Kollam ([koɭɭam]) or Quilon (Coulão), formerly Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast in Kerala, India on Ashtamudi Lake. Kollam has had a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. Fed by the Chinese trade, it was mentioned by Ibn Battuta in the 14th century as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four year travels. Desinganadu's rajas exchanged embassies with Chinese rulers while there was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam. In the 9th Century, on his way to Canton, China, Persian merchant Sulaiman al-Tajir found Kollam to be the only port in India visited by huge Chinese junks. Marco Polo, the great Venetian traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kublai Khan in 1275, visited Koll

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  • Kollam (Malayalam: കൊല്ലം Kollam [ˈkolːʌm]), früher Quilon, ist eine Hafenstadt im südindischen Bundesstaat Kerala mit rund 350.000 Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Sie liegt 60 Kilometer nordwestlich von Thiruvananthapuram zwischen dem Arabischen Meer und dem Ashtamudi-See, der mit dem verzweigten Wasserstraßensystem der Backwaters verbunden ist. Kollam ist Verwaltungssitz des Distrikts Kollam, ein altchristliches Zentrum und Sitz eines katholischen Bischofs (Bistum Quilon). (de)
  • Kollam es una ciudad o municipio en el distrito de Kollam, en el estado de Kerala, en la India, situada a 71 kilómetros al norte de la capital del estado Thiruvanathapuram (Trivandrum). También es la sede del distrito de Kollam, uno entre los 14 distritos en el estado de Kerala. Está ubicado en el sur del distrito de Thiruvananthapuram, en el norte de Pathanamthitta y Alappuzha, en el este de Tamil Nadu y al oeste con el mar Arábigo. La ciudad es famosa por su masiva producción de coco. Es la puerta de entrada a remansos de Kerala, y por lo tanto, un destacado destino turístico. Kollam era antiguamente llamado "Desinganadu", Durante el imperio de la Travancore siendo el principal epicentro comercial. (es)
  • Kollam ([koɭɭam]) or Quilon (Coulão), formerly Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast in Kerala, India on Ashtamudi Lake. Kollam has had a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. Fed by the Chinese trade, it was mentioned by Ibn Battuta in the 14th century as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four year travels. Desinganadu's rajas exchanged embassies with Chinese rulers while there was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam. In the 9th Century, on his way to Canton, China, Persian merchant Sulaiman al-Tajir found Kollam to be the only port in India visited by huge Chinese junks. Marco Polo, the great Venetian traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kublai Khan in 1275, visited Kollam and other towns on the west coast, in his capacity as a Chinese mandarin. V. Nagam Aiya in his Travancore State Manual records that in 822 AD two East Syrian bishops Mar Sabor and Mar Proth, settled in Quilon with their followers. Two years later the Malabar Era began (824 AD) and Quilon became the premier city of the Malabar region ahead of Travancore and Cochin. Kollam Port was founded by Mar Sabor at Thangasseri in 825 as an alternative to reopening the inland sea port of Kore-ke-ni Kollam near Backare (Thevalakara), which was also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils. (en)
  • Kollam (o Quilon) è una suddivisione dell'India, classificata come municipal corporation, di 361.441 abitanti, capoluogo del distretto di Kollam, nello stato federato del Kerala. In base al numero di abitanti la città rientra nella classe I (da 100.000 persone in su). (it)
  • Quilon, forme européanisée de Kollam, (malayâlam : കൊല്ലം) est une ville de l'État du Kerala en Inde, chef-lieu du district de Kollam. (fr)
  • Coulão (Kollam em malaiala) é uma cidade do estado de Kerala, na Índia. Existem também as grafias alternativas de Coullam ou Quilon. Em 1505 os portugueses fundaram aqui uma feitoria, tendo em 1518 estabelecido a sua soberania através da construção do Forte de São Tomé. A cidade foi cedida aos Países Baixos em 1661. (pt)
  • Kollam (ml. കൊല്ലം, pt. Quilon) – miasto i dystrykt w południowych Indiach, w stanie Kerala, nad Morzem Arabskim, na Wybrzeżu Malabarskim. Dystrykt zamieszkuje około 2,6 mln mieszkańców z czego około 360 tysięcy w jego stolicy. (pl)
  • コッラム(マラヤーラム語:കൊല്ലം/ക്വയ്ലോണ്, 英語:Kollam)は、インドのケーララ州、コッラム県の都市。クイロン(Quilon)、デーシンガナードゥ(Desinganadu)とも呼ばれる。 (ja)
  • 奎隆,英语Kollam,葡萄牙语Quilon,中国古代称“故临”、“俱兰”,位于印度西南海岸,现为印度喀拉拉邦(Kerala)奎隆縣城鎮和行政中心,南距邦首府特里凡得琅71公里。该城市以腰果加工和棕榈编制而闻名。也是旅游胜地。古代,这里是中国与阿拉伯地区之间交通的重要中转站。宋《诸番志》称为故临国:“故临国自南毗舟行,顺风五日可到,泉舶四十余日到蓝里住冬,至次年再发,一月始达。土俗大率与南毗无异。土产椰子、苏木,酒用蜜糖和椰子花汁酝成。好事弓箭,战斗临敌以彩缬缠髻。交易用金银钱,以银钱十二准金钱之一。地暖无寒。每岁自三佛齐、监篦、吉陀等国发船,博易用货亦与南毗同。大食人多寓其国中。每浴毕,用郁金涂体,盖欲仿佛之金身。”马欢在《瀛涯胜览》称为小葛兰国:“自锡兰国马头别罗里开船,往西北,好风行六昼夜,到小葛兰国。其国边海,东连大山,西是大海,国王、国人皆锁俚人氏,崇信佛教,尊敬象、牛,婚丧等事与锡兰国同。土产苏木,胡椒不多。其果菜之类皆有。牛羊颇异,羊青毛,脚高二三尺,黄牛有三四百斤者。人日食二餐,皆用苏油拌饭而食。而市使金钱,虽系小邦,王亦将方物差人进贡。” (zh)
  • Коллам (англ. Kollam) или Квилон (англ. Quilon) — город в индийском штате Керала. Расположен на берегах озера Аштамуди. Административный центр округа Коллам. Четвёртый по количеству населения город Кералы. Расположен в 71 км от Тируванантапурам. Средняя высота над уровнем моря — 3 метра. По данным всеиндийской переписи 2001 года, в городе проживало 361 441 человек, из которых мужчины составляли 49 %, женщины — соответственно 51 %. Уровень грамотности взрослого населения составлял 91,5 % (при общеиндийском показателе 59,5 %). 11 % населения было моложе 6 лет. (ru)
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  • Kollam, Kottarakkara, Paravur: 91 474, Punalur: 91 475, Karunagappally: 91 476 (en)
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  • Kollam (Malayalam: കൊല്ലം Kollam [ˈkolːʌm]), früher Quilon, ist eine Hafenstadt im südindischen Bundesstaat Kerala mit rund 350.000 Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Sie liegt 60 Kilometer nordwestlich von Thiruvananthapuram zwischen dem Arabischen Meer und dem Ashtamudi-See, der mit dem verzweigten Wasserstraßensystem der Backwaters verbunden ist. Kollam ist Verwaltungssitz des Distrikts Kollam, ein altchristliches Zentrum und Sitz eines katholischen Bischofs (Bistum Quilon). (de)
  • Kollam (o Quilon) è una suddivisione dell'India, classificata come municipal corporation, di 361.441 abitanti, capoluogo del distretto di Kollam, nello stato federato del Kerala. In base al numero di abitanti la città rientra nella classe I (da 100.000 persone in su). (it)
  • Quilon, forme européanisée de Kollam, (malayâlam : കൊല്ലം) est une ville de l'État du Kerala en Inde, chef-lieu du district de Kollam. (fr)
  • Kollam (ml. കൊല്ലം, pt. Quilon) – miasto i dystrykt w południowych Indiach, w stanie Kerala, nad Morzem Arabskim, na Wybrzeżu Malabarskim. Dystrykt zamieszkuje około 2,6 mln mieszkańców z czego około 360 tysięcy w jego stolicy. (pl)
  • コッラム(マラヤーラム語:കൊല്ലം/ക്വയ്ലോണ്, 英語:Kollam)は、インドのケーララ州、コッラム県の都市。クイロン(Quilon)、デーシンガナードゥ(Desinganadu)とも呼ばれる。 (ja)
  • 奎隆,英语Kollam,葡萄牙语Quilon,中国古代称“故临”、“俱兰”,位于印度西南海岸,现为印度喀拉拉邦(Kerala)奎隆縣城鎮和行政中心,南距邦首府特里凡得琅71公里。该城市以腰果加工和棕榈编制而闻名。也是旅游胜地。古代,这里是中国与阿拉伯地区之间交通的重要中转站。宋《诸番志》称为故临国:“故临国自南毗舟行,顺风五日可到,泉舶四十余日到蓝里住冬,至次年再发,一月始达。土俗大率与南毗无异。土产椰子、苏木,酒用蜜糖和椰子花汁酝成。好事弓箭,战斗临敌以彩缬缠髻。交易用金银钱,以银钱十二准金钱之一。地暖无寒。每岁自三佛齐、监篦、吉陀等国发船,博易用货亦与南毗同。大食人多寓其国中。每浴毕,用郁金涂体,盖欲仿佛之金身。”马欢在《瀛涯胜览》称为小葛兰国:“自锡兰国马头别罗里开船,往西北,好风行六昼夜,到小葛兰国。其国边海,东连大山,西是大海,国王、国人皆锁俚人氏,崇信佛教,尊敬象、牛,婚丧等事与锡兰国同。土产苏木,胡椒不多。其果菜之类皆有。牛羊颇异,羊青毛,脚高二三尺,黄牛有三四百斤者。人日食二餐,皆用苏油拌饭而食。而市使金钱,虽系小邦,王亦将方物差人进贡。” (zh)
  • Kollam ([koɭɭam]) or Quilon (Coulão), formerly Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast in Kerala, India on Ashtamudi Lake. Kollam has had a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. Fed by the Chinese trade, it was mentioned by Ibn Battuta in the 14th century as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four year travels. Desinganadu's rajas exchanged embassies with Chinese rulers while there was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam. In the 9th Century, on his way to Canton, China, Persian merchant Sulaiman al-Tajir found Kollam to be the only port in India visited by huge Chinese junks. Marco Polo, the great Venetian traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kublai Khan in 1275, visited Koll (en)
  • Kollam es una ciudad o municipio en el distrito de Kollam, en el estado de Kerala, en la India, situada a 71 kilómetros al norte de la capital del estado Thiruvanathapuram (Trivandrum).También es la sede del distrito de Kollam, uno entre los 14 distritos en el estado de Kerala. Está ubicado en el sur del distrito de Thiruvananthapuram, en el norte de Pathanamthitta y Alappuzha, en el este de Tamil Nadu y al oeste con el mar Arábigo. (es)
  • Coulão (Kollam em malaiala) é uma cidade do estado de Kerala, na Índia. Existem também as grafias alternativas de Coullam ou Quilon.Em 1505 os portugueses fundaram aqui uma feitoria, tendo em 1518 estabelecido a sua soberania através da construção do Forte de São Tomé. A cidade foi cedida aos Países Baixos em 1661. (pt)
  • Коллам (англ. Kollam) или Квилон (англ. Quilon) — город в индийском штате Керала. Расположен на берегах озера Аштамуди. Административный центр округа Коллам. Четвёртый по количеству населения город Кералы. Расположен в 71 км от Тируванантапурам. Средняя высота над уровнем моря — 3 метра. По данным всеиндийской переписи 2001 года, в городе проживало 361 441 человек, из которых мужчины составляли 49 %, женщины — соответственно 51 %. (ru)
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  • Kollam (en)
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  • コッラム (ja)
  • Kollam (stad) (nl)
  • Kollam (pl)
  • Coulão (pt)
  • Коллам (ru)
  • 奎隆 (zh)
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