most of southern India, including the whole of the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and parts of Odisha, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana, and the union territory of Lakshadweep. The city of Madras was the winter capital of the Presidency and Ootacamund or Ooty, the summer capital. The island of Ceylon was a part of Madras Presidency from 1793 to 1798 when it was created a Crown colony. In 1639, the English East India Company purchased the village of Madraspatnam and one year later it established the Agency of Fort St George, precursor of the Madras Presidency, although there had been Company factories at Machilipatnam and Armagon since the very early 1600s. The agency was upgraded to a Presidency in 1652 before once more reverting to its previous status in 1655. In 1684, it was re-elevated to a Presidency and Elihu Yale was appointed as president. In 1785, under the provisions of Pitt's India Act, Madras became one of three provinces established by the East India Company. Thereafter, the head of the area was styled "Governor" rather than "President" and became subordinate to the Governor-General in Calcutta, a title that would persist until 1947. Judicial, legislative and executive powers rested with the Governor who was assisted by a Council whose constitution was modified by reforms enacted in 1861, 1909, 1919 and 1935. Regular elections were conducted in Madras up to the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939. By 1908, the province comprised twenty-two districts, each under a District Collector, and it was further sub-divided into taluks and firqas with villages making up the smallest unit of administration. Following the Montague-Chelmsford reforms of 1919, Madras was the first province of British India to implement a system of dyarchy, and thereafter its Governor ruled alongside a prime minister. In the early decades of the 20th century, many significant contributors to the Indian independence movement came from Madras. With the advent of Indian independence on 15 August 1947, the Presidency became the Madras Province. Madras was later admitted as Madras State, a state of the Indian Union at the inauguration of the Republic of India on 26 January 1950, and was reorganised in 1956. (en)
  • Die Präsidentschaft Madras (engl. Madras Presidency), offiziell Präsidentschaft Fort St. George (engl. Presidency of Fort St. George), auch Provinz Madras (engl. Madras Province), war eine Verwaltungseinheit Britisch-Indiens. Die Hauptstadt war das namensgebende Madras (heute Chennai). Die Präsidentschaft umfasste zum Zeitpunkt ihrer größten Ausdehnung weite Teile Südindiens. Im Wesentlichen umfasste sie den heutigen Bundesstaat Tamil Nadu, große Teile von Andhra Pradesh und den Nordteil Keralas. Die Präsidentschaft Madras war neben der Präsidentschaft Bombay und der Präsidentschaft Bengalen eine von drei ursprünglichen Verwaltungseinheiten der Britischen Ostindien-Kompanie. Sie ging aus dem 1640 gegründeten Fort St. George in Madras hervor. Hatte die Britische Ostindien-Kompanie anfangs nur einzelne Stützpunkte an den Küsten unterhalten, erlangte sie als Folge der Karnatischen Kriege und den Mysore-Kriege in der zweiten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts die Territorialgewalt über große Teile des Hinterlandes. 1858 wurde die Präsidentschaft Madras gemeinsam mit den anderen Besitzungen der Britischen Ostindien-Kompanie direkt der britischen Krone unterstellt. Nach der indischen Unabhängigkeit 1947 ging aus der Präsidentschaft Madras der Bundesstaat Madras hervor. 1953 wurde der Nordteil als Bundesstaat Andhra abgespalten. Der verbliebene Bundesstaat Madras wurde 1956 nach den Sprachgrenzen des Tamil neu gegliedert und 1969 in Tamil Nadu umbenannt. (de)
  • Le Gouverneur colonial (puis les présidents de Madras) était le représentant du monarque britannique en Inde. (fr)
  • マドラス管区(英語 Madras Presidency または Madras Province、タミル語 சென்னை மாகாணம்、テルグ語 చెన్నపురి సంస్థానము)は、イギリス領インド帝国の管区のひとつ。正式名称は、「セント・ジョージ要塞管区」(Presidency of Fort St. George)である。南インドの広大な地域を含んでおり、現在のインドのタミル・ナードゥ州、ケーララ州北部、ラクシャディープ諸島、アーンドラ・プラデーシュ州沿海部および南西部(ラーヤラシーマ地方)、そしてオリッサ州のガンジャム県周辺部と、カルナータカ州のバッラーリ県・ダクシナ・カンナダ県・ウドゥピ県を含む。管区首府はマドラスであった。 (ja)
  • Мадрасское президентство (англ. Madras Presidency, тамил. சென்னை மாகாணம், телугу: చెన్నపురి సంస్థానము, малаялам: മദ്രാസ് പ്രസിഡന്സി, каннада: ಮದ್ರಾಸ್ ಪ್ರೆಸಿಡೆನ್ಸಿ) — административная единица Британской Индии. Занимало значительную часть юга страны. В своём наиболее расширенном состоянии президентство включало территорию современного штата Тамилнад, Малабарское побережье Кералы, прибрежные районы Андхра-Прадеш, южные районы штата Орисса, некоторые районы Карнатаки. Зимняя столица президентства размещалась в городе Мадрас, летняя — в Ути. (ru)
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  • New Imperialism
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  • The Agency of Fort St George at Madraspatnam becomes the Madras Presidency
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  • British East India Company flag.svg
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  • Flag of India.svg
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  • The non-Brahmin movement was started by Theagaroya Chetty ' who founded the Justice Party in 1916 and Periyar E. V. Ramaswamy ', who founded the Self-Respect Movement and took over the Justice party in 1944
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  • Periyar during Self respect movement.JPG
  • Theagaroya Chetty.jpg
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  • The Madras Presidency in 1913
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  • Bantam Presidency
  • Surat Presidency
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  • Chisholm1911
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  • Madras State
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Le Gouverneur colonial (puis les présidents de Madras) était le représentant du monarque britannique en Inde. (fr)
  • マドラス管区(英語 Madras Presidency または Madras Province、タミル語 சென்னை மாகாணம்、テルグ語 చెన్నపురి సంస్థానము)は、イギリス領インド帝国の管区のひとつ。正式名称は、「セント・ジョージ要塞管区」(Presidency of Fort St. George)である。南インドの広大な地域を含んでおり、現在のインドのタミル・ナードゥ州、ケーララ州北部、ラクシャディープ諸島、アーンドラ・プラデーシュ州沿海部および南西部(ラーヤラシーマ地方)、そしてオリッサ州のガンジャム県周辺部と、カルナータカ州のバッラーリ県・ダクシナ・カンナダ県・ウドゥピ県を含む。管区首府はマドラスであった。 (ja)
  • Мадрасское президентство (англ. Madras Presidency, тамил. சென்னை மாகாணம், телугу: చెన్నపురి సంస్థానము, малаялам: മദ്രാസ് പ്രസിഡന്സി, каннада: ಮದ್ರಾಸ್ ಪ್ರೆಸಿಡೆನ್ಸಿ) — административная единица Британской Индии. Занимало значительную часть юга страны. В своём наиболее расширенном состоянии президентство включало территорию современного штата Тамилнад, Малабарское побережье Кералы, прибрежные районы Андхра-Прадеш, южные районы штата Орисса, некоторые районы Карнатаки. Зимняя столица президентства размещалась в городе Мадрас, летняя — в Ути. (ru)
  • The Madras Presidency (Tamil:மெட்ராஸ் மாகாணம்) (Telugu:మద్రాస్ రాష్ట్రభాగము), officially) (Malayalam:മദ്രാസ് പ്രവിശ്യ) (Kannada: ಮದ್ರಾಸ್ ಪ್ರಾಂತ್ಯ), or the Presidency of Fort St. George and also known as Madras Province, was an administrative subdivision (presidency) of British India. At its greatest extent, the presidency included most of southern India, including the whole of the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and parts of Odisha, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana, and the union territory of Lakshadweep. The city of Madras was the winter capital of the Presidency and Ootacamund or Ooty, the summer capital. The island of Ceylon was a part of Madras Presidency from 1793 to 1798 when it was created a Crown colony. (en)
  • Die Präsidentschaft Madras (engl. Madras Presidency), offiziell Präsidentschaft Fort St. George (engl. Presidency of Fort St. George), auch Provinz Madras (engl. Madras Province), war eine Verwaltungseinheit Britisch-Indiens. Die Hauptstadt war das namensgebende Madras (heute Chennai). Die Präsidentschaft umfasste zum Zeitpunkt ihrer größten Ausdehnung weite Teile Südindiens. Im Wesentlichen umfasste sie den heutigen Bundesstaat Tamil Nadu, große Teile von Andhra Pradesh und den Nordteil Keralas. (de)
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  • Madras Presidency (en)
  • Madras (Präsidentschaft) (de)
  • Présidence de Madras (fr)
  • マドラス管区 (ja)
  • Мадрасское президентство (ru)
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  • Madras Presidency (en)
  • మద్రాస్ రాష్ట్రభాగము (en)
  • மெட்ராஸ் மாகாணம் (en)
  • ಮದ್ರಾಸ್ ಪ್ರಾಂತ್ಯ (en)
  • മദ്രാസ് പ്രവിശ്യ (en)
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