The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The office was established in 1789 by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution. The Speaker is second in the presidential line of succession, after the Vice President and ahead of the President pro tempore of the Senate. There have been 54 speakers of the United States House of Representatives, from 23 of the 50 U.S. states, since the office was created in 1789. The number of presidents pro tempore from each state are:

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  • Diese Liste der Sprecher des Repräsentantenhauses der Vereinigten Staaten ist chronologisch sortiert und auf dem Stand von 2013. (de)
  • The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The office was established in 1789 by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution. The Speaker is second in the presidential line of succession, after the Vice President and ahead of the President pro tempore of the Senate. Unlike some Westminster system parliaments, in which the office of Speaker is considered non-partisan, in the United States, the Speaker of the House is a leadership position and the office-holder actively works to set the majority party's legislative agenda. The Speaker usually does not personally preside over debates, instead delegating the duty to members of the House from the majority party. The Speaker usually does not participate in debate and rarely votes. Aside from duties relating to heading the House and the majority political party, the Speaker also performs administrative and procedural functions, and represents his or her Congressional district. In the modern era, the Speaker is elected at the beginning of the new Congress by a majority of the Representatives-elect from candidates separately chosen by the majority- and minority-party caucuses. In cases of an unexpected vacancy during a Congress a new Speaker is elected by a majority of the House from candidates previously chosen by the majority and minority parties. While no rule exists, based on tradition and practice from the earliest days of the nation, to be elected speaker a candidate must receive an absolute majority of all votes cast for individuals, i.e. excluding those who abstain. If no candidate wins such a majority, then the roll call is repeated until a speaker is elected. There have been 14 instances of Speaker elections requiring multiple ballots. The Speaker is traditionally the majority party's leader in the chamber, although unlike other House leadership, there is no Constitutional requirement that the speaker be an elected member of the House (every house speaker to date has been an elected member of the House). The most recent election to occur mid-way through a Congress occurred on October 29, 2015, when it elected Congressman Paul Ryan of Wisconsin to the office. There have been 54 speakers of the United States House of Representatives, from 23 of the 50 U.S. states, since the office was created in 1789. The number of presidents pro tempore from each state are: * One: Alabama, California, Connecticut, Iowa, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Washington, and Wisconsin; * Two: Maine, New Jersey, New York, and South Carolina; * Three: Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Texas; * Four: Kentucky and Virginia; * Eight: Massachusetts. The House has elected a new Speaker 124 times since 1789. The longest serving speaker was Sam Rayburn, who served on three separate occasions between 1940 and 1961. Tip O'Neill had the longest uninterrupted tenure as speaker, serving January 4, 1977 – January 3, 1987. Theodore M. Pomeroy had the shortest tenure of any speaker, serving March 3–4, 1869. Six speakers—Henry Clay, Joseph William Martin, Jr., Frederick Muhlenberg, Sam Rayburn, Thomas Brackett Reed, and John W. Taylor—served non-consecutive terms of office. One Speaker, James K. Polk, went on to become the 11th President of the United States. Two, Schuyler Colfax and John Nance Garner, later became Vice President; additionally, Paul Ryan ran unsuccessfully for the office in 2012, prior to election as Speaker. In 2007, Nancy Pelosi became the first woman to serve as the House Speaker. (en)
  • アメリカ合衆国下院議長の一覧を以下に示す。各人は、1789年の第1議会以降に選出された。以下の表には、各人が議長職にあった間の選出選挙区を付記した。 各欄の背景色は、各人の所属政党を示す。 (ja)
  • In deze lijst staan alle voorzitters van het Amerikaanse Huis van Afgevaardigden (in het Engels speaker genoemd) van 1789 tot heden: (nl)
  • Lista spikerów Izby Reprezentantów Stanów Zjednoczonych obejmuje wszystkie osoby, które zajmowały stanowisko spikera Izby Reprezentantów Stanów Zjednoczonych w kolejności chronologicznej. Obok nazwiska podane są lata pełnienia funkcji oraz przynależność partyjna. (pl)
  • Список спикеров Палаты представителей США, включает в себя сведения о политической принадлежности, номере созыва и сроке пребывания на посту. Партии Федералистская партия Демократическо-республиканская партия Демократическая партия Партия вигов Республиканская партия Национальная республиканская партия (ru)
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  • United States House of Representatives
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  • List of Speakers of the House
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  • Diese Liste der Sprecher des Repräsentantenhauses der Vereinigten Staaten ist chronologisch sortiert und auf dem Stand von 2013. (de)
  • アメリカ合衆国下院議長の一覧を以下に示す。各人は、1789年の第1議会以降に選出された。以下の表には、各人が議長職にあった間の選出選挙区を付記した。 各欄の背景色は、各人の所属政党を示す。 (ja)
  • In deze lijst staan alle voorzitters van het Amerikaanse Huis van Afgevaardigden (in het Engels speaker genoemd) van 1789 tot heden: (nl)
  • Lista spikerów Izby Reprezentantów Stanów Zjednoczonych obejmuje wszystkie osoby, które zajmowały stanowisko spikera Izby Reprezentantów Stanów Zjednoczonych w kolejności chronologicznej. Obok nazwiska podane są lata pełnienia funkcji oraz przynależność partyjna. (pl)
  • Список спикеров Палаты представителей США, включает в себя сведения о политической принадлежности, номере созыва и сроке пребывания на посту. Партии Федералистская партия Демократическо-республиканская партия Демократическая партия Партия вигов Республиканская партия Национальная республиканская партия (ru)
  • The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The office was established in 1789 by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution. The Speaker is second in the presidential line of succession, after the Vice President and ahead of the President pro tempore of the Senate. There have been 54 speakers of the United States House of Representatives, from 23 of the 50 U.S. states, since the office was created in 1789. The number of presidents pro tempore from each state are: (en)
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  • Liste der Sprecher des Repräsentantenhauses der Vereinigten Staaten (de)
  • List of Speakers of the United States House of Representatives (en)
  • アメリカ合衆国下院議長の一覧 (ja)
  • Lijst van voorzitters van het Huis van Afgevaardigden van de Verenigde Staten (nl)
  • Lista spikerów Izby Reprezentantów Stanów Zjednoczonych (pl)
  • Список спикеров Палаты представителей США (ru)
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