Major League Baseball and its participating clubs have retired various uniform numbers over the course of time, ensuring that those numbers are never worn again and thus will always be associated with particular players or managers of note. The use of numbers on uniforms to better identify one player from another, and hence to boost sales of scorecards, was tried briefly by the Cleveland Indians of 1916. The first team to permanently adopt the practice was the New York Yankees of 1929. By 1932, all 16 major league clubs were issuing numbers, and by 1937, the leagues passed rules requiring it.

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  • Major League Baseball and its participating clubs have retired various uniform numbers over the course of time, ensuring that those numbers are never worn again and thus will always be associated with particular players or managers of note. The use of numbers on uniforms to better identify one player from another, and hence to boost sales of scorecards, was tried briefly by the Cleveland Indians of 1916. The first team to permanently adopt the practice was the New York Yankees of 1929. By 1932, all 16 major league clubs were issuing numbers, and by 1937, the leagues passed rules requiring it. The Yankees' original approach was to simply assign the numbers 1 through 8 to the regular starting lineup in their normal batting order. Hence, Babe Ruth wore number 3 and Lou Gehrig number 4. The first major leaguer whose number was retired was Gehrig, in July 1939, following his retirement due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which became known popularly as Lou Gehrig's Disease. Since then, over 150 other people have had their numbers retired, some with more than one team. This includes managers and coaches, as Major League Baseball is the only one of the major North American professional leagues in which the coaching staff wear the same uniforms as players. Three numbers have been retired in honor of people not directly involved on the playing field – all three for team executives. Some of the game's early stars, such as Ty Cobb and Christy Mathewson, retired before numbers came into usage. Teams often celebrate their retired numbers and other honored people by hanging banners with the numbers and names. Early stars, as well as honored non-players, will often have numberless banners hanging along with the retired numbers. Because fewer and fewer players stay with one team long enough to warrant their number being retired, some players believe that getting their number retired is a greater honor than going into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Ron Santo, upon his number 10 being retired by the Chicago Cubs on the last day of the 2003 regular season, enthusiastically told the Wrigley Field crowd as his #10 flag was hoisted, "This is my Hall of Fame!" However, Santo would be inducted into the Hall of Fame in July 2012, nearly two years after his death, after being voted in by the Veterans Committee. (en)
  • 野球界の永久欠番(やきゅうかいのえいきゅうけつばん)では、野球の競技者・関係者などに対して適用される永久欠番について述べる。 (ja)
  • A Major League Baseball e seus clubes participantes tiveram vários números de uniforme aposentados durante o curso do tempo assegurando que estes números não serão usados novamente e serão sempre associados com um jogador ou técnico. O uso de números em uniformes para melhor identificar um jogador e, portanto, impulsionar as vendas de scorecards, foi tentada brevemente pelo Cleveland Indians de 1916. A primeira equipe que permanentemente adotou a prática foi o New York Yankees em 1929. Por volta de 1932, todos os 16 times das grandes ligas usavam números e, em 1937, as ligas criaram regras que o exigiam. A abordagem original do Yankees foi simplesmente atribuir os números de 1 a 8 para a escalação na ordem de rebatedores. Consequentemente, Babe Ruth usava o número 3 e Lou Gehrig o número 4. O primeiro jogador das grandes ligas cujo número foi aposentado foi Gehrig em julho de 1939, em consequência de sua aposentadoria pela esclerose lateral amiotrófica, que se tornou popularmente conhecida como "doença de Lou Gehrig". Desde então, mais de 150 outras pessoas tiveram seus números aposentados, alguns em mais de um time. Isto incluem gerentes e técnicos, pois a Major League Baseball é a única liga profissional norte-americana em que os membros da equipe técnica usam os mesmos uniformes que os jogadores. Três números foram aposentandos em honra a pessoas não diretamente envolvidas no jogo em campo - todos três eram executivos das equipes. Algumas das primeiras estrelas, tais como Ty Cobb e Christy Mathewson, se aposentaram antes de números serem usados nos uniformes. As equipes sempre celebram seus números aposentados e outras pessoas homenageadas pendurando bandeiras com os números e nomes. Como cada vez menos jogadores ficam com uma equipe tempo suficiente para justificar o seu número ser aposentado, alguns jogadores acreditam que ter seu número aposentado é uma honra maior do que ir para o Baseball Hall of Fame. Ron Santo afirmou ao ter seu número 10 aposentado pelo Chicago Cubs no último dia da temporada regular de 2003, entusiasticamente disse a multidão no Wrigley Field enquanto a bandeira com o número 10 era hasteada, "Este é meu Hall of Fame!" Entretanto, Santo entraria para o Hall of Fame em julho de 2012, aproximadamente dois anos após sua morte, após ser votado pelo Veterans Committee. (pt)
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  • Plaques of numbers retired by the New York Yankees in Monument Park at Yankee Stadium
  • Red Sox retired numbers as hung on the right-field facade during the 2016 season in Fenway Park
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  • Monument Park.JPG
  • RedSoxRetiredNumbers2016.png
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  • 野球界の永久欠番(やきゅうかいのえいきゅうけつばん)では、野球の競技者・関係者などに対して適用される永久欠番について述べる。 (ja)
  • Major League Baseball and its participating clubs have retired various uniform numbers over the course of time, ensuring that those numbers are never worn again and thus will always be associated with particular players or managers of note. The use of numbers on uniforms to better identify one player from another, and hence to boost sales of scorecards, was tried briefly by the Cleveland Indians of 1916. The first team to permanently adopt the practice was the New York Yankees of 1929. By 1932, all 16 major league clubs were issuing numbers, and by 1937, the leagues passed rules requiring it. (en)
  • A Major League Baseball e seus clubes participantes tiveram vários números de uniforme aposentados durante o curso do tempo assegurando que estes números não serão usados novamente e serão sempre associados com um jogador ou técnico. O uso de números em uniformes para melhor identificar um jogador e, portanto, impulsionar as vendas de scorecards, foi tentada brevemente pelo Cleveland Indians de 1916. A primeira equipe que permanentemente adotou a prática foi o New York Yankees em 1929. Por volta de 1932, todos os 16 times das grandes ligas usavam números e, em 1937, as ligas criaram regras que o exigiam. (pt)
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  • List of Major League Baseball retired numbers (en)
  • 野球界の永久欠番 (ja)
  • Lista de números aposentados da Major League Baseball (pt)
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