Kerala (/ˈkɛrələ/), historically known as Keralam, is an Indian state in South India on the Malabar coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest state by population and is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.

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dbo:abstract
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) ولاية كيرالا الهندية (KERALA) يرجع تسمية الولاية الى العرب اللذين اطلقوا عليها اسم (خير الله ) عند دخولهم الهند من هذه الولاية ثم حوِر الاسم الى كيرالا تقع ولاية كيرلا الهندية على الساحل الجنوبي لشبه القارة الهندية.وهي الولاية الاستوائية بالهند، حيث الأمطار الموسمية تتميز كيرلا بطبيعة خاصة تميزها عن بقية أنحاء شبه القارة الهندية. (ar)
  • Kerala es un estado federal (o pradesh) situado en el suroeste de la India, ocupa una estrecha franja de la costa suroeste de la península del Decán, que prácticamente coincide con la Costa del Malabar. Se lo conoce por ser el más alfabetizado del país, con una tasa de más del 90%. Ocupa una superficie de 38.863 km² y su población según el censo del año 2001 era de casi 32 millones de habitantes.Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) es la capital y la gran ciudad.El idioma oficial es el malabar aunque también existe un numeroso grupo de hablantes de tamil. (es)
  • Le Kerala ou Kérala (malayalam : കേരളം, kēraḷam) est un État indien. La langue principale est le malayalam qui fait partie des langues dravidiennes, famille linguistique dominante en Inde du Sud. Le Kerala, densément peuplé, s'étend sur près de 900 km au sud-ouest de la péninsule indienne. Il est couvert de denses forêts sur les contreforts des Ghats occidentaux et traversé d'un réseau de lagunes et canaux le long de la côte de la mer d'Arabie. Il est parfois surnommé « le pays de Dieu » (God's own land). Le Kerala possède un indicateur de développement humain élevé par rapport à son niveau de développement économique. L'espérance de vie et le taux d'alphabétisation sont très au-dessus de la moyenne nationale. De nombreuses personnes originaires du Kerala ont émigré à l'étranger, en grande partie dans les pays du Golfe. Les envois de fonds que ceux-ci effectuent équivalent à plus de 20 % du produit intérieur brut. (fr)
  • Kerala (Malayalam കേരളം Kēraḷam) ist ein Bundesstaat an der Malabarküste im Südwesten Indiens mit einer Fläche von 38.863 km² und etwa 33,4 Millionen Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Hauptstadt ist Thiruvananthapuram, das ehemalige Trivandrum. Die Bevölkerungsdichte beträgt 859 Einwohner je km². Damit gehört der Staat zu den am dichtesten besiedelten Regionen Indiens. Hinsichtlich der sozialen Entwicklungsindikatoren (Alphabetisierungsgrad, gesellschaftliche Stellung der Frau, wirtschaftliche Entwicklung, Kontrolle des Bevölkerungswachstums) belegt Kerala einen der Spitzenplätze unter den indischen Bundesstaaten. Der Bundesstaat Kerala wurde 1956 nach den Sprachgrenzen des Malayalam geschaffen. Der Name Kerala bedeutet wörtlich „Land der Kokospalmen“. Abgeleitet ist er von den Malayalam-Wörtern kera für Kokospalme, die tatsächlich überall in der Region in großer Zahl zu finden sind, und alam für Land. (de)
  • Il Kerala (o Keralam; malayalam: കേരളം ولاية كيرالا) è uno stato dell'India meridionale, che occupa una stretta striscia della costa sud-occidentale del Paese. Chiamato Keralam dai suoi abitanti, il Kerala è lo stato indiano con il tasso di alfabetizzazione più elevato (oltre il 90% della popolazione). Le lingue ufficiali dello Stato sono l'inglese e il malayalam. (it)
  • Kerala (/ˈkɛrələ/), historically known as Keralam, is an Indian state in South India on the Malabar coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest state by population and is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state. The region has been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. The Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala, though it frequently struggled against attacks by the neighbouring Cholas and Pandyas. In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, and paved the way for the European colonisation of India. After independence, Travancore and Cochin joined the Republic of India and Travancore-Cochin was given the status of a state in 1949. In 1956, Kerala state was formed by merging Malabar district, Travancore-Cochin (excluding four southern taluks), and the taluk of Kasargod, South Kanara. Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%; highest Human Development Index (HDI), 0.790 in 2011; the highest literacy rate, 93.91% in the 2011 census; the highest life expectancy, 77 years; and the highest sex ratio, 1,084 women per 1000 men. The state has witnessed significant emigration, especially to Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its economy depends significantly on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community. Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Islam and Christianity. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan and Dravidian cultures, developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India and abroad. The production of pepper and natural rubber contributes significantly to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices are important. The state's coastline extends for 595 kilometres (370 mi), and around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state's income. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly English and Malayalam. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions. (en)
  • Kerala (Malayalam: കേരളം) is een deelstaat in het uiterste zuidwesten van India. Hoofdstad van Kerala is Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), de officiële taal Malayalam. De oppervlakte bedraagt 38.863 km², wat iets kleiner is dan Nederland. Bij de volkstelling van 2001 had de deelstaat 31.841.374 inwoners. (nl)
  • ケーララ州(マラヤーラム語: കേരള、英語: Kerala)は、インドの州の一つであり、南インドを構成する州の一つに数えられる。東にタミル・ナードゥ州と接し、北にカルナータカ州と接する。州都はティルヴァナンタプラム。マラバール海岸によりインド洋に臨んでおり、西にはラクシャディープ諸島が、南にはモルディブの島々が、海の中に浮かんでいる。旧フランス領でポンディシェリ連邦直轄領の一部となっているマーヒが、ケーララ州の一部を切り取るように存在している。 (ja)
  • Querala ou Kerala é um dos 28 estados da Índia, situado no extremo sudoeste do país. A sua capital e mais populosa cidade, Thiruvananthapuram, está localizada no extremo sul do seu território. Com uma área de 38.863 km² e uma população de cerca de 33.387.677 habitantes (segundo dados de 2011), figura como o 21° estado mais extenso e o 12° mais populoso estado indiano, abrigando cerca de 2,7% da população do país. Banhado pelo Mar da Arábia, faz fronteira com os também estados de Karnataka a norte, e de Tamil Nadu a leste, além de abrigar Mahé, um exclave costeiro do território de Puducherry. O estado de Querala se destaca por ter o mais alto nível de Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) entre os estados e demais territórios da Índia, calculado em 2011 em 0.790 (equivalente ao IDH do Uruguai), considerado pela Organização das Nações Unidas como "elevado" em nível mundial e "muito elevado" se comparado à média nacional, que não ultrapassa 0.460, um dos mais baixos do mundo; Essa superioridade social desfrutada por Querala se justifica pelo fato do estado ter a mais alta expectativa de vida, a população mais alfabetizada (em termos de porcentagem), a menor taxa de mortalidade infantil, a melhor saúde pública e um dos maiores PIB per capita da Índia. Em 2010, todos os indicadores sociais — saúde, educação, renda e etc. — de Querala estavam consideravelmente à frente da média indiana em todos os subíndices. O estado também tem a melhor segurança pública da Índia, o que se reflete no fato do estado ter a menor taxa de homicídios para cada 100 mil habitantes do país. Tal ímpar desenvolvimento socioecônomico apresentado por Querala na atualidade se deve quase em sua totalidade ao programa de desenvolvimento social implantado pelo governo ao longo das últimas décadas, baseado em contínuos investimentos em educação, em projetos de subsistência de saúde, erradicação da pobreza, planejamento demográfico e de renda domiciliar. O estado de Querala também se destaca em ambito nacional por ter as cidades "mais limpas" da Índia, além de ter sido considerado, em 2011, pela Transparência Internacional como o estado "menos corrupto da Índia", um dos países mais corruptos do mundo. (pt)
  • Kerala (hindi केरल, trb.: Kerala, trl.: Kerala; malajalam: കേരളം – trl. Kēraḷaṁ; ang. Kerala) - stan w południowo-zachodnich Indiach na Wybrzeżu Malabarskim. Urzędowym językiem jest malajalam, posługujący się odrębnym alfabetem. Największe miasto - Koczin, stolica - Thiruvananthapuram. Kerala jest jednym z najgęściej zaludnionych regionów Indii. Ze średnią życia mieszkańców wynoszącą 73 lata i 19% udziałem analfabetów w społeczeństwie ,Kerala jest jednym ze stanów o najwyższym poziomie służby zdrowia i oświaty. Stan kilku religii - większość to hinduiści ortodoksyjni w swoich zakazach wstępu do wielu świątyń, czwarta część ludności to chrześcijanie kościoła malabarskiego wywodzącego się rzekomo od Tomasza Apostoła i muzułmanie, którzy pojawili się tu w VII wieku wraz z kupcami arabskimi. Ponadto w Kerali żyje od stuleci diaspora żydowska (z XVI-wieczną synagogą w Koczinie). Stan był w przeszłości poddany wpływom kolonizacji ze strony Brytyjczyków, Holendrów i Portugalczyków. Stan słynie z przepychem organizowanych świąt religijnych i festiwali kulturalnych. Znany z do dziś uprawianej sztuki walki kalari payattu, keralskiego tańca rytualnego tejjam, klasycznego teatru z odniesieniami religijnymi Kathakali, sanskryckiego dramatu kutiyattam i terapii ajurwedycznej. Z drugiej strony z dużego zaangażowania we władzę komunistów. Nazwa stanu pochodzi od słów kera (palma kokosowa) i alam (kraj). (pl)
  • Ке́рала (малаял. കേരളം; англ. Kerala; Keralam) — штат, расположенный на Малабарском берегу на юго-западе Индии, с площадью 38 863 км² и население 33 387 677 жителей (перепись 2011). Плотность населения составляет 859,11 чел./км², что является одним из самых высоких показателей плотности населения в стране. Столица — Тируванантапурам (Тривандрам), самый населённый город штата, второй по численности населения город — Кочи (Кочин). Официальный язык — малаялам. Штат был создан в 1956 году и основным определением границы являлось распространение языка малаялам. Название Керала буквально означает «земля кокосовых орехов». С малаямского языка слово Кера означает дерево кокосовой пальмы, а алам — землю. (ru)
  • 喀拉拉邦(马拉雅拉姆语:കേരളം,印地语:केरल,拉丁字母转写:Kerala),印度西南部的一个邦,濒临阿拉伯海,全邦面积为3.8万多平方公里,人口3184多万。首府为特里凡得琅,官方语言为马拉雅拉姆语。 喀拉拉邦河流纵横,遍布南北,江河湖泊裡,商船、渔船和游船络绎不绝,给当地人民提供了便利的水路交通。漫长的海岸线为喀拉邦与海外各地联系提供了方便。该邦几乎四季如春。 喀拉拉邦文化发达,是印度很知名的人文圣地,也是唯一完好地保存着梵文、古代印度医学寿命吠陀、傳統古武術卡拉里帕亞圖、天文学、瑜伽经等古代经典的地方。 该邦是印度重要的农作物种植邦,盛产椰子、甘蔗、橡胶、咖啡、茶叶、花生、香蕉、豆蔻等。粮食作物主要是水稻。渔业发达,鱼的产量居各邦首位。 (zh)
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  • Anamudi, on the right, as seen from the Munnar-Udumalpettai highway
  • The Kerala Secretariat–seat of executive administration of Kerala, and formerly of the legislative assembly
  • The main Portico of the Thiruvananthapuram Central Railway Station
  • A Kathakali artist
  • A mohiniattam performance
  • Languages of Kerala in 2001
  • Onam Sadya
  • Religion in Kerala
  • The Kerala High Court complex in Kochi.
  • Theyyam, The ritual art of North Malabar
  • Thrissur Pooram festival
  • Trivandrum intl Airport T3
  • Vembanad, the largest lake in Kerala
  • Kerala State Water Transport Department ferry at Ashtamudi Lake in Kollam, disembarking passengers
  • Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan, 17-century poet
  • Kerala RTC bus plying the route from Kozhikode to Mysore
  • The Kerala Legislative Assembly Building in Thiruvananthapuram
  • During Onam, Kerala's biggest celebration, Keralites create pookkalam designs in front of their houses.
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  • Kathakali Close-up BNC.jpg
  • Kerala RTC.jpg
  • Kettuvellam vembanad lake.JPG
  • Portrait of Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan,the father of the Malayalam language.jpg
  • Smitha Rajan.JPG
  • ThrissurPooram-Kuda.jpg
  • Trivandrum intl Airport T3.jpg
  • Tvmcentral.jpg
  • onam.jpg
  • sadhya DSW.jpg
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  • People coming by boat for urul nercha at Ashtamudi veerabadraswamy temple.JPG
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) ولاية كيرالا الهندية (KERALA) يرجع تسمية الولاية الى العرب اللذين اطلقوا عليها اسم (خير الله ) عند دخولهم الهند من هذه الولاية ثم حوِر الاسم الى كيرالا تقع ولاية كيرلا الهندية على الساحل الجنوبي لشبه القارة الهندية.وهي الولاية الاستوائية بالهند، حيث الأمطار الموسمية تتميز كيرلا بطبيعة خاصة تميزها عن بقية أنحاء شبه القارة الهندية. (ar)
  • Kerala es un estado federal (o pradesh) situado en el suroeste de la India, ocupa una estrecha franja de la costa suroeste de la península del Decán, que prácticamente coincide con la Costa del Malabar. Se lo conoce por ser el más alfabetizado del país, con una tasa de más del 90%. Ocupa una superficie de 38.863 km² y su población según el censo del año 2001 era de casi 32 millones de habitantes.Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) es la capital y la gran ciudad.El idioma oficial es el malabar aunque también existe un numeroso grupo de hablantes de tamil. (es)
  • Il Kerala (o Keralam; malayalam: കേരളം ولاية كيرالا) è uno stato dell'India meridionale, che occupa una stretta striscia della costa sud-occidentale del Paese. Chiamato Keralam dai suoi abitanti, il Kerala è lo stato indiano con il tasso di alfabetizzazione più elevato (oltre il 90% della popolazione). Le lingue ufficiali dello Stato sono l'inglese e il malayalam. (it)
  • Kerala (Malayalam: കേരളം) is een deelstaat in het uiterste zuidwesten van India. Hoofdstad van Kerala is Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), de officiële taal Malayalam. De oppervlakte bedraagt 38.863 km², wat iets kleiner is dan Nederland. Bij de volkstelling van 2001 had de deelstaat 31.841.374 inwoners. (nl)
  • ケーララ州(マラヤーラム語: കേരള、英語: Kerala)は、インドの州の一つであり、南インドを構成する州の一つに数えられる。東にタミル・ナードゥ州と接し、北にカルナータカ州と接する。州都はティルヴァナンタプラム。マラバール海岸によりインド洋に臨んでおり、西にはラクシャディープ諸島が、南にはモルディブの島々が、海の中に浮かんでいる。旧フランス領でポンディシェリ連邦直轄領の一部となっているマーヒが、ケーララ州の一部を切り取るように存在している。 (ja)
  • 喀拉拉邦(马拉雅拉姆语:കേരളം,印地语:केरल,拉丁字母转写:Kerala),印度西南部的一个邦,濒临阿拉伯海,全邦面积为3.8万多平方公里,人口3184多万。首府为特里凡得琅,官方语言为马拉雅拉姆语。 喀拉拉邦河流纵横,遍布南北,江河湖泊裡,商船、渔船和游船络绎不绝,给当地人民提供了便利的水路交通。漫长的海岸线为喀拉邦与海外各地联系提供了方便。该邦几乎四季如春。 喀拉拉邦文化发达,是印度很知名的人文圣地,也是唯一完好地保存着梵文、古代印度医学寿命吠陀、傳統古武術卡拉里帕亞圖、天文学、瑜伽经等古代经典的地方。 该邦是印度重要的农作物种植邦,盛产椰子、甘蔗、橡胶、咖啡、茶叶、花生、香蕉、豆蔻等。粮食作物主要是水稻。渔业发达,鱼的产量居各邦首位。 (zh)
  • Kerala (/ˈkɛrələ/), historically known as Keralam, is an Indian state in South India on the Malabar coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest state by population and is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state. (en)
  • Kerala (Malayalam കേരളം Kēraḷam) ist ein Bundesstaat an der Malabarküste im Südwesten Indiens mit einer Fläche von 38.863 km² und etwa 33,4 Millionen Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). Hauptstadt ist Thiruvananthapuram, das ehemalige Trivandrum. Der Bundesstaat Kerala wurde 1956 nach den Sprachgrenzen des Malayalam geschaffen. Der Name Kerala bedeutet wörtlich „Land der Kokospalmen“. Abgeleitet ist er von den Malayalam-Wörtern kera für Kokospalme, die tatsächlich überall in der Region in großer Zahl zu finden sind, und alam für Land. (de)
  • Le Kerala ou Kérala (malayalam : കേരളം, kēraḷam) est un État indien. La langue principale est le malayalam qui fait partie des langues dravidiennes, famille linguistique dominante en Inde du Sud. Le Kerala, densément peuplé, s'étend sur près de 900 km au sud-ouest de la péninsule indienne. Il est couvert de denses forêts sur les contreforts des Ghats occidentaux et traversé d'un réseau de lagunes et canaux le long de la côte de la mer d'Arabie. Il est parfois surnommé « le pays de Dieu » (God's own land). (fr)
  • Kerala (hindi केरल, trb.: Kerala, trl.: Kerala; malajalam: കേരളം – trl. Kēraḷaṁ; ang. Kerala) - stan w południowo-zachodnich Indiach na Wybrzeżu Malabarskim. Urzędowym językiem jest malajalam, posługujący się odrębnym alfabetem. Największe miasto - Koczin, stolica - Thiruvananthapuram. Nazwa stanu pochodzi od słów kera (palma kokosowa) i alam (kraj). (pl)
  • Querala ou Kerala é um dos 28 estados da Índia, situado no extremo sudoeste do país. A sua capital e mais populosa cidade, Thiruvananthapuram, está localizada no extremo sul do seu território. Com uma área de 38.863 km² e uma população de cerca de 33.387.677 habitantes (segundo dados de 2011), figura como o 21° estado mais extenso e o 12° mais populoso estado indiano, abrigando cerca de 2,7% da população do país. Banhado pelo Mar da Arábia, faz fronteira com os também estados de Karnataka a norte, e de Tamil Nadu a leste, além de abrigar Mahé, um exclave costeiro do território de Puducherry. (pt)
  • Ке́рала (малаял. കേരളം; англ. Kerala; Keralam) — штат, расположенный на Малабарском берегу на юго-западе Индии, с площадью 38 863 км² и население 33 387 677 жителей (перепись 2011). Плотность населения составляет 859,11 чел./км², что является одним из самых высоких показателей плотности населения в стране. Столица — Тируванантапурам (Тривандрам), самый населённый город штата, второй по численности населения город — Кочи (Кочин). Официальный язык — малаялам. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Kerala (en)
  • كيرلا (ar)
  • Kerala (de)
  • Kerala (es)
  • Kerala (fr)
  • Kerala (it)
  • ケーララ州 (ja)
  • Kerala (nl)
  • Kerala (pl)
  • Querala (pt)
  • Керала (ru)
  • 喀拉拉邦 (zh)
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  • Kerala (en)
  • കേരളം (en)
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  • God's Own Country, Spice Garden of India (en)
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