Julius of Brunswick-Lüneburg (also known as Julius of Braunschweig; 29 June 1528 – 3 May 1589), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, was prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1568 until his death. Julius was born and died in Wolfenbüttel. The youngest son of Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, he was expected to pursue a clerical career. He studied at Leuven University, and was appointed bishop of Minden in 1553, but resigned after only a year. After both of his brothers died in the Battle of Sievershausen of 1553, he became heir to the principality. All plans of his father's to exclude him from the line of succession failed, even though Julius had converted to Protestantism. After his father's death in 1568, Julius instituted a tax reform that improved the rights of farmers in relation to noblemen. He also

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dbo:abstract
  • Julius (* 29. Juni 1528 in Wolfenbüttel; † 3. Mai 1589 ebenda), Herzog zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg, Fürst von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, regierte von 1568 bis zu seinem Tode 1589 und gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Herrscher seines Fürstentums. (de)
  • Jules (29 juin 1528, Wolfenbüttel – 3 mai 1589, Wolfenbüttel) est duc de Brunswick-Lunebourg de 1568 à sa mort. Il règne sur les principautés de Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1568–1589) et de Calenberg (1584–1589). (fr)
  • Julius of Brunswick-Lüneburg (also known as Julius of Braunschweig; 29 June 1528 – 3 May 1589), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, was prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1568 until his death. Julius was born and died in Wolfenbüttel. The youngest son of Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, he was expected to pursue a clerical career. He studied at Leuven University, and was appointed bishop of Minden in 1553, but resigned after only a year. After both of his brothers died in the Battle of Sievershausen of 1553, he became heir to the principality. All plans of his father's to exclude him from the line of succession failed, even though Julius had converted to Protestantism. After his father's death in 1568, Julius instituted a tax reform that improved the rights of farmers in relation to noblemen. He also founded a militia — every head of household was required to own a weapon and participate in military training — and reformed the court system. Julius entered into an agreement with the City of Brunswick in 1569, in which the city recognized his overlordship; however, the conflict between Duchy and City continued nonetheless. Julius promoted trade and especially mining. Copper and lead mining in the Harz flourished, and many new mines were opened. Julius himself wrote a book about the uses of marl. To enable the sale of mining products, Julius invested into the improvements of roads and rivers. In 1577 the Oker was made navigable between the Harz and Wolfenbüttel. In 1576, Julius founded the first university of the state, the University of Helmstedt. The university was intended to train Protestant clergy for the newly reformed state. In 1581, he purchased the beautiful Italian palazzo Ca' Vendramin Calergi on the Grand Canal in Venice, one of his favorite cities to visit. He paid 50,000 ducats for the palazzo to the Loredan family, who were having financial difficulties at the time. However, he sold it only two years later to Guglielmo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua. After the death of Eric II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, in 1584, Julius inherited the Principality of Calenberg. He died in 1589 and was succeed by his son Henry Julius. (en)
  • ユリウス(ドイツ語:Julius, 1528年6月29日 - 1589年5月3日)は、ブラウンシュヴァイク=リューネブルク公の1人で、ヴォルフェンビュッテル侯(在位:1568年 - 1589年)。ヴォルフェンビュッテル侯ハインリヒ2世と妃マリア・フォン・ヴュルテンベルクの末子。 (ja)
  • Юлий Брауншвейг-Вольфенбюттельский (нем. Julius von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel; 29 июня 1528, Вольфенбюттель — 3 мая 1589, Вольфенбюттель) — герцог Брауншвейг-Вольфенбюттельский c 1568 года, один из лидеров протестантского движения в Северной Германии. Сын герцога Генриха II Брауншвейг-Вольфенбюттельского и его супруги Марии Вюртембергской. (ru)
  • Juliusz, niem. Julius (ur. 29 czerwca 1528 r. w Wolfenbüttel, zm. 3 maja 1589 r. tamże) – książę Brunszwiku-Wolfenbüttel od 1568 r., także książę Brunszwiku-Calenberg od 1584 r., z dynastii Welfów. (pl)
  • Júlio, Duque de Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1528-1589) (* Wolfenbüttel, 29 de Junho de 1488 † Wolfenbüttel, 3 de Maio de 1589) foi príncipe de Wolfenbüttel de 1568 até sua morte, fundador da Universidade de Helmstedt em 1574, criada inicialmente para treinar clérigos protestantes para o Estado recentemente reformado. (pt)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1528-06-29 (xsd:date)
  • 1528-6-29
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dbo:deathDate
  • 1589-05-03 (xsd:date)
  • 1589-5-3
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  • 4053556 (xsd:integer)
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  • Portrait of Duke Julius of Brunswick-Lüneburg, 1590
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  • Maria of Württemberg
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  • 1553 (xsd:integer)
  • 1568 (xsd:integer)
  • 1584 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • Prince of Wolfenbüttel and Calenberg (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Julius (* 29. Juni 1528 in Wolfenbüttel; † 3. Mai 1589 ebenda), Herzog zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg, Fürst von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, regierte von 1568 bis zu seinem Tode 1589 und gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Herrscher seines Fürstentums. (de)
  • Jules (29 juin 1528, Wolfenbüttel – 3 mai 1589, Wolfenbüttel) est duc de Brunswick-Lunebourg de 1568 à sa mort. Il règne sur les principautés de Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1568–1589) et de Calenberg (1584–1589). (fr)
  • ユリウス(ドイツ語:Julius, 1528年6月29日 - 1589年5月3日)は、ブラウンシュヴァイク=リューネブルク公の1人で、ヴォルフェンビュッテル侯(在位:1568年 - 1589年)。ヴォルフェンビュッテル侯ハインリヒ2世と妃マリア・フォン・ヴュルテンベルクの末子。 (ja)
  • Юлий Брауншвейг-Вольфенбюттельский (нем. Julius von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel; 29 июня 1528, Вольфенбюттель — 3 мая 1589, Вольфенбюттель) — герцог Брауншвейг-Вольфенбюттельский c 1568 года, один из лидеров протестантского движения в Северной Германии. Сын герцога Генриха II Брауншвейг-Вольфенбюттельского и его супруги Марии Вюртембергской. (ru)
  • Juliusz, niem. Julius (ur. 29 czerwca 1528 r. w Wolfenbüttel, zm. 3 maja 1589 r. tamże) – książę Brunszwiku-Wolfenbüttel od 1568 r., także książę Brunszwiku-Calenberg od 1584 r., z dynastii Welfów. (pl)
  • Júlio, Duque de Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1528-1589) (* Wolfenbüttel, 29 de Junho de 1488 † Wolfenbüttel, 3 de Maio de 1589) foi príncipe de Wolfenbüttel de 1568 até sua morte, fundador da Universidade de Helmstedt em 1574, criada inicialmente para treinar clérigos protestantes para o Estado recentemente reformado. (pt)
  • Julius of Brunswick-Lüneburg (also known as Julius of Braunschweig; 29 June 1528 – 3 May 1589), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, was prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1568 until his death. Julius was born and died in Wolfenbüttel. The youngest son of Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, he was expected to pursue a clerical career. He studied at Leuven University, and was appointed bishop of Minden in 1553, but resigned after only a year. After both of his brothers died in the Battle of Sievershausen of 1553, he became heir to the principality. All plans of his father's to exclude him from the line of succession failed, even though Julius had converted to Protestantism. After his father's death in 1568, Julius instituted a tax reform that improved the rights of farmers in relation to noblemen. He also (en)
rdfs:label
  • Julius (Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel) (de)
  • Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (en)
  • Jules de Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (fr)
  • Giulio di Brunswick-Lüneburg (it)
  • ユリウス (ブラウンシュヴァイク=ヴォルフェンビュッテル公) (ja)
  • Juliusz (książę Brunszwiku) (pl)
  • Юлий Брауншвейг-Вольфенбюттельский (ru)
  • Júlio, Duque de Brunsvique-Volfembutel (pt)
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  • Jules (en)
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  • Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (en)
  • Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (en)
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