Kunta-haji Kishiev (Chechen: Киши КIант Кунт-Хьаж) (1829 or 1830 in Melcha Khi, Chechnya - 1867 in Ustyuzhna, Novgorod Gubernia, now Vologda Oblast, Russia ) was Chechen Muslim mystic, the founder of a Sufi branch named Zikrism, and an ideologue of nonviolence and passive resistance. He is often referred as the Chechen Mahatma Gandhi. A follower of the Qadiriyya Sufi order. and For a long time there was no information about the fate of Kunta-haji. In 1928 documents were found confirming that Kunta-haji died in exile in the town of Ustyuzhna (then Novgorod Guberniya, now Vologda Oblast).

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dbo:abstract
  • Kunta Haji Kishiev (Киши КIант Кунт-Хьаж) (1829 - 1867) est un soufi mystique de Tchétchénie, idéologue de la non-violence et de la résistance passive, fondateur d'un ordre Qadiriya, le Kunta Haji Tariqat, qui pratiquait le Dhikr à haute voix, contrairement au Dhikr silencieux des Naqshbandis qui lui étaient opposésKunta Haji était perçu par les autorités islamiques comme une menace et par les Russes comme un obstacle à la version de l’Islam qu’ils voulaient imposer. Son influence grandit jusqu’à ce qu’il soit arrêté en janvier 1863. L’arrestation provoqua le « soulèvement des poignards » où 4000 disciples de Kunta Haji, armés du poignard rituel, tentèrent de le libérer. 200 furent tués et les autres dispersés par les troupes du général Turmanov Kunta Haji est mort dans une prison russe en 1867. Sa pratique du Dhikr fut interdite mais son ordre resta le plus populaire parmi les Tchétchènes. (fr)
  • Kunta Haddschi Kischijew (tschetschen. Киши КIант Кунт-Хьаж, russisch Кунта-Хаджи Кишиев; geb. ca. 1830 in Istisu/Meltschchi, Tschetschenien, gest. Mai 1867 in Ustjuschna) war ein kumykischer Scheich, der während des Kaukasuskriegs von 1817 bis 1864 die Tschetschenen und Inguschen zu einer friedlichen Haltung gegenüber Russland aufrief und eine neue sufische Bewegung gründete, die von den Russen „Sikrismus“ genannt wurde. Der Name rührte daher, dass Kunta Haddschi und seine Anhänger den Dhikr (russisch: Sikr), das sufische Gebetsritual, laut ausführten und dabei auch Musik machten und tanzten, im Gegensatz zu dem damals im Nordkaukasus vorherrschenden Naqschbandīya-Orden, in dem ein leiser Dhikr favorisiert wurde. Etwa 50 bis 80 Prozent der Muslime Tschetscheniens fühlen sich bis heute der von Kunta Hāddschi begründeten sufischen Tradition (Wird) verpflichtet. Sie gliedern sich in fünf Untergruppen, die ebenfalls Wird genannt werden und sich auf verschiedene Scheiche der von Kunta Haddschi begründeten Tradition beziehen. Das Grab von Kunta Haddschis Mutter im Südosten Tschetscheniens ist bis heute einer der wichtigsten heiligen Orte des Nordkaukasus. In Grosny, der Hauptstadt Tschetscheniens, wurde 2009 eine nach Kunta Haddschi benannte Islamische Universität eröffnet. Er gilt auch als eines der Vorbilder und Beispiele für gewaltlose Traditionen und Strömungen im Islam. (de)
  • Кунта-Хаджи Кишиев (чеч. Киши КIант Кунт-Хьаж; конец XVIII века — 19 мая 1867) — Чеченский святой суфийский шейх. Последователей Кунта-Хаджи называют Хаджи-мюридами. (ru)
  • Kunta-haji Kishiev (Chechen: Киши КIант Кунт-Хьаж) (1829 or 1830 in Melcha Khi, Chechnya - 1867 in Ustyuzhna, Novgorod Gubernia, now Vologda Oblast, Russia ) was Chechen Muslim mystic, the founder of a Sufi branch named Zikrism, and an ideologue of nonviolence and passive resistance. He is often referred as the Chechen Mahatma Gandhi. A follower of the Qadiriyya Sufi order. Kunta-haji Kishiev (literally son of Kishi) was born in a Chechen lowland village of Isti-Su, also known as Melcha-Khi. Later the family moved to the mountain village of Ilskhan-Yurt in the heartland of Chechnya. In his youth he was distinguished by his hard work and sharp mental senses. Kunta received a solid religious education and was a follower of shaykh Gezi-haji from the village of Zandak. Kunta started practicing Loud Zikr: prayer with dancing, singing, rolling and recitation of divine names. According to legend, Imam Shamil was worried by the unusual practice and ordered an examination of the Koranic knowledge of the youth. After Kunta passed the examination, Shamil left him alone. By another version of the same legend, Shamil forbade Kunta Zikr and promised to execute him if he continued. Yet another legend tells that Shamil exiled Kunta to Mekka and did not allowed to come back. By the end of 1850s Kunta made his Hajj (according to Mustafa Eldibiev (Kunta made his first hajj at the age of 18, thus, in 1848). In his travel over the Middle East Kunta not only visited Mekka but also the tomb of Abdul-Qadir Gilani in Baghdad, and became a devoted follower of Qadiriyyah, the teachings developed by Abdul-Qadir Gilani. Kunta became a strong supporter of non-violence and peace. In the midst of the bloody Caucasian War he wrote to Chechnya from Mekka: War—it is savagery. Remove yourself from anything that hints of [reminds you of] war if the enemy hasn’t come to take away your faith and honor. Your strength is wisdom, patience, fairness. The enemy will not withstand this strength and sooner or later will admit his defeat. No one will have the strength to defeat you and your truth if you don’t turn away from the path of your faith—the Tariqah. and Brothers! Because of the constant wars we are catastrophically diminished in numbers. I do not believe in help from Turkey, that Turkish sultan wants to free and save us. He is the same despot as Russian tsar. Believe me: I saw this by my own eyes as well as covering by sharia despots from Arab countries. Further war is not pleasing God. If they order you to go to the church - go, it is only a building. If they order you to wear crosses - wear them, they only iron things. You would still be Muslims in your heart and soul. But if they would rape your women, force you to forget your culture and traditions, only then rebel and fight to the last man. Defeat the evil man by your goodness and loveDefeat the greedy with your generosityDefeat the treacherous with your sincerityDefeat the infidel with your fidelity After the fall of Shamil Kunta-hajji returned to Chechnya. His teaching became quite popular among people tired by the almost fifty years of the Caucasian war. The number of his murids reached five thousand. Kunta-haji required his murids not only to perform the five required prayers during the day, but also to repeat the prayer La ilaha ill-Allah (There is no god but God) at least one hundred times during the day and participate in the ritual of Loud Circular Zikr. Despite the fact that Kunta-haji repeatedly rejected the title of imam he was seen as a threat to the Imperial authorities and the official version of Islam supported by Russian authorities. By the request of the tsar's administration, official Islamic clerics (e.g. Abdulkadyr Khordayev and Mustafa Abdulayev) organized public theological discussions with Kunta-haji trying to prove that his teaching contradicted Islam. Still the influence of Kunta-haji only grew. Considering Kunta-haji as a threat the Governor-General of Terek ordered his arrest. Kunta-haji and his brother, Movsar, were arrested and taken to Novocherkassk prison in January 1863.The arrest caused the so-called Dagger Uprising (or delo pod Shali), when three thousand of Kunta-haji's murids armed only with the ceremonial daggers tried to free their teacher in Shali. The rebels were dispersed by the regular troops of General Tumanov. 160 rebels were killed. For a long time there was no information about the fate of Kunta-haji. In 1928 documents were found confirming that Kunta-haji died in exile in the town of Ustyuzhna (then Novgorod Guberniya, now Vologda Oblast). (en)
  • 昆塔·哈吉(1830年-1867年),車臣苏菲派中和平穆里德派领袖。他主张在高加索战争停止反俄国被称为車臣的甘地。 他年轻时在宗教学校读書,在1850年往麦加朝觐后成为哈吉,之后前往巴格达一带谒陵,成为主张不抵抗俄国的苏菲派信徒。他那派被称和平穆里德派,在北高加索很有影响力。后被俄国人軟禁於烏斯秋日納,37歲死在那里。 (zh)
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  • 1800-1-1
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dbo:deathDate
  • 1867-5-19
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  • 11319947 (xsd:integer)
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  • 711192906 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • Chechen mystic (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Кунта-Хаджи Кишиев (чеч. Киши КIант Кунт-Хьаж; конец XVIII века — 19 мая 1867) — Чеченский святой суфийский шейх. Последователей Кунта-Хаджи называют Хаджи-мюридами. (ru)
  • 昆塔·哈吉(1830年-1867年),車臣苏菲派中和平穆里德派领袖。他主张在高加索战争停止反俄国被称为車臣的甘地。 他年轻时在宗教学校读書,在1850年往麦加朝觐后成为哈吉,之后前往巴格达一带谒陵,成为主张不抵抗俄国的苏菲派信徒。他那派被称和平穆里德派,在北高加索很有影响力。后被俄国人軟禁於烏斯秋日納,37歲死在那里。 (zh)
  • Kunta Haddschi Kischijew (tschetschen. Киши КIант Кунт-Хьаж, russisch Кунта-Хаджи Кишиев; geb. ca. 1830 in Istisu/Meltschchi, Tschetschenien, gest. Mai 1867 in Ustjuschna) war ein kumykischer Scheich, der während des Kaukasuskriegs von 1817 bis 1864 die Tschetschenen und Inguschen zu einer friedlichen Haltung gegenüber Russland aufrief und eine neue sufische Bewegung gründete, die von den Russen „Sikrismus“ genannt wurde. Der Name rührte daher, dass Kunta Haddschi und seine Anhänger den Dhikr (russisch: Sikr), das sufische Gebetsritual, laut ausführten und dabei auch Musik machten und tanzten, im Gegensatz zu dem damals im Nordkaukasus vorherrschenden Naqschbandīya-Orden, in dem ein leiser Dhikr favorisiert wurde. (de)
  • Kunta-haji Kishiev (Chechen: Киши КIант Кунт-Хьаж) (1829 or 1830 in Melcha Khi, Chechnya - 1867 in Ustyuzhna, Novgorod Gubernia, now Vologda Oblast, Russia ) was Chechen Muslim mystic, the founder of a Sufi branch named Zikrism, and an ideologue of nonviolence and passive resistance. He is often referred as the Chechen Mahatma Gandhi. A follower of the Qadiriyya Sufi order. and For a long time there was no information about the fate of Kunta-haji. In 1928 documents were found confirming that Kunta-haji died in exile in the town of Ustyuzhna (then Novgorod Guberniya, now Vologda Oblast). (en)
  • Kunta Haji Kishiev (Киши КIант Кунт-Хьаж) (1829 - 1867) est un soufi mystique de Tchétchénie, idéologue de la non-violence et de la résistance passive, fondateur d'un ordre Qadiriya, le Kunta Haji Tariqat, qui pratiquait le Dhikr à haute voix, contrairement au Dhikr silencieux des Naqshbandis qui lui étaient opposésKunta Haji était perçu par les autorités islamiques comme une menace et par les Russes comme un obstacle à la version de l’Islam qu’ils voulaient imposer. Son influence grandit jusqu’à ce qu’il soit arrêté en janvier 1863. L’arrestation provoqua le « soulèvement des poignards » où 4000 disciples de Kunta Haji, armés du poignard rituel, tentèrent de le libérer. 200 furent tués et les autres dispersés par les troupes du général Turmanov (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Kunta Haddschi Kischijew (de)
  • Kunta Haji Kishiev (fr)
  • Kunta-haji (en)
  • Кунта-Хаджи Кишиев (ru)
  • 昆塔·哈吉 (zh)
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  • male (en)
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  • Kunta-haji (en)
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