Lillian Florence "Lilly" Hellman (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism. She famously was blacklisted by the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) at the height of the anti-communist campaigns of 1947–52. Although she continued to work on Broadway in the 1950s, her blacklisting by the American film industry caused a precipitous decline in her income during which time she had to work outside her chosen profession. Hellman was praised by many for refusing to answer questions by HUAC. However, many doubted her denial that she had belonged to the Communist Party; the skeptics included war correspondent Martha Gellhorn, former wife of Ernes

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  • Lillian Florence "Lilly" Hellman (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism. She famously was blacklisted by the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) at the height of the anti-communist campaigns of 1947–52. Although she continued to work on Broadway in the 1950s, her blacklisting by the American film industry caused a precipitous decline in her income during which time she had to work outside her chosen profession. Hellman was praised by many for refusing to answer questions by HUAC. However, many doubted her denial that she had belonged to the Communist Party; the skeptics included war correspondent Martha Gellhorn, former wife of Ernest Hemingway, and author/literary critic Mary McCarthy. Hellman was romantically involved with fellow writer and political activist Dashiell Hammett, author of the classic detective novels The Maltese Falcon and The Thin Man, who also was blacklisted for 10 years until his death in 1961. The couple never married. As a playwright, Hellman had many successes on Broadway, including Watch on the Rhine, The Autumn Garden, Toys in the Attic, Another Part of the Forest, The Children's Hour and The Little Foxes. She adapted her semi-autobiographical play The Little Foxes into a screenplay, starring Bette Davis, which received an Academy Award nomination in 1942. Hellman's reputation suffered after her veracity was attacked by Mary McCarthy during an October 10, 1979 appearance on The Dick Cavett Show. Hellman sued McCarthy for libel. It was revealed that Hellman's popular memoirs such as Pentimento were rife with errors, but that the "Julia" section of Pentimento, which had been the basis for the Oscar-winning 1977 movie of the same name, likely was a fabrication based on the life of Muriel Gardiner. Martha Gellhorn joined McCarthy in the attack on Hellman's veracity, showing that Hellman's remembrances of Gellhorn's ex-husband Ernest Hemingway and the Spanish Civil War were wrong. Tagged with the onus of being an unrepentant Stalinist by the staunchly anti-Stalinist McCarthy and others, Hellman remains a divisive figure of American letters. (en)
  • Lillian Florence Hellman (* 20. Juni 1905 in New Orleans; † 30. Juni 1984 in Tisbury (Martha’s Vineyard), Massachusetts) war eine US-amerikanische Schriftstellerin. (de)
  • Lillian Florence Hellman (20 de junio de 1905, Nueva Orleans - 30 de junio de 1984, Martha's Vineyard) fue una dramaturga y guionista de cine estadounidense. Conocida por su compromiso político con causas izquierdistas, por su relación sentimental con el escritor Dashiell Hammett, y por su larga amistad con la escritora Dorothy Parker, de quien fue su albacea. (es)
  • Lillian Hellman, née le 20 juin 1905 à La Nouvelle-Orléans, en Louisiane, et morte le 30 juin 1984 à Tisbury (en), Massachusetts, est une dramaturge, scénariste et actrice américaine. (fr)
  • リリアン・フローレンス・ヘルマン(Lillian Florence Hellman, 1905年6月20日 - 1984年6月30日)は、アメリカ合衆国の劇作家。人生の大半の期間、左翼思想との関係を維持してきた。ヘルマンは30年以上にわたって、ミステリー作家・ハードボイルド作家であったダシール・ハメットと恋愛関係を保ち、ハメット作品の登場人物であるノラ・チャールズのモデルとなった。作家のドロシー・パーカーとも長く友情を保ち、パーカーの死後、作品管理者となった。 ※文中原語リンクは英語版へのもの。 (ja)
  • Lillian Florence Hellman (New Orleans, 20 juni 1905 - Tisbury, 30 juni 1984) was een succesvol Amerikaans auteur van joodse afkomst. Ze schreef vooral toneelstukken en filmscenario's. Op latere leeftijd begon ze haar memoires te publiceren. (nl)
  • Lillian estudou na Universidade de Nova Iorque, cidade onde viveu parcialmente desde os cinco anos de idade, intercalando temporadas semestrais com Nova Orleans (ela tinha vida escolar em ambas as cidades). Trabalhou no jornal New York Herald Tribune, como crítica literária, até 1930. No mesmo ano começou a trabalhar como leitora de roteiro para a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, em Hollywood, selecionando os roteiros que deveriam ser lidos pelos produtores do estúdio. The Children's Hour foi seu primeiro texto para o teatro e estreou na Broadway em 1934. A peça trata de uma falsa acusação de relação homossexual entre duas professoras de uma escola para meninas, e fez estrondoso sucesso na Broadway, embora tenho sido proibida em cidades como Boston, Chicago e Londres. Uniu-se a intelectuais como Dashiell Hammett (que foi seu marido por trinta anos), Clifford Odets, John dos Passos, Ernest Hemingway e Arthur Miller no combate ao nazismo. Em 1939, escreveu The Little Foxes, que também foi sucesso de público e crítica. A própria Lillian adaptou o texto para o cinema. O filme, dirigido por William Wyler, foi lançado em 1941, ganhou o nome de Pérfida e tinha Bette Davis no papel da personagem Regina Giddens. Em seguida, escreveu duas peças antinazistas, Watch on the Rhine, em 1941, e The Searching Wind, em 1944. Em 1946, escreveu Another Part of the Forest. No Brasil, The Little Foxes foi encenada algumas vezes e também adaptada para a televisão. A encenação mais recente é de 2004, com o título As Pequenas Raposas, tendo Beatriz Segall no papel de Regina Giddens e Sérgio Britto no papel de Horace Giddens. Em 1951, Lillian e Hammett foram chamados para depor na Comissão Parlamentar de Inquérito sobre Atividades Antiamericanas. Dashiell foi preso por seis meses, depois de se recusar a delatar os colegas. Ele e Lillian foram colocados na lista da caça às bruxas, promovida por Joseph McCarthy durante os anos 50. Ela escreveria sobre o episódio e as consequências dele em sua vida em 1976, no livro Scoundrel Time (literalmente: Tempo Canalha; na tradução para português, recebeu o título de A Caça Às Bruxas). Em 1977, Fred Zinnemann dirigiu o filme Julia, ganhador de três prêmios Oscar e baseado no conto Julia, parte integrante de Pentimento - A Book of Portraits (na tradução para português, recebeu o título de Pentimento: Um Livro de Retratos), escrito por Lillian em 1973. (pt)
  • Lillian Florence „Lilly” Hellman (ur. 20 czerwca 1905 w Nowym Orleanie, zm. 30 czerwca 1984 w Tisbury) – amerykańska dramatopisarka i scenarzystka, łączona przez całe życie z lewicą. (pl)
  • 麗蓮·海爾曼(Lillian Florence Hellman,1905年6月20日-1984年6月30日),美國女劇作家。生於美國紐奧良。主要作品有《童時》、《小狐狸》等。 美国作家 麗蓮·海爾曼是一个关于美国籍或美国裔的作家、诗人、文学家等人物的小作品。你可以通过编辑或修订扩充其内容。 (zh)
  • Лилиан Хеллман (англ. Lillian Hellman; 20 июня 1905 года, Новый Орлеан, шт. Луизиана — 30 июня 1984 года, Тисбури, шт. Массачусетс) — американская писательница, сценаристка и драматург. (ru)
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  • 1984-6-30
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  • American
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  • American dramatist and screenwriter (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • Lillian Florence Hellman (* 20. Juni 1905 in New Orleans; † 30. Juni 1984 in Tisbury (Martha’s Vineyard), Massachusetts) war eine US-amerikanische Schriftstellerin. (de)
  • Lillian Florence Hellman (20 de junio de 1905, Nueva Orleans - 30 de junio de 1984, Martha's Vineyard) fue una dramaturga y guionista de cine estadounidense. Conocida por su compromiso político con causas izquierdistas, por su relación sentimental con el escritor Dashiell Hammett, y por su larga amistad con la escritora Dorothy Parker, de quien fue su albacea. (es)
  • Lillian Hellman, née le 20 juin 1905 à La Nouvelle-Orléans, en Louisiane, et morte le 30 juin 1984 à Tisbury (en), Massachusetts, est une dramaturge, scénariste et actrice américaine. (fr)
  • リリアン・フローレンス・ヘルマン(Lillian Florence Hellman, 1905年6月20日 - 1984年6月30日)は、アメリカ合衆国の劇作家。人生の大半の期間、左翼思想との関係を維持してきた。ヘルマンは30年以上にわたって、ミステリー作家・ハードボイルド作家であったダシール・ハメットと恋愛関係を保ち、ハメット作品の登場人物であるノラ・チャールズのモデルとなった。作家のドロシー・パーカーとも長く友情を保ち、パーカーの死後、作品管理者となった。 ※文中原語リンクは英語版へのもの。 (ja)
  • Lillian Florence Hellman (New Orleans, 20 juni 1905 - Tisbury, 30 juni 1984) was een succesvol Amerikaans auteur van joodse afkomst. Ze schreef vooral toneelstukken en filmscenario's. Op latere leeftijd begon ze haar memoires te publiceren. (nl)
  • Lillian Florence „Lilly” Hellman (ur. 20 czerwca 1905 w Nowym Orleanie, zm. 30 czerwca 1984 w Tisbury) – amerykańska dramatopisarka i scenarzystka, łączona przez całe życie z lewicą. (pl)
  • 麗蓮·海爾曼(Lillian Florence Hellman,1905年6月20日-1984年6月30日),美國女劇作家。生於美國紐奧良。主要作品有《童時》、《小狐狸》等。 美国作家 麗蓮·海爾曼是一个关于美国籍或美国裔的作家、诗人、文学家等人物的小作品。你可以通过编辑或修订扩充其内容。 (zh)
  • Лилиан Хеллман (англ. Lillian Hellman; 20 июня 1905 года, Новый Орлеан, шт. Луизиана — 30 июня 1984 года, Тисбури, шт. Массачусетс) — американская писательница, сценаристка и драматург. (ru)
  • Lillian Florence "Lilly" Hellman (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism. She famously was blacklisted by the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) at the height of the anti-communist campaigns of 1947–52. Although she continued to work on Broadway in the 1950s, her blacklisting by the American film industry caused a precipitous decline in her income during which time she had to work outside her chosen profession. Hellman was praised by many for refusing to answer questions by HUAC. However, many doubted her denial that she had belonged to the Communist Party; the skeptics included war correspondent Martha Gellhorn, former wife of Ernes (en)
  • Lillian estudou na Universidade de Nova Iorque, cidade onde viveu parcialmente desde os cinco anos de idade, intercalando temporadas semestrais com Nova Orleans (ela tinha vida escolar em ambas as cidades). Trabalhou no jornal New York Herald Tribune, como crítica literária, até 1930. No mesmo ano começou a trabalhar como leitora de roteiro para a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, em Hollywood, selecionando os roteiros que deveriam ser lidos pelos produtores do estúdio. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Lillian Hellman (en)
  • Lillian Hellman (de)
  • Lillian Hellman (es)
  • Lillian Hellman (fr)
  • Lillian Hellman (it)
  • リリアン・ヘルマン (ja)
  • Lillian Hellman (nl)
  • Lillian Hellman (pl)
  • Lillian Hellman (pt)
  • Хеллман, Лилиан (ru)
  • 麗蓮·海爾曼 (zh)
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  • Lillian Hellman (en)
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  • Hellman (en)
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