The Life and Labor Commune was a Tolstoyan agricultural commune founded in 1921 and disbanded as a state run collective farm in 1937. The commune was founded near Moscow but was later resettled in central Siberia, not far from Novokuznetsk. At its peak, it reportedly had as many as 1,000 participants. Throughout its existence the members of the commune were persecuted by the Bolsheviks, both for refusing to enlist or support their war efforts as well as for organizing themselves communally outside of the approved state structure.

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  • The Life and Labor Commune was a Tolstoyan agricultural commune founded in 1921 and disbanded as a state run collective farm in 1937. The commune was founded near Moscow but was later resettled in central Siberia, not far from Novokuznetsk. At its peak, it reportedly had as many as 1,000 participants. Throughout its existence the members of the commune were persecuted by the Bolsheviks, both for refusing to enlist or support their war efforts as well as for organizing themselves communally outside of the approved state structure. (en)
  • Em 1921, um grupo de jovens, liderados por Bóris Mazurin e inspirados pelas ideias de Leon Tolstói fundou uma Comunidade, chamada "Vida e Trabalho" a 12 Km de Moscou. Eles buscavam uma uma vida de simplicidade rural e não-violência. Entre 1930 e 1931, a comuna foi deslocada para um lugar próximo à Novokuznetsk na Sibéria central. Em 1936, os líderes da Comunidade foram presos. Em 1939, a Comunidade foi transformada em uma fazenda coletiva estatal . (pt)
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  • 3270889 (xsd:integer)
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  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • Boris Mazurin
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  • The Gulag Archipelago, Chapter 2, p. 51
  • Memoirs Of Peasant Tolstoyans In Soviet Russia, p. 108
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  • "In the twenties, a large group of Tolstoyans was exiled to the foothills of the Altai mountains, and there they established communal settlements jointly with the Baptists. When the construction of the Kuznetsk industrial complex began, they supplied it with food products. Then arrests began - first the teachers , and the children ran after the police cars, shouting. And after that the commune leaders were taken."
  • "Out of the stormy, boundless ocean of human life, with all its infinitely varied aspirations and fates, suddenly one part of it was caught up in a powerful maelstrom, whirled together into one unit, and torn away from the rest of the mass. It was carried off on the foamy crest of the wave. Then with a mighty surge it was lifted up into the air, toward the sun, and was thrown with powerful force against a cliff. It broke into thousands of droplets, sparkling with all the colors of the rainbow, then fell back into the ocean and merged with it. And it was no more. And it seemed that there had never been anything. But there was! And the memory of it lives on in the souls of those who experienced it as something bright, great, necessary, and joyous."
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • The Life and Labor Commune was a Tolstoyan agricultural commune founded in 1921 and disbanded as a state run collective farm in 1937. The commune was founded near Moscow but was later resettled in central Siberia, not far from Novokuznetsk. At its peak, it reportedly had as many as 1,000 participants. Throughout its existence the members of the commune were persecuted by the Bolsheviks, both for refusing to enlist or support their war efforts as well as for organizing themselves communally outside of the approved state structure. (en)
  • Em 1921, um grupo de jovens, liderados por Bóris Mazurin e inspirados pelas ideias de Leon Tolstói fundou uma Comunidade, chamada "Vida e Trabalho" a 12 Km de Moscou. Eles buscavam uma uma vida de simplicidade rural e não-violência. Entre 1930 e 1931, a comuna foi deslocada para um lugar próximo à Novokuznetsk na Sibéria central. Em 1936, os líderes da Comunidade foram presos. Em 1939, a Comunidade foi transformada em uma fazenda coletiva estatal . (pt)
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  • Life and Labor Commune (en)
  • Comunidade Tolstoiniana Vida e Trabalho (pt)
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