Lev Shcherba (commonly Scherba) (March 3  1880 – December 26, 1944) was a Russian linguist and lexicographer specializing in phonetics and phonology. Born in Igumen (Minsk province), Shcherba went to high school in Kiev, graduating in 1898, and briefly attended Kiev University before moving to the capital and entering St. Petersburg University. There he studied under Jan Baudouin de Courtenay, graduating in 1903.

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  • Лев Влади́мирович Ще́рба — российский и советский языковед, академик АН СССР, внёсший большой вклад в развитие психолингвистики, лексикографии и фонологии. Один из создателей теории фонемы. Специалист по общему языкознанию, русскому, славянским и французскому языкам.
  • Lew Wladimirowitsch Schtscherba war ein russisch-sowjetischer Sprachwissenschaftler, der sich als Slawist einen Namen machte. Sein Universitätsprofessor Jan Ignacy Niecisław Baudouin de Courtenay schlug ihm vor, die Beeinflussung einer Sprache durch eine andere zu erforschen und empfahl ihm dafür die sorbischen Dialekte als Untersuchungsobjekte. Von Arnošt Muka wurde er auf den Muskauer Dialekt hingewiesen, woraufhin er im Sommer 1907 in die Lausitz reiste und südlich von Muskau in Weißkeißel ein Quartier bezog. Seine Ergebnisse legte er mit einiger Verspätung 1915 in seiner Dissertation unter dem Titel „Восточнолужицкое наръчіе“ vor. Dadurch wurde erstmals ein slawischer Dialekt systematisch beschrieben.
  • Lev Shcherba (commonly Scherba) (March 3  1880 – December 26, 1944) was a Russian linguist and lexicographer specializing in phonetics and phonology. Born in Igumen (Minsk province), Shcherba went to high school in Kiev, graduating in 1898, and briefly attended Kiev University before moving to the capital and entering St. Petersburg University. There he studied under Jan Baudouin de Courtenay, graduating in 1903. In 1906 he traveled abroad, first to Leipzig and then to northern Italy, where he studied Tuscan dialects. During the autumn holidays of 1907 and 1908, on the advice of Baudouin de Courtenay, he studied the Sorbian languages, writing a description of the Mužakow dialect (spoken in the east, near Muskau). At the end of 1907 he went to Paris, where he worked in the experimental phonetics laboratory of Jean-Pierre Rousselot studying the phonetics of a series of languages using experimental methods; on his return to Russia he began setting up an experimental phonetics laboratory, paying for equipment from his own stipend, and this became the institution that now bears his name. As early as 1912, basing himself on the ideas of Baudouin de Courtenay, he elaborated the concept of the phoneme, defined by him as the grouping of sounds into "sound types". In 1912 he defended his master's thesis and in 1915 received his doctorate from St. Petersburg University, where he was a professor from 1916 to 1941. He became the founder of the so-called "Leningrad school" of phonology, which included M. I. Matusevich and L. R. Zinder among others and carried on a polemic with the "Moscow school. " However, he spent the last few years of his life in Moscow, where he died. He became an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1943. Beyond phonology, Shcherba made significant contributions to the wider fields of linguistics and lexicography. In contrast to Ferdinand de Saussure, he recognized three rather than two objects of study: speech activity, language systems, and language material. He placed emphasis on the question of the capacity of the speaker to produce sentences never previously heard, a question which would become important to the linguistics of the later twentieth century. He also emphasized the importance of experiments in linguistics, particularly that of negative results, developing methods which became important for field study. He was the teacher of the lexicographer Sergei Ozhegov, author of the most widely used Russian dictionary. Shcherba is the author of the glokaya kuzdra sentence, which consists of words whose roots do not exist in Russian, but has correct construction in terms of Russian morphology and syntax. He invented this sentence to illustrate the distinction between grammar and vocabulary.
  • レフ・ウラジーミロヴィチ・シチェルバ(русский: Лев Влади́мирович Ще́рба、ラテン文字転写: Lev Vladimirovich Shcherba、1880年3月3日(ユリウス暦2月20日)- 1944年12月26日)は、イグメン出身の旧ロシア、ソビエト連邦の言語学者。言語学における音韻論のペテルブルク(レニングラード)学派の主要人物。ソビエト言語学の基礎を築いた。キエフ大学を経てサンクトペテルブルク大学に入学。卒業後1941年まで同大学で教授を務める。言語活動は、談話と理解の諸過程の総体であるとみなした。話し言葉にとっては、対話がもっとも自然な形式であり、独り言はそうではない著しく人為的な形式であると考えた。この発想がヴィゴツキーらによる思考と言語の相関研究の重要な起点の一つとなった。ロシア語の学術語辞典や露仏辞典の中で語彙の諸問題を研究し、さらに、学術語文典書の作成の過程で、シンタグマや品詞の理論を展開した。
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  • Lew Wladimirowitsch Schtscherba war ein russisch-sowjetischer Sprachwissenschaftler, der sich als Slawist einen Namen machte. Sein Universitätsprofessor Jan Ignacy Niecisław Baudouin de Courtenay schlug ihm vor, die Beeinflussung einer Sprache durch eine andere zu erforschen und empfahl ihm dafür die sorbischen Dialekte als Untersuchungsobjekte.
  • Лев Влади́мирович Ще́рба — российский и советский языковед, академик АН СССР, внёсший большой вклад в развитие психолингвистики, лексикографии и фонологии. Один из создателей теории фонемы. Специалист по общему языкознанию, русскому, славянским и французскому языкам.
  • Lev Shcherba (commonly Scherba) (March 3  1880 – December 26, 1944) was a Russian linguist and lexicographer specializing in phonetics and phonology. Born in Igumen (Minsk province), Shcherba went to high school in Kiev, graduating in 1898, and briefly attended Kiev University before moving to the capital and entering St. Petersburg University. There he studied under Jan Baudouin de Courtenay, graduating in 1903.
  • レフ・ウラジーミロヴィチ・シチェルバ(русский: Лев Влади́мирович Ще́рба、ラテン文字転写: Lev Vladimirovich Shcherba、1880年3月3日(ユリウス暦2月20日)- 1944年12月26日)は、イグメン出身の旧ロシア、ソビエト連邦の言語学者。言語学における音韻論のペテルブルク(レニングラード)学派の主要人物。ソビエト言語学の基礎を築いた。キエフ大学を経てサンクトペテルブルク大学に入学。卒業後1941年まで同大学で教授を務める。言語活動は、談話と理解の諸過程の総体であるとみなした。話し言葉にとっては、対話がもっとも自然な形式であり、独り言はそうではない著しく人為的な形式であると考えた。この発想がヴィゴツキーらによる思考と言語の相関研究の重要な起点の一つとなった。ロシア語の学術語辞典や露仏辞典の中で語彙の諸問題を研究し、さらに、学術語文典書の作成の過程で、シンタグマや品詞の理論を展開した。
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  • Lev Shcherba
  • レフ・シチェルバ
  • Щерба, Лев Владимирович
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