Lebanon (/ˈlɛbənɒn/ or /ˈlɛbənən/; Arabic: لبنان‎ Libnān or Lubnān; Lebanese Arabic: [lɪbˈneːn]; Aramaic: לבנאנ; French: Liban), officially the Lebanese Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية‎ Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-Loubnānīyah; Lebanese Arabic: [elˈʒʊmhuːɾɪjje l.ˈlɪbneːnɪjje]; French: République libanaise), is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south.

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dbo:abstract
  • El Líbano (en árabe: لبنان Lubnān), oficialmente la República Libanesa (en árabe: الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّة Al-Ŷumhūriya Al-Lubnāniya, en arameo: לבנאנ, en francés: République libanaise), es un país de Oriente Próximo que limita al sur con Israel, al norte y al este con Siria, y está bañado por el mar Mediterráneo al oeste. El país es cuna de culturas fenicia, asiria, griega, romana, europea y árabe. En las ciudades de Baalbek, Tiro y Biblos existen los templos romanos y santuarios fenicios más antiguos de la humanidad. Posee uno de los IDH más altos de la región, siendo el 8º más alto del Mundo Árabe. Al ser un país influido por muchas culturas, se refleja en la diversidad de la arquitectura y la sociedad. En la capital Beirut existe la influencia arquitectónica propia de países árabes con grandes mezquitas para la población musulmana, y a la vez de países occidentales con grandes iglesias maronitas u ortodoxas para los cristianos y rascacielos modernos.Hasta los años 1970, el Líbano era el centro financiero de Oriente Próximo, que le valió el sobrenombre de «la Suiza de Oriente Próximo». Sin embargo, su importancia económica se desintegró con la terrible Guerra Civil Libanesa de 1975–1990, que destruyó un equilibrio político ejemplar.Hacia mediados de 2006, el país había recuperado un considerable grado de estabilidad y desarrollo, la reconstrucción de Beirut estaba casi completa y un número creciente de turistas volvía al país. Sin embargo, en el verano de 2006 se desató la Guerra del Líbano, de un mes de duración, entre el ejército de Israel y Hezbollah, que causó un gran número de bajas civiles e importantes daños en la infraestructura del país. El 14 de agosto se alcanzó un alto al fuego tras un llamamiento al fin de las hostilidades del Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU.Desde entonces, el país vive una inestabilidad casi constante, por guerras y conflictos internos o externos (conflictos de países cercanos como Siria, Israel o Palestina). A pesar de ello, su capital Beirut vuelve a ser uno de los centros financieros, económicos y comerciales más grandes y modernos, y una de las ciudades más vanguardistas y multiculturales del Medio Oriente.
  • Il Libano (in arabo: لبنان, Lubnān; francese: Liban, nella forma estesa in arabo: اَلْجُمْهُورِيَّة اَللُّبْنَانِيَّة, al-Jumhūriyya al-Lubnāniyya, République libanaise ossia "Repubblica libanese", aramaico:לבנאנ) è uno Stato del Vicino Oriente che si affaccia sul settore orientale del mar Mediterraneo. Il Libano confina a Nord e ad Est con la Siria e a Sud con Israele. Ad Ovest si affaccia sul Mar Mediterraneo.La superficie del Libano è di 10.452 km². La capitale è Beirut.Le attività economiche principali sono i servizi bancari e finanziari, tradizionalmente sostenuti da un regime economico libero-scambista e competitivo, e il turismo.Secondo una ricostruzione etimologica tanto diffusa quanto non scientifica, il termine Lubnān sarebbe stato utilizzato a partire dall'VIII secolo d.C. e deriverebbe dalla radice trilittera l-b-n, la stessa della parola laban (ossia "latte"), per via della somiglianza tra i massicci montuosi coperti di neve e il colore del latte.
  • Der Libanon (amtlich: Libanesische Republik; arabisch ‏الجمهورية اللبنانية‎, französisch République libanaise) ist ein Staat in Vorderasien am Mittelmeer. Der Libanon grenzt im Norden und Osten an Syrien und im Süden entlang der Blauen Linie an Israel. Im Westen wird er vom Mittelmeer begrenzt. Der Libanon wird zu den Maschrek-Ländern und zur Levante gerechnet. Das bis zu 3000 Meter hohe Libanon-Gebirge ist im Winter schneebedeckt. Von dessen weißen Gipfeln wird der Landesname abgeleitet, der auf die semitische Sprachwurzel lbn („weiß“) zurückgeht.
  • レバノン共和国الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّة</dd>国の標語:なし国歌:我ら全ては我が国のため、我が栄光と国旗のためレバノンの位置</dd></dl>レバノン共和国(レバノンきょうわこく)、通称レバノンは、西アジア・中東に位置する共和制国家。北から東にかけてシリアと、南にイスラエルと隣接し、西は地中海に面している。首都はベイルート。
  • Nieprawidłowe parametry: { |_region:{{#property:P300}}}Liban (arab. لبنان Lubnān; الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّة al-Jumhūrīya al-Lubnānīya, Republika Libańska) – państwo w zachodniej Azji, na obszarze Bliskiego Wschodu, nad Morzem Śródziemnym graniczące z Syrią i Izraelem.
  • Libanon, (Arabisch: لبنان), officieel de Republiek Libanon, is een klein en dichtbevolkt land gelegen aan de uiterste oostkust van de Middellandse Zee. In het zuiden grenst het aan Israël en in het oosten en noorden aan Syrië.Het land behoort tot de Arabische Liga.
  • Шаблон:Государство/ВикиданныеЛива́н (араб. لبنان‎‎, Любна́н), официальное название Ливанская Республика (араб. الجمهورية اللبنانية‎‎; аль-Джумхури́йя аль-Любнани́йя) — небольшое государство на Ближнем Востоке, расположенное в гористой местности на восточном берегу Средиземного моря. На востоке и севере граничит с Сирией, на юге — с Израилем.Население Ливана — около 4 миллионов человек. Республика выделяется в арабском мире чрезвычайным религиозным разнообразием. В Ливане действует особая политическая система, так называемый конфессионализм, подразумевающий организацию государственной власти в соответствии с делением общества на религиозные общины.До гражданской войны 1975—1990 гг. Ливан был процветающим государством, финансовой и банковской столицей арабского мира с преобладающей долей христианского населения, за что получил неофициальное название «Ближневосточная Швейцария». Ливан пользуется также популярностью среди туристов. После завершения войны началась реконструкция экономики.
  • 黎巴嫩共和国(阿拉伯语:لبنان;阿拉米语:ܠܒܢܢ;英文:Republic of Lebanon),位于亚洲西南部地中海东岸,习惯上称为中东国家。该国东部和北部与叙利亚接壤,南部与以色列(边界未划定)为邻,西濒地中海。
  • Lebanon (/ˈlɛbənɒn/ or /ˈlɛbənən/; Arabic: لبنان‎ Libnān or Lubnān; Lebanese Arabic: [lɪbˈneːn]; Aramaic: לבנאנ; French: Liban), officially the Lebanese Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية‎ Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-Loubnānīyah; Lebanese Arabic: [elˈʒʊmhuːɾɪjje l.ˈlɪbneːnɪjje]; French: République libanaise), is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has dictated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity.The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Phoenicians, a maritime culture that flourished for over a thousand years (c. 1550–539 BC). In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity. In the Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as the Maronite Church was established. As the Arab Muslims conquered the region, the Maronites held onto their religion and identity. However, a new religious group, the Druze, established themselves in Mount Lebanon as well, a religious divide that would last for centuries. During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the Roman Catholic Church and asserted their communion with Rome. The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.The region eventually came under the rule of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1918. Following the collapse of the Empire after World War I, the five provinces that constitute modern Lebanon were mandated to France. The French expanded the borders of Mount Lebanon Governorate, which was mostly populated by Maronites and Druze, to include more Muslims. Lebanon gained independence in 1943, establishing a unique political system – "confessionalism" – that is, a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities. Bechara El Khoury (independent Lebanon's first president), Riad El-Solh (Lebanon's first prime minister) and Emir Majid Arslan (Lebanon's first minister of defence) are considered the founders of the modern Republic of Lebanon and are national heroes for having led the country's independence. French troops withdrew from Lebanon in 1946.Before the Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990), the country experienced a period of relative calm and renowned prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, commerce, and banking. Because of its financial power and diversity in its heyday, Lebanon was compared to Switzerland, and its capital Beirut attracted so many tourists that it was known as "the Paris of the Middle East". At the end of the war, there were extensive efforts to revive the economy and rebuild national infrastructure.
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  • レバノン共和国الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّة</dd>国の標語:なし国歌:我ら全ては我が国のため、我が栄光と国旗のためレバノンの位置</dd></dl>レバノン共和国(レバノンきょうわこく)、通称レバノンは、西アジア・中東に位置する共和制国家。北から東にかけてシリアと、南にイスラエルと隣接し、西は地中海に面している。首都はベイルート。
  • Nieprawidłowe parametry: { |_region:{{#property:P300}}}Liban (arab. لبنان Lubnān; الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّة al-Jumhūrīya al-Lubnānīya, Republika Libańska) – państwo w zachodniej Azji, na obszarze Bliskiego Wschodu, nad Morzem Śródziemnym graniczące z Syrią i Izraelem.
  • Libanon, (Arabisch: لبنان), officieel de Republiek Libanon, is een klein en dichtbevolkt land gelegen aan de uiterste oostkust van de Middellandse Zee. In het zuiden grenst het aan Israël en in het oosten en noorden aan Syrië.Het land behoort tot de Arabische Liga.
  • 黎巴嫩共和国(阿拉伯语:لبنان;阿拉米语:ܠܒܢܢ;英文:Republic of Lebanon),位于亚洲西南部地中海东岸,习惯上称为中东国家。该国东部和北部与叙利亚接壤,南部与以色列(边界未划定)为邻,西濒地中海。
  • Der Libanon (amtlich: Libanesische Republik; arabisch ‏الجمهورية اللبنانية‎, französisch République libanaise) ist ein Staat in Vorderasien am Mittelmeer. Der Libanon grenzt im Norden und Osten an Syrien und im Süden entlang der Blauen Linie an Israel. Im Westen wird er vom Mittelmeer begrenzt. Der Libanon wird zu den Maschrek-Ländern und zur Levante gerechnet. Das bis zu 3000 Meter hohe Libanon-Gebirge ist im Winter schneebedeckt.
  • El Líbano (en árabe: لبنان Lubnān), oficialmente la República Libanesa (en árabe: الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّة Al-Ŷumhūriya Al-Lubnāniya, en arameo: לבנאנ, en francés: République libanaise), es un país de Oriente Próximo que limita al sur con Israel, al norte y al este con Siria, y está bañado por el mar Mediterráneo al oeste. El país es cuna de culturas fenicia, asiria, griega, romana, europea y árabe.
  • Il Libano (in arabo: لبنان, Lubnān; francese: Liban, nella forma estesa in arabo: اَلْجُمْهُورِيَّة اَللُّبْنَانِيَّة, al-Jumhūriyya al-Lubnāniyya, République libanaise ossia "Repubblica libanese", aramaico:לבנאנ) è uno Stato del Vicino Oriente che si affaccia sul settore orientale del mar Mediterraneo. Il Libano confina a Nord e ad Est con la Siria e a Sud con Israele. Ad Ovest si affaccia sul Mar Mediterraneo.La superficie del Libano è di 10.452 km².
  • Шаблон:Государство/ВикиданныеЛива́н (араб. لبنان‎‎, Любна́н), официальное название Ливанская Республика (араб. الجمهورية اللبنانية‎‎; аль-Джумхури́йя аль-Любнани́йя) — небольшое государство на Ближнем Востоке, расположенное в гористой местности на восточном берегу Средиземного моря. На востоке и севере граничит с Сирией, на юге — с Израилем.Население Ливана — около 4 миллионов человек. Республика выделяется в арабском мире чрезвычайным религиозным разнообразием.
  • Lebanon (/ˈlɛbənɒn/ or /ˈlɛbənən/; Arabic: لبنان‎ Libnān or Lubnān; Lebanese Arabic: [lɪbˈneːn]; Aramaic: לבנאנ; French: Liban), officially the Lebanese Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية‎ Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-Loubnānīyah; Lebanese Arabic: [elˈʒʊmhuːɾɪjje l.ˈlɪbneːnɪjje]; French: République libanaise), is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south.
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  • Líbano
  • Ливан
  • 黎巴嫩
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  • الجمهورية اللبنانية
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