Lajos Bárdos (October 1, 1899 – November 18, 1986) was a composer, conductor, music theorist, and professor of music at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music, in Budapest, Hungary, where he had previously studied under Albert Siklós and Zoltán Kodály. His younger brother, György Deák-Bárdos, was also a composer. The teaching methods that Bárdos developed contributed to what has since come to be known as the Kodály Method of musical training. "Lajos Bárdos Music Week" has been an annual festival in Hungary since 1977.

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  • Lajos Bárdos (October 1, 1899 – November 18, 1986) was a composer, conductor, music theorist, and professor of music at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music, in Budapest, Hungary, where he had previously studied under Albert Siklós and Zoltán Kodály. His younger brother, György Deák-Bárdos, was also a composer. Together with Kodály, Bárdos laid the foundations of 20th-century Hungarian choral music. From 1928 to 1967 he was a professor at the Academy, where he reformed the syllabus––emphasizing the training of choral conductors, the teaching of church music history, and instruction in music theory and prosody. In 1931, along with György Kerényi and Gyula Kertész, he founded the publishing company Magyar Kórus (Hungarian Chorus), publishing 2,000 works of old masters and modern composers over the next 20 years, before being shut down by the communist regime in 1950. As the most active disseminator of sacred music in Hungary, Bárdos was targeted at the time with threatening criticism. (For example, one writer in the new journal Éneklö Nép (Singing People) proclaimed, "We must take care to eradicate men such as Lajos Bárdos as soon as possible!") The irony is that the rich supply of music provided by Magyar Kórus had allowed schools across Hungary to organize concerts based on those works. That same group of works also served as the basis for the "Singing Youth" movement, which Bárdos founded in 1934, and which encouraged young people across Hungary to join choral groups and learn the basics of music. And the impetus to promote choral music in the first place came largely from Kodály's observation––made when both he and Bárdos were young musicians––that whereas only a few of the elite had the privilege of having an education in instrumental music, on the other hand, "everybody has a voice". Through his work as a conductor Bárdos raised the standards of Hungarian choral singing to the highest international level within decades. He directed several choirs and encouraged the development of choral activity in remote areas of the country. His repertory was pioneering: he included choral music from before Palestrina––especially that of Josquin––while also promoting new music (for instance, he directed the Palestrina Choir's performance of Stravinsky's Symphony of Psalms in 1932, to great success––and praises from Stravinsky). He also promoted new music in other ways. For example, in 1947 he invited Olivier Messiaen to Budapest, where he both lectured and performed for two weeks. Bárdos' own compositions draw on Renaissance polyphony and Hungarian folk music, following in the tradition of Bartók and Kodály. In all, he composed some 800 pieces––including folk song arrangements, choral masses, motets, secular pieces based on poems, theatrical accompaniments, songs, and instrumental music. Bárdos' work as a musicologist included major studies of Gregorian melody, modal and Romantic harmony, and the analysis of works by Liszt, Bartók, and Kodály. Well known papers include "The Modal Harmony in Liszt's Work", and "Heptatonia Secunda" (which is considered by some to be the best study of Kodály in all of musical literature). When the first essay of the volume Folk Rhythm in Bartók's Music was published, it inspired a younger generation to research Bartók further. His lectures at the Academy were famous for their clarity and liveliness, and he had a full house at all times, regardless of the subject matter. His pupils at the Academy included György Kurtág, who decades later dedicated two compositions to him (Op. 11, song #2, and Op. 12). György Ligeti took the unusual step of regularly attending Bárdos' lectures while they were both teaching at the Academy. He later credited Bárdos' lectures with having an influence on his own early compositions. Between the wars (for almost 20 years, until 1944) Bárdos composed the music for several large-scale "movement dramas" produced by the pioneering Hungarian modern dancer Valéria Dienes (herself a former student––and only authorized translator into Hungarian––of the French philosopher Henri Bergson, as well as being the founder of the first school of eurhythmics in Hungary). The teaching methods that Bárdos developed contributed to what has since come to be known as the Kodály Method of musical training. "Lajos Bárdos Music Week" has been an annual festival in Hungary since 1977. (en)
  • Lajos Bárdos (1 de octubre de 1899 - 18 de noviembre de 1986) fue director de coro, profesor de musicología y profesor de la Academia Musical Franz Liszt en Hungría. También fundó una escuela de teoría musical en Hungría y el movimiento "Singing Youth". Hizo todo lo posible para poner en práctica la idea de Zoltán Kodály "Cantando Hungría". (es)
  • Lajos Bárdos (* 1. Oktober 1899 in Budapest; † 18. November 1986 ebenda) war ein ungarischer Komponist. (de)
  • Lajos Bárdos est un compositeur, chef d'orchestre, chef de chœur hongrois, professeur de musique à l'Académie de musique Franz-Liszt, né le 1er octobre 1899 à Budapest et mort le 18 novembre 1986 à Budapest. (fr)
  • Insieme a Zoltán Kodály, gettò le basi della musica corale ungherese del XX secolo. Dal 1928 al 1967 fu professore presso la Accademia di musica Franz Liszt, riformando il programma, valorizzando la formazione dei direttori di coro, insegnando la storia della musica sacra, la teoria musicale e la prosodia. Nel 1931 fu cofondatore della casa editrice “Magyar Korus” , diventando direttore fino al 1950, anno in cui fu bandita.Dal 1934 organizzò il movimento “Canto della gioventù”, avendo come obiettivo quello di incoraggiare i ragazzi ungheresi a cimentarsi con la musica corale e imparare le basi della musica. Attraverso il suo lavoro come direttore d'orchestra Bárdos riuscì ad elevare in pochi decenni il canto corale ungherese portandolo a livelli internazionali. Diresse vari cori e incoraggò lo sviluppo di attività corali in zone remote del paese. Il suo repertorio è stato pionieristico in quanto introdusse lo studio della musica corale di autori precedenti a Palestrina, in particolare Josquin Desprez, e promosse nuovi autori e nuova musica (come per esempio la Sinfonia dei Salmi di Stravinskij). Le sue composizioni si ispirano anche alla musica folk polifonia rinascimentale e ungherese, seguendo la tradizione di Bartók e Kodály. Il lavoro di Bárdos come musicologo riguardò studi importanti sulla melodia gregoriana, armonia modale e romantica, e l'analisi delle opere di Liszt, Bartók e Kodály. Alle sue lezioni presso l'Accademia parteciparoni numerosi studenti, tra cui György Ligeti, il quale prese l'insolita iniziativa di frequentare regolarmente le lezioni di Bárdos mentre erano entrambi insegnanti presso l'Accademia. Ligeti ha sempre sostenuto che Bardos ebbe una grande influenza sulle sue composizioni. Insieme con altri studenti di Kodály, Bárdos aiutò a sviluppare ciò che in seguito divenne noto come il “metodo Kodály” di formazione musicale (In italia fu metodo importato da Roberto Goitre e conosciuto anche come metodo del "DO mobile"). Dal 1977 in Ungheria si celebra il festival annuale "Settimana Musicale di Lajos Bárdos”. (it)
  • Lajos Bárdos (Boedapest, 1 oktober 1899 – Boedapest, 18 november 1986) was een Hongaars componist, koordirigent en muziekpedagoog. (nl)
  • Ла́йош Ба́рдош (венг. Bárdos Lajos; 1 октября 1899, Будапешт, Австро-Венгрия — 18 ноября 1986, Будапешт, Венгрия) — венгерский композитор, хоровой дирижёр, музыковед и педагог. (ru)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1899-10-1
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  • 1986-11-18 (xsd:date)
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  • 895336 (xsd:integer)
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  • 735921202 (xsd:integer)
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  • Hungarian musician (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Lajos Bárdos (1 de octubre de 1899 - 18 de noviembre de 1986) fue director de coro, profesor de musicología y profesor de la Academia Musical Franz Liszt en Hungría. También fundó una escuela de teoría musical en Hungría y el movimiento "Singing Youth". Hizo todo lo posible para poner en práctica la idea de Zoltán Kodály "Cantando Hungría". (es)
  • Lajos Bárdos (* 1. Oktober 1899 in Budapest; † 18. November 1986 ebenda) war ein ungarischer Komponist. (de)
  • Lajos Bárdos est un compositeur, chef d'orchestre, chef de chœur hongrois, professeur de musique à l'Académie de musique Franz-Liszt, né le 1er octobre 1899 à Budapest et mort le 18 novembre 1986 à Budapest. (fr)
  • Lajos Bárdos (Boedapest, 1 oktober 1899 – Boedapest, 18 november 1986) was een Hongaars componist, koordirigent en muziekpedagoog. (nl)
  • Ла́йош Ба́рдош (венг. Bárdos Lajos; 1 октября 1899, Будапешт, Австро-Венгрия — 18 ноября 1986, Будапешт, Венгрия) — венгерский композитор, хоровой дирижёр, музыковед и педагог. (ru)
  • Lajos Bárdos (October 1, 1899 – November 18, 1986) was a composer, conductor, music theorist, and professor of music at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music, in Budapest, Hungary, where he had previously studied under Albert Siklós and Zoltán Kodály. His younger brother, György Deák-Bárdos, was also a composer. The teaching methods that Bárdos developed contributed to what has since come to be known as the Kodály Method of musical training. "Lajos Bárdos Music Week" has been an annual festival in Hungary since 1977. (en)
  • Insieme a Zoltán Kodály, gettò le basi della musica corale ungherese del XX secolo. Dal 1928 al 1967 fu professore presso la Accademia di musica Franz Liszt, riformando il programma, valorizzando la formazione dei direttori di coro, insegnando la storia della musica sacra, la teoria musicale e la prosodia. Insieme con altri studenti di Kodály, Bárdos aiutò a sviluppare ciò che in seguito divenne noto come il “metodo Kodály” di formazione musicale (In italia fu metodo importato da Roberto Goitre e conosciuto anche come metodo del "DO mobile"). (it)
rdfs:label
  • Lajos Bárdos (en)
  • Lajos Bárdos (de)
  • Lajos Bárdos (es)
  • Lajos Bárdos (fr)
  • Lajos Bárdos (it)
  • Lajos Bárdos (nl)
  • Бардош, Лайош (ru)
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  • Lajos Bárdos (en)
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  • Bárdos (en)
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