John White Stevenson (May 4, 1812 – August 10, 1886) was the 25th governor of Kentucky and represented the state in both houses of the U.S. Congress. The son of future Speaker of the House and U.S. diplomat Andrew Stevenson, John Stevenson graduated from the University of Virginia in 1832 and studied law under his cousin, future Congressman Willoughby Newton. After briefly practicing law in Mississippi, he relocated to Covington, Kentucky, and was elected county attorney. After serving in the Kentucky legislature, he was chosen as a delegate to the state's third constitutional convention in 1849 and was one of three commissioners charged with revising its code of laws, a task finished in 1854. A Democrat, he was elected to two consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives where he

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dbo:abstract
  • John White Stevenson (* 4. Mai 1812 in Richmond, Virginia; † 10. August 1886 in Covington, Kentucky) war ein US-amerikanischer Politiker (Demokratische Partei), der den Bundesstaat Kentucky in beiden Kammern des Kongresses vertrat und als dessen Gouverneur amtierte. (de)
  • John White Stevenson (May 4, 1812 – August 10, 1886) was the 25th governor of Kentucky and represented the state in both houses of the U.S. Congress. The son of future Speaker of the House and U.S. diplomat Andrew Stevenson, John Stevenson graduated from the University of Virginia in 1832 and studied law under his cousin, future Congressman Willoughby Newton. After briefly practicing law in Mississippi, he relocated to Covington, Kentucky, and was elected county attorney. After serving in the Kentucky legislature, he was chosen as a delegate to the state's third constitutional convention in 1849 and was one of three commissioners charged with revising its code of laws, a task finished in 1854. A Democrat, he was elected to two consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives where he supported several proposed compromises to avert the Civil War and blamed the Radical Republicans for their failure. After losing his reelection bid in 1861, Stevenson, a known Confederate sympathizer, stayed out of public life during the war and was consequently able to avoid being imprisoned, as many other Confederate sympathizers were. In 1867, just five days after John L. Helm and Stevenson were elected governor and lieutenant governor, respectively, Helm died and Stevenson became acting governor. Stevenson subsequently won a special election in 1868 to finish Helm's term. As governor, he opposed federal intervention in what he considered state matters but insisted that blacks' newly granted rights be observed and used the state militia to quell post-war violence in the state. Although a fiscal conservative, he advocated a new tax to benefit education and created the state bureau of education. In 1871, Stevenson defeated incumbent Thomas C. McCreery for his seat in the U.S. Senate after criticizing McCreery for allegedly supporting the appointment of Stephen G. Burbridge, who was hated by most Kentuckians, to a federal position. In the Senate, he opposed internal improvements and defended a constructionist view of the constitution, resisting efforts to expand the powers expressly granted in that document. Beginning in late 1873, Stephenson functioned as the first chairman (later called floor leader) of the Senate Democratic caucus. He did not seek reelection in 1877, returning to his law practice and accepting future Kentucky Governor William Goebel as a law partner. He chaired the 1880 Democratic National Convention and was elected president of the American Bar Association in 1884. He died in Covington on August 10, 1886, and was buried in Spring Grove Cemetery at Cincinnati, Ohio. (en)
  • ジョン・ホワイト・スティーブンソン(英: John White Stevenson、1812年5月4日 - 1886年8月10日)は、19世紀アメリカ合衆国の政治家、弁護士であり、第25代ケンタッキー州知事を務めた。またケンタッキー州選出のアメリカ合衆国議会両院の議員も務めた。父はアメリカ合衆国下院議長を務め、外交官でもあったアンドリュー・スティーブンソンだった。1832年にバージニア大学を卒業し、従兄弟であるウィロビー・ニュートン(アメリカ合衆国下院議員)の下で法律を学んだ。ミシシッピ州で短期間法律実務を行った後、ケンタッキー州コビントンに移り、郡検察官に選出された。ケンタッキー州議会下院議員を務めた後、1849年には州の第3回憲法制定会議代議員に選ばれ、法典を改定する3人の委員の1人になり、その任務を1854年に終えた。民主党員としてアメリカ合衆国下院議員に2期連続で選ばれ、このとき南北戦争を回避するための妥協案幾つかを支持し、それが失敗したことについて急進派共和党を攻撃した。 1861年、下院議員の再選に失敗した後、アメリカ連合国の同調者だったスティーブンソンは、戦争の間には公的生活から離れていた。他の多くの南軍同調者が投獄されたが、スティーブンソンは免れることができた。1867年、ジョン・L・ヘルムが州知事に、スティーブンソンが副知事に選ばれて5日後、ヘルムが死に、スティーブンソンが知事代行になった。スティーブンソンは1868年にあった特別選挙でも勝利し、ヘルムの残された任期を全うした。知事としてのスティーブンソンは、州の事情と考えることに連邦政府が干渉するのに反対したが、黒人に新しく与えられた権利は守られるべきであるとし、州内で起きた戦後の暴力沙汰は民兵を動員して鎮めた。財政的には保守的だったが、教育に資する新税を提案し、州の教育局を新設した。 1871年、アメリカ合衆国上院議員選挙で、現職のトマス・マクリアリーが、ケンタッキー州民の大半に憎まれているスティーブン・G・バーブリッジを連邦政府の役職に指名されるのを支持したと批判した後で、マクリアリーを破って当選した。上院では、内国改良に反対し、アメリカ合衆国憲法の厳格な解釈を行う者達を擁護した。憲法で認められている権限を拡大しようという動きに抵抗した。1873年後半からは、上院民主党議員団の初代会長(後に院内総務と呼ばれた)を務めた。1877年の任期あけには再選を求めず、法律実務に戻って、ウィリアム・ゴーベル(後のケンタッキー州知事)との共同経営を始めた。1880年民主党全国大会では議長を務め、1884年にはアメリカ法曹協会会長に選ばれた。1886年8月10日、スティーブンソンは死に、オハイオ州シンシナティのスプリンググローブ墓地に埋葬された。 (ja)
  • John White Stevenson (4 de maio de 1812 – 10 de agosto de 1886) foi um advogado e político dos Estados Unidos. Representou o estado americano de Kentucky em ambas as câmaras dos Eua. E foi o 25º governador do estado do Kentucky. O filho do futuro presidente do congresso americando, o diplomata Andrew Stevenson, John graduou-se na Universidade da Virgínia em 1832 e estudou direito com seu primo, o futuro congressista Willoughby Newton. Após um curto período de advocacia no Mississippi, mudou-se para Covington no Kentucky, foi eleito procurador do Condado. Depois do mandato na Assembleia Legislativa de Kentucky, ele foi escolhido como um delegado à 3ª Convenção Constitucional do estado em 1849 e foi um dos três comissários encarregados de revisar os códigos de leis do estado, uma tarefa que foi concluída em 1854. Um democrata, foi eleito para dois mandatos consecutivos na câmara de representantes do EUA, onde ele apoiou vários compromissos propostos a fim de evitar a Guerra Civil, culpando os republicanos radicais pelo fracasso. Depois de perder sua reeleição em 1861, Stevenson, um simpatizante confederado conhecido, ficou fora da vida pública durante a guerra e foi, por conseguinte, capaz de evitar ser preso, assim como muitos outros simpatizantes dos confederados. Foi eleito vice-governador em 1867, quando o governador John L. Helm morreu apenas cinco dias de seu mandato, Stevenson assumiu o governo. Ele posteriormente ganhou uma eleição especial para terminar o prazo do Helm em 1868. Ele se opôs à intervenção federal em o que considerou questões do Estado, mas insistia que os negros aos quais recentemente foram concedidos direitos deveriam ser observados e utilizou a milícia do estado para reprimir a violência do pós-guerra no estado. Embora ele fosse um conservador em política fiscal, ele defendeu um novo imposto para beneficiar a educação e criou a Secretaria de estado da educação. Em 1871 Stevenson derrotou o incumbente Thomas C. McCreery para um assento no Senado, criticando McCreery por supostamente apoiar a nomeação de Stephen G. Burbridge, que era odiado pela maioria de Kentuckinianos, para uma posição federal. No Senado, ele fez oposição para obras públicas e defendia um modo restritivo de interpretação constitucional (Strict constructionism). A partir do final de 1873, Stephenson exerceu como o primeiro presidente (depois chamado floor leader) do partido democrata do Senado. Ele não procurou a reeleição em 1877, retornando ao seu escritório de advocacia e aceitando o futuro governador do Kentucky William Goebel como um parceiro de banca. Ele presidiu a Convenção Nacional Democrata de 1880 e foi eleito Presidente da American Bar Association (associação de advogados, juízes e estudantes de direito) em 1884. Ele morreu em Covington em 10 de agosto de 1886 e foi enterrado no cemitério de Spring Grove em Cincinnati em Ohio. (pt)
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  • 1812-05-04 (xsd:date)
  • 1812-5-4
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  • 1886-08-10 (xsd:date)
  • 1886-8-10
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  • Member of theKentucky House of Representatives
  • Governor of Kentucky
  • 18thLieutenant Governor of Kentucky
  • President of the American Bar Association
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  • 25th
  • 7th
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  • Garrett Davis, Willis B. Machen and Thomas C. McCreery
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  • vacant
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  • Lawyer, Professor
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  • J. W. Stevenson
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  • Sibella Winston Stevenson
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  • 1845 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1885 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1884 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1867 (xsd:integer)
  • --03-04
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  • John White Stevenson (* 4. Mai 1812 in Richmond, Virginia; † 10. August 1886 in Covington, Kentucky) war ein US-amerikanischer Politiker (Demokratische Partei), der den Bundesstaat Kentucky in beiden Kammern des Kongresses vertrat und als dessen Gouverneur amtierte. (de)
  • John White Stevenson (May 4, 1812 – August 10, 1886) was the 25th governor of Kentucky and represented the state in both houses of the U.S. Congress. The son of future Speaker of the House and U.S. diplomat Andrew Stevenson, John Stevenson graduated from the University of Virginia in 1832 and studied law under his cousin, future Congressman Willoughby Newton. After briefly practicing law in Mississippi, he relocated to Covington, Kentucky, and was elected county attorney. After serving in the Kentucky legislature, he was chosen as a delegate to the state's third constitutional convention in 1849 and was one of three commissioners charged with revising its code of laws, a task finished in 1854. A Democrat, he was elected to two consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives where he (en)
  • ジョン・ホワイト・スティーブンソン(英: John White Stevenson、1812年5月4日 - 1886年8月10日)は、19世紀アメリカ合衆国の政治家、弁護士であり、第25代ケンタッキー州知事を務めた。またケンタッキー州選出のアメリカ合衆国議会両院の議員も務めた。父はアメリカ合衆国下院議長を務め、外交官でもあったアンドリュー・スティーブンソンだった。1832年にバージニア大学を卒業し、従兄弟であるウィロビー・ニュートン(アメリカ合衆国下院議員)の下で法律を学んだ。ミシシッピ州で短期間法律実務を行った後、ケンタッキー州コビントンに移り、郡検察官に選出された。ケンタッキー州議会下院議員を務めた後、1849年には州の第3回憲法制定会議代議員に選ばれ、法典を改定する3人の委員の1人になり、その任務を1854年に終えた。民主党員としてアメリカ合衆国下院議員に2期連続で選ばれ、このとき南北戦争を回避するための妥協案幾つかを支持し、それが失敗したことについて急進派共和党を攻撃した。 (ja)
  • John White Stevenson (4 de maio de 1812 – 10 de agosto de 1886) foi um advogado e político dos Estados Unidos. Representou o estado americano de Kentucky em ambas as câmaras dos Eua. E foi o 25º governador do estado do Kentucky. (pt)
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  • John W. Stevenson (de)
  • John W. Stevenson (en)
  • ジョン・W・スティーブンソン (ja)
  • John W. Stevenson (pt)
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