Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the southeastern coast of Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands.

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  • マダガスカル共和国(マダガスカルきょうわこく)、通称マダガスカルは、アフリカのインド洋に浮かぶマダガスカル島を領土とする共和制国家。マダガスカル島は長さ約1,570km、最大幅約580kmで世界第4位の大きさを持つ島である。首都はアンタナナリボ(通称タナ)。フランコフォニーに加盟。
  • 马达加斯加共和国(法语:République malgache, Repoblikan'i Madagasikara),前稱马拉加西共和国,非洲东海岸的印度洋岛屿国家。马达加斯加岛是非洲第一、世界第四大的岛屿,面积587,041平方公里, 其中陆地581,540平方公里,水域5,501平方公里;到2010年7月为止,人口共有21,281,844 人;首都及最大城市為塔那那利佛。
  • Il Madagascar è uno stato insulare situato nell'oceano Indiano, al largo della costa orientale dell'Africa, di fronte al Mozambico. L'isola principale, anch'essa chiamata Madagascar, è la quarta più grande isola del mondo. Ospita il 5% delle specie animali e vegetali del mondo, l'80% delle quali sono endemiche del Madagascar. Fra gli esempi più noti di questa eccezionale biodiversità ci sono l'ordine dei lemuri, le oltre 250 specie di rane, le numerose specie di camaleonti e i tipici baobab. L'aggettivo associato al Madagascar (usato per indicarne la lingua nativa, le etnie e la cittadinanza) è malgascio. Il malgascio è la prima lingua del Madagascar, ma la popolazione parla correntemente anche il francese (a seguito del passato coloniale dell'isola).
  • Madagaskar (malg. Madagasikara, franc. Madagascar; Republika Madagaskaru – Repoblikan'I Madagasikara, République de Madagascar) – państwo położone na wyspie Madagaskar w zachodniej części Oceanu Indyjskiego, u południowo-wschodnich wybrzeży Afryki. Madagaskar jest czwartą co do wielkości wyspą na świecie. Na Madagaskarze przeważa hodowla i pasterstwo, występuje również rolnictwo prymitywne, plantacje roślin tropikalnych, eksploatacja drewna, zbieractwo, myślistwo oraz rolnictwo śródziemnomorskie. Występują dwie strefy roślinne: na północy suche lasy podrównikowe, a w centrum i na południu sawanny.
  • Madagaskar, formellt Republiken Madagaskar, är en stat belägen på ön Madagaskar i Indiska oceanen, öster om södra Afrika. Ön är till ytan världens fjärde största. Madagaskar gör anspråk på Iles Eparses-öarna, Bassas da India, Europa, Glorieusesöarna, Tromelin och Juan de Nova, som samtliga administreras av Frankrike. Med sitt läge utanför Afrikas sydostkust skiljer sig Madagaskar tydligt från det afrikanska fastlandet såväl genom sitt naturliv, sitt kulturliv, sina folk, sina språk som sitt förflutna. I de centrala och östra delarna bor folket merina, eller hova, som kom till ön för 2 000 år sedan från de öar vi idag kallar Indonesien. På 1800-talet härskade merinafolket över en stor del av ön med Antananarivo som huvudstad. 1896 blev landet en fransk koloni fram till självständigheten 1960. En tid av blodiga uppror följde. Från 1975 var Madagaskar en socialistiskt inriktad enpartistat med band till Sovjetunionen. Sedan 1991 försöker man aktivt införa ett demokratiskt flerpartisystem. 1997 och 2002 genomfördes demokratiska val men efter statskuppen 2009 är läget i landet åter oroligt. Landet leds för närvarande av en interimistisk övergångsregering bestående bland annat av kuppmakarna och delar av den förra oppositionen.
  • Madagaskar [madaˈgaskar] (amtlich Republik Madagaskar, malagasy Repoblikan’i Madagasikara, französisch République de Madagascar) ist mit etwa 22 Millionen Einwohnern und einer Fläche von 587.295 Quadratkilometern nach Indonesien der flächenmäßig zweitgrößte Inselstaat der Welt. Die Präsidialrepublik mit einer Küstenlänge von 4828 Kilometern liegt vor der Ostküste Mosambiks im Indischen Ozean. Die ehemalige französische Kolonie weist die typischen Wirtschaftscharakteristiken eines Entwicklungslandes auf.
  • Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the southeastern coast of Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from India around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90 percent of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population. Initial human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BCE and 550 CE by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around 1000 CE by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into eighteen or more sub-groups of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands. Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting socio-political alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles. The monarchy collapsed in 1897 when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island regained independence in 1960. The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed Republics. Since 1992 the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. However, in a popular uprising in 2009 the last elected president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina in a move widely viewed by the international community as a coup d'état. In 2012, the population of Madagascar was estimated at just over 22 million, 90 percent of whom live on less than two dollars per day. Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs, Christianity, or an amalgamation of both. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. Under Ravalomanana these investments produced substantial economic growth but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class.
  • Madagascar, oficialmente República de Madagascar, es un país insular situado en el océano Índico, frente la costa sureste del continente africano, a la altura de Mozambique. Además es la isla más grande de África y . Está separada del continente por el canal de Mozambique. Hay que destacar que antiguamente la isla se encontraba unida al continente africano, del cual se separó; esto ha provocado un aislamiento que ha favorecido la conservación en su territorio de multitud de especies únicas en el mundo, siendo hasta un 80% de ellas endémicas de la isla. Las más notables son los lémures que son una infraorden de primates, el fossa carnívoro, tres familias endémicas de aves y seis especies endémicas de baobabs. Madagascar se encuentra dentro de la lista de países megadiversos. El gentilicio de Madagascar es malgache, y el idioma nacional es el malgache.
  • Madagascar, en forme longue la République de Madagascar, en malgache Madagasikara et Repoblikan'i Madagasikara, est un pays situé dans la partie occidentale de l'océan Indien, séparé de l'Afrique par le canal du Mozambique large de 415 km. Sa capitale est Antananarivo. Madagascar est souvent appelée l'« île-continent », l'« île rouge » ou le « huitième continent ». Durant la majeure partie du XIX siècle, l'île est administrée par le Royaume de Madagascar, situation à laquelle l'invasion coloniale française de 1895 met fin. Le premier gouvernement malgache voit le jour le 10 octobre 1958 et en 1960, Madagascar retrouve son indépendance après une longue lutte entamée en 1947. Le pays figure ainsi parmi les premiers à gagner son indépendance dans la zone de l'océan Indien et de l'Afrique.
  • Madagaskar, ook wel Malagasi, officieel de Republiek Madagaskar, is een eiland en een land dat ten oosten van het vasteland van het continent Afrika ligt, ervan gescheiden door Straat Mozambique. Het is het op drie na grootste eiland ter wereld, na Groenland, Nieuw-Guinea en Borneo.
  • , oficialmente República de Madagáscar ou de Madagascar, é um país africano que compreende a Ilha de Madagáscar e algumas ilhas próximas. Está situado ao largo da costa de Moçambique, da qual está separado pelo Canal de Moçambique. Os vizinhos mais próximos de Madagáscar são a possessão francesa de Mayotte, a noroeste, a possessão francesa da Reunião, a leste, e as suas dependências Ilhas Gloriosas (noroeste), Ilha de João da Nova (oeste), Bassas da Índia e Ilha Europa (sudoeste) e Tromelin (leste), as Comores a noroeste e as Seychelles a norte. Sua capital é a cidade de Antananarivo.
  • Респу́блика Мадагаска́р  — островное государство в Восточной Африке. Расположено в западной части Индийского океана, на острове Мадагаскар и прилегающих мелких островах у побережья Африки. Площадь — 587 тыс. км², население — 20,7 млн чел. (2009 г.). Столица — Антананариву.
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  • Aerial photograph of a forked river that has turned red due to red soil runoff.
  • Pastel striated stone outcroppings jut from the plains
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  • Tavy destruction of native forest habitat is widespread , causing massive erosion and silting of rivers .
  • The grassy plains that dominate the western landscape are dotted with stony massifs , patches of deciduous forest, and baobab trees , while the south is characterized by desert and spiny forests .
  • The terraced rice paddies of the central highlands of Madagascar give way to tropical rainforest along the eastern coast bordered by the shores of the Indian Ocean .
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  • Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!
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  • Articles related to Madagascar
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  • Madagascar, en forme longue la République de Madagascar, en malgache Madagasikara et Repoblikan'i Madagasikara, est un pays situé dans la partie occidentale de l'océan Indien, séparé de l'Afrique par le canal du Mozambique large de 415 km. Sa capitale est Antananarivo. Madagascar est souvent appelée l'« île-continent », l'« île rouge » ou le « huitième continent ».
  • Madagaskar (malg. Madagasikara, franc. Madagascar; Republika Madagaskaru – Repoblikan'I Madagasikara, République de Madagascar) – państwo położone na wyspie Madagaskar w zachodniej części Oceanu Indyjskiego, u południowo-wschodnich wybrzeży Afryki. Madagaskar jest czwartą co do wielkości wyspą na świecie.
  • Il Madagascar è uno stato insulare situato nell'oceano Indiano, al largo della costa orientale dell'Africa, di fronte al Mozambico. L'isola principale, anch'essa chiamata Madagascar, è la quarta più grande isola del mondo. Ospita il 5% delle specie animali e vegetali del mondo, l'80% delle quali sono endemiche del Madagascar. Fra gli esempi più noti di questa eccezionale biodiversità ci sono l'ordine dei lemuri, le oltre 250 specie di rane, le numerose specie di camaleonti e i tipici baobab.
  • マダガスカル共和国(マダガスカルきょうわこく)、通称マダガスカルは、アフリカのインド洋に浮かぶマダガスカル島を領土とする共和制国家。マダガスカル島は長さ約1,570km、最大幅約580kmで世界第4位の大きさを持つ島である。首都はアンタナナリボ(通称タナ)。フランコフォニーに加盟。
  • Madagascar, oficialmente República de Madagascar, es un país insular situado en el océano Índico, frente la costa sureste del continente africano, a la altura de Mozambique. Además es la isla más grande de África y . Está separada del continente por el canal de Mozambique.
  • Madagaskar, formellt Republiken Madagaskar, är en stat belägen på ön Madagaskar i Indiska oceanen, öster om södra Afrika. Ön är till ytan världens fjärde största. Madagaskar gör anspråk på Iles Eparses-öarna, Bassas da India, Europa, Glorieusesöarna, Tromelin och Juan de Nova, som samtliga administreras av Frankrike.
  • 马达加斯加共和国(法语:République malgache, Repoblikan'i Madagasikara),前稱马拉加西共和国,非洲东海岸的印度洋岛屿国家。马达加斯加岛是非洲第一、世界第四大的岛屿,面积587,041平方公里, 其中陆地581,540平方公里,水域5,501平方公里;到2010年7月为止,人口共有21,281,844 人;首都及最大城市為塔那那利佛。
  • Madagaskar [madaˈgaskar] (amtlich Republik Madagaskar, malagasy Repoblikan’i Madagasikara, französisch République de Madagascar) ist mit etwa 22 Millionen Einwohnern und einer Fläche von 587.295 Quadratkilometern nach Indonesien der flächenmäßig zweitgrößte Inselstaat der Welt. Die Präsidialrepublik mit einer Küstenlänge von 4828 Kilometern liegt vor der Ostküste Mosambiks im Indischen Ozean.
  • Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the southeastern coast of Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands.
  • Madagaskar, ook wel Malagasi, officieel de Republiek Madagaskar, is een eiland en een land dat ten oosten van het vasteland van het continent Afrika ligt, ervan gescheiden door Straat Mozambique. Het is het op drie na grootste eiland ter wereld, na Groenland, Nieuw-Guinea en Borneo.
  • , oficialmente República de Madagáscar ou de Madagascar, é um país africano que compreende a Ilha de Madagáscar e algumas ilhas próximas. Está situado ao largo da costa de Moçambique, da qual está separado pelo Canal de Moçambique.
  • Респу́блика Мадагаска́р  — островное государство в Восточной Африке. Расположено в западной части Индийского океана, на острове Мадагаскар и прилегающих мелких островах у побережья Африки. Площадь — 587 тыс. км², население — 20,7 млн чел. (2009 г.). Столица — Антананариву.
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