Linguistic determinism is the idea that language and its structures limit and determine human knowledge or thought, as well as thought processes such as categorization, memory, and perception. The term implies that people of different languages have different thought processes. Ludwig Wittgenstein expressed the idea Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: "The limits of my language mean the limits of my world", "The subject does not belong to the world, but it is a limit of the world", and "About what one cannot speak, one must remain silent". This viewpoint forms part of the field of analytic philosophy. Though it played a considerable role historically, linguistic determinism is now discredited among mainstream linguists.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • الحتمية اللغوية هي الرأي القائل بأن اللغة وبنيتها تحتم بعض أوجه المعرفة دون أخرى، فتكون حدود اللغة وحدود التعبير بها هي حدود العالم في نظر المتكلم. (ar)
  • Linguistic determinism is the idea that language and its structures limit and determine human knowledge or thought, as well as thought processes such as categorization, memory, and perception. The term implies that people of different languages have different thought processes. Ludwig Wittgenstein expressed the idea Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: "The limits of my language mean the limits of my world", "The subject does not belong to the world, but it is a limit of the world", and "About what one cannot speak, one must remain silent". This viewpoint forms part of the field of analytic philosophy. Though it played a considerable role historically, linguistic determinism is now discredited among mainstream linguists. Linguistic determinism is the strong form of linguistic relativity (popularly known as the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis), which argues that individuals experience the world based on the structure of the language they habitually use. For example, studies have shown that people find it easier to recognise and remember shades of colours for which they have a specific name. Another example is the Daniel Everett study analyzing conception of numbers in the Brazilian Pirahã people. These individuals could not conceive numbers beyond 'one' and 'two', for which there are actual terms in their language. After this all numbers are grouped under the term 'many.' Even after being taught in the Portuguese language for eight months, not one individual could count to ten. This makes a strong case for the theory of linguistic determinism. Furthermore, many studies have documented the differences in identity formation in bilingual versus monolingual children, who have often reported a very different sense of self depending on language use. In one study with bilingual Latino students, it was determined that these children had "hybridized identities" visible in their linguistic brokering skills, and that "bilingualism, biculturalism, and biliteracy shaped and influenced the stance taken by the students toward their academic learning". These students used different languages for different tasks, switching back and forth and revealing differences in identity and conception of literacy. Opponents to this theory maintain that thought exists prior to any conception of language, such as in the popular example of rainbows used in the Whorf hypothesis. One may perceive the different colors even while missing a particular word for each shade. Steven Pinker's theory embodies this idea. He proposed that all individuals are first capable of a "universal mentalese," of which all thought is composed prior to its linguistic form. Language then enables us to articulate these already existing thoughts into words and linguistic concepts. (en)
  • Le déterminisme linguistique est l’idée que le langage et ses structures limitent et déterminent la connaissance ou la pensée humaines, ainsi que des processus de réflexion tels que la catégorisation, la mémoire et la perception. Ce terme implique que les personnes qui ne parlent pas la même langue ont des processus de réflexion différents. Ludwig Wittgenstein émet cette idée dans Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus : « Les frontières de mon langage sont les frontières de mon monde », « Le sujet n'appartient pas au monde, mais il est une frontière du monde », et « Sur ce dont on ne peut parler, il faut garder le silence ». Ce point de vue fait partie du champ de la philosophie analytique. (fr)
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 915027 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 745070494 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • الحتمية اللغوية هي الرأي القائل بأن اللغة وبنيتها تحتم بعض أوجه المعرفة دون أخرى، فتكون حدود اللغة وحدود التعبير بها هي حدود العالم في نظر المتكلم. (ar)
  • Le déterminisme linguistique est l’idée que le langage et ses structures limitent et déterminent la connaissance ou la pensée humaines, ainsi que des processus de réflexion tels que la catégorisation, la mémoire et la perception. Ce terme implique que les personnes qui ne parlent pas la même langue ont des processus de réflexion différents. Ludwig Wittgenstein émet cette idée dans Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus : « Les frontières de mon langage sont les frontières de mon monde », « Le sujet n'appartient pas au monde, mais il est une frontière du monde », et « Sur ce dont on ne peut parler, il faut garder le silence ». Ce point de vue fait partie du champ de la philosophie analytique. (fr)
  • Linguistic determinism is the idea that language and its structures limit and determine human knowledge or thought, as well as thought processes such as categorization, memory, and perception. The term implies that people of different languages have different thought processes. Ludwig Wittgenstein expressed the idea Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus: "The limits of my language mean the limits of my world", "The subject does not belong to the world, but it is a limit of the world", and "About what one cannot speak, one must remain silent". This viewpoint forms part of the field of analytic philosophy. Though it played a considerable role historically, linguistic determinism is now discredited among mainstream linguists. (en)
rdfs:label
  • حتمية لغوية (ar)
  • Linguistic determinism (en)
  • Déterminisme linguistique (fr)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of