John Keill (1 December 1671 – 31 August 1721) was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was primarily a mathematician and important disciple of Isaac Newton. He studied at Edinburgh University, under David Gregory, and obtained his bachelor's degree in 1692 with a distinction in physics and mathematics. Keill then attended Balliol College, Oxford obtaining an MA on 2 February 1694. He gave innovative lectures at Oxford using experiments to help his audience understand difficult Newtonian concepts. One of his auditors was John Theophilus Desaguliers who took over the lectures at Hart Hall when Keill left Oxford unexpectedly in 1709. Keill became Treasurer to the Palatinates and decipherer to Queen Anne before returning to Oxford as Savilian Professor of Astronomy in 1712.

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  • John Keill (1671-1721) fut un mathématicien écossais. Né à Édimbourg, il fut nommé en 1700 professeur de philosophie naturelle à l'université d'Oxford, et en 1710 professeur d'astronomie. Il était de la Royal Society. On a de lui : * Examen de la théorie de la terre de Burnet (en anglais), 1698 ; * Introductio ad veram physicam, 1700 ; * Introductio ad veram astronomiam, 1718. * Institutions astronomiques, ou leçons élémentaires d'astronomie, 1746 (posthume, augmenté par Ch. Le Monnier). Il accusa Leibnitz, dans les Transactions philosophiques (1708), d'avoir dérobé à Newton le calcul différentiel et donna ainsi naissance à la célèbre dispute qui s'éleva à ce sujet entre Leibnitz et Newton. (fr)
  • John Keill (* 1. Dezember 1671 in Edinburgh; † 31. August 1721 in Oxford) war ein britischer Mathematiker und Physiker. Er war Professor an der Universität Oxford und Vertrauter von Isaac Newton, den er in seinem Prioritätsstreit mit Leibniz verteidigte. (de)
  • John Keill (Edimburgo, 1 de diciembre de 1671 – Oxford, 31 de agosto de 1721) fue un matemático escocés, profesor Saviliano de astronomía en la Universidad de Oxford y miembro de la Royal Society. Fue un importante difusor de la obra de Isaac Newton y defensor de éste en la controversia sobre la invención del cálculo infinitesimal, acusando a Gottfried Leibniz de plagio a Newton. (es)
  • John Keill (Edimburgo, 1 de dezembro de 1671 — Oxford, 31 de agosto de 1721) foi um matemático escocês. Em 1700 foi eleito Membro da Royal Society. Foi discípulo de Isaac Newton. Estudou na Universidade de Edimburgo, orientado por David Gregory, obtendo o bacharelado em 1692 com distinção em física e matemática. Frequentou então o Balliol College, Oxford, obtendo o mestrado em 2 de fevereiro de 1694. Keill afirmava que Gottfried Leibniz teria plagiado a invenção do cálculo de Isaac Newton, sendo o mais ferrenho defensor de Newton. Em 1715 Keill publicou um livro sobre trigonometria e logarítmos, Euclides Elementorum Libri Priores Sex. Também escreveu sobre forças entre partículas e publicou teorias sobre a origem do universo. Suas aulas foram publicadas em Leiden em 1725, no livro Introductio ad Veram Astronomiam. (pt)
  • John Keill (1 December 1671 – 31 August 1721) was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was primarily a mathematician and important disciple of Isaac Newton. He studied at Edinburgh University, under David Gregory, and obtained his bachelor's degree in 1692 with a distinction in physics and mathematics. Keill then attended Balliol College, Oxford obtaining an MA on 2 February 1694. He gave innovative lectures at Oxford using experiments to help his audience understand difficult Newtonian concepts. One of his auditors was John Theophilus Desaguliers who took over the lectures at Hart Hall when Keill left Oxford unexpectedly in 1709. Keill became Treasurer to the Palatinates and decipherer to Queen Anne before returning to Oxford as Savilian Professor of Astronomy in 1712. John's father was Robert Keill who was an Edinburgh lawyer. His mother was Sarah Cockburn. She came from a family with strong associations with the Church. She had an uncle who was bishop of Aberdeen and a brother who was an Episcopal priest who supported the Stuart cause refusing to take an oath of allegiance to William and Mary after James II was deposed in the Revolution of 1688. James Keill who became a physician, was John's younger brother born two years later. Keill claimed that Leibniz plagiarized Newton's invention of calculus and he served as Newton's chief defender. However, Newton himself eventually grew tired of Keill as he stirred up too much trouble. In 1717, he married Mary Clements, a woman 25 years his junior. The marriage created great scandal at the time as she was from a lower class. It was stated in the old Dictionary of National Biography that Keill left no will. His will is referenced in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography and is held by The National Archives. It was executed on 12 January 1720 and was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury in October 1721. He left £500 and his household furniture and plate to his wife and his books, instruments and other money in trust for his son. (en)
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  • 1671-12-01 (xsd:date)
  • 1671-12-1
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  • 1721-08-31 (xsd:date)
  • 1721-8-31
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  • He is the brother of physician James Keill.
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  • Scottish mathematician (en)
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  • John Keill (* 1. Dezember 1671 in Edinburgh; † 31. August 1721 in Oxford) war ein britischer Mathematiker und Physiker. Er war Professor an der Universität Oxford und Vertrauter von Isaac Newton, den er in seinem Prioritätsstreit mit Leibniz verteidigte. (de)
  • John Keill (Edimburgo, 1 de diciembre de 1671 – Oxford, 31 de agosto de 1721) fue un matemático escocés, profesor Saviliano de astronomía en la Universidad de Oxford y miembro de la Royal Society. Fue un importante difusor de la obra de Isaac Newton y defensor de éste en la controversia sobre la invención del cálculo infinitesimal, acusando a Gottfried Leibniz de plagio a Newton. (es)
  • John Keill (1 December 1671 – 31 August 1721) was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was primarily a mathematician and important disciple of Isaac Newton. He studied at Edinburgh University, under David Gregory, and obtained his bachelor's degree in 1692 with a distinction in physics and mathematics. Keill then attended Balliol College, Oxford obtaining an MA on 2 February 1694. He gave innovative lectures at Oxford using experiments to help his audience understand difficult Newtonian concepts. One of his auditors was John Theophilus Desaguliers who took over the lectures at Hart Hall when Keill left Oxford unexpectedly in 1709. Keill became Treasurer to the Palatinates and decipherer to Queen Anne before returning to Oxford as Savilian Professor of Astronomy in 1712. (en)
  • John Keill (1671-1721) fut un mathématicien écossais. Né à Édimbourg, il fut nommé en 1700 professeur de philosophie naturelle à l'université d'Oxford, et en 1710 professeur d'astronomie. Il était de la Royal Society. On a de lui : * Examen de la théorie de la terre de Burnet (en anglais), 1698 ; * Introductio ad veram physicam, 1700 ; * Introductio ad veram astronomiam, 1718. * Institutions astronomiques, ou leçons élémentaires d'astronomie, 1746 (posthume, augmenté par Ch. Le Monnier). (fr)
  • John Keill (Edimburgo, 1 de dezembro de 1671 — Oxford, 31 de agosto de 1721) foi um matemático escocês. Em 1700 foi eleito Membro da Royal Society. Foi discípulo de Isaac Newton. Estudou na Universidade de Edimburgo, orientado por David Gregory, obtendo o bacharelado em 1692 com distinção em física e matemática. Frequentou então o Balliol College, Oxford, obtendo o mestrado em 2 de fevereiro de 1694. Keill afirmava que Gottfried Leibniz teria plagiado a invenção do cálculo de Isaac Newton, sendo o mais ferrenho defensor de Newton. (pt)
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