(In this Indian name, the name Maruthur Gopalan is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Ramachandran.) Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran (17 January 1917 – 24 December 1987), popularly known by the initials M. G. R., was an Indian actor, director, producer, and politician who worked primarily in Tamil films and also served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu successively for three terms. MGR is a cultural icon in Tamil Nadu and is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential actors the Tamil film industry ever produced.

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dbo:abstract
  • (In this Indian name, the name Maruthur Gopalan is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Ramachandran.) Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran (17 January 1917 – 24 December 1987), popularly known by the initials M. G. R., was an Indian actor, director, producer, and politician who worked primarily in Tamil films and also served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu successively for three terms. MGR is a cultural icon in Tamil Nadu and is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential actors the Tamil film industry ever produced. In his youth, MGR and his elder brother, M. G. Chakrapani, became members of a drama troupe to support their family. Influenced by Gandhian ideals, MGR joined the Indian National Congress. After a few years of acting in plays, he made his film debut in the 1936 film Sathi Leelavathi in a supporting role. In the late 1940s he graduated to leading roles and for the next three decades dominated the Tamil film industry. He became a member of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and rose rapidly through its ranks. He successfully used his popularity as a film hero to build a large political base. In 1972, he left the DMK to form his own party the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK). In 1977 he became the chief minister of Tamil Nadu – the first film actor in India to become the chief minister of a state. He remained as chief minister till his death in 1987. (en)
  • M. G. Ramachandran (Marudur Gopalamenon Ramachandran) (* 17. Januar 1917 in Kandy, Sri Lanka; † 29. Dezember 1987 in Madras, Tamil Nadu) war ein indischer Filmschauspieler und Chief Minister von Tamil Nadu. Er war neben Sivaji Ganesan und Gemini Ganesan der einflussreichste Star des tamilischen Films. Auf ihn wird häufig einfach nur mit dem Kürzel MGR Bezug genommen. (de)
  • Marudhur Gopalamenon Ramachandiran (மருதூர் கோபாலமேனன் இராமச்சந்திரன்), plus connu sous le nom de M. G. R., né le 17 janvier 1917 à Kandy (British Ceylon) et mort le 24 décembre 1987 à Chennai (Tamil Nadu), est un acteur, homme politique, producteur et réalisateur indien, originaire de l'État du Kérala. Il était comédien de théâtre (dès son enfance), directeur de troupe de théâtre, acteur, réalisateur, producteur (sous la bannière de la Emgeeyar Pictures Limited) du 7e art tamoul, Propriétaire de La Dr M.G.R. School (pour les enfants de techniciens de cinéma, à Koumbakonam (Kumbakonam), en 1953), Propriétaire de La Sathiya Studios, Président du syndicat des acteurs (sous quatre mandats, de 1952 à 1961), Fondateur et directeur de presse tamoul (Le Thaïy et Le Anna), Philanthrope (participation à l’effort de guerre, durant la guerre sino-indienne de 1962, humaniste, progressiste, féministe (avant l'ère et avant l'heure) et homme d'État tamoul, (fondateur du parti régionaliste, Le Anna Dhravidhar Mounaithrum Kazhagum (Anna D.M.K.), en octobre 1972, qui devient Le All India Anna Dhravidhar Mounaithrum Kazhagum (A.I.Anna D.M.K.), en mai 1976. Il fut durant une décennie (1977-1987) le ministre en chef (chief minister, ou c.m.) de l'État du Pays Tamoul (Tamil Nadu). (fr)
  • Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran znany jako MGR (tamilski: மருதூர் கோபாலன் இராமச்சந்திரன், malajalam: മരുതൂര്‍ ഗോപാലന്‍ രാമചന്ദ്രന്‍) (ur. 17 stycznia 1917 w Nawalapitiya na Cejlonie, zm. 24 grudnia 1987 w Ćennaj) – indyjski aktor i polityk, producent filmowy, filantrop i reżyser, scenarzysta oraz wydawca. Premier rządu stanowego Tamil Nadu. Twórca i długoletni lider All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. Założyciel oraz wydawca tygodnika Thai oraz dziennika Anna. Jedna z największych gwiazd komercyjnego kina w języku tamilskim. Otaczany bezprecedensowym kultem, często równoznacznym z deifikacją, do dnia dzisiejszego stanowi istotny punkt odniesienia w życiu politycznym, a także w kulturze południowych Indii. (pl)
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  • 1935-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1935-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • Makkal Thilagam, Puratchi Thalaivar (en)
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  • 1917-1-17
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  • 1987-12-24 (xsd:date)
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  • 1987-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 0707901
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  • M. G. Ramachandran
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  • 1977 (xsd:integer)
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  • Indian film actor, director, producer, and politician who also served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu successively for three terms. (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • M. G. Ramachandran (Marudur Gopalamenon Ramachandran) (* 17. Januar 1917 in Kandy, Sri Lanka; † 29. Dezember 1987 in Madras, Tamil Nadu) war ein indischer Filmschauspieler und Chief Minister von Tamil Nadu. Er war neben Sivaji Ganesan und Gemini Ganesan der einflussreichste Star des tamilischen Films. Auf ihn wird häufig einfach nur mit dem Kürzel MGR Bezug genommen. (de)
  • Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran znany jako MGR (tamilski: மருதூர் கோபாலன் இராமச்சந்திரன், malajalam: മരുതൂര്‍ ഗോപാലന്‍ രാമചന്ദ്രന്‍) (ur. 17 stycznia 1917 w Nawalapitiya na Cejlonie, zm. 24 grudnia 1987 w Ćennaj) – indyjski aktor i polityk, producent filmowy, filantrop i reżyser, scenarzysta oraz wydawca. Premier rządu stanowego Tamil Nadu. Twórca i długoletni lider All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. Założyciel oraz wydawca tygodnika Thai oraz dziennika Anna. Jedna z największych gwiazd komercyjnego kina w języku tamilskim. Otaczany bezprecedensowym kultem, często równoznacznym z deifikacją, do dnia dzisiejszego stanowi istotny punkt odniesienia w życiu politycznym, a także w kulturze południowych Indii. (pl)
  • (In this Indian name, the name Maruthur Gopalan is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Ramachandran.) Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran (17 January 1917 – 24 December 1987), popularly known by the initials M. G. R., was an Indian actor, director, producer, and politician who worked primarily in Tamil films and also served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu successively for three terms. MGR is a cultural icon in Tamil Nadu and is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential actors the Tamil film industry ever produced. (en)
  • Marudhur Gopalamenon Ramachandiran (மருதூர் கோபாலமேனன் இராமச்சந்திரன்), plus connu sous le nom de M. G. R., né le 17 janvier 1917 à Kandy (British Ceylon) et mort le 24 décembre 1987 à Chennai (Tamil Nadu), est un acteur, homme politique, producteur et réalisateur indien, originaire de l'État du Kérala. Il était comédien de théâtre (dès son enfance), directeur de troupe de théâtre, acteur, réalisateur, producteur (sous la bannière de la Emgeeyar Pictures Limited) du 7e art tamoul, Propriétaire de La Sathiya Studios, Président du syndicat des acteurs (sous quatre mandats, de 1952 à 1961), (fr)
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  • M. G. Ramachandran (en)
  • M. G. Ramachandran (de)
  • M. G. Ramachandran (fr)
  • M.G. Ramachandran (pl)
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