The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States. Its membership consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices (currently seven associate justices, as the US Senate leadership indicated that the body will not consider any Supreme Court nomination until after the 2016 Presidential election). The justices are nominated by the President of the United States and appointed after confirmation by the United States Senate. Justices of the Supreme Court have life tenure and receive a salary which is set at $255,500 per year for the chief justice and at $244,400 per year for each associate justice as of 2014. On August 7, 2010, Justice Elena Kagan became the 112th justice to serve on the Court.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States. Its membership consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices (currently seven associate justices, as the US Senate leadership indicated that the body will not consider any Supreme Court nomination until after the 2016 Presidential election). The justices are nominated by the President of the United States and appointed after confirmation by the United States Senate. Justices of the Supreme Court have life tenure and receive a salary which is set at $255,500 per year for the chief justice and at $244,400 per year for each associate justice as of 2014. On August 7, 2010, Justice Elena Kagan became the 112th justice to serve on the Court. The Supreme Court was created in 1789 by Article III of the United States Constitution, which stipulates that the "judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court" together with any lower courts Congress may establish. Congress organized the Court that year with the passage of the Judiciary Act of 1789. It specified the Court's original and appellate jurisdiction, created thirteen judicial districts, and fixed the number of justices at six (one chief justice and five associate justices). Since the passage of the Judiciary Act, Congress has occasionally altered the size of the Supreme Court, historically in response to the country's own expansion in size. Membership was decreased in 1801 to five, then increased to seven members in 1807, to nine in 1837, and to ten in 1863. It was then reduced to seven in 1866. In 1869, Congress set the Court's size to nine members, where it has remained since. While the justices of the Supreme Court are appointed for life, some choose to retire: a total of 54 have retired or resigned. Historically, the average length of service on the Court has been less than 15 years; however, since 1970 the average length of service has increased to about 26 years. (en)
  • Die Liste der Richter am Obersten Gerichtshof der Vereinigten Staaten führt alle Mitglieder des Supreme Court seit dessen Einrichtung im Jahr 1789 auf. (de)
  • Les juges Thomas, Alito et le président Roberts sont vus comme conservateurs tandis que Breyer, Ginsburg, Kagan et Sonia Sotomayor sont considérés comme des progressistes. Kennedy, conservateur modéré, est susceptible de voter avec les deux camps et donc d'avoir un vote décisif (swing vote). Ces orientations se vérifient en général lors des décisions serrées mais celle concernant la loi Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act en est un contre-exemple important puisque c'est la voix du juge Roberts qui fait pencher la balance en faveur du soutien à la loi. Le graphique ci-dessous illustre le positionnement idéologique des juges de la Cour suprême : les courbes situées en haut correspondent aux juges plus conservateurs, tandis que les courbes situées en bas correspondent aux juges plus progressistes (ou liberal selon l'expression américaine).Graph of Martin-Quinn Scores of U.S. Supreme Court Justices from 1937 to 2015 (fr)
  • Lista sędziów Sądu Najwyższego USA – wykaz wszystkich sędziów Sądu Najwyższego Stanów Zjednoczonych (SN USA) uszeregowanych w porządku chronologicznym według kolejności objęcia urzędu. Sędzią SN USA zostaje osoba nominowana przez prezydenta Stanów Zjednoczonych, która uzyskała zatwierdzenie przez Senat. Liczba sędziów wchodzących w skład Sądu w poszczególnych latach zmieniała się (od sześciu do obecnie dziewięciu). (pl)
  • 美国联邦最高法院是美利坚合众国最高级别的司法部门。其目前的人事组成包括一位美国首席大法官和八位大法官。根据美利坚合众国宪法第二条中的规定,所有大法官需由美国总统提名,再经联邦参议院批准,所有大法官一经上任,“如行为端正”则可终身任职。目前,首席大法官的薪水为每年22万3500美元,其他大法官为每年21万3900美元。2010年8月7日,艾蕾娜·卡根成为最高法院的第112位大法官,也是第四位女性大法官。 联邦最高法院于1789年根据美利坚合众国宪法第三条建立,其中规定“合众国的司法权,属于最高法院和国会不时规定和设立的下级法院。”。国会随着《1789年司法条例》的通过而建立了法院。其中还规定了法院的初审和上诉管辖权,建立了13个司法管辖区,并将大法官的人数确定为6人(1位首席大法官和5位大法官)。 司法条例通过后,国会已经先后数次改变最高法院的大法官人数规定,这些改变一般都与整个国家面积和人口的不断扩张直接相关。大法官的总人数于1801年降到了5人,又于1807年增加到7人,1837年增加到9人,1863年增加到10人。1866年又减少到7人,1869年,国会重新将大法官人数规定至9人,这一数字也一直保持至今。最高法院法官可以终身任职,截止2013年5月上旬,一共有54位大法官选择退休或辞职。所有大法官上任时的平均年龄为53岁,从历史上看,大法官任职的平均年限要少于15年,不过如果仅从1970年起统计,平均每位大法官任职达到约26年。 (zh)
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  • Die Liste der Richter am Obersten Gerichtshof der Vereinigten Staaten führt alle Mitglieder des Supreme Court seit dessen Einrichtung im Jahr 1789 auf. (de)
  • Lista sędziów Sądu Najwyższego USA – wykaz wszystkich sędziów Sądu Najwyższego Stanów Zjednoczonych (SN USA) uszeregowanych w porządku chronologicznym według kolejności objęcia urzędu. Sędzią SN USA zostaje osoba nominowana przez prezydenta Stanów Zjednoczonych, która uzyskała zatwierdzenie przez Senat. Liczba sędziów wchodzących w skład Sądu w poszczególnych latach zmieniała się (od sześciu do obecnie dziewięciu). (pl)
  • The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States. Its membership consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices (currently seven associate justices, as the US Senate leadership indicated that the body will not consider any Supreme Court nomination until after the 2016 Presidential election). The justices are nominated by the President of the United States and appointed after confirmation by the United States Senate. Justices of the Supreme Court have life tenure and receive a salary which is set at $255,500 per year for the chief justice and at $244,400 per year for each associate justice as of 2014. On August 7, 2010, Justice Elena Kagan became the 112th justice to serve on the Court. (en)
  • Les juges Thomas, Alito et le président Roberts sont vus comme conservateurs tandis que Breyer, Ginsburg, Kagan et Sonia Sotomayor sont considérés comme des progressistes. Kennedy, conservateur modéré, est susceptible de voter avec les deux camps et donc d'avoir un vote décisif (swing vote). Ces orientations se vérifient en général lors des décisions serrées mais celle concernant la loi Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act en est un contre-exemple important puisque c'est la voix du juge Roberts qui fait pencher la balance en faveur du soutien à la loi. (fr)
  • 美国联邦最高法院是美利坚合众国最高级别的司法部门。其目前的人事组成包括一位美国首席大法官和八位大法官。根据美利坚合众国宪法第二条中的规定,所有大法官需由美国总统提名,再经联邦参议院批准,所有大法官一经上任,“如行为端正”则可终身任职。目前,首席大法官的薪水为每年22万3500美元,其他大法官为每年21万3900美元。2010年8月7日,艾蕾娜·卡根成为最高法院的第112位大法官,也是第四位女性大法官。 联邦最高法院于1789年根据美利坚合众国宪法第三条建立,其中规定“合众国的司法权,属于最高法院和国会不时规定和设立的下级法院。”。国会随着《1789年司法条例》的通过而建立了法院。其中还规定了法院的初审和上诉管辖权,建立了13个司法管辖区,并将大法官的人数确定为6人(1位首席大法官和5位大法官)。 (zh)
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  • List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States (en)
  • Liste der Richter am Obersten Gerichtshof der Vereinigten Staaten (de)
  • Liste des juges de la Cour suprême des États-Unis (fr)
  • Lista sędziów Sądu Najwyższego USA (pl)
  • 美国联邦最高法院大法官列表 (zh)
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