("LBJ" redirects here. For other uses, see LBJ (disambiguation).) Lyndon Baines Johnson (/ˈlɪndən ˈbeɪnz ˈdʒɒnsən/; August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after serving as the 37th Vice President of the United States under President John F. Kennedy, from 1961 to 1963. Johnson was a Democrat from Texas, who served as a United States Representative from 1937 to 1949 and as a United States Senator from 1949 to 1961. He spent six years as Senate Majority Leader, two as Senate Minority Leader, and two as Senate Majority Whip.

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  • ("LBJ" redirects here. For other uses, see LBJ (disambiguation).) Lyndon Baines Johnson (/ˈlɪndən ˈbeɪnz ˈdʒɒnsən/; August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after serving as the 37th Vice President of the United States under President John F. Kennedy, from 1961 to 1963. Johnson was a Democrat from Texas, who served as a United States Representative from 1937 to 1949 and as a United States Senator from 1949 to 1961. He spent six years as Senate Majority Leader, two as Senate Minority Leader, and two as Senate Majority Whip. Johnson ran for the Democratic nomination in the 1960 presidential election. Although unsuccessful, he was chosen by Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts to be his running mate. They went on to win a close election over Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge. Johnson was sworn in as Vice President on January 20, 1961. Two years and ten months later, on November 22, 1963, Johnson succeeded Kennedy as President following the latter's assassination. He ran for a full term in the 1964 election, winning by a landslide over Republican opponent Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater. He is one of only four people who have served as President, Vice President, Senator, and Representative. Johnson was renowned for his domineering, sometimes abrasive, personality and the "Johnson treatment"—his aggressive coercion of powerful politicians to advance legislation. Johnson designed the "Great Society" legislation upholding civil rights, public broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, aid to education, the arts, urban and rural development, public services, and his "War on Poverty". Assisted in part by a growing economy, the War on Poverty helped millions of Americans rise above the poverty line during Johnson's presidency. Civil rights bills signed by Johnson banned racial discrimination in public facilities, interstate commerce, the workplace, and housing; and the Voting Rights Act banned certain requirements in southern states used to disenfranchise African Americans. With the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, the country's immigration system was reformed and all racial origin quotas were removed (replaced by national origin quotas). Johnson escalated American involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which granted Johnson the power to use military force in Southeast Asia without having to ask for an official declaration of war. The number of American military personnel in Vietnam increased dramatically, from 16,000 advisors in non-combat roles in 1963, to 550,000 in early 1968, many in combat roles. American casualties soared and the peace process bogged down. Growing unease with the war stimulated a large, angry antiwar movement based especially on university campuses in the U.S. and abroad. Johnson faced further troubles when summer riots broke out in most major cities after 1965, and crime rates soared, as his opponents raised demands for "law and order" policies. While he began his presidency with widespread approval, support for Johnson declined as the public became upset with both the war and the growing violence at home. In 1968, the Democratic Party factionalized as antiwar elements denounced Johnson; he ended his bid for renomination after a disappointing finish in the New Hampshire primary. Republican Richard Nixon was elected to succeed him, as the New Deal coalition that had dominated presidential politics for 36 years collapsed. After he left office in January 1969, Johnson returned to his Texas ranch where he died of a heart attack at age 64 on January 22, 1973. Historians argue that Johnson's presidency marked the peak of modern liberalism in the United States after the New Deal era. Johnson is ranked favorably by some historians because of his domestic policies and the passage of many major laws, affecting civil rights, gun control, wilderness preservation, and Social Security. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) ليندون بينيس جونسون (27 أغسطس 1908 - 22 يناير 1973) هو الرئيس السادس والثلاثون للولايات المتحدة (1963 - 1969). بعد عمله لفترة طويلة بالكونغرس الأمريكي أصبح نائب الرئيس رقم 37 ونجح في تولى الرئاسة بعد اغتيال جون اف كيندي. كان من أهم قادة الحزب الديموقراطي والمسئول عن تصميم المجتمع العظيم وذلك بإصداره تشريعات ليبرالية من ضمنها قانون الحقوق المدنية وميديكير (الرعاية الصحية لكبار السن) وميديكيد (الرعاية الصحية للفقراء) والمعاونة على التعليم والحرب على الفقر، وفي نفس الوقت زاد من التدخل الأمريكي في حرب فيتنام من 16000 جندي أمريكي عام 1963 إلى 550000 جندى في أوائل عام 1968. تم انتخابه كرئيس عام 1964 باكتساح، ولكن تدهورت شعبيته بعد عام 1966 وإنهارت فرصه في الانتخابات نتيجة اضطرابات في حزبه واضطر للانسحاب من سباق الانتخابات وذلك عام 1968. ركز على صنع السلام. وكان معروفاً بشخصيته الاستبدادية ولوي ذراع الشخصيات السياسية القوية. (ar)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (* 27. August 1908 in Stonewall, Texas; † 22. Januar 1973 ebenda), aufgrund seiner Initialen auch LBJ genannt, war ein US-amerikanischer Politiker der Demokratischen Partei und von 1963 bis 1969 der 36. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten. Zuvor vertrat er von 1937 bis 1949 den Bundesstaat Texas im US-Repräsentantenhaus sowie von 1949 bis 1961 im US-Senat. Im Senat war er darüber hinaus seit 1953 Vorsitzender der demokratischen Fraktion. Ab 1961 bekleidete er das Amt des Vizepräsidenten unter John F. Kennedy. Noch am Tag von dessen Ermordung, dem 22. November 1963, wurde Johnson an Bord der Air Force One als neuer US-Präsident vereidigt. Johnson führte die verbleibenden 14 Monate von Kennedys Amtsperiode zu Ende und wurde bei der Präsidentschaftswahl im November 1964 mit der größten Mehrheit im Popular Vote der US-Geschichte im Amt bestätigt. (de)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (Stonewall, Texas, 27 de agosto de 1908 - ibídem, 22 de enero de 1973), conocido por sus iniciales, LBJ, fue el trigésimo sexto Presidente de los Estados Unidos, asumiendo el cargo tras la muerte de su predecesor John F. Kennedy en 1963 y ocupándolo hasta 1969. De modestos orígenes, Johnson inició su carrera política en 1937, al ser elegido para la Cámara de Representantes por Texas como miembro del Partido Demócrata; luego fue electo senador en 1949 y rápidamente escaló puestos hasta asumir como jefe del bloque demócrata del Senado en 1953, cargo que ocuparía hasta su elección como Vicepresidente. Kennedy le incorporó a su candidatura presidencial como vicepresidente en virtud de su experiencia parlamentaria y de sus orígenes sureños; de modo que, tras la victoria electoral de 1960, se convirtió en vicepresidente en 1961. (es)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson, connu sous ses initiales LBJ, né le 27 août 1908 dans le comté de Stonewall (Texas) et mort le 22 janvier 1973 à Johnson City dans le même État, est un homme d'État américain, 36e président des États-Unis, après en avoir été le 37e vice-président. Membre du Parti démocrate, Johnson est représentant des États-Unis pour le Texas de 1937 à 1949 et sénateur fédéral de 1949 à 1961, dont six ans en tant que chef de la majorité du Sénat, puis deux ans en tant que chef de l'opposition au Sénat et deux ans en tant que whip de la majorité au Sénat. Après avoir tenté en vain d'obtenir l'investiture présidentielle du Parti démocrate, il accepte la proposition de John F. Kennedy de devenir son colistier pour l'élection présidentielle de 1960. Le ticket démocrate l'emporte de justesse face au ticket républicain mené par Richard Nixon. Le jour-même de l'assassinat en cours de mandat de John F. Kennedy, le 22 novembre 1963, il accède à la présidence des États-Unis en sa qualité de vice-président. Il termine la présidence de Kennedy, puis est élu sur son propre nom, l'emportant largement à l'élection présidentielle de 1964. Son mandat est marqué par de violentes émeutes raciales et des assassinats politiques, notamment celui de Martin Luther King et de Malcolm X. Johnson conçoit le programme politique de « Great Society », qui comprend des lois qui soutiennent les droits civiques des minorités, la radiodiffusion publique, la protection de l'environnement, l'aide à l'éducation. Il lance un programme de « guerre contre la pauvreté », créant ainsi le Medicare et le Medicaid et signe en 1965 le Voting Rights Act. Le comportement dominateur de Johnson est resté célèbre, notamment son fameux « traitement Johnson », par lequel il s'imposait physiquement à ses interlocuteurs, et dont il a souvent abusé même face aux plus influents hommes politiques pour les forcer à accepter ses législations. Simultanément, il doit gérer la première partie de la guerre du Viêt Nam, où l'implication américaine s'intensifie. La guerre se prolongeant, la popularité de Johnson connaît une baisse importante. Après les élections au Congrès de 1966, l'hypothèse d'une réélection de Johnson à l'élection présidentielle de 1968 semble compromise en raison des turbulences que suscite l'opposition à la guerre du Vietnam au sein du Parti démocrate. Après la primaire du New Hampshire, lors de laquelle il est mis en difficulté, il renonce à se représenter. Malgré les échecs de sa politique étrangère, un certain nombre d'historiens tirent un bilan favorable de sa présidence du fait des réformes qu'il a su réaliser en politique intérieure. (fr)
  • Johnson promosse un ampio piano di riforme e divenne noto come "il presidente dei diritti civili", della "guerra alla povertà" e della cosiddetta Great Society (grande società), il grande programma per migliorare le condizioni di vita delle fasce di popolazioni più deboli ed emarginate degli Stati Uniti, ma la sua presidenza venne funestata in modo decisivo dalla guerra del Vietnam. Il presidente ereditò una situazione in parte già compromessa per le decisioni prese dai suoi predecessori, ma egli si fece coinvolgere sempre più profondamente nel conflitto indocinese e approvò, per timore di un'estensione del comunismo in Asia, i piani di escalation che portarono all'intervento massiccio delle truppe americane e ad una drammatica intensificazione della guerra con pesanti perdite per entrambe le parti. L'andamento non soddisfacente della guerra in Vietnam, le crescenti divisioni all'interno della sua amministrazione e l'inquietante situazione della nazione profondamente lacerata dai contrasti sul coinvolgimento militare in Indocina, indussero Johnson nel 1968 a rinunciare ad una nuova candidatura e ritirarsi dalla vita politica. (it)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (ook bekend onder zijn intialen LBJ) (Stonewall (Texas), 27 augustus 1908 - aldaar, 22 januari 1973) was de 36e president van de Verenigde Staten. (nl)
  • リンドン・ベインズ・ジョンソン(Lyndon Baines Johnson、1908年8月27日 - 1973年1月22日)は、アメリカ合衆国の政治家。第36代アメリカ合衆国大統領。 (ja)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson, „LBJ” (ur. 27 sierpnia 1908 w Stonewall w stanie Teksas, zm. 22 stycznia 1973 w San Antonio) – amerykański polityk Partii Demokratycznej i prezydent USA w latach 1963-1969, a w latach 1961-1963 wiceprezydent USA. (pl)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (Stonewall, 27 de agosto de 1908 – Stonewall, 22 de janeiro de 1973), comumente LBJ, foi um político norte-americano e o 36º presidente dos Estados Unidos, cargo que assumiu após servir como o 37º vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos. Ele é uma das quatro pessoas que já serviram nos quatro cargos federais eleitos popularmente nos Estados Unidos: representante, senador, vice-presidente e presidente. Membro do Partido Democrata do Texas, Johnson fez parte da Câmara dos Representantes entre 1937–1949 e do Senado entre 1949–1961. Após não ter conseguido a indicação para presidente em 1960, ele recebeu a oferta de John F. Kennedy para ser seu running mate na eleição de 1960. Johnson ascendeu à presidência após o assassinato de Kennedy em 23 de novembro de 1963, completando o mandato de Kennedy e sendo eleito por conta própria com uma grande margem na eleição de 1964. Johnson recebeu grande apoio dos Democratas e, enquanto presidente, foi responsável por criar a legislação da "Grande Sociedade", que incluía leis que confirmavam os direitos civis, radiodifusão pública, Medicare, Medicaid, proteção ambiental, auxílio a educação e sua "Guerra a Pobreza". Ele era conhecido por sua personalidade autoritária e o "tratamento Johnson", sua coerção de políticos poderosos para avançar legislações. Durante os primeiros anos de sua presidência, a economia cresceu e milhões de americanos saíram da pobreza, especialmente por causa dos seus projetos de estímulo econômicos e sociais. Johnson adotou uma política externa voltada com o anticomunismo. Ele aumentou a participação norte-americana na Guerra do Vietnã, indo de dezesseis mil soldados na região em 1963 para 550 mil no início de 1968, aumentando as fatalidades e diminuindo as chances de paz. O envolvimento gerou vários movimentos antiguerra principalmente em universidades de todo o país. Revoltas começaram a ocorrer em várias cidades e os crimes nas grandes cidades aumentaram em 1965, e seus oponentes passaram a exigir medidas de lei e ordem. O Partido Democrata dividiu-se em várias facções e, após não ter ido bem na convenção de Nova Hampshire em 1968, Johnson não conseguiu a indicação para tentar a reeleição, tendo que desistir da corrida presidencial em 1968. O Republicano Richard Nixon acabou por sucedê-lo. Após deixar a presidência, ele voltou para sua cidade natal, Stonewall, morrendo em 22 de janeiro de 1973. O legado de sua presidência divide opiniões. Muitos historiadores argumentam que seu governo marcou o pico do liberalismo americano após a era do New Deal. Johnson é bem avaliado por muitos estudiosos e historiadores devido as suas políticas domésticas e a assinatura de diversas leis, incluindo de direitos civis, controle de armas e seguridade social. Apesar dos avanços internos, muitos o desqualificam como um bom presidente devido ao fiasco da guerra do Vietnã. (pt)
  • Ли́ндон Бэйнс Джо́нсон (англ. Lyndon Baines Johnson) (27 августа 1908 года, Стонуолл, округ Гиллеспи, штат Техас — 22 января 1973 года, там же) — 36-й Президент США от Демократической партии с 22 ноября 1963 года по 20 января 1969 года. (ru)
  • 林登·贝恩斯·约翰逊(英语:Lyndon Baines Johnson,英语发音:/ˈlɪndən ˈbeɪnz ˈdʒɒnsən/,1908年8月27日-1973年1月22日),时常缩写称LBJ,美国政治人物,1963年至1969年为第36任美国总统,1961年至1963年于约翰·肯尼迪任下为第37任美国副总统。约翰逊为民主党人,来自德克萨斯州,1937年至1949年任众议员,1949年至1961年任参议员。在参议院中他六年任多数党领袖,两年任少数党领袖,两年任多数党党鞭。 约翰逊于1960年参加美国总统选举,未获成功,但此后民主党候选人兼马萨诸塞州联邦参议员约翰·肯尼迪选定其为竞选伙伴。两人在大选中险胜共和党候选人理查德·尼克松,约翰逊亦于1961年1月20日就职为美国副总统。1963年11月22日,肯尼迪遇刺身亡,约翰逊接任美国总统一职,并于1964年总统选举中横扫共和党候选人兼亚利桑那州参议员巴里·戈德华特,连任总统职位。约翰逊以其专横粗暴性格闻名,不时通过“约翰逊待遇”(Johnson treatment)迫使有权势的政客支持推动其立法。 约翰逊提出了“伟大社会”这一立法举措,推动维护民权、公共广播、联邦医保、医疗补助、教育援助、艺术、城市及乡村发展、公共服务及“向贫穷宣战”。在约翰逊任内,向贫穷宣战政策及经济的发展使数百万美国人脱离了贫困阶层。约翰逊同时签署了一系列民权法案,禁止在公共设施、跨州贸易、工作场所及住房领域进行种族歧视,《选举权法案》则取缔了南方一些州对非裔美国人选举权进行的限制。《1965年移民及国籍法案》则改革了美国的移民体系,以种族为尺度的移民配额制度终结,以国籍为尺度的制度开始实施。 在约翰逊任内,美国在越南战争中的参与程度逐渐升级。1964年,美国国会通过《东京湾决议》,赋予约翰逊在不经宣战许可的情况下即可在东南亚使用武力的权力。在越美国军事人员数量大幅度上升,自1963年的16,000名非战斗顾问增加至1968年年初的550,000人,大量军事人员直接参与战斗。美军损失数额亦大幅上升,和平进程逐渐陷入僵局,对于战事的不满情绪导致大规模反战运动在美国大学校园及海外地区集中爆发。 1965年起,多数大城市爆发夏季骚乱,犯罪率大幅提升,其政敌开始呼吁施行“法律与秩序”政策。约翰逊上任初期广受民众欢迎,但海外战争及国内社会不稳定导致其支持率逐渐下跌。1968年民主党内部发生分裂,其反战派系对约翰逊进行批判。1968年约翰逊在新罕布什尔州民主党总统初选中惨败,由此亦宣布放弃竞选连任。共和党候选人理查德·尼克松在大选中胜出,统治美国总统政治长达36年的新政联盟就此崩溃。1969年1月约翰逊离职,返回其德克萨斯州牧场度过余生,1973年1月22日因心脏病过世,享年64岁。 史学家称新政时期后的美国现代自由主义在约翰逊任内达到了顶峰。由于其在国内政绩优异,推动立法对民权、枪支管制、原野保护及社会保险等有重大影响,许多史学家对其评价仍旧颇为积极,在美国总统排名中依旧较为靠前。 (zh)
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  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (ook bekend onder zijn intialen LBJ) (Stonewall (Texas), 27 augustus 1908 - aldaar, 22 januari 1973) was de 36e president van de Verenigde Staten. (nl)
  • リンドン・ベインズ・ジョンソン(Lyndon Baines Johnson、1908年8月27日 - 1973年1月22日)は、アメリカ合衆国の政治家。第36代アメリカ合衆国大統領。 (ja)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson, „LBJ” (ur. 27 sierpnia 1908 w Stonewall w stanie Teksas, zm. 22 stycznia 1973 w San Antonio) – amerykański polityk Partii Demokratycznej i prezydent USA w latach 1963-1969, a w latach 1961-1963 wiceprezydent USA. (pl)
  • Ли́ндон Бэйнс Джо́нсон (англ. Lyndon Baines Johnson) (27 августа 1908 года, Стонуолл, округ Гиллеспи, штат Техас — 22 января 1973 года, там же) — 36-й Президент США от Демократической партии с 22 ноября 1963 года по 20 января 1969 года. (ru)
  • ("LBJ" redirects here. For other uses, see LBJ (disambiguation).) Lyndon Baines Johnson (/ˈlɪndən ˈbeɪnz ˈdʒɒnsən/; August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after serving as the 37th Vice President of the United States under President John F. Kennedy, from 1961 to 1963. Johnson was a Democrat from Texas, who served as a United States Representative from 1937 to 1949 and as a United States Senator from 1949 to 1961. He spent six years as Senate Majority Leader, two as Senate Minority Leader, and two as Senate Majority Whip. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) ليندون بينيس جونسون (27 أغسطس 1908 - 22 يناير 1973) هو الرئيس السادس والثلاثون للولايات المتحدة (1963 - 1969). بعد عمله لفترة طويلة بالكونغرس الأمريكي أصبح نائب الرئيس رقم 37 ونجح في تولى الرئاسة بعد اغتيال جون اف كيندي. كان من أهم قادة الحزب الديموقراطي والمسئول عن تصميم المجتمع العظيم وذلك بإصداره تشريعات ليبرالية من ضمنها قانون الحقوق المدنية وميديكير (الرعاية الصحية لكبار السن) وميديكيد (الرعاية الصحية للفقراء) والمعاونة على التعليم والحرب على الفقر، وفي نفس الوقت زاد من التدخل الأمريكي في حرب فيتنام من 16000 جندي أمريكي عام 1963 إلى 550000 جندى في أوائل عام 1968. (ar)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (* 27. August 1908 in Stonewall, Texas; † 22. Januar 1973 ebenda), aufgrund seiner Initialen auch LBJ genannt, war ein US-amerikanischer Politiker der Demokratischen Partei und von 1963 bis 1969 der 36. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten. Zuvor vertrat er von 1937 bis 1949 den Bundesstaat Texas im US-Repräsentantenhaus sowie von 1949 bis 1961 im US-Senat. Im Senat war er darüber hinaus seit 1953 Vorsitzender der demokratischen Fraktion. Ab 1961 bekleidete er das Amt des Vizepräsidenten unter John F. Kennedy. Noch am Tag von dessen Ermordung, dem 22. November 1963, wurde Johnson an Bord der Air Force One als neuer US-Präsident vereidigt. Johnson führte die verbleibenden 14 Monate von Kennedys Amtsperiode zu Ende und wurde bei der Präsidentschaftswahl im November 1964 mi (de)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (Stonewall, Texas, 27 de agosto de 1908 - ibídem, 22 de enero de 1973), conocido por sus iniciales, LBJ, fue el trigésimo sexto Presidente de los Estados Unidos, asumiendo el cargo tras la muerte de su predecesor John F. Kennedy en 1963 y ocupándolo hasta 1969. (es)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson, connu sous ses initiales LBJ, né le 27 août 1908 dans le comté de Stonewall (Texas) et mort le 22 janvier 1973 à Johnson City dans le même État, est un homme d'État américain, 36e président des États-Unis, après en avoir été le 37e vice-président. (fr)
  • Johnson promosse un ampio piano di riforme e divenne noto come "il presidente dei diritti civili", della "guerra alla povertà" e della cosiddetta Great Society (grande società), il grande programma per migliorare le condizioni di vita delle fasce di popolazioni più deboli ed emarginate degli Stati Uniti, ma la sua presidenza venne funestata in modo decisivo dalla guerra del Vietnam. Il presidente ereditò una situazione in parte già compromessa per le decisioni prese dai suoi predecessori, ma egli si fece coinvolgere sempre più profondamente nel conflitto indocinese e approvò, per timore di un'estensione del comunismo in Asia, i piani di escalation che portarono all'intervento massiccio delle truppe americane e ad una drammatica intensificazione della guerra con pesanti perdite per entrambe (it)
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson (Stonewall, 27 de agosto de 1908 – Stonewall, 22 de janeiro de 1973), comumente LBJ, foi um político norte-americano e o 36º presidente dos Estados Unidos, cargo que assumiu após servir como o 37º vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos. Ele é uma das quatro pessoas que já serviram nos quatro cargos federais eleitos popularmente nos Estados Unidos: representante, senador, vice-presidente e presidente. Membro do Partido Democrata do Texas, Johnson fez parte da Câmara dos Representantes entre 1937–1949 e do Senado entre 1949–1961. Após não ter conseguido a indicação para presidente em 1960, ele recebeu a oferta de John F. Kennedy para ser seu running mate na eleição de 1960. (pt)
  • 林登·贝恩斯·约翰逊(英语:Lyndon Baines Johnson,英语发音:/ˈlɪndən ˈbeɪnz ˈdʒɒnsən/,1908年8月27日-1973年1月22日),时常缩写称LBJ,美国政治人物,1963年至1969年为第36任美国总统,1961年至1963年于约翰·肯尼迪任下为第37任美国副总统。约翰逊为民主党人,来自德克萨斯州,1937年至1949年任众议员,1949年至1961年任参议员。在参议院中他六年任多数党领袖,两年任少数党领袖,两年任多数党党鞭。 约翰逊于1960年参加美国总统选举,未获成功,但此后民主党候选人兼马萨诸塞州联邦参议员约翰·肯尼迪选定其为竞选伙伴。两人在大选中险胜共和党候选人理查德·尼克松,约翰逊亦于1961年1月20日就职为美国副总统。1963年11月22日,肯尼迪遇刺身亡,约翰逊接任美国总统一职,并于1964年总统选举中横扫共和党候选人兼亚利桑那州参议员巴里·戈德华特,连任总统职位。约翰逊以其专横粗暴性格闻名,不时通过“约翰逊待遇”(Johnson treatment)迫使有权势的政客支持推动其立法。 史学家称新政时期后的美国现代自由主义在约翰逊任内达到了顶峰。由于其在国内政绩优异,推动立法对民权、枪支管制、原野保护及社会保险等有重大影响,许多史学家对其评价仍旧颇为积极,在美国总统排名中依旧较为靠前。 (zh)
rdfs:label
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (en)
  • ليندون جونسون (ar)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (de)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (es)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (fr)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (it)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (nl)
  • リンドン・ジョンソン (ja)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (pl)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (pt)
  • Джонсон, Линдон (ru)
  • 林登·约翰逊 (zh)
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