Lyuben Stoychev Karavelov (Bulgarian: Любен Стойчев Каравелов) (c. 1834 – 21 January 1879) was a Bulgarian writer and an important figure of the Bulgarian National Revival. Karavelov was born in Koprivshtitsa. He began his education in a church school, but in 1850 he moved to the school of Nayden Gerov in Plovdiv. He was then sent by his father to study in a Greek school for two years, before transferring to a Bulgarian school, where he also studied Russian literature. He moved to Odrin for an apprenticeship, but he soon came back to Koprivshtitsa and was sent to Constantinople in 1856. There he developed a strong interest in politics and the Crimean War. At the same time, he studied the culture and ethnography of the region.

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dbo:abstract
  • Ljuben Stojtschew Karawelow (bulgarisch Любен Стойчев Каравелов; * 7. November 1834 in Kopriwschtiza; † 21. Januar 1879 in Russe) war ein bulgarischer Dichter, Aktivist der Bulgarischen Nationalen Wiedergeburt und Bruder des bulgarischen Politikers Petko Karawelow. Er spielte eine entscheidende Rolle bei der Gründung des Bulgarischen Revolutionären Zentralkomitees (BRZK), einer nach dem Vorbild der Innere Revolutionäre Organisation geschaffenen nationalen revolutionären Bewegung. (de)
  • Lyuben Stoychev Karavelov (Bulgarian: Любен Стойчев Каравелов) (c. 1834 – 21 January 1879) was a Bulgarian writer and an important figure of the Bulgarian National Revival. Karavelov was born in Koprivshtitsa. He began his education in a church school, but in 1850 he moved to the school of Nayden Gerov in Plovdiv. He was then sent by his father to study in a Greek school for two years, before transferring to a Bulgarian school, where he also studied Russian literature. He moved to Odrin for an apprenticeship, but he soon came back to Koprivshtitsa and was sent to Constantinople in 1856. There he developed a strong interest in politics and the Crimean War. At the same time, he studied the culture and ethnography of the region. In 1857, Karavelov enrolled in the Faculty of History and Philology at the University of Moscow, where he fell under the influence of Russian revolutionary democrats, was placed under police surveillance in 1859, and took part in student riots in 1861. With a group of other your Bulgarian student radicals, he published a journal and started writing poetry and long short stories in Bulgarian, scholarly publications in Bulgarian ethnography and journalism in Russian. In 1867 he went to Belgrade as a correspondent for Russian newspapers, started publishing prose and journalism in Serbian, in 1868 was forced to move to Novi Sad, Austria-Hungary, for his contacts with the Serb opposition (led by Svetozar Marković), was arrested and spent time in a Budapest prison for alleged participation in a conspiracy, and in 1869 settled in Bucharest with the intent to start his own newspaper and to cooperate with the newly founded Bulgarian Scholarly Society (the future Bulgarian Academy of Sciences). At his first newspaper Svoboda (Freedom) in Bucharest (1869–1873), we worked and became friends with poet and revolutionary Hristo Botev who devoted a poem to him. In 1870, Karavelov was elected chairman of the Bulgarian Revolutionary Central Committee, where he worked with Vasil Levski, the leader of the Internal Revolutionary Organization; he shared Levski's ideas of a democratic republic as the goal of the national revolution. Karavelov admired the political systems of Switzerland (which he believed was the model for the ethnically diverse Balkans) and the United States; he praised the American public education system, as well as the emancipated (in his opinion) status of American women. In 1873–1874, Karavelov and Botev published a second newspaper, Nezavisimost (Independence). Although the older of the two, Karavelov, was the recognized master, both of them wrote a considerable body of very good professional journalism (sometimes it was hard to know who exactly authored the many unsigned materials), setting high standards for Bulgarian language and literature. Following the capture and execution of Levski in 1873, though, the disheartened Karavelov gradually abandoned his revolutionary zeal, attracting Botev's severe criticism, and started publishing a new Znanie (Knowledge) journal and popular science books. Karavelov died in 1879, soon after the liberation of Bulgaria, in Rousse. Karavelov's works include the short novels Old Time Bulgarians (Bulgarian: „Българи от старо време“; Bulgari ot staro vreme, and Mommy's Boy (Bulgarian: „Мамино детенце“; Mamino detentse), considered among the first original Bulgarian novels. His younger brother Petko was a prominent figure in Bulgaria's political life in the late 19th century. (en)
  • Giornalista e militante politico con tendenze social-rivoluzionarie, trascorse due anni in Grecia, dove studiò etnografia e cultura della regione, e sviluppò un forte interesse nella politica e nella Guerra di Crimea. Per i suoi contatti con l'opposizione serba, nel 1868 scontò a Budapest un periodo di prigionia per presunta partecipazione ad una cospirazione. Nel 1870 fu eletto presidente del "Comitato centrale rivoluzionario bulgaro", e con Vasil Levski, il leader dell'"Organizzazione interna rivoluzionaria", condivise l'idea della creazione di una repubblica democratica come obiettivo della rivoluzione nazionale bulgara. Collaborò con alcuni giornali dell'opposizione e, nel campo letterario, fu autore di un dramma e di varie poesie di ispirazione civile. Più significative però sono le sue opere di narrativa, di stile realistico, che in alcuni casi peccarono della presenza di un'eccessiva impronta populista. (it)
  • Luben Karawełow (bułg. Любен Каравелов, ur. 17 listopada 1834 w Kopriwszticy, zm. 21 stycznia 1879 w Ruse) - bułgarski pisarz, prozaik, publicysta i działacz polityczny. Wychowany w patriarchalnej rodzinie kupieckiej. Od 1857 r. przebywał w Moskwie jako stypendysta Dobroczynnego Komitetu Słowiańskiego. Związawszy się z radykalnymi działaczami ukraińskimi I.G. Priżowem i A.A. Kotlarewskim, wkrótce wyzbył się uwielbienia dla opiekunki Słowian, carskiej Rosji. Chociaż do końca życia zachował iluzję, że narody słowiańskie posiadają odrębną drogę rozwoju, występował przeciwko oficjalnym koncepcjom panslawistów rosyjskich i wdał się w spór z najbardziej konsekwentnym ich zwolennikiem w Bułgarii, Rajkiem Żinzifowem. Studiując w Moskwie, nawiązał kontakt z rewolucyjnymi demokratami, m.in. z Mikołajem Czernyszewskim. W Serbii współpracował z „Omladiną”, podczas pobytu w Bukareszcie 1869-1874 nawoływał na łamach redagowanego przez siebie pisma „Swoboda” do walki z Turcją. Współorganizator Bułgarskiego Komitetu Rewolucyjnego. Pisał w językach serbskim, bułgarskim i rosyjskim. Uważany jest za współtwórcę realizmu w literaturze bułgarskiej, m.in. w książkach: Bułgarzy dawnych czasów (1872, wydanie polskie 1953), Maminoto detence (1875). Pamiętnik z pobytu w więzieniu Iz mrtwog doma (1871). Opowiadania i małe powieści Karawełowa zaliczane są do najbardziej wartościowych tekstów prozatorskich epoki bułgarskiego odrodzenia narodowego. Był starszym bratem Petka Karawełowa, premiera i ministra Księstwa Bułgarii. (pl)
  • Любен Стойчев Каравелов (около 1834, Копривштица — 21 января 1879, Русе) — первый болгарский профессиональный писатель, крупная фигура Болгарского национального возрождения. (ru)
  • Luben Stoychev Karavelov (Koprivstica 21 de Janeiro de 1834 - Ruse 21 de Janeiro de 1879) foi um revolucionário,escritor,poeta e enciclopedista, irmão de política Petko Karavelov. (pt)
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  • Lyuben Stoychev Karavelov (en)
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  • 1879-01-21 (xsd:date)
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  • Bulgarian writer (en)
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  • Ljuben Stojtschew Karawelow (bulgarisch Любен Стойчев Каравелов; * 7. November 1834 in Kopriwschtiza; † 21. Januar 1879 in Russe) war ein bulgarischer Dichter, Aktivist der Bulgarischen Nationalen Wiedergeburt und Bruder des bulgarischen Politikers Petko Karawelow. Er spielte eine entscheidende Rolle bei der Gründung des Bulgarischen Revolutionären Zentralkomitees (BRZK), einer nach dem Vorbild der Innere Revolutionäre Organisation geschaffenen nationalen revolutionären Bewegung. (de)
  • Любен Стойчев Каравелов (около 1834, Копривштица — 21 января 1879, Русе) — первый болгарский профессиональный писатель, крупная фигура Болгарского национального возрождения. (ru)
  • Luben Stoychev Karavelov (Koprivstica 21 de Janeiro de 1834 - Ruse 21 de Janeiro de 1879) foi um revolucionário,escritor,poeta e enciclopedista, irmão de política Petko Karavelov. (pt)
  • Lyuben Stoychev Karavelov (Bulgarian: Любен Стойчев Каравелов) (c. 1834 – 21 January 1879) was a Bulgarian writer and an important figure of the Bulgarian National Revival. Karavelov was born in Koprivshtitsa. He began his education in a church school, but in 1850 he moved to the school of Nayden Gerov in Plovdiv. He was then sent by his father to study in a Greek school for two years, before transferring to a Bulgarian school, where he also studied Russian literature. He moved to Odrin for an apprenticeship, but he soon came back to Koprivshtitsa and was sent to Constantinople in 1856. There he developed a strong interest in politics and the Crimean War. At the same time, he studied the culture and ethnography of the region. (en)
  • Giornalista e militante politico con tendenze social-rivoluzionarie, trascorse due anni in Grecia, dove studiò etnografia e cultura della regione, e sviluppò un forte interesse nella politica e nella Guerra di Crimea. Per i suoi contatti con l'opposizione serba, nel 1868 scontò a Budapest un periodo di prigionia per presunta partecipazione ad una cospirazione. (it)
  • Luben Karawełow (bułg. Любен Каравелов, ur. 17 listopada 1834 w Kopriwszticy, zm. 21 stycznia 1879 w Ruse) - bułgarski pisarz, prozaik, publicysta i działacz polityczny. Wychowany w patriarchalnej rodzinie kupieckiej. Od 1857 r. przebywał w Moskwie jako stypendysta Dobroczynnego Komitetu Słowiańskiego. Związawszy się z radykalnymi działaczami ukraińskimi I.G. Priżowem i A.A. Kotlarewskim, wkrótce wyzbył się uwielbienia dla opiekunki Słowian, carskiej Rosji. Chociaż do końca życia zachował iluzję, że narody słowiańskie posiadają odrębną drogę rozwoju, występował przeciwko oficjalnym koncepcjom panslawistów rosyjskich i wdał się w spór z najbardziej konsekwentnym ich zwolennikiem w Bułgarii, Rajkiem Żinzifowem. Studiując w Moskwie, nawiązał kontakt z rewolucyjnymi demokratami, m.in. z Mikoła (pl)
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  • Ljuben Karawelow (de)
  • Lyuben Karavelov (en)
  • Ljuben Karavelov (it)
  • Luben Karawełow (pl)
  • Каравелов, Любен (ru)
  • Luben Karavelov (pt)
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  • Lyuben Karavelov (en)
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