A Key Stage is a stage of the state education system in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the British Territory of Gibraltar setting the educational knowledge expected of students at various ages. The term is also used in some other countries such as Hong Kong and Australia (some states) although the ages at which each Key Stage applies differ from England. The stages are as follows: The National Curriculum sets out targets to be achieved in various subject areas at each of the Key Stages.

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  • 关键阶段(Key Stage)是英国公立学校系统对各年龄阶段学生知识学习预期的安排。包括如下几个阶段: 关键阶段0: 托儿所(3-5岁),通常称为基础阶段(Foundation Stage) 关键阶段1:1-2年级(5-7岁) 关键阶段2:3-6年级(7-11岁) 关键阶段3:7-9年级(11-14岁) 关键阶段4:10-11年级(14-16岁),结束考试称为普通中等教育证书考试(General Certificate of Secondary Education,GCSE)。 关键阶段5(通常称为第六学级,Sixth Form):12-13年级(16-18岁)。结束考试包括中学高级水平考试(A-Level)、中学准高级水平考试(AS-Level)、国家职业资格考试(NVQ)和HND。 国家统一课程规定在每个关键阶段各学科领域所要达到的目标。 关键阶段的概念,是在《1988年教育改革法》中,与国家统一课程的概念一同引进的。4个主要关键阶段根据年龄划分,在每个学年开始时,将某一年龄的所有学生进行组合。关键阶段的设计,是为了适应过去100年间教育系统发展最普遍流行的结构。 关键阶段1相当于初等教育的第一个阶段,通常称为幼儿学校(infant school)。这种观念已经存在了若干时间,在1931年的哈多报告(Hadow report)中,认为早在1870年,这已经是“不言自明的”的了。 关键阶段2相当于初等教育的后面一个阶段,通常称为小学。根据哈多爵士(William Henry Hadow)的描述,这一阶段结束时,要求学生参加11岁考试。 中等教育包括关键阶段3和关键阶段4,其分界线是14岁考试,即在14岁进行的普通中等教育证书考试,考查过去2年间的考试课程。 对于关键阶段0和关键阶段5,并未进行法律规定,只不过用于使得关键阶段可以拥有一个完整的界定。
  • A Key Stage is a stage of the state education system in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the British Territory of Gibraltar setting the educational knowledge expected of students at various ages. The term is also used in some other countries such as Hong Kong and Australia (some states) although the ages at which each Key Stage applies differ from England. The stages are as follows: The National Curriculum sets out targets to be achieved in various subject areas at each of the Key Stages. The Key Stages were first defined in 1988 Education Reform Act to accompany the first introduction of the National Curriculum. The precise definition of each of the main 4 Key Stages is age-related, incorporating all pupils of a particular age at the beginning of each academic year. The Key Stages were designed to fit with the most prevalent structures which had already grown up in the education system over the previous 100 years of development. Key Stage 1 fits broadly with the first stage of primary education, often known as infant schools. This break had existed for some time, being acknowledged in the 1931 Hadow report as 'axiomatic' by as early as 1870. http://www. educationengland. org. uk/documents/hadow1931/3104. html Key Stage 2 fits the later stage of primary education, often known as junior schools. Again, described by Sir William Henry Hadow, this took pupils up to the standardised break at age 11. Secondary education was split between Key Stages 3 and 4 at age 14, to align with long-existing two-year examination courses at GCSE level. Key Stages 0 and 5 have no legal definition, and are merely used as indicators to complement the defined Key Stages.
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  • 关键阶段(Key Stage)是英国公立学校系统对各年龄阶段学生知识学习预期的安排。包括如下几个阶段: 关键阶段0: 托儿所(3-5岁),通常称为基础阶段(Foundation Stage) 关键阶段1:1-2年级(5-7岁) 关键阶段2:3-6年级(7-11岁) 关键阶段3:7-9年级(11-14岁) 关键阶段4:10-11年级(14-16岁),结束考试称为普通中等教育证书考试(General Certificate of Secondary Education,GCSE)。 关键阶段5(通常称为第六学级,Sixth Form):12-13年级(16-18岁)。结束考试包括中学高级水平考试(A-Level)、中学准高级水平考试(AS-Level)、国家职业资格考试(NVQ)和HND。 国家统一课程规定在每个关键阶段各学科领域所要达到的目标。 关键阶段的概念,是在《1988年教育改革法》中,与国家统一课程的概念一同引进的。4个主要关键阶段根据年龄划分,在每个学年开始时,将某一年龄的所有学生进行组合。关键阶段的设计,是为了适应过去100年间教育系统发展最普遍流行的结构。 关键阶段1相当于初等教育的第一个阶段,通常称为幼儿学校(infant school)。这种观念已经存在了若干时间,在1931年的哈多报告(Hadow report)中,认为早在1870年,这已经是“不言自明的”的了。 关键阶段2相当于初等教育的后面一个阶段,通常称为小学。根据哈多爵士(William Henry Hadow)的描述,这一阶段结束时,要求学生参加11岁考试。 中等教育包括关键阶段3和关键阶段4,其分界线是14岁考试,即在14岁进行的普通中等教育证书考试,考查过去2年间的考试课程。 对于关键阶段0和关键阶段5,并未进行法律规定,只不过用于使得关键阶段可以拥有一个完整的界定。
  • A Key Stage is a stage of the state education system in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the British Territory of Gibraltar setting the educational knowledge expected of students at various ages. The term is also used in some other countries such as Hong Kong and Australia (some states) although the ages at which each Key Stage applies differ from England. The stages are as follows: The National Curriculum sets out targets to be achieved in various subject areas at each of the Key Stages.
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  • Key Stage
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