John Smith QC PC (13 September 1938 – 12 May 1994) was a Scottish Labour Party politician who served as Leader of the Labour Party from July 1992 until his death from a heart attack in May 1994. Smith first entered Parliament in 1970 and, after junior ministerial roles as Minister of State for Energy (1975–1976) and Minister of State for the Privy Council Office (1976–1977), he entered the Cabinet at the end of James Callaghan's tenure as Prime Minister, serving as Secretary of State for Trade and President of the Board of Trade (1978–1979). During Labour's time in Opposition to Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government, he rose through the Shadow Cabinet, serving as Shadow Secretary of State for Trade (1979–1982), Shadow Secretary of State for Energy (1982–1983), Shadow Secretary of Sta

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dbo:abstract
  • John Smith QC PC (13 September 1938 – 12 May 1994) was a Scottish Labour Party politician who served as Leader of the Labour Party from July 1992 until his death from a heart attack in May 1994. Smith first entered Parliament in 1970 and, after junior ministerial roles as Minister of State for Energy (1975–1976) and Minister of State for the Privy Council Office (1976–1977), he entered the Cabinet at the end of James Callaghan's tenure as Prime Minister, serving as Secretary of State for Trade and President of the Board of Trade (1978–1979). During Labour's time in Opposition to Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government, he rose through the Shadow Cabinet, serving as Shadow Secretary of State for Trade (1979–1982), Shadow Secretary of State for Energy (1982–1983), Shadow Secretary of State for Employment (1983–1984), Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (1984–1987) and Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer (1987–1992). After Labour leader Neil Kinnock resigned following the Party's surprise loss in the 1992 general election to new Conservative leader John Major, Smith was elected his successor in July 1992. He continued Kinnock's moves to reform Labour, abolishing the trade union block vote at Labour party conferences and replacing it with "one member, one vote" at the 1993 party conference. However, his overall cautious approach to reform, which was dubbed "one more heave", sought to avoid controversy and win the next election by capitalising on the unpopularity of the Conservative government. This frustrated many modernisers like Tony Blair and Gordon Brown and after Smith's sudden death in May 1994, he was succeeded as Leader by Blair, who undertook the subsequent re-branding of Labour as New Labour, winning the 1997 general election in a landslide. (en)
  • جون سميث (13 سبتمبر 1938 - 12 مايو 1994 في لندن) كان سياسي بريطاني وزعيم حزب العمال البريطاني من عام 1992 إلى غاية وفاته في شهر مايو عام 1994. (ar)
  • John Smith (* 13. September 1938 in Ardrishaig, Argyll and Bute; † 12. Mai 1994 in London) war ein britischer Politiker, der von Juli 1992 bis zu seinem unerwarteten Tod im Mai 1994 Vorsitzender der Labour Party war. (de)
  • Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Smith. John Smith, né le 13 septembre 1938 à Dalmally (Argyll and Bute, Écosse) et mort le 12 mai 1994 à Londres (Angleterre), était un homme politique britannique, qui fut leader du Parti travailliste (Labour Party en anglais) de juillet 1992 jusqu'à sa mort soudaine due à une attaque cardiaque le 12 mai 1994. Il a été membre du comité directeur du groupe Bilderberg. (fr)
  • John Smith (Dalmally, Escocia, 13 de septiembre de 1938 - 12 de mayo de 1994), político escocés, miembro del Partido Laborista británico; fue parlamentario desde 1970 y líder de la oposición desde 1992 hasta su súbita muerte de un infarto de miocardio en 1994; fue sucedido por una temporada por Margaret Beckett y luego por Tony Blair. (es)
  • ジョン・スミス(英語: John Smith、1938年11月13日 – 1994年5月12日)は、イギリスの政治家。 下院議員、労働党党首(第18代)を歴任する。 (ja)
  • John Smith (Dalmally (gemeente Argyll and Bute, Schotland), 13 september 1938 – Londen, 12 mei 1994) was een Schots en Brits politicus, die van juli 1992 tot aan zijn plotselinge dood in 1994 de leider was van de Labour Party. (nl)
  • John Smith (ur. 13 września 1938 w Ardrishaig, zm. 12 maja 1994 w Londynie) – brytyjski polityk, lider Partii Pracy, minister w rządzie Jamesa Callaghana. (pl)
  • 约翰·史密斯(John Smith,1938年9月13日-1994年5月12日)。英国政治家,前工党领袖,于1992年至1994年馬卓安执政期间出任工党党魁兼最大反對黨領袖。 (zh)
  • Джон Смит (англ. John Smith; 13 сентября 1938 — 12 мая 1994) — лидер лейбористской партии Великобритании (июль 1992 — май 1994), политический деятель. (ru)
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  • 1938-9-13
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  • 1994-5-12
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  • Leader of the Labour Party
  • Leader of the Opposition
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  • Shadow Secretary of State for Employment
  • Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
  • Minister of State for thePrivy Council Office
  • Shadow Secretary of State for Energy
  • Shadow Secretary of State for Trade
  • Secretary of State for Trade and President of the Board of Trade
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  • Labour Party leader from Scotland (en)
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  • جون سميث (13 سبتمبر 1938 - 12 مايو 1994 في لندن) كان سياسي بريطاني وزعيم حزب العمال البريطاني من عام 1992 إلى غاية وفاته في شهر مايو عام 1994. (ar)
  • John Smith (* 13. September 1938 in Ardrishaig, Argyll and Bute; † 12. Mai 1994 in London) war ein britischer Politiker, der von Juli 1992 bis zu seinem unerwarteten Tod im Mai 1994 Vorsitzender der Labour Party war. (de)
  • Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Smith. John Smith, né le 13 septembre 1938 à Dalmally (Argyll and Bute, Écosse) et mort le 12 mai 1994 à Londres (Angleterre), était un homme politique britannique, qui fut leader du Parti travailliste (Labour Party en anglais) de juillet 1992 jusqu'à sa mort soudaine due à une attaque cardiaque le 12 mai 1994. Il a été membre du comité directeur du groupe Bilderberg. (fr)
  • John Smith (Dalmally, Escocia, 13 de septiembre de 1938 - 12 de mayo de 1994), político escocés, miembro del Partido Laborista británico; fue parlamentario desde 1970 y líder de la oposición desde 1992 hasta su súbita muerte de un infarto de miocardio en 1994; fue sucedido por una temporada por Margaret Beckett y luego por Tony Blair. (es)
  • ジョン・スミス(英語: John Smith、1938年11月13日 – 1994年5月12日)は、イギリスの政治家。 下院議員、労働党党首(第18代)を歴任する。 (ja)
  • John Smith (Dalmally (gemeente Argyll and Bute, Schotland), 13 september 1938 – Londen, 12 mei 1994) was een Schots en Brits politicus, die van juli 1992 tot aan zijn plotselinge dood in 1994 de leider was van de Labour Party. (nl)
  • John Smith (ur. 13 września 1938 w Ardrishaig, zm. 12 maja 1994 w Londynie) – brytyjski polityk, lider Partii Pracy, minister w rządzie Jamesa Callaghana. (pl)
  • 约翰·史密斯(John Smith,1938年9月13日-1994年5月12日)。英国政治家,前工党领袖,于1992年至1994年馬卓安执政期间出任工党党魁兼最大反對黨領袖。 (zh)
  • Джон Смит (англ. John Smith; 13 сентября 1938 — 12 мая 1994) — лидер лейбористской партии Великобритании (июль 1992 — май 1994), политический деятель. (ru)
  • John Smith QC PC (13 September 1938 – 12 May 1994) was a Scottish Labour Party politician who served as Leader of the Labour Party from July 1992 until his death from a heart attack in May 1994. Smith first entered Parliament in 1970 and, after junior ministerial roles as Minister of State for Energy (1975–1976) and Minister of State for the Privy Council Office (1976–1977), he entered the Cabinet at the end of James Callaghan's tenure as Prime Minister, serving as Secretary of State for Trade and President of the Board of Trade (1978–1979). During Labour's time in Opposition to Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government, he rose through the Shadow Cabinet, serving as Shadow Secretary of State for Trade (1979–1982), Shadow Secretary of State for Energy (1982–1983), Shadow Secretary of Sta (en)
rdfs:label
  • John Smith (Labour Party leader) (en)
  • جون سميث (سياسي) (ar)
  • John Smith (Politiker, 1938) (de)
  • John Smith (político británico) (es)
  • John Smith (homme politique) (fr)
  • ジョン・スミス (労働党党首) (ja)
  • John Smith (politicus) (nl)
  • John Smith (brytyjski polityk) (pl)
  • Смит, Джон (лейборист) (ru)
  • 约翰·史密斯 (政治人物) (zh)
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