The League Championship Series was promulgated in 1969, when both the National League and the American League increased in size from ten teams to twelve with the addition, via expansion, of the Montreal Expos and San Diego Padres to the former and the Kansas City Royals and Seattle Pilots (now the Milwaukee Brewers of the NL) to the latter. Concomitant with this, both leagues formed Eastern and Western Divisions, the first-place teams from which faced off in the LCS. As of 2017, all 30 MLB teams have reached the LCS at least once.

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  • The League Championship Series was promulgated in 1969, when both the National League and the American League increased in size from ten teams to twelve with the addition, via expansion, of the Montreal Expos and San Diego Padres to the former and the Kansas City Royals and Seattle Pilots (now the Milwaukee Brewers of the NL) to the latter. Concomitant with this, both leagues formed Eastern and Western Divisions, the first-place teams from which faced off in the LCS. Originally, the League Championship Series were best-of-five using the 2–3 format in which the team without home field advantage hosted the first two games and the team with it hosted the remaining game(s), making it impossible for the disadvantage team to win the series at home. It also allowed those teams the unusual luxury of starting a series at home, possibly having home field advantage in a three-game series, and a guarantee that they play the maximum number of games possible at home (2). In 1985 the LCS was lengthened to best-of-seven games in the 2-3-2 format with the team holding home-field advantage opening the series at home and playing the next three games on the road, before returning home for two more possible games. The disadvantage team would have had more games played at home than on the road if the series ends in five games. Since 1995 the LCS has matched up the winners of the Division Series, which were added when both leagues realigned into three divisions, the winners thereof plus one wild card team in each league participating in the latter series, which is a best-of-five (this change was actually supposed to take place in 1994, but postseason play was not held in that year due to a players' strike). Until 1998, the home-field advantage in the LCS was allocated on a rotating basis between the two (and from 1995 through 1997, among the three) division champions; since 1998 the team with the better record has had this advantage, except that in no case can the wild card ever secure the extra home game, regardless of regular-season records. As of 2017, all 30 MLB teams have reached the LCS at least once. (en)
  • Le Championship Series sono il secondo turno che una squadra affronta nei play-off della Major League Baseball nonché la serie finale per ciascuna delle due leghe: * American League Championship Series (ALCS) * National League Championship Series (NLCS) Vi accedono le squadre vincitrici delle Division Series di ciascuna lega, che si contendono il pennant, il titolo di lega.La squadra vincitrice nella serie, che si gioca al meglio delle sette partite, accede alle World Series in cui incontra i campioni dell'altra lega in una serie di gare al meglio delle sette. (it)
  • Dans la Ligue majeure de baseball, la Série de championnat est la série finale ayant pour objet le championnat de la ligue. Il y a chaque automne deux Séries de championnat : * La Série de championnat de la Ligue nationale détermine le champion de la Ligue nationale de baseball. * La Série de championnat de la Ligue américaine détermine le champion de la Ligue américaine de baseball. Ces deux séries sont disputées chaque année depuis 1969 et n'ont été annulées qu'une seule fois, en 1994. Jouées au meilleur de 5 parties jusqu'en 1984, elles sont depuis 1985 disputées au meilleur de 7 matchs. Ells font partie d'un tournoi appelé séries éliminatoires et les gagnants des deux Séries de championnat s'affrontent ensuite pour le titre ultime de la Ligue majeure de baseball (composée des Ligues américaine et nationale) dans un duel appelé Série mondiale. (fr)
  • リーグチャンピオンシップシリーズ(League Championship Series, LCS)は、メジャーリーグベースボールにおけるナショナルリーグ、アメリカンリーグの優勝チーム決定戦。ポストシーズンゲームの第3ラウンドである。 ナショナルリーグ(National League Championship Series , NLCS)と、アメリカンリーグ(American League Championship Series , ALCS)でそれぞれ開催される。両リーグのディビジョンシリーズを勝ち上がったチーム(1969年~1993年は両リーグの東西それぞれの地区優勝チーム)によって争われ、勝利したチームがリーグ優勝となりワールドシリーズに進出する。日本のマスコミではしばしば「リーグ優勝決定シリーズ」の表記が見られる。 (ja)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Le Championship Series sono il secondo turno che una squadra affronta nei play-off della Major League Baseball nonché la serie finale per ciascuna delle due leghe: * American League Championship Series (ALCS) * National League Championship Series (NLCS) Vi accedono le squadre vincitrici delle Division Series di ciascuna lega, che si contendono il pennant, il titolo di lega.La squadra vincitrice nella serie, che si gioca al meglio delle sette partite, accede alle World Series in cui incontra i campioni dell'altra lega in una serie di gare al meglio delle sette. (it)
  • リーグチャンピオンシップシリーズ(League Championship Series, LCS)は、メジャーリーグベースボールにおけるナショナルリーグ、アメリカンリーグの優勝チーム決定戦。ポストシーズンゲームの第3ラウンドである。 ナショナルリーグ(National League Championship Series , NLCS)と、アメリカンリーグ(American League Championship Series , ALCS)でそれぞれ開催される。両リーグのディビジョンシリーズを勝ち上がったチーム(1969年~1993年は両リーグの東西それぞれの地区優勝チーム)によって争われ、勝利したチームがリーグ優勝となりワールドシリーズに進出する。日本のマスコミではしばしば「リーグ優勝決定シリーズ」の表記が見られる。 (ja)
  • The League Championship Series was promulgated in 1969, when both the National League and the American League increased in size from ten teams to twelve with the addition, via expansion, of the Montreal Expos and San Diego Padres to the former and the Kansas City Royals and Seattle Pilots (now the Milwaukee Brewers of the NL) to the latter. Concomitant with this, both leagues formed Eastern and Western Divisions, the first-place teams from which faced off in the LCS. As of 2017, all 30 MLB teams have reached the LCS at least once. (en)
  • Dans la Ligue majeure de baseball, la Série de championnat est la série finale ayant pour objet le championnat de la ligue. Il y a chaque automne deux Séries de championnat : * La Série de championnat de la Ligue nationale détermine le champion de la Ligue nationale de baseball. * La Série de championnat de la Ligue américaine détermine le champion de la Ligue américaine de baseball. (fr)
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  • League Championship Series (en)
  • Championship Series (it)
  • Série de championnat (fr)
  • リーグチャンピオンシップシリーズ (ja)
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