The Lion Capital of Ashoka is a sculpture of four Asiatic lions standing back to back, on an elaborate base that includes other animals. A graphic representation of it was adopted as the official Emblem of India in 1950. It was originally placed atop the Aśoka pillar at the important Buddhist site of Sarnath by the Emperor Ashoka, in about 250 BCE. The pillar, sometimes called the Aśoka Column, is still in its original location, but the Lion Capital is now in the Sarnath Museum, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Standing 2.15 metres (7 feet) high including the base, it is more elaborate than the other very similar surviving capitals of the pillars of Ashoka bearing the Edicts of Ashoka that were placed throughout India (including modern Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan) several of which

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  • Le chapiteau aux lions d'Ashoka est un chapiteau de quatre lions asiatiques dos à dos reposants sur un abaque circulaire qui comprend le dessin d'autres animaux. Une représentation graphique de celui-ci a été adoptée comme emblème officiel de l'Inde en 1950. Le chapiteau était initialement placé au sommet du pilier du site bouddhique Sarnath par l'empereur Ashoka, vers 250 av. J.-C.. Le pilier est toujours dans son emplacement d'origine, mais son chapiteau est maintenant conservé dans le musée de Sarnath (en), dans l'État de l'Uttar Pradesh, en Inde. D'une hauteur de 2,15 mètres, le chapiteau est taillé dans un seul bloc de grès poli et a toujours été une pièce séparée du pilier. * Portail de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme Portail de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme * Portail de la sculpture Portail de la sculpture * Portail de l’Inde Portail de l’Inde * Portail du bouddhisme Portail du bouddhisme (fr)
  • Capitel do Leão de Asoca (em hindi: അശോകസ്തംഭം) é uma escultura de quatro "leões indianos". Foi originalmente posta no topo do Pilar de Asoca em Sarnath, agora no estado de Uttar Pradesh, Índia. O pilar, algumas vezes chamado de Coluno Asoca ainda está em sua localização original, mas o Capitel do Leão está agora no Museu de Sarnath. O Capitel do Leão de Asoca de Sarnath tem sido adotado como Emblema Nacional da Índia e na roda Ashoka Chakra em sua base e foi colocada no centro da Bandeira Nacional da Índia. (pt)
  • The Lion Capital of Ashoka is a sculpture of four Asiatic lions standing back to back, on an elaborate base that includes other animals. A graphic representation of it was adopted as the official Emblem of India in 1950. It was originally placed atop the Aśoka pillar at the important Buddhist site of Sarnath by the Emperor Ashoka, in about 250 BCE. The pillar, sometimes called the Aśoka Column, is still in its original location, but the Lion Capital is now in the Sarnath Museum, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Standing 2.15 metres (7 feet) high including the base, it is more elaborate than the other very similar surviving capitals of the pillars of Ashoka bearing the Edicts of Ashoka that were placed throughout India (including modern Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan) several of which feature single animals at the top; one other damaged group of four lions survives, at Sanchi. The capital is carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, and was always a separate piece from the column itself. It features four Asiatic Lions standing back to back. They are mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull, and a lion, separated by intervening spoked chariot-wheels. The whole sits upon a bell-shaped lotus. The capital was originally probably crowned by a 'Wheel of Dharma' (Dharmachakra popularly known in India as the "Ashoka Chakra"), with 24 spokes, of which a few fragments were found on the site. A 13th-century replica of the Sarnath pillar and capital in Wat Umong near Chiang Mai, Thailand built by King Mangrai, preserves its crowning Ashoka Chakra or Dharmachakra. The wheel on the capital, below the lions, is the model for the one in the flag of India. (en)
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  • Capitel do Leão de Asoca (em hindi: അശോകസ്തംഭം) é uma escultura de quatro "leões indianos". Foi originalmente posta no topo do Pilar de Asoca em Sarnath, agora no estado de Uttar Pradesh, Índia. O pilar, algumas vezes chamado de Coluno Asoca ainda está em sua localização original, mas o Capitel do Leão está agora no Museu de Sarnath. O Capitel do Leão de Asoca de Sarnath tem sido adotado como Emblema Nacional da Índia e na roda Ashoka Chakra em sua base e foi colocada no centro da Bandeira Nacional da Índia. (pt)
  • Le chapiteau aux lions d'Ashoka est un chapiteau de quatre lions asiatiques dos à dos reposants sur un abaque circulaire qui comprend le dessin d'autres animaux. Une représentation graphique de celui-ci a été adoptée comme emblème officiel de l'Inde en 1950. * Portail de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme Portail de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme * Portail de la sculpture Portail de la sculpture * Portail de l’Inde Portail de l’Inde * Portail du bouddhisme Portail du bouddhisme (fr)
  • The Lion Capital of Ashoka is a sculpture of four Asiatic lions standing back to back, on an elaborate base that includes other animals. A graphic representation of it was adopted as the official Emblem of India in 1950. It was originally placed atop the Aśoka pillar at the important Buddhist site of Sarnath by the Emperor Ashoka, in about 250 BCE. The pillar, sometimes called the Aśoka Column, is still in its original location, but the Lion Capital is now in the Sarnath Museum, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Standing 2.15 metres (7 feet) high including the base, it is more elaborate than the other very similar surviving capitals of the pillars of Ashoka bearing the Edicts of Ashoka that were placed throughout India (including modern Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan) several of which (en)
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  • Chapiteau aux lions d'Ashoka (fr)
  • Capitel do Leão de Asoca (pt)
  • Lion Capital of Ashoka (en)
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