Lihir Island (aka Niolam Island) is the largest island in the Lihir group of islands, 22 km long and 14.5 km wide, in Papua New Guinea's New Ireland Province. It consists of a complex of several overlapping basaltic stratovolcanoes rising 700 m above sea level. While the volcanoes are not currently active, geothermal activity is still present. The island is in what was the forearc basin associated with the subduction of the Pacific Plate beneath the North Bismarck Plate. Subduction stopped about 10 million years ago with the collision of the Ontong Java plateau with the subduction zone.

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dbo:abstract
  • Niolam (auch Aniolam, deutsch veraltet: Gardenay Inseln), ist der Name der größten der Lihir-Inseln und auch der gesamten papua-neuguineischen Inselkette Tabar-Lihir-Tanga-Feni. Die Insel Niolam wird häufig auch Lihir genannt. Nebeninseln von Niolam sind: Mali, Mahur, Masahet und Sanambiet. (de)
  • Lihir, également nommée Niolam, est une île volcanique de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée située au nord de la Nouvelle-Irlande dans l'archipel Bismarck. (fr)
  • Lihir, llamada también Niolam, es una isla volcánica de Papúa-Nueva Guinea ubicada al norte de Nueva Irlanda en el archipiélago Bismarck. (es)
  • Lihir (ook Niolam genoemd) is een vulkanisch eiland in de Lihir groep in Papoea-Nieuw-Guinea. Het is 205 vierkante kilometer groot en het hoogste punt is 854 meter. Het bestaat uit een aantal overlappende slapende stratovulkanen (Luise, Kinami en Huniho). Op Lihir bevindt zich Ladolam, een zeer grote goudmijn die geëxploiteerd wordt door Newcrest Mining Limited. De geschatte reserve is 40 miljoen ounce. De volgende zoogdieren komen er voor: * Thylogale browni (prehistorisch geïntroduceerd, maar weer uitgestorven) * Dobsonia anderseni * Nyctimene albiventer * Pteropus neohibernicus (nl)
  • Lihir Island (aka Niolam Island) is the largest island in the Lihir group of islands, 22 km long and 14.5 km wide, in Papua New Guinea's New Ireland Province. It consists of a complex of several overlapping basaltic stratovolcanoes rising 700 m above sea level. While the volcanoes are not currently active, geothermal activity is still present. The island is in what was the forearc basin associated with the subduction of the Pacific Plate beneath the North Bismarck Plate. Subduction stopped about 10 million years ago with the collision of the Ontong Java plateau with the subduction zone. The island is located 900 km (560 mi) NE of Port Moresby. Annual rainfall averages 4,800 mm (190 in); temperature ranges between 19 and 35 degrees Celsius. The population of the Lihir Group increased from 12,570 in 2000 to an estimated 18,000 in 2007. Residents are of Melanesian descent and have predominantly a subsistence lifestyle. Lihirians follow traditional belief systems, although official census records indicate that 99% of the PNG population are Christians, with Catholicism being the largest denomination. Most villages are located on the coastal fringe, although it is thought that originally some villages were located inland but were moved to the coast at the encouragement of missionaries. The economic focal point of the island is the Ladolam Gold Mine. Ladolam represents one of the largest epithermal gold deposits in the world and it is hosted by high-potassic igneous rocks. The mine is operated by Newcrest Mining Limited. The mine holds one of the world's largest gold resources (46 million ounces). Grab samples from the submarine Conical Seamount, located about 8 km south of Lihir Island, contain high gold concentrations of up to 230 g/t Au (avg. 26 g/t, n=40) that are hosted by high-potassic trachybasalts. The mine is located on a geothermically active area and to enable the mine to proceed, steam relief wells have been drilled to release subterranean pressure. The steam has, in part, been captured and is used to operate a 50 MW geothermal power station which generates approximately 25% of the mine's power requirements. Mine tailings are discharged into the sea. The largest settlement on the Island is Londolovit, where most of the expatriate mine employees live. Basic shopping and health care facilities are located there. The local hospital has inpatient and outpatient facilities and provides health care services to both the expatriate and local communities. An airstrip large enough to land a small jet is also located north of Londolovit, at Kunaye. As is the case in many tropical regions, mosquito-borne viruses are present on the island, as is malaria. Land ownership follows traditional models with land being owned by clans. Insofar as it relates to land ownership, the society is matrilineal with land being passed though the female generations. The land cannot be sold; however, usage rights can be granted. (en)
  • Lihir (nota anche come Niolam ed in passato come Gardeney) è un'isola vulcanica di Papua Nuova Guinea. (it)
  • A Ilha Lihir (ou Ilha Niolam ) é uma ilha da Papua-Nova Guiné (3° 7′ S 152° 38′ E) e a maior ilha do grupo insular Lihir, que se compõe ainda das ilhas Mali, Mahur, Masahet e Sanambiet, entre outras menores. A ilha tem uma extensão de 22 x 14,5 km e fica a nordeste da província de Nova Irlanda da Papua-Nova Guiné, junto à Melanésia, a cerca de 900 km a nordeste de Port Moresby. A precipitação anual de chuvas é da ordem de 4800 mm, as temperaturas variam entre 19 e 35 ºC. As ilhas formam um conjunto de estratovulcões basálticos que se elevam 700 m acima do nível do mar. Os vulcões não estão hoje em atividade, mas ainda pode ser percebida a presença de atividade geotérmica. A ilha Lihir está localizada num ponto da zona de subducção da placa tectônica do Pacífico com a placa do Mar de Bismarck]. A dita subducção se concluiu há cerca de 10 milhões de anos com a colisão do Planalto oceânico de Java com essa subduccção. (pt)
  • 利希爾島是巴布亞新畿內亞的島嶼,位於太平洋海域,由新愛爾蘭省負責管轄,屬於利希爾群島的一部分,長22公里、長14.5公里,最高點海拔高度700米,人口約18,000。 (zh)
  • Лихир (англ. Lihir Island) или Ниолам (англ. Niolam Island) — крупнейший остров архипелага Лихир. Административно относится к провинции Новая Ирландия, Папуа — Новая Гвинея. Составляет 22 км в длину и 14,5 км в ширину. Состоит из комплекса перекрывающих друг друга стратовулканов, конусы которых достигают высоты 700 м над уровнем моря. В настоящее время вулканы не являются активными, хотя геотермальная активность по-прежнему присутствует. Остров находится на месте бывшего преддугового бассейна в зоне субдукции между Тиоокеанской плитой и Северной плитой Бисмарка. Субдукция прекратилась примерно 10 млн лет назад в результате столкновения с Платом Онгонг-Ява. Остров расположен примерно в 900 км к северо-востоку от столицы страны, города Порт-Морсби. Население всего архипелага по данным переписи 2000 года — 12 570 человек; по оценочным данным на 2007 год — около 18 000 человек. Развита золотодобыча. Имеется взлётно-посадочная полоса для небольших самолётов, расположенная в Кунайе, к северу от Лондоловита. (ru)
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  • NASA Space Shuttle image of Lihir Island
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  • Niolam (auch Aniolam, deutsch veraltet: Gardenay Inseln), ist der Name der größten der Lihir-Inseln und auch der gesamten papua-neuguineischen Inselkette Tabar-Lihir-Tanga-Feni. Die Insel Niolam wird häufig auch Lihir genannt. Nebeninseln von Niolam sind: Mali, Mahur, Masahet und Sanambiet. (de)
  • Lihir, également nommée Niolam, est une île volcanique de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée située au nord de la Nouvelle-Irlande dans l'archipel Bismarck. (fr)
  • Lihir, llamada también Niolam, es una isla volcánica de Papúa-Nueva Guinea ubicada al norte de Nueva Irlanda en el archipiélago Bismarck. (es)
  • Lihir (ook Niolam genoemd) is een vulkanisch eiland in de Lihir groep in Papoea-Nieuw-Guinea. Het is 205 vierkante kilometer groot en het hoogste punt is 854 meter. Het bestaat uit een aantal overlappende slapende stratovulkanen (Luise, Kinami en Huniho). Op Lihir bevindt zich Ladolam, een zeer grote goudmijn die geëxploiteerd wordt door Newcrest Mining Limited. De geschatte reserve is 40 miljoen ounce. De volgende zoogdieren komen er voor: * Thylogale browni (prehistorisch geïntroduceerd, maar weer uitgestorven) * Dobsonia anderseni * Nyctimene albiventer * Pteropus neohibernicus (nl)
  • Lihir (nota anche come Niolam ed in passato come Gardeney) è un'isola vulcanica di Papua Nuova Guinea. (it)
  • 利希爾島是巴布亞新畿內亞的島嶼,位於太平洋海域,由新愛爾蘭省負責管轄,屬於利希爾群島的一部分,長22公里、長14.5公里,最高點海拔高度700米,人口約18,000。 (zh)
  • Lihir Island (aka Niolam Island) is the largest island in the Lihir group of islands, 22 km long and 14.5 km wide, in Papua New Guinea's New Ireland Province. It consists of a complex of several overlapping basaltic stratovolcanoes rising 700 m above sea level. While the volcanoes are not currently active, geothermal activity is still present. The island is in what was the forearc basin associated with the subduction of the Pacific Plate beneath the North Bismarck Plate. Subduction stopped about 10 million years ago with the collision of the Ontong Java plateau with the subduction zone. (en)
  • A Ilha Lihir (ou Ilha Niolam ) é uma ilha da Papua-Nova Guiné (3° 7′ S 152° 38′ E) e a maior ilha do grupo insular Lihir, que se compõe ainda das ilhas Mali, Mahur, Masahet e Sanambiet, entre outras menores. A ilha tem uma extensão de 22 x 14,5 km e fica a nordeste da província de Nova Irlanda da Papua-Nova Guiné, junto à Melanésia, a cerca de 900 km a nordeste de Port Moresby. A precipitação anual de chuvas é da ordem de 4800 mm, as temperaturas variam entre 19 e 35 ºC. (pt)
  • Лихир (англ. Lihir Island) или Ниолам (англ. Niolam Island) — крупнейший остров архипелага Лихир. Административно относится к провинции Новая Ирландия, Папуа — Новая Гвинея. Составляет 22 км в длину и 14,5 км в ширину. Состоит из комплекса перекрывающих друг друга стратовулканов, конусы которых достигают высоты 700 м над уровнем моря. В настоящее время вулканы не являются активными, хотя геотермальная активность по-прежнему присутствует. Остров находится на месте бывшего преддугового бассейна в зоне субдукции между Тиоокеанской плитой и Северной плитой Бисмарка. Субдукция прекратилась примерно 10 млн лет назад в результате столкновения с Платом Онгонг-Ява. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Niolam (de)
  • Lihir Island (en)
  • Lihir (es)
  • Lihir (fr)
  • Lihir (it)
  • Lihir (nl)
  • Ilhas Lihir (pt)
  • Лихир (остров) (ru)
  • 利希爾島 (zh)
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