Josef Labor (29 June 1842 – 26 April 1924) was an Austrian pianist, organist, and composer of the late Romantic era. Labor was an influential music teacher. As a friend of some key figures in Vienna, his importance was enhanced.He toured Europe as a pianist and, in the process, formed a lasting friendship with King Georg V of Hanover, who was also blind. Georg named him Royal Chamber Pianist in 1865. The following year, the two men settled in Vienna, where Labor began organ lessons and became a teacher, while continuing to compose and perform.

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  • Josef Labor (29 June 1842 – 26 April 1924) was an Austrian pianist, organist, and composer of the late Romantic era. Labor was an influential music teacher. As a friend of some key figures in Vienna, his importance was enhanced. Labor was born in the town of Hořovice in Bohemia to Josef Labor, an administrator of ironworks, and his wife Josefa Wallner, coming from a doctors-family. At the age of three, he was left blind due to contracting smallpox. He attended the Institute for the Blind in Vienna and the Konservatorium der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde (Conservatory of the Society of Friends of Music) where he studied composition with Bruckner’s teacher, Simon Sechter, and piano with Eduard Pickhert. He toured Europe as a pianist and, in the process, formed a lasting friendship with King Georg V of Hanover, who was also blind. Georg named him Royal Chamber Pianist in 1865. The following year, the two men settled in Vienna, where Labor began organ lessons and became a teacher, while continuing to compose and perform. In 1904, Labor received the title Kaiserlich und Königlich Hoforganist (Royal and Imperial Court Organist) and is today best known for his organ works. Labor took a serious interest in early music and wrote continuo elaborations for Heinrich Biber’s sonatas. Labor taught many notable musical personalities including Alma Schindler (who married Gustav Mahler and others), Paul Wittgenstein and Arnold Schoenberg. Alma Schindler studied with Labor for 6 years, beginning when she was 14, and her diaries contain numerous references to her esteemed teacher. Labor was exceedingly close to Paul Wittgenstein's family. He attended many musical evenings at the Wittgenstein home with such Viennese musicians of the day as Johannes Brahms, Clara Schumann, Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, and Richard Strauss. When Wittgenstein lost his right arm in World War I, Josef Labor was the first person he asked to write a piece for piano left hand. Wittgenstein later commissioned works for the left hand from other composers including Strauss, Maurice Ravel, Benjamin Britten, Sergei Prokofiev, and Franz Schmidt (the finale of Schmidt's A major Clarinet Quintet - the last of his Wittgenstein commissions - is a set of variations on a theme by Labor from Labor's own clarinet and piano quintet, his opus 11 published in 1901). Paul's brother, the philosopher and writer Ludwig Wittgenstein, praised Josef Labor as one of "the six truly great composers" along with Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, Schubert, and Brahms. (en)
  • Josef Labor (* 29. Juni 1842 in Horowitz, Böhmen; † 26. April 1924 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Komponist, Organist und Pianist. (de)
  • Josef Labor (ur. 29 czerwca 1842 w Hořovicach, zm. 26 kwietnia 1924 w Wiedniu) – niewidomy austriacki pianista i kompozytor późnego, niemieckiego romantyzmu. (pl)
  • Josef Labor (29 de junho de 1842 - 26 de abril de 1924) foi um pianista, organista e compositor Checo de música clássica romântica tardia. Labor foi um professor influente amigo de vienenses importantes. Nasceu em Horowitz na Bohemia. Ficou cego devido à catapora aos três anos de idade. Frequentou o instituto para cegos de Viena e o Konservatorium der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde (Conservatório da Sociedade dos Amigos da Música) onde estudou composição musical com o professor de Bruckner, Simon Sechter, e piano com Eduard Pickhert. Viajou pela Europa como pianista e cimentou uma amizade duradoura com Rei George V de Hanôver, que também era cego. Rei George nomeou-o Royal Chamber Pianist em 1865. No ano seguinte Labor mudou-se para Viena, onde tornou-se professor enquanto continuava a tocar e compor. Em 1904, recebeu o título Kaiserlich und Königlich Hoforganist (Organista Real e da Corte Imperial). Hoje é mais conhecido por suas composições para órgão. Labor interessava-se por música antiga e compôs elaborações sobre sonatas de Heinrich Biber. Labor ensinou Alma Mahler), Paul Wittgenstein e Arnold Schönberg. Alma Mahler estudou com Labor durante seia anos, começando aos catorze anos de idade, e seus diários contêm diversas referências a ele. Labor era muito amigo da família Wittgenstein, em casa de quem conheceu Johannes Brahms, Clara Schumann, Gustav Mahler, Bruno Walter, e Richard Strauss. Quando o pianista Paul Wittgenstein perdeu seu braço direito na Primeira Guerra Mundial, Labor foi o primeiro compositor a quem ele pediu uma peça para a mão esquerda. Mais tarde encomendou composições também a Strauss, Maurice Ravel, Benjamin Britten e Sergei Prokofiev. (pt)
  • Йозеф Лабор (нем. Josef Labor; 29 июня 1842, Горжовице, Богемия — 26 апреля 1924, Вена) — австрийский музыкант и композитор позднего немецкого романтизма. (ru)
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  • Josef Labor (* 29. Juni 1842 in Horowitz, Böhmen; † 26. April 1924 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Komponist, Organist und Pianist. (de)
  • Josef Labor (ur. 29 czerwca 1842 w Hořovicach, zm. 26 kwietnia 1924 w Wiedniu) – niewidomy austriacki pianista i kompozytor późnego, niemieckiego romantyzmu. (pl)
  • Йозеф Лабор (нем. Josef Labor; 29 июня 1842, Горжовице, Богемия — 26 апреля 1924, Вена) — австрийский музыкант и композитор позднего немецкого романтизма. (ru)
  • Josef Labor (29 June 1842 – 26 April 1924) was an Austrian pianist, organist, and composer of the late Romantic era. Labor was an influential music teacher. As a friend of some key figures in Vienna, his importance was enhanced.He toured Europe as a pianist and, in the process, formed a lasting friendship with King Georg V of Hanover, who was also blind. Georg named him Royal Chamber Pianist in 1865. The following year, the two men settled in Vienna, where Labor began organ lessons and became a teacher, while continuing to compose and perform. (en)
  • Josef Labor (29 de junho de 1842 - 26 de abril de 1924) foi um pianista, organista e compositor Checo de música clássica romântica tardia. Labor foi um professor influente amigo de vienenses importantes.Nasceu em Horowitz na Bohemia. Ficou cego devido à catapora aos três anos de idade. Frequentou o instituto para cegos de Viena e o Konservatorium der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde (Conservatório da Sociedade dos Amigos da Música) onde estudou composição musical com o professor de Bruckner, Simon Sechter, e piano com Eduard Pickhert. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Josef Labor (en)
  • Josef Labor (de)
  • ヨーゼフ・ラーボア (ja)
  • Josef Labor (pl)
  • Josef Labor (it)
  • Josef Labor (pt)
  • Лабор, Йозеф (ru)
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