Joseph Johann von Littrow (13 March 1781, Horšovský Týn (German: Bischofteinitz) – 30 November 1840, Vienna) was an Austrian astronomer. In 1837, he was ennobled with the title Joseph Johann Edler von Littrow. He was the father of Karl Ludwig Edler von Littrow and the mentor of the mathematician Nikolai Brashman. His work took him to Russia for a time, which is where his son who succeeded him was born. The crater Littrow on the Moon is named in his honor.

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dbo:abstract
  • Joseph Johann von Littrow (13 March 1781, Horšovský Týn (German: Bischofteinitz) – 30 November 1840, Vienna) was an Austrian astronomer. In 1837, he was ennobled with the title Joseph Johann Edler von Littrow. He was the father of Karl Ludwig Edler von Littrow and the mentor of the mathematician Nikolai Brashman. His work took him to Russia for a time, which is where his son who succeeded him was born. He became director of the Vienna Observatory in 1819. He served in this position until his death in 1840. He created the only conformal retroazimuthal map projection, which is known as the Littrow projection. Von Littrow is often associated with a proposal to dig a large circular canal in the Sahara desert and fill it with burning kerosene, thus communicating the fact of human intelligence to aliens who may be observing earth. However, Von Littrow's connection with this scheme may be apocryphal. The crater Littrow on the Moon is named in his honor. (en)
  • Joseph Johann (seit 1836) von Littrow, in der Literatur auch als Johann Josef Littrow angegeben, (* 13. März 1781 in Bischofteinitz in Westböhmen; † 30. November 1840 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Astronom und Initiator der neuen Universitätssternwarte Wien. Neben seinen Fachpublikationen machte ihn vor allem das gut verständliche, dreibändige Lehrbuch Die Wunder des Himmels von 1834/36 bekannt, das bis 1963 in elfter Auflage erschien. (de)
  • Pour les articles homonymes, voir Littrow. Joseph Johann von Littrow, né le 13 mars 1781 à Horšovský Týn et mort le 30 novembre 1840 à Vienne est un astronome autrichien. Il a été anobli en 1837. En 1819, il a été nommé directeur de l'observatoire de Vienne et l'est resté jusqu'à sa mort. Il a créé l'unique projection rétroazimutale conforme, qui porte désormais son nom : la projection de Littrow. Un cratère de la Lune porte son nom : Littrow. (fr)
  • Fu direttore degli osservatori di Cracovia (1807), Kazan' (1810), Buda (1816) e Vienna (1819). Ivi morì e gli succedette il figlio Karl Ludwig von Littrow. Discreto costruttore di strumenti, fu anche grande divulgatore. Gli sono state dedicate un cratere meteoritico, Littrow e una catena montuosa, Catena Littrow, entrambi sulla Luna. (it)
  • Йозеф Иоганн Литров или Литтров (Иосиф Андреевич, Иосиф Антонович, Йозеф Самуэль, нем. Joseph Johann von Littrow, 13 марта 1781 — 30 ноября 1840) — австрийский астроном, отец Карла Литрова и Генриха Литрова, учитель математика Николая Брашмана. Директор Венской обсерватории с 1819 по 1840 год, первый профессор астрономии Казанского университета, основатель Казанской обсерватории, член-корреспондент Императорской академии наук. (ru)
  • Joseph Johann von Littrow (Horšovský Týn, Boemia, 13 de março de 1781 — Viena, 30 de novembro de 1840) foi um astrônomo autríaco. (pt)
dbo:almaMater
dbo:birthDate
  • 1781-03-13 (xsd:date)
  • 1781-3-13
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1840-11-30 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:doctoralStudent
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dbo:knownFor
dbo:residence
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  • 699997 (xsd:integer)
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  • 739579029 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Portrait of Joseph Johann von Littrow from his 1836 book Physische Astronomie .
dbp:footnotes
  • Note that he was the father of Karl Ludwig von Littrow and Heinrich von Littrow. He was the father-in-law of Auguste von Littrow.
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  • 220 (xsd:integer)
dbp:nationality
  • Austrian
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dct:description
  • Austrian astronomer (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Joseph Johann (seit 1836) von Littrow, in der Literatur auch als Johann Josef Littrow angegeben, (* 13. März 1781 in Bischofteinitz in Westböhmen; † 30. November 1840 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Astronom und Initiator der neuen Universitätssternwarte Wien. Neben seinen Fachpublikationen machte ihn vor allem das gut verständliche, dreibändige Lehrbuch Die Wunder des Himmels von 1834/36 bekannt, das bis 1963 in elfter Auflage erschien. (de)
  • Pour les articles homonymes, voir Littrow. Joseph Johann von Littrow, né le 13 mars 1781 à Horšovský Týn et mort le 30 novembre 1840 à Vienne est un astronome autrichien. Il a été anobli en 1837. En 1819, il a été nommé directeur de l'observatoire de Vienne et l'est resté jusqu'à sa mort. Il a créé l'unique projection rétroazimutale conforme, qui porte désormais son nom : la projection de Littrow. Un cratère de la Lune porte son nom : Littrow. (fr)
  • Fu direttore degli osservatori di Cracovia (1807), Kazan' (1810), Buda (1816) e Vienna (1819). Ivi morì e gli succedette il figlio Karl Ludwig von Littrow. Discreto costruttore di strumenti, fu anche grande divulgatore. Gli sono state dedicate un cratere meteoritico, Littrow e una catena montuosa, Catena Littrow, entrambi sulla Luna. (it)
  • Йозеф Иоганн Литров или Литтров (Иосиф Андреевич, Иосиф Антонович, Йозеф Самуэль, нем. Joseph Johann von Littrow, 13 марта 1781 — 30 ноября 1840) — австрийский астроном, отец Карла Литрова и Генриха Литрова, учитель математика Николая Брашмана. Директор Венской обсерватории с 1819 по 1840 год, первый профессор астрономии Казанского университета, основатель Казанской обсерватории, член-корреспондент Императорской академии наук. (ru)
  • Joseph Johann von Littrow (Horšovský Týn, Boemia, 13 de março de 1781 — Viena, 30 de novembro de 1840) foi um astrônomo autríaco. (pt)
  • Joseph Johann von Littrow (13 March 1781, Horšovský Týn (German: Bischofteinitz) – 30 November 1840, Vienna) was an Austrian astronomer. In 1837, he was ennobled with the title Joseph Johann Edler von Littrow. He was the father of Karl Ludwig Edler von Littrow and the mentor of the mathematician Nikolai Brashman. His work took him to Russia for a time, which is where his son who succeeded him was born. The crater Littrow on the Moon is named in his honor. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Joseph Johann von Littrow (en)
  • Joseph Johann von Littrow (de)
  • Joseph Johann Littrow (fr)
  • Joseph Johann von Littrow (it)
  • Литров, Йозеф Иоганн (ru)
  • Joseph Johann von Littrow (pt)
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  • Joseph Johann Littrow (en)
  • Joseph von Littrow (en)
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